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Encyclopedia > Resist dyeing

Resist dyeing, resist-dyeing and variants is a term for a number of traditional methods of dyeing textiles with patterns. Methods are used to "resist" or prevent the dye from reaching all the cloth, thereby creating a pattern. The commonest forms use wax or some type of paste, or tying or stitching the cloth. The most famous variety today is probably batik from Indonesia and Malaysia. The same method is used in art in printmaking, where it is called screenprinting. Sunday textile market on the sidewalks of Karachi, Pakistan. ... A batik painting depicting two Indian women. ... Printmaking is the process of making artworks by printing, normally on paper. ... Screen-printing, also known as silkscreening or serigraphy, is a printmaking technique that creates a sharp-edged single-color image using a stencil and a porous fabric. ...


Basic methods

Wax or paste: melted wax or some for of paste is applied to cloth before being dipped in dye. Wherever the wax has seeped through the fabric, the dye will not penetrate. Sometimes several colors are used, with a series of dyeing, drying and waxing steps. The wax may also be applied to another piece of cloth to make a stencil, which is then placed over the cloth, and dye applied to the assembly; this is known as resist printing. Wax has traditionally referred to a substance that is secreted by bees (beeswax) and used by them in constructing their honeycombs. ... A stencil is a template used to draw or paint identical letters, symbols, shapes, or patterns every time it is used. ...

Paper stencils may also be used; another type of resist printing.

Tying: the cloth is tied or stitched together.

Blocks': carved wooden blocks are applied above and below the cloth, and dye applied, sometimes more than one colour at a time.


Resist dyeing has been very widely used in Eurasia and Africa since Antiquity. Antiquity means different things: Generally it means ancient history, and may be used of any period before the Middle Ages. ...

Traditions using wax or paste

A batik painting depicting two Indian women. ... Katazome is a Japanese method of dyeing fabrics using a resist paste applied through a stencil. ... Tsutsugaki is a Japanese term for the practice of drawing designs in rice paste on cloth, dyeing the cloth, and then washing the paste off. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

Traditions using tying or stitching

Ikat weaving from the Island of Sumba, Indonesia Ikat is a style of weaving that uses a tie-dye process on either the warp or weft before the threads are woven to create a pattern or design. ... // [edit] Game Developer WARP is a now-defunct video game developer. ... WEFT Champaign 90. ... Categories: Stub ...

Traditions using printing

  • Japan- Katagami and Bingata with stencils
  • China - about 500 AD the jia xie method for dyeing (usually silk) using wood blocks was invented. An upper and a lower block is made, with carved out compartments opening to the back, fitted with plugs. The cloth, usually folded a number of times, is inserted and clamped between the two blocks. By unplugging the different compartments and filling them with dyes of different colours, a multi-coloured pattern can be printed over quite a large area of folded cloth.[1]

Bingata is an Okinawan traditional dyed cloth. ...

Other traditions

Ukrainian pysanky A pysanka (Ukrainian: писанка, plural: pysanky, or pysankas) is a Ukrainian Easter egg, decorated using a wax-resist (batik) method. ... This article is about the Christian festival. ...

See also

Yuan dynasty woodblock edition of a Chinese play Woodblock printing is a technique for printing text or images used widely throughout East Asia and originating in China sometime between the mid-6th and late 9th centuries. ... // Overview Byzantine Dress changed vastly over the centuries. ...


  1. ^ Shelagh Vainker in Anne Farrer (ed), "Caves of the Thousand Buddhas" , 1990, British Museum publications, ISBN 0-7141-1447-2
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