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Encyclopedia > Respect (song)
"Respect"
Single by Otis Redding
From the album Otis Blue
B-side "Old Man Trouble"
Released August 1965
Format 7" single
Recorded 1965
Genre Soul
Length 2:08
Label Volt Records
Producer Steve Cropper
Yves Beauvais
Chart positions #35 (U.S.)
Otis Redding singles chronology
"I've Been Loving You Too Long"
1965
"Respect"
1965
"That's How Strong My Love Is"
1965
Single by Aretha Franklin
From the album I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You
B-side "Dr. Feelgood"
Released April 1967
Format 7" single
Recorded February 14, 1967
Genre Soul
Length 2:26
Label Atlantic Records
Producer Jerry Wexler
Chart positions #1 (U.S.)
Aretha Franklin singles chronology
"I Never Loved A Man (The Way I Love You)"
1967
"Respect"
1967
"Baby, I Love You"
1967

"Respect" is a 1967 hit and the signature song of the R&B singer Aretha Franklin, written and originally released by Volt recording artist Otis Redding in 1965. While Redding wrote the song as a plea for respect and recognition from a woman, the roles were reversed for Franklin's version. Aretha Franklin's cover was a landmark for the feminist movement, and is often considered as one of the best songs of the Rock & Roll era. Image File history File links Otis Redding - Respect single cover (Spain) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Otis Ray Redding, Jr. ... In recorded music, the terms A-side and B-side refer to the two sides of 7 inch vinyl records on which singles have been released since the 1950s. ... A collection of various CD singles In music, a single is a short recording of one or more separate tracks. ... Musical genres are categories which contain music which share a certain style or which have certain elements in common. ... For other uses, see Soul music (disambiguation). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Volt Records was a subsidiary of Stax Records, started in 1965. ... In the music industry, a record producer (or music producer) has many roles, among them controlling the recording sessions, coaching and guiding the performers, and supervising the recording, mixing and mastering processes . ... Steve The Colonel Cropper (born Stephen Lee Cropper, on October 21, 1941) is a guitarist, songwriter, producer, and soul musician. ... It has been suggested that plotting be merged into this article or section. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... Ive Been Loving You Too Long is a song written by Otis Redding and Jerry Butler for Otis Reddings third album, Otis Blue: Otis Redding Sings Soul. ... Image File history File links Aretha Franklin - Respect cover This image is the cover of an album or single. ... Aretha Louise Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is an American gospel, soul and R&B singer born in Memphis, Tennessee, but raised in Detroit, Michigan. ... I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You is an album by Aretha Franklin, released on March 10, 1967 (see 1967 in music). ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label that operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ... Jerome Jerry Wexler (born 10 January 1917) is a music journalist turned highly influential music producer, and is regarded as one of the major record industry players behind 1960s soul music. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... Aretha Louise Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is an American gospel, soul and R&B singer born in Memphis, Tennessee, but raised in Detroit, Michigan. ... Volt Records was a subsidiary of Stax Records, started in 1965. ... Otis Ray Redding, Jr. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ...

Contents

Origins

Otis Redding wrote and recorded "Respect" as a blues tune in the studio while finishing his third album, Otis Blue. The album became widely successful, even outside of his largely R&B and blues fanbase. When released in the summer of 1965, the song reached the top five on Billboard's Black Singles Chart. The song even crossed over to pop radio's white audience, peaking at number thirty-five there. At the time, the song became Redding's second largest crossover hit (after "I've Been Loving You Too Long") and paved the way to future presence at American radio. Otis Blue: Otis Redding Sings Soul is the third album from Otis Redding and is considered by many critics to be Reddings first great album. ... Rhythm and blues (or R & B) is a musical marketing term introduced in the United States in the late 1940s by Billboard magazine. ... The blues is a vocal and instrumental form of music based on the use of the blue notes and a repetitive pattern that typically follows a twelve-bar structure. ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ... Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, formerly known as Top Soul Singles, Top Black Singles, and Top R&B Singles (before the hip-hop term was added in the late 1990s), is a chart released weekly by Billboard in the United States. ...


Making of a hit

Producer Jerry Wexler had come across Redding's song and brought it to Franklin's attention. While Redding's version was popular among his core R&B audience, Wexler thought the song had potential to be a crossover hit and demonstrate Franklin's vocal ability. Together with Aretha's sisters, Carolyn and Erma, singing backup "Respect" was recorded on Valentine's Day of 1967. Jerome Jerry Wexler (born 10 January 1917) is a music journalist turned highly influential music producer, and is regarded as one of the major record industry players behind 1960s soul music. ... Valentines redirects here. ...


During the recording process, a bridge was added to Redding's original composition. Another addition was King Curtis' tenor saxophone and the slicker production of Wexler and co-producer Arif Mardin. The resulting song was featured on Franklin's Atlantic Records debut album, I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You. As the title track became a hit at both R&B and pop radio, Atlantic Records arranged for the release of the "Respect." Curtis Ousley (February 7, 1934– August 13, 1971), who performed under the name King Curtis, was an American tenor, alto, and soprano saxophonist who played rhythm and blues, soul, rock, and soul jazz. ... A Yanagisawa tenor sax. ... Arif Mardin (March 15, 1932 - June 25, 2006) was a renowned Turkish-American music producer, who worked with a wide range of artists, across many different styles and genres of music. ... Atlantic Records (Atlantic Recording Corporation) is an American record label that operates as a wholly owned subsidiary of Warner Music Group. ...


Franklin's rendition found even greater success than the original, spending two weeks atop the Billboard Pop Singles chart, and for eight weeks on the Billboard Black Singles chart. It also became a hit internationally, reaching number ten in the United Kingdom, and helping to transform Franklin from a domestic star into an international one. Even Otis Redding himself was impressed with the performance of the song, and at the Monterey Pop Festival in the summer of the cover's release, he was quoted playfully describing "Respect" as "a song a girl took away from me". The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks chart, formerly known as Top Soul Singles, Top Black Singles, and Top R&B Singles (before the hip-hop term was added in the late 1990s), is a chart released weekly by Billboard in the United States. ... Poster promoting the festival The Monterey International Pop Music Festival took place from June 16 to June 18, 1967. ...


What did she say?

Franklin's version of the song contains the famous lines (as printed in the lyrics included in the 1985 compilation album Atlantic Soul Classics):

R-E-S-P-E-C-T
Find out what it means to me
R-E-S-P-E-C-T
Take care . . . TCB

The last line is often misquoted as "Take out, TCP", or something similar, and indeed most published music sheets which include the lyrics have this incorrect line in them. The confusion seems to have arisen from the fact that the entire sequence was an ad-lib by Franklin, not present in Redding's original song.[1] Thus, for that sequence, there were no official written lyrics to quote, and those transcribing the lyrics would have had to take their "best guess" as to the words being sung. See AdLib for the computer sound card manufacturer. ...


"TCB" is an abbreviation that was commonly in used in the 1960's and 1970's, meaning "Taking Care of Business", and it was particularly widely used in African-American culture. However, it was somewhat less well-known outside of that culture[2], yielding a possible explanation as to why it was not recognized by those who transcribed Franklin's words for music sheets. 'TCP' has also thought to br taken out of respect, leaving the letters ree, a nickname for Aretha. TCB as Taking Care of Business TCB is an acronym, popular in the late 1960s and 1970s, that stands for Taking Care of Business. The acronym has been used in a number of instances, for example: TCB is a popular brand of hair care products for African-Americans produced by... African-Americans affiliate with subcultures of all kinds; race is not itself an absolute determinant of ones culture. ...


Legacy

"Respect" is one of several songs considered to have defined the 1960s. It has appeared in dozens of films, and still receives consistent play on oldies radio stations. In the 1970s, Franklin's version of the song came to exemplify the feminist movement. Although she had numerous hits after "Respect", and several before its release, the song has became Franklin's signature song and her best-known recording. The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... A signature song is the one song (or, in some cases, one of a few songs) that a popular and well-established singer, or band, is most closely identified with, even if they have had success with a variety of songs. ...


I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You was ranked eighty-third in Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All-Time in 2002. Two years later, "Respect" was fifth in the magazine's 500 Greatest Songs of All-Time. The song "Respect" is part of the The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame's 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll list.[3] Rolling Stone is an American magazine devoted to music, politics, and popular culture that is published bi-weekly. ... In 2003, Rolling Stone published an article describing what it considered to be the top 500 music albums of all time. ... In 2004, Rolling Stone listed the 500 Greatest Songs of All-Time as polled by musicians, critics, and industry figures. ... The Rock and Roll Hall of Fames 500 Songs that Shaped Rock and Roll is based on the permanent exhibit of the same name. ...


Despite being greatly overshadowed, Redding's version is still considered a soul classic, and highly regarded by fans of Stax-Volt and southern soul recordings. Stax Records was a Memphis, Tennessee based record label that existed from 1959 to 1976. ...


The song was covered by the basque fusion-rock band Negu Gorriak in 1995, translated as "Errespetua" (respect in euskara). Basque may refer to: Look up Basque in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Negu Gorriak (basque for Red Winters or Harsh Winters) is an underground European rock group. ... Basque is the language spoken by the Basque people, who live in northern Spain and the adjoining area of southwestern France. ...


Chart performance

Otis Redding version

Year Chart Position
1965 Black Singles Chart #4
1965 Pop Singles Chart #35
1965 Italian Singles Chart #60

The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks chart, formerly known as Top Soul Singles, Top Black Singles, and Top R&B Singles (before the hip-hop term was added in the late 1990s), is a chart released weekly by Billboard in the United States. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ...

Aretha Franklin version

Year Chart Position
1967 Black Singles Chart #1 (8wks)
1967 Pop Singles Chart #1 (2wks)
1967 Canadian Singles Chart #2
1967 Italian Singles Chart #7
1967 UK Singles Chart #10

The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks chart, formerly known as Top Soul Singles, Top Black Singles, and Top R&B Singles (before the hip-hop term was added in the late 1990s), is a chart released weekly by Billboard in the United States. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... The UK Singles Chart is currently compiled by The Official UK Charts Company (OCC) on behalf of the British record industry. ...

Credits

Aretha Franklin performing, circa 1971
Aretha Franklin performing, circa 1971

Image File history File links Aretha performing, circa 1971. ... Image File history File links Aretha performing, circa 1971. ... Aretha Louise Franklin (born March 25, 1942) is an American gospel, soul and R&B singer born in Memphis, Tennessee, but raised in Detroit, Michigan. ... Otis Ray Redding, Jr. ...

Otis Redding version

Steve The Colonel Cropper (born Stephen Lee Cropper, on October 21, 1941) is a guitarist, songwriter, producer, and soul musician. ... Steve The Colonel Cropper (born Stephen Lee Cropper, on October 21, 1941) is a guitarist, songwriter, producer, and soul musician. ... For the American arctic explorer, see Isaac Israel Hayes Isaac Lee Hayes (born August 20, 1942, in Covington, Tennessee) is an actor, and influential soul singer, Academy Award-winning songwriter, musician and arranger. ... This article needs cleanup. ...

Aretha Franklin version

Preceded by
"Groovin'" by The Young Rascals
Billboard Hot 100 number one single (Aretha Franklin version)
June 3, 1967
Succeeded by
"Windy" by The Association

Jerome Jerry Wexler (born 10 January 1917) is a music journalist turned highly influential music producer, and is regarded as one of the major record industry players behind 1960s soul music. ... Arif Mardin (March 15, 1932 - June 25, 2006) was a renowned Turkish-American music producer, who worked with a wide range of artists, across many different styles and genres of music. ... Tom Dowd (October 20, 1925 - October 27, 2002) was a famous and influential American recording engineer and producer who died from emphysema. ... Curtis Ousley (February 7, 1934– August 13, 1971), who performed under the name King Curtis, was an American tenor, alto, and soprano saxophonist who played rhythm and blues, soul, rock, and soul jazz. ... Carolyn Franklin is the younger sister of soul music singer Aretha Franklin, she was born in Memphis, Tennessee, on May 13, 1944. ... Erma Vernice Franklin (March 13, 1938–September 7, 2002) was an American soul, rhythm and blues, and pop singer. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Billboard Hot 100 is the United States music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by Billboard magazine. ... This is a list of number-one hits in the United States by year from the Billboard Hot 100. ... June 3 is the 154th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (155th in leap years), with 211 days remaining. ... 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... For the 1928 film, see The Wind. ... Cover from 1966s And Then. ...

References

  • The Very Best of Otis Redding. Rhino/Atlantic Recording Corporation, 1992. Los Angeles, CA.
  • I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You. Atlantic Recording Corporation, 1967. Los Angeles, CA.

Notes

  1. ^ Redding, Otis. "Respect", 1965, Volt Records
  2. ^ Landy, Eugene E. The Underground Dictionary, New York: Simon and Schuster (1971), ISBN 0671210122

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Reports of the Committee on Song in Worship (11984 words)
The resemblance in content between prayers and songs might be maintained to be so close and important as to lead us to infer that the liberty granted in the case of prayer is quite legitimately to be taken in the case of song.
In this respect song is like prayer, which although expressly given as a part of worship is not confined in Scripture to a set form of words.
The question of the divine prescription regarding the songs that may be sung in the public worship of God must be answered, therefore, on the basis of the teaching of Scripture with respect to that specific element of worship.
Kamaka v. Goodsill, Anderson, Quinn & Stifel (Memorandum Opinion) (5417 words)
Song to exercise the attorney-client privilege with respect to subsequent communications that are in an appropriate manner.
Song and his attorney are amenable to that, is that [Goodsill] pay for their expenses to fly to Hawai[ ]i, we conduct the deposition in Hawai[]i, and he would then be in the jurisdiction of this [c]ourt and the [circuit c]ourt could be available during the course of the deposition.
Song's attorney, the [circuit c]ourt's prior order, which intent was to recognize that the [circuit c]ourt had not ordered [Goodsill] to waive the attorney client privilege, but the [circuit c]ourt previously ordered that it could not be asserted, but apparently that was confusing language for [Song's counsel].
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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