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Encyclopedia > Restauration (Switzerland)
History of Switzerland
Early history before 1291
Old Confederacy 12911516
Reformation 15161648
Ancien Régime 16481798
Napoleonic era 17981814
Restauration 18141847
Federal state 18481914
World Wars 19141945
Modern history 1945Present
The Züriputsch: clashes on Zürich Paradeplatz
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The Züriputsch: clashes on Zürich Paradeplatz

The Restauration is the period of Swiss history lasting from 1814 to 1847. The term refers to the restoration of the Ancien Régime (federalism) of Early Modern times, reverting the changes imposed by Napoleon Bonaparte with the centralist Helvetic Republic from 1798 and the partial reversion to the old system with the Act of Mediation of 1803. Since 1848, the Swiss Confederation has been a federal state of relatively autonomous cantons, some of which have a history of confederacy that goes back more than 700 years, arguably putting them among the worlds oldest surviving republics. ... The early history of Switzerland begins with the earliest settlements up to the beginning of Habsburg rule, which in 1291 gave rise to the independence movement in the central cantons of Uri, Schwyz, and Unterwalden. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... 1550 illustration for the Sempacherbrief of 1393, one of the major alliance contracts of the Old Swiss Confederacy The Old Swiss Confederacy was the precursor of modern-day Switzerland. ... For broader historical context, see 1290s and 13th century. ... // Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... The Protestant Reformation in Switzerland was promoted initially by Huldrych Zwingli, who gained the support of the magistrate and population of Zürich in the 1520s. ... // Events March - With the death of Ferdinand II of Aragon, his grandson Charles of Ghent becomes King of Spain as Carlos I. July - Selim I of the Ottoman Empire declares war on the Mameluks and invades Syria. ... // Events January 17 - Englands Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Address, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War. ... During the Thirty Years War, Switzerland was a relative oasis of peace and prosperity (Grimmelshausen) in war-torn Europe, mostly because all major powers in Europe were depending on Swiss mercenaries, and would not let Switzerland fall in the hands of one of their rivals. ... // Events January 17 - Englands Long Parliament passes the Vote of No Address, breaking off negotiations with King Charles I and thereby setting the scene for the second phase of the English Civil War. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... During the French Revolutionary Wars, the revolutionary armies boiled eastward, enveloping Switzerland in their battles against Austria. ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... In 1847, a civil war broke out between the Catholic and the Protestant cantons (Sonderbundskrieg). ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... Switzerland was surrounded by territory controlled by the Axis Powers from 1940 to 1945. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... After World War II, Swiss authorities considered the construction of a nuclear bomb. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... To suggest a relevant news story for the Main Page, refer to the criteria then add your suggestion at the candidates page. ... The Züriputsch of 6 September 1839 was a putsch of the rural population against the rule of the city of Zürich on the eve of the formation of the Swiss federal state. ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Restoration can be one of several things, depending on context: In criminal justice, restoration is another term for restorative justice. ... During the Thirty Years War, Switzerland was a relative oasis of peace and prosperity (Grimmelshausen) in war-torn Europe, mostly because all major powers in Europe were depending on Swiss mercenaries, and would not let Switzerland fall in the hands of one of their rivals. ... Federalism is the idea of a group or body of members that are bound together (latin: foedus, covenant) with a governing representative head. ... Bonaparte as general Napoleon Bonaparte ( 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a general of the French Revolution and was the ruler of France as First Consul (Premier Consul) of the French Republic from November 11, 1799 to May 18, 1804, then as Emperor of the French (Empereur des Français... Centralization is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding decision-making, become concentrated within a particular location and/or group. ... Official seal of the Helvetic Republic (depicting William Tell). ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The Act of Mediation was issued by Napoleon Bonaparte on 19 February 1803, abolishing the Helvetic Republic which had existed since the invasion of Switerland by French troops in 1798. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


When Napoleon's fall appeared imminent, the Act of Mediation was suspended in late December of 1813, and lengthy discussions about future constitutions were initiated in all cantons of Switzerland. Cantonal constitutions were worked out independently from 1814, in general restoring the late feudal conditions of the 17th and 18th century. The Tagsatzung was re-organized by the Federal Treaty (Bundesvertrag) of 7 August 1815. 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... Tagsatzung of 1531 in Baden (1790s drawing). ... August 7 is the 219th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (220th in leap years), with 146 days remaining. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


This meant that the Patriciate and the free cities regained much of their former power, to the disadvantage of the rural population, resulting in rebellions and violent conflicts such as the Züriputsch of 1839. Some Republican achievements were preserved, however, such as the abolition of the subject territories, preserving the Aargau and Thurgau as independent cantons, and the guarantee of equal political rights of all (male) citizens of a canton. Patricians were originally the elite caste in ancient Rome. ... A city-state is a region controlled exclusively by a city. ... The Züriputsch of 6 September 1839 was a putsch of the rural population against the rule of the city of Zürich on the eve of the formation of the Swiss federal state. ... 1839 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Aargau (disambiguation). ... Thurgau (Thurgovia) is a canton of Switzerland. ...


In this political conflict, the right-wing Conservative Party representing the Patriciate was pitted against the "free thinking" left-wing "Radical Party", the predecessor of the contemporary Free Democratic Party of Switzerland. The Radicals rose to power during the 1830s, and managed to impose restrictions against the Catholic Church in the Aargau in 1841. Lucerne in retaliation re-admitted the Jesuits as teachers at cantonal schools. Provoked by this (the "Jesuite question") armed Radicals invaded the canton, the Freischarenzüge of 1844 and 1845, led by Wilhelm Snell, the later Federal Councillors Ulrich Ochsenbein and Jakob Stämpfli. Also participating was Gottfried Keller, but he never participated in combat. The invasion of 1845 ended in a disaster for the Freischärler, 35 of their number being killed. The Radical side again reverted to political means, and the Jesuits were again expelled by decree of the federal Tagsatzung on 3 September, 1847 (a decree only repealed in 1973). Conservatism is a philosophy defined by Edmund Burke as a disposition to preserve, and an ability to improve.[1] The term derives from conserve; from Latin conservare, to keep, guard, observe. ... Freethinking or free thought is the practice of believing ones beliefs are formed independently of the perceived factual/logical falsehoods and intellectually limiting effects of conventional wisdom, urban legends, popular culture, cognitive bias, prejudice, tradition, and authority. ... The Free Democratic Party of Switzerland (German: Freisinnig-Demokratische Partei der Schweiz (FDP), French: Parti radical-démocratique suisse (PRD), Italian: Partito liberale radicale svizzero (PLR)) is a free market liberal party in Switzerland. ... For other uses, see Aargau (disambiguation). ... take you to calendar). ... Location within Switzerland View of the city from Lake Lucerne Another view across Lake Lucerne The Lion Monument Lucerne (German: (help· info)) is a city in Central Switzerland with a population of 60,274 (December 31, 2003), capital of the Canton of Lucerne. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Ulrich Ochsenbein (November 24, 1811 - November 3, 1890) was a Swiss politician. ... Jakob Stämpfli Jakob Stämpfli (February 23, 1820 - May 15, 1879) was a Swiss politician. ... Gottfried Keller (July 19, 1819 – July 15, 1890) was a Swiss writer who is best known as the master of the Novelle. ... Tagsatzung of 1531 in Baden (1790s drawing). ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ...


The Catholic Sonderbund of 1845 was a reaction to the Freischarenzüge. Due to its violation of inter-cantonal treaties, the confederate army was raised. The confederate forces invaded Sonderbund territory in November 1847, initiating the Sonderbundskrieg, which thanks to the thoughtful campaign by General Guillaume-Henri Dufour resulted in fewer than a hundred casualties on both sides. The Sonderbund (meaning separate alliance, in German), was a league created in 1845 in Switzerland between seven Catholic and Conservative cantons in order to protect their interests against a centralization of power. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1847 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... In 1847, a civil war broke out between the Catholic and the Protestant cantons (Sonderbundskrieg). ... Categories: People stubs | 1787 births | 1875 deaths | Swiss generals | Swiss cartographers ...


After the hostilities ceased, the Catholic side having the disadvantage, Modern Switzerland was formed by the first Federal Constitution. In 1847, a civil war broke out between the Catholic and the Protestant cantons (Sonderbundskrieg). ... The Swiss Constitution (Bundesverfassung in German) is at the highest level of Switzerlands judicial system. ...


See also

During the French Revolutionary Wars, the revolutionary armies boiled eastward, enveloping Switzerland in their battles against Austria. ... It has been suggested that The Gathering Storm: Before the Revolutions of 1848 be merged into this article or section. ... In 1847, a civil war broke out between the Catholic and the Protestant cantons (Sonderbundskrieg). ...

External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Federal Treaty of 1815

 
 

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