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Encyclopedia > Rhinoceros
Rhinoceros
Fossil range: Eocene - Recent

Black Rhinoceros, Diceros Bicornis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Rhinocerotidae
Gray, 1821
Extant Genera

Ceratotherium
Dicerorhinus
Diceros
Rhinoceros
Extinct genera, see text Rhinoceros may refer to: Rhinoceros, common name of various species of large, horned mammal Rhinoceros (genus), the one-horned rhinoceroses Rhinoceros (play), by Eugène Ionesco Rhinoceros (song), by Smashing Pumpkins Rhinoceros (band), late 60s rock supergroup on Elektra Rhino (disambiguation page) Rhinoceros 3D, computer modeling software by McNeel & Associates... hfajhfiudshfas == == == --24. ... PD image from USFWS File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Black Rhinoceros range Subspecies Diceros bicornis michaeli Diceros bicornis longipes Diceros bicornis minor Diceros bicornis bicornis The Black Rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis also colloquially Black Rhino is a mammal in the order Perissodactyla, native to the eastern and central areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Families Equidae Tapiridae Rhinocerotidae The odd-toed ungulates or Perissodactyla are large to very large browsing and grazing mammals with relatively simple stomachs and a large middle toe. ... John Edward Gray. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Ceratotherium simum Burchell, 1817 The White Rhinoceros or Square-lipped rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) is one of the five species of rhinoceros that still exists and is one of the few megaherbivore species left. ... Binomial name Dicerorhinus sumatrensis (Fischer, 1814) The Sumatran Rhinoceros is the smallest extant rhinoceros species, as well as the one with the most fur. ... Binomial name Diceros bicornis The Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) is a mammal of the Perissodactyla order which lives in the eastern areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe. ... Species Ceratotherium simum Dicerorhinus sumatrensis Diceros bicornis Rhinoceros unicornis A rhinoceros is any of five surviving species of odd-toed ungulate in the family Rhinocerotidae. ...

The rhinoceros (IPA: /raɪˈnɒsərəs/), or rhino, is any of five surviving species of odd-toed ungulates in the family Rhinocerotidae. Two species are native to Africa and three to southern Asia. Three of the five species (Black, Javan and Sumatran Rhinoceros) are critically endangered, and another, the Indian Rhinoceros, is endangered. Families Equidae Tapiridae Rhinocerotidae Brontotheriidae (extinct) Chalicotheriidae (extinct) Hyracodontidae (extinct) Palaeotheriidae (extinct) Amynodontidae (extinct) The odd-toed ungulates are browsing and grazing mammals that comprise the order Perissodactyla. ... The hierarchy of scientific classification In biological classification, family (Latin: familia, plural familiae) is a rank, or a taxon in that rank. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Asia (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Black Rhinoceros range Subspecies Diceros bicornis michaeli Diceros bicornis longipes Diceros bicornis minor Diceros bicornis bicornis The Black Rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis also colloquially Black Rhino is a mammal in the order Perissodactyla, native to the eastern and central areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South... Binomial name Desmarest, 1822 Javan Rhinoceros Range Subspecies Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis (extinct) Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus The Javan Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros sondaicus is one of the rarest and most endangered large mammals anywhere in the world. ... Binomial name Fischer, 1814 Sumatran Rhinoceros range Subspecies Dicerorhinus sumatrensis harrissoni Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis †Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis The Sumatran Rhinoceros, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis is the smallest extant rhinoceros species, as well as the one with the most fur, which allows it to survive at very high altitudes in Borneo and Sumatra. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Indian Rhinoceros range The Indian Rhinoceros or the Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is a large mammal found in Nepal and in Assam, India. ...


The family is characterised by large size (one of the few remaining megafauna surviving today) with all of the species capable of reaching one ton or more in weight; herbivorous diet; and a thick protective skin, 1.5-5 cm thick, formed from layers of collagen positioned in a lattice structure; relatively small brains for mammals this size (400-600g); and its large and frightening horn. The rhino is prized for its horn. The horns of a Rhinoceros are made of keratin, the same type of protein that makes up hair, but the horn is not itself made of hair as some have believed[1]. Rhinoceros also have acute hearing and sense of smell, but poor eyesight. Most rhinoceros live to be about 50 years old or more. The collective noun for a group of rhinoceros is "crash". It has been suggested that Charismatic megafauna be merged into this article or section. ... Look up ton in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A deer and two fawns feeding on some foliage A herbivore is often defined as any organism that eats only plants[1]. By that definition, many fungi, some bacteria, many animals, about 1% of flowering plants and some protists can be considered herbivores. ... Tropocollagen triple helix. ... Look up lattice in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Not to be confused with kerogen or carotene. ... For the 1968 stage production, see Hair (musical), for the 1979 film, see Hair (film). ... In linguistics, a collective noun is a word used to define a group of objects, where objects can be people, animals, inanimate things, concepts, or other things. ...


Both African species and the Sumatran Rhinoceros have two horns, while the Indian and Javan Rhinoceros have a single horn. Binomial name Fischer, 1814 Sumatran Rhinoceros range Subspecies Dicerorhinus sumatrensis harrissoni Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis †Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis The Sumatran Rhinoceros, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis is the smallest extant rhinoceros species, as well as the one with the most fur, which allows it to survive at very high altitudes in Borneo and Sumatra. ... Binomial name Desmarest, 1822 Javan Rhinoceros Range Subspecies Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis (extinct) Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus The Javan Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros sondaicus is one of the rarest and most endangered large mammals anywhere in the world. ...

Contents

Taxonomy and naming

The word "rhinoceros" (ρινόκερος) is derived from the Greek words rhino, meaning nose, and kera, meaning horn; hence "horned-nose". The plural can be rhinoceros, rhinoceri, rhinoceroses, or rhinoceroi. A group of rhinos is called a crash. For other uses, see Nose (disambiguation). ... Highland cow, a very old long-horned breed from Scotland. ...

Size comparison of extant rhinoceros species.
Size comparison of extant rhinoceros species.

The five living species fall into three categories. The two African species, the White Rhinoceros and the Black Rhinoceros, diverged during the early Pliocene (about 5 million years ago) but the Dicerotini group to which they belong originated in the middle Miocene, about 14 million years ago. The main difference between black and white rhinos is the shape of their mouths. White rhinos have broad flat lips for grazing and black rhinos have long pointed lips for eating foliage. The name White Rhinoceros was actually a mistake, or rather a corruption of the word wijd (wide in Afrikaans) because of their square lips. White Rhinoceros are divided into Northern and Southern subspecies. There are two living Rhinocerotini species, the endangered Indian Rhinoceros and the critically endangered Javan Rhinoceros, which diverged from one another about 10 million years ago. The critically endangered Sumatran Rhinoceros is the only surviving representative of the most primitive group, the Dicerorhinini, which emerged in the Miocene (about 20 million years ago).[1] The extinct Woolly Rhinoceros of northern Europe and Asia was also a member of this tribe. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2000x1000, 198 KB) Greater One-horned Rhinoceros, over 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2000x1000, 198 KB) Greater One-horned Rhinoceros, over 1. ... Binomial name Burchell, 1817 The White Rhinoceros original range (orange: Northern (C. s. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Black Rhinoceros range Subspecies Diceros bicornis michaeli Diceros bicornis longipes Diceros bicornis minor Diceros bicornis bicornis The Black Rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis also colloquially Black Rhino is a mammal in the order Perissodactyla, native to the eastern and central areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Indian Rhinoceros range The Indian Rhinoceros or the Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is a large mammal found in Nepal and in Assam, India. ... Binomial name Desmarest, 1822 Javan Rhinoceros Range Subspecies Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis (extinct) Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus The Javan Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros sondaicus is one of the rarest and most endangered large mammals anywhere in the world. ... Binomial name Fischer, 1814 Sumatran Rhinoceros range Subspecies Dicerorhinus sumatrensis harrissoni Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis †Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis The Sumatran Rhinoceros, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis is the smallest extant rhinoceros species, as well as the one with the most fur, which allows it to survive at very high altitudes in Borneo and Sumatra. ... Binomial name Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1807) The Woolly Rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis) is an extinct species of rhinoceros that lived during the Pleistocene epoch, but survived the last ice age. ...


A subspecific hybrid white rhino (Ceratotherium s. simum × C. s. cottoni) was bred at the Dvůr Králové Zoo (Zoological Garden Dvur Kralove nad Labem) in the Czech Republic in 1977. Interspecific hybridisation of Black and White Rhinoceros has also been confirmed [2]. , Country Region District Elevation 298 m (978 ft) Coordinates , Area 35. ... This article is about a biological term. ...


All rhinoceros species have 82 chromosomes (diploid number, 2N, per cell), except the Black Rhinoceros, which has 84. This is the highest known chromosome number of all mammals.


White Rhinoceros

This White Rhinoceros is actually gray. The origins of the White in this species name is uncertain.
This White Rhinoceros is actually gray. The origins of the White in this species name is uncertain.
Main article: White Rhinoceros

The White Rhinoceros or Square-lipped Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) is, behind the elephant, probably the most massive remaining land animal in the world, along with the Indian Rhinoceros which is of comparable size and some male hippopotamuses. There are two subspecies of White Rhinos; as of 2005, South Africa has the most of the first subspecies, the Southern White Rhino (Ceratotherium simum simum). The population of southern white rhinos is about 11,600, making them the most abundant subspecies of rhino in the world, and the White Rhino the most abundant species. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1266 × 844 pixel, file size: 693 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture taken by me, Kwh, of a White rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (1266 × 844 pixel, file size: 693 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A picture taken by me, Kwh, of a White rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared... Binomial name Burchell, 1817 The White Rhinoceros original range (orange: Northern (C. s. ... Binomial name Burchell, 1817 The White Rhinoceros original range (orange: Northern (C. s. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Indian Rhinoceros range The Indian Rhinoceros or the Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is a large mammal found in Nepal and in Assam, India. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758[2] Range map[1] The hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), from the Greek ‘ιπποπόταμος (hippopotamos, hippos meaning horse and potamos meaning river), often shortened to hippo, is a large, mostly plant-eating African mammal, one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae (the other being the Pygmy... This article is about the zoological term. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The White Rhino has a massive body and large head, a short neck and broad chest. This rhino can exceed 6000 pounds, have a head-and-body length of 3.35-4.2 m (11-13.9 feet) and a shoulder height of 150-185 cm (60-73 inches). The record-sized White Rhinoceros was about 3600 kg. On its snout it has two horns. The front horn is larger that the other horn and averages 89.9 cm (23.6 inches) in length and can reach 150 cm (59 inches). The White Rhinoceros also has a noticeable hump on the back of its neck which supports its large head. The colour of this animal ranges from yellowish brown to slate grey. The only hair on them is on the ear fringes and tail bristles with little aross the body. White Rhinos have the distinctive flat broad mouth which is used for grazing. Highland cow, a very old long-horned breed from Scotland. ...


Black Rhinoceros

The Black Rhinoceros is similar in color to the White Rhinoceros.
The Black Rhinoceros is similar in color to the White Rhinoceros.
Main article: Black Rhinoceros

The name of the species was chosen to distinguish it from the White Rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum). This is confusing, as those two species are not really distinguishable by colour. There are four subspecies of black rhino: South-central (Diceros bicornis minor), the most numerous, which once ranged from central Tanzania south through Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique to northern and eastern South Africa; South-western (Diceros bicornis bicornis) which are better adapted to the arid and semi-arid savannas of Namibia, southern Angola, western Botswana and western South Africa; East African (Diceros bicornis michaeli), primarily in Tanzania; and West African(Diceros bicornis longipes) which was tentatively declared extinct in 2006.[3] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 1811 KB) Ostafrikanisches Spitzmaulnashorn in anderen Sprachen: -Rhinocéros noir (Französisch) -Rinoceronte nero (Italienisch) -Black Rhinoceros (Englisch) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Black Rhinoceros... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (3008x2000, 1811 KB) Ostafrikanisches Spitzmaulnashorn in anderen Sprachen: -Rhinocéros noir (Französisch) -Rinoceronte nero (Italienisch) -Black Rhinoceros (Englisch) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Black Rhinoceros... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Black Rhinoceros range Subspecies Diceros bicornis michaeli Diceros bicornis longipes Diceros bicornis minor Diceros bicornis bicornis The Black Rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis also colloquially Black Rhino is a mammal in the order Perissodactyla, native to the eastern and central areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South... Binomial name Burchell, 1817 The White Rhinoceros original range (orange: Northern (C. s. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Black Rhinoceros range Subspecies Diceros bicornis michaeli Diceros bicornis longipes Diceros bicornis minor Diceros bicornis bicornis The Black Rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis also colloquially Black Rhino is a mammal in the order Perissodactyla, native to the eastern and central areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South... Binomial name Burchell, 1817 The White Rhinoceros original range (orange: Northern (C. s. ...


An adult Black Rhinoceros stands 147–160 cm (57.9–63 inches) high at the shoulder and is 3.3-3.6 m (10.8–11.8 feet) in length.[4] An adult weighs from 800 to 1400 kg (1,760 to 3,080 lb), exceptionally to 1820 kg (4,000 lb), with the females being smaller than the males. Two horns on the skull are made of keratin with the larger front horn typically 50 cm long, exceptionally up to 140 cm. Sometimes, a third smaller horn may develop. The Black Rhino is much smaller than the White Rhino, and has a pointed mouth, which they use to grasp leaves and twigs when feeding. Highland cow, a very old long-horned breed from Scotland. ... Not to be confused with kerogen or carotene. ... Binomial name Ceratotherium simum Burchell, 1817 The White Rhinoceros or Square-lipped rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) is one of the five species of rhinoceros that still exists and is one of the few megaherbivore species left. ...


Indian Rhinoceros

An Indian rhinoceros and baby at the Nürnberger Zoo.
An Indian rhinoceros and baby at the Nürnberger Zoo.
Main article: Indian Rhinoceros

The Indian Rhinoceros or the Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is found in Nepal and in Assam, India. The rhino once inhabited areas from Pakistan to Burma and may have even roamed in China. But because of human influence their range has shrunk and now they only exist in small populations in northeastern India and Nepal. It is confined to the tall grasslands and forests in the foothills of the Himalayas. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixels, file size: 420 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1280 × 960 pixels, file size: 420 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Indian Rhinoceros range The Indian Rhinoceros or the Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is a large mammal found in Nepal and in Assam, India. ... Assam   (Assamese: অসম Ôxôm) is a north eastern state of India with its capital at Dispur, a part of Guwahati. ... An Inner Mongolia Grassland. ... This article is about forests as a massing of trees. ... For the movie Himalaya, see Himalaya (film). ...


The Indian Rhinoceros has thick, silver-brown skin which creates huge folds all over its body. Its upper legs and shoulders are covered in wart-like bumps, and it has very little body hair. Its size is comparable to that of the White Rhino in Africa. Fully grown males are larger than females in the wild, weighing from 2200–3000 kg (4,800–6,600 lb). Female Indian rhinos weigh about 1600 kg. The Indian Rhino is from 5.7–6.7 feet tall and can be up to 13 feet long. The record-sized specimen of this rhino was approximately 3500 kg. The Indian Rhino has a single horn that reaches a length of between 20 and 101 cm. Highland cow, a very old long-horned breed from Scotland. ...


Javan Rhinoceros

Main article: Javan Rhinoceros

The Javan Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus) is one of the rarest and most endangered large mammals anywhere in the world.[5] According to 2002 estimates, only about 60 remain, in Java (Indonesia) and Vietnam. Of all the rhino species, the least is known of the Javan Rhino. These animals prefer dense lowland rain forest, tall grass and reed beds that are plentiful with large floodplains and mud wallows. Though once widespread throughout Asia, by the 1930's the rhinoceros was nearly hunted to extinction in India, Burma, Peninsular Malaysia, and Sumatra for the medical powers of its horn and blood. Binomial name Desmarest, 1822 Javan Rhinoceros Range Subspecies Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis (extinct) Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus The Javan Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros sondaicus is one of the rarest and most endangered large mammals anywhere in the world. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Map of Peninsular Malaysia Peninsular Malaysia (or Semenanjung Malaysia in the Malay language) is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula, and shares a land border with Thailand in the north. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ...


Like the closely related larger Indian Rhinoceros, the Javan rhinoceros has only a single horn. Its hairless, hazy gray skin fall into folds into the shoulder, back, and rump giving it an armored-like appearance. The Javan rhino's body length reaches up to 3.1-3.2 m (10-10.5 feet), including its head and a height of 1.5–1.7 m tall. Adults are variously reported to weigh between 900–1,400 kg[6] or 1,360-2,000 kg.[7] Males horns can reach 26 cm in length while in females they are knobs or no horn at all.[7] Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Indian Rhinoceros range The Indian Rhinoceros or the Great One-horned Rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) is a large mammal found in Nepal and in Assam, India. ...


Sumatran Rhinoceros

A sumatran rhinoceros at the Bronx Zoo.
A sumatran rhinoceros at the Bronx Zoo.
Main article: Sumatran Rhinoceros

The Sumatran Rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis) is the smallest extant rhinoceros species, as well as the one with the most fur, which allows it to survive at very high altitudes in Borneo and Sumatra. Due to habitat loss and poaching, its numbers have declined and it is one of the world's rarest mammals. About 300 Sumatran Rhinos are believed to remain. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Bronx Zoo is a world-famous zoo located within the Bronx Park, in the Bronx borough of New York City. ... Binomial name Fischer, 1814 Sumatran Rhinoceros range Subspecies Dicerorhinus sumatrensis harrissoni Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis †Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis The Sumatran Rhinoceros, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis is the smallest extant rhinoceros species, as well as the one with the most fur, which allows it to survive at very high altitudes in Borneo and Sumatra. ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... Borneo is the third largest island in the world and is located at the centre of Maritime Southeast Asia. ... Sumatra (also spelled Sumatera) is the sixth largest island in the world (approximately 470,000 km²) and is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are partially in Indonesia). ...


Typically a mature Sumatran rhino stands about 130 cm high at the shoulder, a body length of 240–315 cm and weighs around 700 kg, though the largest individuals have been known to weigh as much as 1,000 kilograms. Like the African species, it has two horns, the largest is the front (25–79 cm) and the smaller being the second which is usually less than 10 cm long. The males have much larger horns than the females. Hair can range from dense (the most dense hair in young calves) to scarce. The color of these rhinos are reddish brown. The body is short and has stubby legs. They also have a prehensile lip. World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ...


Evolution

Rhinocerotoids first diverged from other Perissodactyls in at least the Early Eocene. Fossils of Hyrachus eximus found in North America date to this period. This small ancestor resembled a tapir or small horse, more than a rhino, and had no horn. Three families, sometimes grouped together as the superfamily Rhinocerotoidea, evolved in the Late Eocene: Hyracodontidae, Amynodontidae and Rhinocerotidae. Species  ? Hyrachyus is an extinct genus of mammal. ... In biology, a superfamily is a taxonomic grade intermediate between suborder and family. ...

Indricotherium, possibly the largest land-mammal that ever lived.
Indricotherium, possibly the largest land-mammal that ever lived.

Hyracontidae, also known as "running rhinos," showed adaptations for speed, and would have looked more like horses than modern rhinos. The smallest Hyracontidae were dog-sized; the largest was Indricotherium, believed to be the largest land-mammal that ever existed. The hornless Indricotherium was almost six meters high, nine meters long, and weighed as much as 20 tons. Like a giraffe, it ate leaves from trees. The Hyracontids spread across Eurasia from the mid-Eocene to early Miocene. This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... This image is in the public domain in the United States and possibly other jurisdictions. ... Binomial name Indricotherium transouralicum (Pavlova, 1922) Indricotherium lived in Asia during the late Oligocene and early Miocene epoch of the Tertiary Period (37-32 million years ago). ... Binomial name Indricotherium transouralicum (Pavlova, 1922) Indricotherium lived in Asia during the late Oligocene and early Miocene epoch of the Tertiary Period (37-32 million years ago). ...


The Amynodontidae family, also known as "aquatic rhinos," dispersed across North America and Eurasia, from the Late Eocene to early Oligocene. The Amynodontids were hippopotamus-like in their ecology and appearance, inhabiting rivers and lakes, and sharing many of the same adaptations to aquatic life as hippos.

Teleoceras, an extinct rhinoceros genus.
Teleoceras, an extinct rhinoceros genus.

The family of all the modern rhinoceroses, the Rhinocerotidae, first appeared in the Late Eocene in Eurasia. The earliest members of Rhinocerotidae were small and numerous; at least 26 genera lived in Eurasia and North America until a wave of extinctions in the middle Oligocene wiped out most of the smaller species. Several independent lineages survived, however. Menoceras, a pig-sized rhinoceros which had two horns side-by-side or the Teloeceras of North America which had short legs and a barrel chest and lived until about 5 million years ago. The last rhinos in America became extinct during the pliocene. Image File history File links Teleoceras fossiger specimen at the National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC; digital photo taken by User:Postdlf, 2/20/05 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Teleoceras fossiger specimen at the National Museum of Natural History, Washington, DC; digital photo taken by User:Postdlf, 2/20/05 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Species Teleoceras fossiger Teleoceras major Teleoceras is an extinct genus of grazing rhinoceros that lived in North America during the Miocene epoch, around 4. ...

Coelodonta, the extinct wooly rhinoceros.
Coelodonta, the extinct wooly rhinoceros.

Modren rhinos are believed to have dispersed from Asia beginning in the Miocene. Two species survived the most recent period of glaciation and inhabited Europe as recently as 10,000 years ago. The Woolly Rhinoceros appeared in China around 1 million years ago and first arrived in Europe around 600,000 years ago and again 200,000 years ago, where alongside the Woolly Mammoth, they became numerous but eventually were hunted to extinction by early humans. Another species of enormous rhino, Elasmotherium, survived the last ice age. Also known as the giant unicorn rhinoceros, Elasmotherium was two meters tall, five meters long and weighed around five tons, with a single enormous horn, hypsodont teeth and long legs for running. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Binomial name Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1807) The Woolly Rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis) is an extinct species of rhinoceros that survived the last ice age. ... Binomial name Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1807) The Woolly Rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis) is an extinct species of rhinoceros that lived during the Pleistocene epoch, but survived the last ice age. ... Binomial name Blumenbach, 1799 For the rock band, see Wooly Mammoth (band). ... Binomial name Elasmotherium sibiricum J. Fischer, 1809 The Giant Unicorn (Elasmotherium sibiricum) (Siberian Thin-Plate Beast) was a giant rhinoceros which stood two meters high and six meters (20 feet) long, with a single two-meter-long (7 feet) horn in the forehead. ...


Of the extant rhinoceros species, the Sumatran Rhino is the most archaic, first emerging more than 15 million years ago. The Sumatran Rhino was closely related to the Woolly Rhinoceros, but not to the other modern species. The Indian Rhino and Javan Rhino are closely related and from a more recent lineage of Asian rhino. The ancestors of early Indian and Javan rhino emerged 2-4 million years ago. Binomial name Dicerorhinus sumatrensis (Fischer, 1814) Subspecies Dicerorhinus sumatrensis harrissoni Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis The Sumatran Rhinoceros is the smallest extant rhinoceros species, as well as the one with the most fur, which allows it to survive at very high altitudes in Borneo and Sumatra. ...


The lineage of rhinos in Africa is less clear. The black and white rhinoceros remain so closely related that they can still mate and successfully produce offspring. The black rhinoceros is believed to be the oldest of the species, first emerging between 4 and 10 million years ago, and the white rhinoceros diverging from within the black rhinos between 2 and 5 million years ago.[8]

Indian Rhino
Indian Rhino
Rhino skin
Rhino skin
Black Rhinos in Ngorongoro Crater
Black Rhinos in Ngorongoro Crater
Rhinos at Lake Nakuru
Rhinos at Lake Nakuru
A rhinoceros horn, believed by some to have aphrodisiac properties.
A rhinoceros horn, believed by some to have aphrodisiac properties.
  • Family Rhinocerotidae
    • Subfamily Rhinocerotinae
      • Tribe Aceratheriini
        • Aceratherium (extinct)
        • Acerorhinus (extinct)
        • Alicornops (extinct)
        • Aphelops (extinct)
        • Chilotheridium (extinct)
        • Chilotherium (extinct)
        • Dromoceratherium (extinct)
        • Floridaceras (extinct)
        • Hoploaceratherium (extinct)
        • Mesaceratherium (extinct)
        • Peraceras (extinct)
        • Plesiaceratherium (extinct)
        • Proaceratherium (extinct)
        • Sinorhinus (extinct)
        • Subchilotherium (extinct)
      • Tribe Teleoceratini
        • Aprotodon (extinct)
        • Brachydiceratherium (extinct)
        • Brachypodella (extinct)
        • Brachypotherium (extinct)
        • Diaceratherium (extinct)
        • Prosantorhinus (extinct)
        • Shennongtherium (extinct)
        • Teleoceras (extinct)
      • Tribe Rhinocerotini
      • Tribe Dicerorhinini
      • Tribe Ceratotheriini
      • Ceratotherium - White Rhinoceros
      • Tribe Dicerotini
      • Diceros - Black Rhinoceros
      • Paradiceros (extinct)
    • Subfamily Elasmotheriinae
      • Gulfoceras (extinct)
      • Tribe Diceratheriini
        • Diceratherium (extinct)
        • Subhyracodon (extinct)
      • Tribe Elasmotheriini
        • Bugtirhinus (extinct)
        • Caementodon (extinct)
        • Elasmotherium - Giant Unicorn (extinct)
        • Hispanotherium (extinct)
        • Huaqingtherium (extinct)
        • Iranotherium (extinct)
        • Kenyatherium (extinct)
        • Menoceras (extinct)
        • Ougandatherium (extinct)
        • Parelasmotherium (extinct)
        • Procoelodonta (extinct)
        • Sinotherium (extinct)

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2560 × 1920 pixel, file size: 1. ... Howletts African elephants at Howletts Siberian tiger at Howletts Howletts Wild Animal Park (formerly known as Howletts Zoo) was set up as a private zoo in 1958 by John Aspinall in Canterbury, Kent. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixel, file size: 6. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixel, file size: 6. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixels, file size: 5. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixels, file size: 5. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 493 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 947 pixels, file size: 994 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Black Rhinos in Ngorongoro Crater. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 493 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 947 pixels, file size: 994 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Black Rhinos in Ngorongoro Crater. ... Ngorongoro crater is the worlds largest unbroken volcanic caldera, sited towards the northwest of Arusha in Tanzania, and is connected to the Serengeti savannah to its immediate south. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 558 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 1072 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 558 pixelsFull resolution (1536 × 1072 pixels, file size: 1. ... Lake Nakuru National Park is 168 km² It is very close to the second largest city in Kenya, Nakuru. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 418 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1454 × 2083 pixel, file size: 356 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This picture may have usage restrictions Horn Source: own pictures File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 418 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1454 × 2083 pixel, file size: 356 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) This picture may have usage restrictions Horn Source: own pictures File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert... Species Prosantorhinus douvillei Prosantorhinus germanicus Prosantorhinus is an extinct genus of rhinoceros from the lower and middle Miocene. ... Shennongtherium is an extinct genus of rhinoceros from the Miocene time period. ... Species Teleoceras fossiger Teleoceras major Teleoceras is an extinct genus of grazing rhinoceros that lived in North America during the Miocene epoch, around 4. ... Species Ceratotherium simum Dicerorhinus sumatrensis Diceros bicornis Rhinoceros unicornis A rhinoceros is any of five surviving species of odd-toed ungulate in the family Rhinocerotidae. ... Binomial name Desmarest, 1822 Javan Rhinoceros Range Subspecies Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis (extinct) Rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus The Javan Rhinoceros, Rhinoceros sondaicus is one of the rarest and most endangered large mammals anywhere in the world. ... Binomial name Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1807) The Woolly Rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis) is an extinct species of rhinoceros that survived the last ice age. ... Binomial name Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1807) The Woolly Rhinoceros (Coelodonta antiquitatis) is an extinct species of rhinoceros that lived during the Pleistocene epoch, but survived the last ice age. ... Binomial name Dicerorhinus sumatrensis (Fischer, 1814) The Sumatran Rhinoceros is the smallest extant rhinoceros species, as well as the one with the most fur. ... Binomial name Fischer, 1814 Sumatran Rhinoceros range Subspecies Dicerorhinus sumatrensis harrissoni Dicerorhinus sumatrensis sumatrensis †Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis The Sumatran Rhinoceros, Dicerorhinus sumatrensis is the smallest extant rhinoceros species, as well as the one with the most fur, which allows it to survive at very high altitudes in Borneo and Sumatra. ... Binomial name Ceratotherium simum Burchell, 1817 The White Rhinoceros or Square-lipped rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum) is one of the five species of rhinoceros that still exists and is one of the few megaherbivore species left. ... Binomial name Burchell, 1817 The White Rhinoceros original range (orange: Northern (C. s. ... Binomial name Diceros bicornis The Black Rhinoceros (Diceros bicornis) is a mammal of the Perissodactyla order which lives in the eastern areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Black Rhinoceros range Subspecies Diceros bicornis michaeli Diceros bicornis longipes Diceros bicornis minor Diceros bicornis bicornis The Black Rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis also colloquially Black Rhino is a mammal in the order Perissodactyla, native to the eastern and central areas of Africa including Kenya, Tanzania, Cameroon, South... Binomial name Elasmotherium sibiricum J. Fischer, 1809 The Giant Unicorn (Elasmotherium sibiricum) (Siberian Thin-Plate Beast) was a giant rhinoceros which stood two meters high and six meters (20 feet) long, with a single two-meter-long (7 feet) horn in the forehead. ... Binomial name Elasmotherium sibiricus The Giant Unicorn (Elasmotherium sibiricus) was a two meter high, and six meter long rhinoceros with a single two meter long horn in the forehead. ... Iranotherium (Beast of Iran) was a large elasmothere rhinoceros found in Central Asia. ... Menoceras is an extinct pig-sized rhinoceros that roamed the plains of the North American mid-west during the lower Miocene Epoch. ... Sinotherium was a genus of single-horned rhinoceri of Pliocene China ancestral to Elasmotherium Category: ...

Rhinoceros horns

The most obvious distinguishing characteristic of the rhinos is a large horn above the nose. Rhinoceros horns, unlike those of other horned mammals, consist of keratin only and lacks a bony core, such as bovine horns. Rhinoceros horns are used in traditional Asian medicine, and for dagger handles in Yemen and Oman. Not to be confused with kerogen or carotene. ... Traditional Chinese medicine shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ...


One repeated fallacy is that rhinoceros horn in powdered form is used as an aphrodisiac in Traditional Chinese Medicine. It is, in fact, prescribed for fevers and convulsions. [9] Discussions with TCM practitioners to reduce its use have met with mixed results since some TCM doctors see rhinoceros horn as a life-saving medicine of better quality than substitutes.[10] China has signed the CITES treaty however. To prevent poaching, in certain areas rhinos have been tranquillized and their horns removed. This article is about agents which increase sexual desire. ... Traditional Chinese medicine shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ... The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) is an international agreement between Governments, drafted as a result of a resolution adopted in 1963 at a meeting of members of the World Conservation Union (IUCN). ...


Cultural depictions of rhinos

A Rhinoceros depicted on a Roman mosaic in Villa Romana del Casale, an archeological site near Piazza Armerina in Sicily, Italy
A Rhinoceros depicted on a Roman mosaic in Villa Romana del Casale, an archeological site near Piazza Armerina in Sicily, Italy
Rhinoceros sculpture, Biological Sciences Building, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
Rhinoceros sculpture, Biological Sciences Building, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

There are a number of legends about rhinoceroses stamping out fire. The story seems to have been common in Malaysia, India, and Burma. This type of rhinoceros even had a special name in Malay, badak api, where badak means rhinoceros and api means fire. The animal would come when a fire is lit in the forest and stamp it out. Whether or not there is any truth to this has not yet been proven, as there has been no documented sighting of this phenomenon in recent history. This lack of evidence may stem from the fact that rhinoceros sightings overall in south-east Asia have become very rare, largely due to widespread poaching of the critically endangered animal. This legend is featured prominently in the film The Gods Must Be Crazy as well as on an episode of The Simpsons. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1668, 1981 KB) Author : Urban Description : Villa del Casale, Sicilia Body : Canon Powershot A80 Date : August, 2005 Other versions: image:Villa_Del_Casale_Grande_Chasse1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1668, 1981 KB) Author : Urban Description : Villa del Casale, Sicilia Body : Canon Powershot A80 Date : August, 2005 Other versions: image:Villa_Del_Casale_Grande_Chasse1. ... This article is about a decorative art. ... Villa Romana del Casale is located about 5km outside the town of Piazza Armerina. ... Piazza Armerina is an Italian comune in the province of Enna of the autonomous island region of Sicily. ... Sicily ( in Italian and Sicilian) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,708 km² (9,926 sq. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1077 KB) Rhinoceros sculpture, Biological Sciences Building, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1077 KB) Rhinoceros sculpture, Biological Sciences Building, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts. ... Harvard University (incorporated as The President and Fellows of Harvard College) is a private university in Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA and a member of the Ivy League. ... Location in Middlesex County in Massachusetts Coordinates: , Country State County Middlesex Settled 1630 Incorporated 1636 Government  - Type Mayor-City Council  - Mayor Kenneth Reeves (D) Area  - City  7. ... For other uses, see Fire (disambiguation). ... Not to be confused with the Malayalam language, spoken in India. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... For other uses, see Poaching (disambiguation). ... The Gods Must Be Crazy is a film released in 1980, written and directed by Jamie Uys. ... Simpsons redirects here. ...

Dürer's Rhinoceros, in a woodcut from 1515.
Dürer's Rhinoceros, in a woodcut from 1515.

Although rhinos are herbivores, in the novel James and the Giant Peach by author Roald Dahl, the main character's parents are supposedly eaten by a rhinoceros that had escaped from the London Zoo. Image File history File links Dürer_-_Rhinoceros. ... Image File history File links Dürer_-_Rhinoceros. ... Dürers Rhinoceros is the name commonly given to a woodcut created by German painter and wood carver Albrecht Dürer in 1515. ... Four horsemen of the Apocalypse by Albrecht Dürer Ukiyo-e woodcut, Ishiyama Moon by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (1889) Woodcut is a relief printing artistic technique in printmaking in which an image is carved into the surface of a block of wood, with the printing parts remaining level with the surface... A deer and two fawns feeding on some foliage A herbivore is often defined as any organism that eats only plants[1]. By that definition, many fungi, some bacteria, many animals, about 1% of flowering plants and some protists can be considered herbivores. ... James and the Giant Peach is a childrens book by Roald Dahl, originally illustrated by Nancy Ekholm Burkert, first published in the USA in 1961 by Alfred A. Knopf, Inc. ... Roald Dahl (IPA: ) (13 September 1916 – 23 November 1990) was a British novelist, short story author and screenwriter of Norwegian parentage, famous as a writer for both children and adults. ... The giant ZSL London Zoo aviary ZSL London Zoo is the worlds oldest scientific zoo. ...


Albrecht Dürer created a famous woodcut of a rhinoceros in 1515, without ever seeing the animal depicted. As a result, Dürer's Rhinoceros is rather inaccurate. Albrecht Dürer (pronounced /al. ... Four horsemen of the Apocalypse by Albrecht Dürer Ukiyo-e woodcut, Ishiyama Moon by Tsukioka Yoshitoshi (1889) Woodcut is a relief printing artistic technique in printmaking in which an image is carved into the surface of a block of wood, with the printing parts remaining level with the surface... Dürers Rhinoceros is the name commonly given to a woodcut created by German painter and wood carver Albrecht Dürer in 1515. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ Rabinowitz, Alan (June 1995) "Helping a Species Go Extinct: The<33 six. Sumatran Rhino in Borneo" Conservation Biology 9(3): pp. 482-488
  2. ^ Robinson, Terry J.; V. Trifonov, I. Espie, E.H. Harley (01 2005). "Interspecific hybridization in rhinoceroses: Confirmation of a Black × White rhinoceros hybrid by karyotype, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and microsatellite analysis". Conservation Genetics 6 (1): 141-145. doi:10.1007/s10592-004-7750-9. 
  3. ^ "West African black rhino 'is extinct'", The Times, July 7, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-10-09. 
  4. ^ Dollinger, Peter and Silvia Geser. Black Rhinoceros. World Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Retrieved on 2007-10-09.
  5. ^ Derr, Mark. "[ttp://www.nytimes.com/2006/07/11/science/11rhin.html Racing to Know the Rarest of Rhinos, Before It’s Too Late]", The New York Times, July 11, 2006. Retrieved on 2007-10-11. 
  6. ^ Species Endangered: Javan Rhinoceros
  7. ^ a b Rhino Guide: Javan Rhinoceros
  8. ^ Lacombat, Frédéric (2005). "The evolution of the rhinoceros", in Fulconis, R.: Save the rhinos: EAZA Rhino Campaign 2005/6. London: European Association of Zoos and Aquaria, 46-49. 
  9. ^ Chinese Herbal Medicine: Materia Medica, Third Edition, by Dan Bensky, Steven Clavey, Erich Stoger, and Andrew Gamble. September 2004
  10. ^ Parry-Jone, Rob and Amanda Vincent. "Can we tame wild medicine? To save a rare species, Western conservationists may have to make their peace with traditional Chinese medicine.", New Scientist, January 3, 1998. 

A digital object identifier (or DOI) is a standard for persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property on a digital network and associating it with related data, the metadata, in a structured extensible way. ... The Times is a national newspaper published daily in the United Kingdom (and the Kingdom of Great Britain before the United Kingdom existed) since 1788 when it was known as The Daily Universal Register. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The World Association of Zoos and Aquariums (WAZA) is the umbrella organisation for the world zoo and aquarium community. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... is the 192nd day of the year (193rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 284th day of the year (285th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The European Association of Zoos and Aquaria (EAZA) is an organisation for the European zoo and aquarium community. ... New Scientist is a weekly international science magazine covering recent developments in science and technology for a general English-speaking audience. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...

References

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... ISSN, or International Standard Serial Number, is the unique eight-digit number applied to a periodical publication including electronic serials. ...

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  Results from FactBites:
 
rhinoceros. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (774 words)
The rhinoceros family, along with the horse and tapir families, forms the order of odd-toed hoofed mammals.
The fl rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis, of E and S Africa, has declined in numbers from about 65,000 in 1970 to 3,600 in 2004 (a total that represents an increase from the mid-1990s low of 2,400); there were 2 to 3 million at the beginning of the 20th cent.
The white rhinoceros is second in size among land mammals to the elephant.
Rhinoceros - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (903 words)
A male rhinoceros is called a bull, a female a cow, and the young a calf; a group of rhinoceros is called a "crash".
Rhinoceros horns are used in traditional Asian medicine, and for dagger handles in Yemen and Oman.
None of the five rhinoceros species have secure futures; the White Rhinoceros is perhaps the least endangered, the Javan Rhinoceros survives in only tiny numbers (estimated at 60 animals in 2002) and is one of the two or three most endangered large mammals anywhere in the world.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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