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Encyclopedia > Revived Cornish Stannary Parliament

The Cornish Stannary Parliament is a human rights pressure group which claims to be a revived Cornish Stannary Parliament. It was established in 1974 and had campaigned since then against the government of the United Kingdom's position on the constitutional status of Cornwall. The historic Cornish Stannary Parliament last assembled in at Truro in 1752, and continued until September 11, 1753.[1] The English legal system does not recognise desuetude (laws lapsing through lack of use), and the precedent of the Court of Chivalry, which sat in 1952 for the first time in over 200 years, means that the Stannary Parliament, whilst not in session, still exists. The 1508 Charter of Pardon is still on the statute books, as was confirmed in the House of Commons in recent years. [2] Image File history File links Flag_of_Cornwall. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... The Stannary Parliaments and Stannary Courts were legislative and legal institutions in Cornwall and in Devon in the Dartmoor area. ... The agencies responsible for the government of the United Kingdom consist of a number of ministerial departments (usually headed by a Secretary of State) and non-ministerial departments headed by senior civil servants. ... The constitutional status of Cornwall, in the southwest of Great Britain, is the subject of ongoing debate. ... 1752 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the date September 11 in general. ... 1753 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... In law, desuetude (from the French word désuet, outdated) is a doctrine that causes statutes, similar legislation, or legal principles to lapse and become unenforceable by a long habit of non-enforcement or lapse of time; it is what happens to unrepealed laws when they become obsolete. ... The Court of Chivalry is a civil court in England. ...

Contents

Declarations

On 20 May 1974 a pressure group claiming to be a revived Cornish Stannary Parliament assembled in Lostwithiel. The group interpreted the 1508 charter as applying to all descendents of Cornish tin-miners, and claimed that they had the power to veto all laws made in Westminster, not only those relating to the tin and mineral industries. The meeting was primarily called in response to a crisis in the china clay industry. Employers in the industry had been forbidden by the Pay Board from paying their 9,000 workers the higher wages agreed under a productivity deal. The Warden of the Stannaries, Geoffrey Waldegrave, 12th Earl Waldegrave refused an invitation to open the parliament.[3] May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... Lostwithiel is a small town in Cornwall, England at the head of the estuary of the River Fowey. ... 1508 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Westminster is a district within the City of Westminster in London. ... Kaolin Kaolinite (Aluminium Silicate Hydroxide) Kaolinite is a mineral with the chemical composition Al2Si2O5(OH)4. ... The Prices Commission was set up in the UK under the Counter-Inflation Act 1973, alongside the Pay Board, in an attempt to control inflation. ... Geoffrey Noel Waldegrave, 12th Earl Waldegrave KG GCVO TD (21 November 1905–23 May 1995) was a British peer and agriculturist. ...


On June 24 at a meeting at which the stannators wore kilts of Cornish tartan, and at which the Cornish national anthem was played, the group proclaimed eighteen articles or acts, including the claim to retain all taxes gathered in the Duchy, the declaration of St Piran's flag to be the national flag, a claim on all mineral rights including oil and natural gas, and sought to reverse recent local government reorganisation. A petition was sent to the queen declaring that if she did not recognise the parliament they would seize crown lands and properties. They also sought recognition from the United Nations.[4] June 24 is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 190 days remaining. ... The Cornish national tartan is the tartan of Kernow (Cornwall) and was designed by E.E. Morton Nance, son of Robert Morton Nance in 1963. ... The Song of the Western Men is a song by Robert Stephen Hawker, also known by the title of Trelawny, published in 1824. ... Saint Piran is the patron saint of tin-miners. ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ...


On 12 December 1974 the Home Office replied to the petition, saying that the Home Office could only accept elections by the stannary towns as constitutive of a valid Stannary Parliament. On 15 December, Brian Hambley, using the title "Lord Protector of the Stannaries", said they had decided to postpone the seizure of property in St Austell to give the four town councils an opportunity to appoint stannators. Hambley claimed there was a constitutional crisis and this should be done "immediately to avoid political anarchy". December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... The modern concept of Small Office and Home Office or SoHo , or Small or Home Office deals with the category of business which can be from 1 to 10 workers. ... December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


Also on 15 December it was announced that Frederick Trull, styled "clerk to the stannary", was to issue banknotes in four denominations.[5] December 15 is the 349th day of the year (350th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Following an incident on February 26, 1975 when Trull attempted to arrest the clerk and magistrate while being tried for a motoring offence at St Austell Magistrate's Court, he was found guilty of using threatening words and behaviour with intent to provoke a breach of the peace on June 2, 1975. He produced twenty-five pages of documents in an attempt to prove that the court had no jurisdiction, but was fined, ordered to pay costs and bound over to keep the peace for twelve months.[6] He was subsequently dismissed from his post as clerk and expelled from the organisation. The banknotes, which bore Trull's signature, were burnt.[7] February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... June 2 is the 153rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (154th in leap years), with 212 days remaining. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ...


The Cornish Stannary Parliament next hit the headlines in 1978, again at St Austell Magistrate's Court. Hambley had been charged with having failed to pay motor tax, and displaying the stannary seal in place of a tax disc. His defence was that he was exempt from the court's jurisdiction as he was a "privileged tinner", having staked out several acres of moorland with a view to working them for tin on land belonging to the lord-lieutenant of the county. After two and a half hours consultation the magistrates agreed they had no jurisdiction.[8] The following day a court in Bodmin adjourned a similar case sine die against Frederick Trull.[9] On July 11, the county court (which had the powers of the old stannary courts, under the Stannaries Court (Abolition) Act 1896), declared that the lands Hambley claimed to have staked were already bounded, and ordered him to pay the landowners' costs.[10] By the end of July over a hundred people were refusing to pay road tax in Cornwall, but a decision of the High Court gave the Home Office leave to quash the original magistrate's decision.[11] 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... Flag of a Lord Lieutenant The title Lord Lieutenant is given to the British monarchs personal representatives around the United Kingdom, usually in a county or similar circumscription, with varying tasks throughout history. ... Adjournment sine die (from the Latin, without day) occurs when an organized bodys existence terminates. ... July 11 is the 192nd day (193rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 173 days remaining. ... The County Court is the workhorse of the civil justice system in England and Wales. ... ... Her Majestys High Court of Justice (usually known more simply as the High Court) is, together with the Crown Court and the Court of Appeal, part of the Supreme Court of England and Wales: see Courts of England and Wales. ... The modern concept of Small Office and Home Office or SoHo , or Small or Home Office deals with the category of business which can be from 1 to 10 workers. ...


The Cornish Stannary Parliament's next large campaign was in 1989, and related to the introduction of the unpopular community charge or poll tax. They claimed that as the law imposing the charge had not been approved by the Stannary Parliament "all tin-miners and former tin-miners, all descendants of tin-miners, all shareholders in tin-mines and anyone who supplied equipment for tin-mining" were exempt from the tax. Shares were made available for sale in the Royal Cornish Consols United Tin Mines Cost Book Company at one pound each, the claim being that shareholders would not be liable for the charge. The company was owned by Frederick Trull, who had rejoined the group as its clerk.[12] By March 1990 up to one and a quarter million applications for shares had been made. On March 22 the Department of Trade and Industry was granted an injunction in the High Court freezing the company's assets on the grounds that the company was not registered under the Companies Act 1985 and that Mr Trull was not authorised under the Financial Services Act 1986 to conduct investment business.[13] On June 27 the company was placed in receivership, with shareholders potentially facing the payment of costs.[14] On September 5 the receiver announced that Trull had vanished and that there was no trace of the estimated £1 million paid by members of the public.[15] On October 12 Trull was found guilty of contempt by breaching High Court orders to stop issuing shares and for failing to disclose the whereabouts of the money. He was sentenced in his absence to six months imprisonment. The presiding judge, Mr Justice Harman, said "The matter may be based on a genuine belief by Mr Trull in the privileges of Cornish tin miners but has all the appearance of being a con trick."[16] On February 22, 1991, Trull appeared before the High Court, and his sentence was reduced to three months and suspended for two years, on the condition that he undertook to help the Department of Trade and Industry recover the money invested by the public. Mr Trull's counsel, told the court that the money had gone to "the sharks of this world" and that Mr Trull was "fired not by dishonesty, but by obsessive belief in the Stannary laws".[17][18] Mr Trull remained clerk of the parliament and in November was again before the courts claiming the Bodmin magistrates had no jurisdiction to make orders for payment against him on behalf of Restormel Borough Council as 'a privileged tinner within the Stannaries of Cornwall.' The case was finally settled against Mr Trull in 1994[19] A poll tax, head tax, or capitation is a tax of a uniform, fixed amount per individual (as opposed to a percentage of income). ... March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in leap years). ... The Department of Trade and Industry is a United Kingdom government department. ... The Companies Act 1985 is an act of the United Kingdom Parliament enacted in 1985 which sets out the responsibilities of companies, their directors and secretaries. ... June 27 is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 187 days remaining. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... February 22 is the 53rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up November in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Restormel is a local government district and borough in Cornwall, United Kingdom. ...


Operation Chough

In 1999 the Cornish Stannary Parliament commenced a new direct action campaign they termed "Operation Chough". The organisation wrote to English Heritage ordering them to remove all signs bearing that title from sites in Cornwall by July 31.[20] Over eleven months eighteen signs were removed from sites in Cornwall including Carn Euny, Chysauster, Pendennis Castle and Tintagel. The "Keeper of the Seal of the Stannary Parliament" wrote to English Heritage saying "The signs have been confiscated and held as evidence of English cultural aggression in Cornwall. Such racially motivated signs are deeply offensive and cause distress to many Cornish people". On January 18, 2002, at Truro Crown Court, three members of the group agreed to return the signs and pay £4,500 in conpensation to English Heritage and to be bound over to keep the peace. In return, the prosecution dropped charges of conspiracy to cause criminal damage. 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... English Heritage is a United Kingdom government body with a broad remit of managing the historic environment of England. ... July 31 is the 212th day (213th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 153 days remaining. ... Carn Euny is an archaeological site near Sancreed, on the Penwith peninsula in Cornwall, United Kingdom with considerable evidence of both Iron Age and post-Iron Age settlement. ... Chysauster Ancient Village is Romano-British village of courtyard houses in Cornwall. ... Pendennis Castle keep Pendennis Castle is a castle in Cornwall, United Kingdom, built between 1540 and 1545 for King Henry VIII to guard the entrance to the River Fal on its west bank, near Falmouth. ... Remains of Tintagel Castle Situated on the north Atlantic coast of Cornwall, the village of Tintagel (pronounced with the stress on the second syllable; Cornish: Dintagell) and nearby Tintagel Castle are associated with the legends surrounding King Arthur and the knights of the Round Table. ...


The case was unusual due to the enforced withdrawal of the judge, the resignation of the first three barristers, the change of the charge from "theft" to "conspiracy to commit criminal damage" and the introduction at a late stage of a Public Interest Immunity Certificate. On 19th January the London Guardian reported the case[21] and the Western Morning News published an in depth report. The next day BBC television invited the Cornish stannators to participate in an evening discussion programme regarding the case, which was accepted, but later the BBC withdrew the offer. A Public Interest Immunity order is an official British gagging order issued by the government, by which the disclosure of certain documents deemed sensitive to the Public Interest to courts can be forbidden. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Several newspapers go by the name of Guardian: The Guardian, a British newspaper founded in 1821 as the Manchester Guardian, which took its current title in 1959. ... Western Morning News is a daily newspaper covering Devon and Cornwall. ... The British Broadcasting Corporation, usually known as the BBC (and also informally known as the Beeb or Auntie) is one of the largest broadcasting corporations in the world in terms of audience numbers, employing 26,000 staff in the UK alone and with a budget of more than £4 billion. ...


Although having to pay compensation for the signs, the case was regarded as a huge success by the Cornish Stannary as since this action English Heritage signs no longer include the words "English Heritage" on any of their signs in Cornwall. Also the court case in January 2001 recorded a not guilty verdict and other facts that came to light were that the signs taken from Tintagel Castle where claimed by the prosecution as the property of the Duchy of Cornwall /(Prince Charles) by Charter of 1337. The Duchy of Cornwall refuses to reveal the circumstances under which it was transferred to English Heritage and it has been suggested that this is one of the reasons why the case was cancelled after about ten minutes when the Crown Prosecution Service presented the court with a Public Interest Immunity Certificate. Overlooking the ruins of Tintagel Castle. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Prince Charles may refer to: Prince Charles, Prince of Wales, current heir-apparent to the British throne Any of the previous British royals named Charles, Prince of Wales The former Belgian regent, Prince Charles of Belgium This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that...


Other claims

The organisation's website claims that the group has been active in seeking repayment of alleged over taxation on tin mined in Cornwall, and to have lodged documents with the European Court of Human Rights. European Court of Human Rights building in Strasbourg The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), often referred to informally as the Strasbourg Court, was created to systematise the hearing of human rights complaints against States Parties to the Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, adopted by...


Overpayment invoice

According to their website the CSP sent an invoice to the Duchy of Cornwall for the sum of £20,067,900,000 claiming recovery of alleged overcharged taxation on tin production by the Duchy of Cornwall on May 15, 2000.[22] The claim was based on the higher taxation (or "coinage") rates levied on Cornish tin compared to that mined in Devon. In order to calculate the bill, historical production figures were derived from a privately published undergraduate thesis of 1908.[23] The CSP document claims a a racial motive for overcharging Celtic Cornwall. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The Six Nations considered the heartland of the modern Celts Celtic nations are areas of Europe inhabited by members of Celtic cultures, specifically speakers of Celtic languages. ...


European Court of Human Rights

The CSP website further claims that in April 2006 the group lodged a case with the European Court of Human Rights regarding the case for Cornwall, in respect of alleged violations of the European Convention of Human Rights.[24] The European Convention on Human Rights (1950) was adopted under the auspices of the Council of Europe† to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms. ...


Other Actions

  • The CSP are campaigning, along with Mebyon Kernow and other Cornish organisations, for the inclusion of a Cornish tick box on the 2011 Census. For the first time the Cornish were allocated the '06' census code for the 2001 Census but there have been claims that the actually number of people registering as Cornish would have been much higher if a Cornish option tick box had been included. Over 37,000 people claimed Cornish identity (which equates to 7% of the population of Cornwall) instead of choosing to write-in English or tick a box for British. The CSP claim that many Cornish people were unaware of the new option and the figures would have been much higher if the tick-box was available.[27]

Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county in South West England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar. ... The Palais de lEurope in Strasbourg Council of Europe Flag: used by the Council of Europe The Council of Europe (French: , German: ) is an international organization of 46 member states in the European region (with Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkey, Georgia and Cyprus also extending into Southwest Asia and Russia into... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wikisource. ... Mebyon Kernow (Cornish for Sons of Cornwall, often abbrieviated MK) is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... The English are an ethnic group and nation primarily associated with England and the English language. ... The Cornish people are a British ethnic group originating in Cornwall. ...

See also

This is a list of topics related to Cornwall, UK. The Cornwall category contains a more comprehensive selection of Cornish articles. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The Stannary Parliaments and Stannary Courts were legislative and legal institutions in Cornwall and in Devon in the Dartmoor area. ... The United Kingdom is a multi-ethnic society comprised of a number of ethnic groups. ... The United Kingdom has a long and established tradition of respect for its citizens human rights. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

References

  1. ^ Samuel Lewis, Topographical Dictionary of England, volume I, 1831
  2. ^ 14th May 1977 - Cornwall Council - Stannator's right to veto Westminster legislation had never been formally withdrawn.
  3. ^ Cornishmen show teeth in reviving a parliament, Trevor Fishlock, The Times, May 21, 1974
  4. ^ Why Cornishmen are nailing their colours to Magna Carta, Susanne Puddefoot, The Times October 26, 1974
  5. ^ Tinner's parliament plans coinage, The Times, December 16, 1974
  6. ^ Stannary Parliament man fined, the Times, June 3, 1975
  7. ^ Stannary clerk expelled and cash burnt, The Times, August 18, 1975
  8. ^ Ancient tin miners' parliament wins its challenge in a 1978 magistrate's court, The Times, June 16, 1978
  9. ^ Victories for Stannary Parliament seen as a giant leap for Cornwall, The Times, June 17, 1978
  10. ^ Cornishman may appeal over tin mining ruling, the Times, July 12, 1978
  11. ^ Court move to stop revolt over road tax, The Times, August 1, 1978
  12. ^ Charter of 1508 is cited; Poll tax challenge, The Times, August 29, 1989
  13. ^ Cornish poll tax rebel barred, The Times, March 23, 1990
  14. ^ Tin mine investors face costs; Royal Cornish Consols United Tin Mines Cost Book Company, The Times, June 28, 1990
  15. ^ 'Founder of firm that offered poll-tax immunity is missing', The Times, September 5, 1990
  16. ^ 'Tin mining "conman" is jailed for six months', The Times, October 13, 1990
  17. ^ Jail term suspended, The Times, February 23, 1991
  18. ^ Cornish tin men's reluctant farewell. The Times, February 27, 1991
  19. ^ No stannary rates exemption, The Times, June 20, 1994
  20. ^ Cornwall heritage warning, The Times, April 26, 1999
  21. ^ London Guardian Janunary 19 2002 - "How three Cornish men and a raid on King Arthur's castle rocked English Heritage"
  22. ^ CSP Tin Overcharge Invoice
  23. ^ G.R. Lewis, The Stannaries, a study of the medieval tin miners of Cornwall and Devon (11 Mb PDF document)
  24. ^ Letter to Council of Europe
  25. ^ CSP and Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities
  26. ^ CSP letter in reply to the "The United Kingdom's Draft Second Report to the Council of Europe under the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities"
  27. ^ CSP and Cornish tickbox for 2011 Census

May 21 is the 141st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (142nd in leap years). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... October 26 is the 299th day of the year (300th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 66 days remaining. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... December 16 is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... June 3 is the 154th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (155th in leap years), with 211 days remaining. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... August 18 is the 230th day of the year (231st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... July 12 is the 193rd day (194th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 172 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... August 1 is the 213th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (214th in leap years), with 152 days remaining. ... 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 23 is the 82nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (83rd in leap years). ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 28 is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 186 days remaining. ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 5 is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years). ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 23 is the 54th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... February 27 is the 58th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 20 is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 194 days remaining. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by United Nations. ... April 26 is the 116th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (117th in leap years). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...

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