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Encyclopedia > Rhodesia (disambiguation)

Rhodesia refers primarily to two land-locked territories in southern Africa named, by British colonizers, after Cecil Rhodes, separated by a natural border provided by the Zambezi River. Occasionally they are referred to informally as the Rhodesias. Categories: Africa geography stubs | Southern Africa ... Cecil Rhodes Cecil John Rhodes, PC, DCL, (July 5, 1853 – March 26, 1902[1]) was a British-born South African businessman, mining magnate, and politician. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


The name is no longer in general use, although as a geographical term (not a political one) it refers to the area occupied by the two countries Zimbabwe and Zambia. [1] Rhodesia underwent several name changes throughout its history, chronicled and linked to the appropriate articles below.


In the two lists below, information is ordered roughly as follows:

  • Name of entity,
  • Nature of entity, and
  • Years of existence.

Contents

Northern Rhodesia (1910–1964), Zambia (1964 onwards)

  • North-Western Rhodesia—British South Africa Company (BSA Co.) administered—1890;
  • North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia—Protectorates—1893;
  • North-Eastern Rhodesia—BSA Co. administered—1897;
  • North-Western Rhodesia and North-Eastern Rhodesia—Amalgamated but administered separately—1899–1911;
  • Northern Rhodesia—Protectorate under BSA Co.—1911–1924;
  • Northern Rhodesia—British protectorate—1924–1953;
  • Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland—Territory of Northern Rhodesia—1953–1964;
  • Zambia—Independence granted—1964 onwards.

Zambia is a republic in south central Africa. ... The flag of the British South Africa Company The British South Africa Company (BSAC) was established by Cecil Rhodes through the amalgamation of the Central Search Association and the Exploring Company, Ltd. ... Zambia is a republic in south central Africa. ... This article is about states protected and/or dominated by a foreign power. ... Flag of Northern Rhodesia. ... Anthem God Save the Queen The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Capital Salisbury Language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy Monarch  - 1953-1963 Elizabeth II Governor-General  - 1953-1957 Lord Llewellin  - 1957-1963 The Earl of Dalhousie  - 1963 Sir Humphrey Gibbs Prime Minister  - 1953-1956 Sir Godfrey Huggins  - 1956-1963 Sir...

Southern Rhodesia (1901–1965), Rhodesia (1965–1979), Zimbabwe Rhodesia (1979), Southern Rhodesia (1979-1980), Zimbabwe (1980 onwards)

Mashonaland is a region in northern Zimbabwe. ... Matabeleland is a region in the west and south-west of Zimbabwe, between the Limpopo and Zambezi rivers. ... Southern Rhodesia was the name of the British colony situated immediately to the north of South Africa, known today as Zimbabwe. ... Anthem God Save the Queen The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland Capital Salisbury Language(s) English Government Constitutional monarchy Monarch  - 1953-1963 Elizabeth II Governor-General  - 1953-1957 Lord Llewellin  - 1957-1963 The Earl of Dalhousie  - 1963 Sir Humphrey Gibbs Prime Minister  - 1953-1956 Sir Godfrey Huggins  - 1956-1963 Sir... Southern Rhodesia, todays Zimbabwe. ... The Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) was signed on November 11, 1965 by the white minority government of Ian Smith, whose Rhodesian Front party opposed rushed moves by the United Kingdom towards black majority rule in the then British colony. ... in particular, for the archaizing senses of republic, as a translation of politeia or res publica Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A republic is a form of government maintained by a state or country whose sovereignty is based on consent of the governed... Zimbabwe Rhodesia was the (largely unrecognised) name of Zimbabwe during 1979, adopted by Rhodesia soon after an Internal Settlement between the white minority Rhodesian Government led by Ian Smith and small, moderate African nationalist parties not involved in the war that had been raging in the country since 1977. ...

Origin of the name 'Rhodesia'

The complexity of dates for the Rhodesian territories above is exacerbated by the fact that the name wasn't used at first. When settlers moved in to 'Southern Rhodesia' in 1890, and when the BSAC was chartered to administer 'North-Western Rhodesia' and North-Eastern Rhodesia', it was not under those names, but the names of the parts, eg Mashonaland, Matabeleland, Barotseland, and so on. Collectively the territories were referred to as Zambezia or the BSAC territories or Charterland. The BSAC and British government did not use the name Rhodesia officially until May 1895. However, Rhodesia started being used informally by the settlers, and became common enough usage for newspapers to start using it in articles in 1891. In 1892 it was used for the name of two newspapers, the Rhodesia Chronicle and the Rhodesia Herald.[1] Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


Although 'Northern Rhodesia' was not an official name until 1911 when North-Western and North-Eastern Rhodesia were combined, the name was used informally from 1895 onwards when referring to those two territories collectively.


The first official use of Rhodesia was actually for a boma on Lake Mweru near the mouth of the Kalungwishi River in 1892 established under the authority of Alfred Sharpe, the British Commissioner of the British Central Africa Protectorate based in Nyasaland. After 'Rhodesia' became the official name of the territories in 1895, the boma's name was changed to 'Kalungwishi', and it was closed some years later.[2] A boma in the forest. ... Lake Mweru is a lake located on the border between Zambia and Democratic Republic of the Congo, about 150 km west of the southern end of Lake Tanganyika. ... The Kalungwishi River flows west in northern Zambia into Lake Mweru. ... Sir Alfred Sharpe (1853—1935) was a professional hunter who became a British colonial administrator and Commissioner (a de facto Governor) of the British Central Africa Protectorate from 1896 until 1910 (it changed its name to Nyasaland in 1907). ... Commissioner is a designation that may be used for a variety of official positions, especially referring to a high-ranking public (administrative or police) official, or an analogous official in the private sector (e. ... Flag of British Central Africa The British Central Africa Protectorate existed in the area of present-day Malawi between 1891 and 1907. ... Motto Unity and Freedom Anthem (Chichewa) Oh God Bless Our Land of Malawi Capital Lilongwe Largest city Blantyre Official languages English (official) Chichewa (national) Government Multi-party democracy  -  President Bingu wa Mutharika Independence from the UK   -  Independence declared July 6, 1964   -  Republic July 6, 1966  Area  -  Total 118,484 km...


See also

The village and parish of Rhodesia is located in Nottinghamshire, England. ... Deer statues in Mandraki harbor, where the Colossus of Rhodes once stood This article is about the Greek island of Rhodes. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

References

  1. ^ The Northern Rhodesia Journal online at NZRAM.org: "First Records-No 6. The Name Rhodesia", Vol II, No. 4 (1954) pp101-102.
  2. ^ The Northern Rhodesia Journal online at NZRAM.org: J A Gray: "A Country in Search of a Name", Vol III, No. 1 (1956) pp75-78. See also the note on p82 about the Rhodesia Boma being located at Kalungwishi not Chiengi.
General reference for names and dates of territories
  • Zambia Legal Information Institute: Constitutional Development in Northern Rhodesia 1890s–1964

  Results from FactBites:
 
Rhodesia - Encyclopedia, History, Geography and Biography (3592 words)
The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was dissolved on January 1 1964.
With regard to the latter, however, Northern Rhodesia was the wealthiest of the three member states (due to its vast copper mines) and actually contributed more to the overall building of infrastructure than the other two members.
Initially, the state maintained its loyalty to Queen Elizabeth II as "Queen of Rhodesia" (a title to which she never consented) but not to her representative, the Governor Sir Humphrey Gibbs, whose constitutional duties were exercised by an "Officer Administering the Government", Clifford Dupont.
Rhodesian - definition of Rhodesian - Labor Law Talk Dictionary (667 words)
Rhodesia (after Cecil Rhodes) is the former name of a British colony in Africa governed by a white minority.
In 1953, faced with the independence of African states, the United Kingdom attempted to create the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland, which consisted of the current nations of Zimbabwe, Zambia, and Malawi which at the time were called Southern Rhodesia, Northern Rhodesia and Nyasaland respectively.
The Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland was dissolved on January 1, 1964 upon the independence of Malawi and Zambia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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