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A revue is a type of theatrical entertainment that combines music, dance and sketches that satirize contemporary figures, news, or literature. The three ancestors that helped shape the form of the revue in the late 1800's are minstrelsy, burlesque, and variety shows. From minstrelsy, the revue gets its mass oriented comedy, from burlesque, satire and women in specific dress or undress, and from variety, the succession of acts. The first show to successfully converge all these elements was The Black Crook premiering at Niblo's Garden on September 12, 1866. Revues can also be recognized by the title "Follies", as Florenz Ziegfeld and his infamous "follies girls" popularized and molded the existence of the revue. Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... Entertainment is an amusement or diversion intended to hold the attention of an audience or its participants. ... Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Music Look up Music on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikisource, as part of the 1911 Encyclopedia Wikiproject, has original text related to this article: Music Wikicities has a wiki about Music: Music MusicNovatory: the science of music encyclopedia Science of Music... A sketch is a drawing or other composition that is not intended as a finished work. ... NeWS, for Network extensible Window System, was a windowing system developed by Sun Microsystems in the late 1980s. ... Follies is a musical with music and lyrics by Stephen Sondheim and a book by James Goldman. ...


This new form of entertainment dominated the mainstream theatres of Broadway and were the shows that first introduced and jumpstarted the careers of Richard Rodgers and Lorenz Hart. Rodgers and Hart then created the series of revues in the 1920s that went under the general title Garrick Gaieties. Famous faces such as Fanny Brice debuted in the 1910 Follies as well as Eartha Kitt in a revue called New Faces of 1952. An autographed photo of Richard Rodgers Richard Rodgers (June 18, 1902 – December 30, 1979) was one of the great composers of musical theater, best known for his song writing partnerships with Lorenz Hart and Oscar Hammerstein II. He wrote more than 900 published songs, and forty Broadway musicals. ... Lorenz (Larry) Hart (May 2, 1895 - November 22, 1943) was the lyricist half of the famed Broadway songwriting team Rodgers and Hart. ... Eartha Kitt, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1952 Eartha Mae Kitt, born January 17, 1927, is an actress and singer whose mother was black/Cherokee, and whose father was white. ... New Faces of 1952 is a musical revue with music and lyrics by various hands, including Ronny Graham and June Carroll, who also appeared in the Broadway production; and sketches by Ronny Graham and Melvin Brooks. ...


Early talkies made filmed versions of revues in order to showcase their stars using the new medium. The Gold Diggers of 1933, for example, was a popular entertainment that was a little more than a revue, however strung on a skimpy plot. For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as part of... Gold Diggers of 1933 1933 USA was a musical film directed by Mervyn LeRoy ( plot) and Busby Berkely (musical and dance sequences). ...


Specialist writers / composers of revues have included Sandy Wilson, Noel Coward, John Stromberg, Irving Berlin, George Gershwin, Earl Carroll and Flanders and Swann. Sandy Wilson (born May 19, 1924) is a British composer and lyricist, best known for his musical, The Boyfriend (1954). ... Noël Coward Sir Noel Peirce Coward (spelling his forename Noël with the diaeresis was an affectation of later life, and Peirce is the correct spelling) (December 16, 1899 - March 26, 1973) was an English actor, playwright, and composer of popular music. ... Flanders and Swann were British actor and singer Michael Flanders (1922–1975) and composer and linguist Donald Swann (1923–1994) who joined forces to write and perform comic songs in the two-man revues At The Drop Of A Hat and At The Drop Of Another Hat. ...


Revues are often common today as student entertainment and use pastiche, in which contemporary songs are re-written in order to comment on the college or courses in a humorous nature. While most comic songs will only be heard within the revue they were written for, sometimes they become more widely known, such as A Transport of Delight about the big red London bus by Flanders and Swan, who first made their name in a revue titled At the Drop of a Hat. Students attending a lecture at the Helsinki University of Technology Etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stŭdērĕ, which means to direct ones zeal at; hence a student is one who directs zeal at a subject. ... Comedy is the use of humor in the performing arts. ...


Towards the end of the 20th century, a sub-genre of the revue appeared that dispensed skits entirely. This type of revue may or may not have identifiable characters and a rudimentary story line but, even when it does, the songs remain the focus of the show. This type of revue usually showcases songs written by a particular composer or songs made famous by a particular performer. Examples of the former are "Side by Side by Sondheim" (music by Stephen Sondheim), "Eubie!" (Eubie Blake) and "TomFoolery" (Tom Lehrer). Examples of the latter include "Five Guys Named Moe" (songs made popular by Louis Jordan) and "On the Record" (songs from Walt Disney films). It is now never seen in venues anywhere due to its decrease in popularity. Stephen Sondheim Stephen Joshua Sondheim (born March 22, 1930) is an American musical theater lyricist and composer. ... James Hubert Eubie Blake (February 7, 1883/1887 - February 12, 1983) was a composer of ragtime, jazz, and popular music, as well as a lyricist. ... Tom Lehrer in 1960. ... Louis Jordan (July 8, 1908 - February 4, 1975) was an African-American jazz and rhythm & blues musician who, unlike many of his black peers, was highly popular with mainstream audiences in the post-swing era. ... Jump to: navigation, search Walt Disney For the company founded by Disney, see The Walt Disney Company. ...


References

Davis, Lee (2000) Scandals and Follies: The Rise and Fall of the Great Broadway Revue, Proscenium Publishers Inc., New York. ISBN 0-87910-274-8


  Results from FactBites:
 
AllRefer.com - revue (Theater) - Encyclopedia (238 words)
revue, a stage presentation that originated in the early 19th cent.
It was rapidly developed, particularly in England and the United States, into an amorphous musical entertainment, retaining a small amount of satire and partaking increasingly of the elements of vaudeville and the pageant.
In the United States the revue : essentially an upscale vaudeville show : became noted for its extravagant staging and costumes and its display of showgirls.
Enright's Theatres of Canada - The Revue Cinema (905 words)
The original building plans for the Revue featured a projection booth (no sound, of course!) and a stage with a movable screen, indicating that it could be used as both a playhouse and a cinema.
Between the time that the Revue was built and the time of the earliest photos we have of the place (1935), many things changed.
At that time, as a boy, he frequented the Revue, and when children came to the theatre during the war they were given, as a part of a government program, a glass of milk, to help alleviate the effect of rations.
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