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Encyclopedia > Republic of the Congo
République du Congo
Republic of the Congo
Flag Coat of arms
Motto
"Unité, Travail, Progrès"  (French)
"Unity, Work, Progress"
Anthem
La Congolaise
Capital
(and largest city)
Brazzaville
4°14′S, 15°14′E
Official languages French
Government Republic
 -  President Denis Sassou Nguesso
 -  Prime Minister Isidore Mvouba
Independence from France 
 -  Date 15 August 1960 
Area
 -  Total 342,000 km² (64th)
132,047 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 3.3
Population
 -  2005 estimate 3,999,000 (125th)
 -   census n/a 
 -  Density 12 /km² (204th)
31 /sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2005 estimate
 -  Total $4.585 billion (154th)
 -  Per capita $1,369 (161st)
HDI (2004) 0.520 (medium) (140th)
Currency CFA franc (XAF)
Time zone WAT
Internet TLD .cg
Calling code +242

The Republic of the Congo (République du Congo), also known as Congo-Brazzaville (locally, "Congo-Brazza") or the Congo, is a former French colony of western-central Africa. It borders Gabon, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola and the Gulf of Guinea. Upon independence in 1960, the former French region of Middle Congo became the Republic of the Congo. A quarter century of Marxism was abandoned in 1990 and a democratically elected government installed in 1992. A brief civil war in 1997 restored former Marxist President Denis Sassou Nguesso. Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... Image File history File links Congo_rep_coa. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The flag of the Republic of the Congo was originally adopted on August 18, 1958. ... Republic of Congo has a shield with a red lion on it. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... La Congolaise (The Congolese) is the national anthem of the Republic of the Congo. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Population of the Republic of the Congo, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... in particular, for the archaizing senses of republic, as a translation of politeia or res publica Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A republic is a form of government maintained by a state or country whose sovereignty is based on consent of the governed... List of Heads of State of the Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- See also:- Congo Republic of the Congo Heads of Government of the Republic of the Congo Lists of Incumbents Categories: Lists of office-holders ... Time in Office 18 March 1977 – 3 April 1977 (part of the Military Committee of the Congolese Labour Party); 8 February 1979 – 3 August 1992 (first time); 25 October 1997 – Predecessor Marien Ngouabi (as a part of the Military Committee of the CLP); Jean-Pierre Thystère Tchicaya (first time... List of Heads of Government of the Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville) (Dates in italics indicate de facto continuation of office) Affiliations:- See also:- Congo Republic of the Congo Heads of State of the Republic of the Congo Lists of Incumbents Categories: Republic of the Congo ... Isidore Mvouba (Born: 1954) is the current Prime Minister of the Republic of the Congo since January 7, 2005. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here surface areas between 100,000 km² and 1,000,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... This is a list of countries ordered according to population. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... Gross domestic product (by purchasing power parity) in 2006 The Purchasing power parity (PPP) theory was developed by Gustav Cassel in 1920. ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... Map of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita for the year 2006. ... World map indicating Human Development Index (2004). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Coloured world map indicating Human Development Index (2004) (colour-blind compliant map) This is a list of countries by Human Development Index as included in the United Nations Development Programmes Human Development Report 2006, compiled on the basis of 2004 data. ... now. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Africa: Striped colours indicate countries observing daylight saving West Africa Time, or WAT, is a time zone used in western and west-central Africa (though not in countries west of Benin, which instead use GMT). ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .cg is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for the Republic of the Congo. ... A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits (0-9) that is used for identifying a destination telephone line in a telephone network. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ...  Central Africa  Middle Africa (UN subregion)  Central African Federation (defunct) Central Africa is a core region of the African continent often considered to include: Burundi Central African Republic Chad Democratic Republic of the Congo Rwanda Middle Africa (as used by the United Nations when categorising geographic subregions) is an analogous... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... The Gulf of Guinea is the part of the Atlantic southwest of Africa. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Marxism takes its name from the praxis (the synthesis of philosophy and political action) of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Time in Office 18 March 1977 – 3 April 1977 (part of the Military Committee of the Congolese Labour Party); 8 February 1979 – 3 August 1992 (first time); 25 October 1997 – Predecessor Marien Ngouabi (as a part of the Military Committee of the CLP); Jean-Pierre Thystère Tchicaya (first time...

Contents

History and politics

Main article: History of the Republic of the Congo

The earliest inhabitants of the area were Pygmy peoples. They were largely replaced and absorbed by Bantu tribes of during Bantu expansions. The Bakongo are comprised of Bantu groups that also occupied parts of present-day Angola, Gabon, and Democratic Republic of the Congo, forming the basis for ethnic affinities and rivalries among those states. Several Bantu kingdoms—notably those of the Kongo, the Loango, and the Teke—built trade links leading into the Congo River basin. The first European contacts came in the late 15th century, and commercial relationships were quickly established with the kingdoms—trading for slaves captured in the interior. The coastal area was a major source for the transatlantic slave trade, and when that commerce ended in the early 19th century, the power of the Bantu kingdoms eroded. // First settled by Mbuti, Congo was later settled by Bantu groups that also occupied parts of present-day Angola, Gabon, and Democratic Republic of the Congo, forming the basis for ethnic affinities and rivalries among those states. ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Map showing the approximate distribution of Bantu (dull yellow) vs. ... Map showing the approximate distribution of Bantu (dull yellow) vs. ... The Empire Kongo The Kongo Kingdom was an African kingdom located in southwest Africa in what are now northern Angola, Cabinda, Republic of the Congo, and the western portion of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... Loango was an African city from approximately 15th Century - 19th Century in what is now the Republic of Congo. ... Teke can also refer to Telekinesis as in George R.R. Martinss Nightflyers The Teke are a tribe of southern Turkmenistan most famous for their horses, the Akhal-Teke desert horse. ... The Congo River (for a time known as Zaire River) is the largest river in Western Central Africa. ...


Independence

Following independence as the Congo Republic on August 15, 1960, Fulbert Youlou ruled as the country's first president until labour elements and rival political parties instigated a three-day uprising that ousted him. The Congolese military took charge of the country briefly and installed a civilian provisional government headed by Alphonse Massamba-Débat. is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fulbert Abbe Youlou (1917 - 1972) was a Brazzaville-Congolese political figure. ... Alphonse Massemba-Debat (1921 - 1977) was a political figure of the Republic of the Congo who led the country from 1963 until 1968. ...


Under the 1963 constitution, Massamba-Débat was elected President for a five-year term but it was ended abruptly with an August 1968 coup d'état. Capt. Marien Ngouabi, who had participated in the coup, assumed the presidency on December 31, 1968. One year later, President Ngouabi proclaimed Congo to be Africa's first "people's republic" and announced the decision of the National Revolutionary Movement to change its name to the Congolese Labour Party (PCT). On March 16, 1977, President Ngouabi was assassinated. An 11-member Military Committee of the Party (CMP) was named to head an interim government with Col. (later Gen.) Joachim Yhombi-Opango to serve as President of the Republic. Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ... // A coup dÉtat (pronounced ), or simply coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, often through illegal means by a part of the state establishment — mostly replacing just the high-level figures. ... Marien Ngouabi (or NGouabi; 1938 - March 18, 1977) was the military President of the Republic of the Congo from January 1, 1969 - March 18, 1977. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the 1968 Gregorian calendar. ... March 16 is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... Joachim Yhombi-Opango (born 1939) is a Brazzaville-Congolese general and political figure. ...


1992 elections

After decades of turbulent politics bolstered by Marxist-Leninist rhetoric, and with the collapse of the Soviet Union, Congo completed a transition to multi-party democracy with elections in August 1992. Denis Sassou Nguesso conceded defeat and Congo's new president, Prof. Pascal Lissouba, was inaugurated on August 31, 1992. Vladimir Lenin in 1920 Leninism is a political and economic theory which builds upon Marxism; it is a branch of Marxism (and it has been the dominant branch of Marxism in the world since the 1920s). ... A multi-party system is a type of party system. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Time in Office 18 March 1977 – 3 April 1977 (part of the Military Committee of the Congolese Labour Party); 8 February 1979 – 3 August 1992 (first time); 25 October 1997 – Predecessor Marien Ngouabi (as a part of the Military Committee of the CLP); Jean-Pierre Thystère Tchicaya (first time... Professor Pascal Lissouba (born November 15, 1931) was President of the Republic of the Congo from August 31, 1992 to October 15, 1997. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ...


1997 elections and civil unrest

However, Congo's democratic progress was derailed in 1997. As presidential elections scheduled for July 1997 approached, tensions between the Lissouba and Sassou camps mounted. On June 5, President Lissouba's government forces surrounded Sassou's compound in Brazzaville and Sassou ordered members of his private militia (known as "Cobras") to resist. Thus began a four-month conflict that destroyed or damaged much of Brazzaville and caused tens of thousands of civilian deaths. In early October, Angolan troops invaded Congo on the side of Sassou and, in mid-October, the Lissouba government fell. Soon thereafter, Sassou declared himself President. The Congo Civil War continued for another year and a half until a peace deal was struck between the various factions in December 1999. Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 156th day of the year (157th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Cocoye militia Ninja militia Nsiloulou militia Cobra militia Rwandan Hutu militia Angola Commanders Pascal Lissouba Bernard Kolelas Denis Sassou-Nguesso Casualties Civilians killed = 10,000+ Category: ...


2002 elections

Elections in 2002 saw Sassou win with almost 90% of the vote cast. His two main rivals Lissouba and Bernard Kolelas were prevented from competing and the only remaining credible rival, Andre Milongo, advised his supporters to boycott the elections and then withdrew from the race. A new constitution, agreed upon by referendum in January 2002, granted the president new powers and also extended his term to seven years as well as introducing a new bicameral assembly. International observers took issue with the organization of the presidential election as well as the constitutional referendum, both of which were reminiscent in their organization of Congo's era of the single-party state. Currently, Congo holds a rotating seat in the UN Security Council. Also see: 2002 (number). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Political parties

The most important of the many parties are the Democratic and Patriotic Forces or FDP [Denis Sassou Nguesso, president], an alliance consisting of: Government Before the 1997 war, the Congolese system of government was similar to that of the French. ...

  • Convention for Alternative Democracy
  • Congolese Labour Party (PCT)
  • Liberal Republican Party
  • National Union for Democracy and Progress
  • Patriotic Union for the National Reconstruction
  • Union for the National Renewal

Other significant parties include: The Congolese Labour Party (Parti congolais du Travail), founded in 1969 by Marien Ngouabi, is the ruling political party of the Republic of the Congo. ...

  • Congolese Movement for Democracy and Integral Development or MCDDI [Michel Mampouya]
  • Pan-African Union for Social Development or UPADS [Martin Mberi]
  • Rally for Democracy and Social Progress or RDPS [Jean-Pierre Thystere Tchicaya, president]
  • Rally for Democracy and the Republic or RDR [Raymond Damasge Ngollo]
  • Union for Democracy and Republic or UDR leader NA
  • Union of Democratic Forces or UFD, Sebastian Ebao

Pan-African Union for Social Development is a political party of Republic of the Congo. ...

Regions and districts

Regions of the Republic of the Congo

The Republic of the Congo is divided into ten régions (regions) and one commune, the capital Brazzaville. These are: Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Republic of the Congo is divided into ten regions (régions, singular région) (capitals in parentheses): Bouenza (Madingou) Cuvette (Owando) Cuvette-Ouest (Ewo) Kouilou (Pointe-Noire) Lékoumou (Sibiti) Likouala (Impfondo) Niari (Loubomo) Plateaux (Djambala) Pool (Kinkala) Sangha (Ouésso) Additionally, Brazzaville, the national capital, is a commune... Districts of the Republic of the Congo The Regions of the Republic of the Congo are divided into 46 districts. ... The Republic of the Congo is divided into ten regions (régions, singular région) (capitals in parentheses): Bouenza (Madingou) Cuvette (Owando) Cuvette-Ouest (Ewo) Kouilou (Pointe-Noire) Lékoumou (Sibiti) Likouala (Impfondo) Niari (Loubomo) Plateaux (Djambala) Pool (Kinkala) Sangha (Ouésso) Additionally, Brazzaville, the national capital, is a commune... A commune is an administrative subdivision of various European and African countries, including Belgium, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Poland, Romania, Senegal, and the Scandinavian countries. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

The regions are subdivided into forty-six districts. Categories: Africa geography stubs | Republic of the Congo ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Cuvette is a region of the Republic of the Congo in the central part of the country. ... Cuvette-Ouest (or Western Cuvette) is a region of the Republic of the Congo in the western part of the country. ... Kouilou is one of the ten regional administrative divisions of the Republic of the Congo. ... Lékoumou is a region of the Republic of the Congo in the southern part of the country. ... Likouala is a region of the Republic of the Congo in the northern part of the country. ... Niari is a region of the Republic of the Congo in the western part of the country. ... Plateaux is a region of the Republic of the Congo in the central part of the country. ... Pool is a region of the Republic of the Congo in the southeastern part of the country. ... Sangha is a region of the Republic of the Congo in the northern part of the country. ... Districts of the Republic of the Congo The Regions of the Republic of the Congo are divided into 46 districts. ...


Geography

Congo is located in the central-western part of sub-Saharan Africa, Equator. To the south and east of it is the Democratic Republic of Congo. It is also bounded by Gabon to the west, Cameroon and the Central African Republic to the north, and Cabinda (Angola) to the southwest. It has a short Atlantic coast. Image of Kinshasa and Brazzaville, taken by NASA Location: Western Africa, bordering the South Atlantic Ocean, between Angola and Gabon Geographic coordinates: 1 00 S, 15 00 E Map references: Africa Area: total: 342,000 km² land: 341,500 km² water: 500 km² Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Montana Land... from [1] File links The following pages link to this file: Geography of the Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Categories: CIA World Factbook images ... A political map showing national divisions in relation to deonte Shepard Club Of America Free burgers for new members the ecological break (Sub-Saharan Africa in green) A geographical map of Africa, showing the ecological break that defines the sub-Saharan area Sub-Saharan Africa is the term used to... World map showing the equator in red In tourist areas, the equator is often marked on the sides of roads The equator marked as it crosses Ilhéu das Rolas, in São Tomé and Príncipe. ... Cabinda is a territory, ocupied by Angola. ... The Atlantic Ocean forms a component of the all-encompassing World Ocean and is directly linked to the Arctic Ocean, the Pacific Ocean, the Indian Ocean, and the Southern Ocean. ...


The capital, Brazzaville, is located on the Congo River, in the south of the country, immediately across from Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Kinshasa (formerly Léopoldville or, before 1960, also Leopoldstad) is the capital and largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ...


The southwest of the country is a coastal plain for which the primary drainage is the Kouilou-Niari River; the interior of the country consists of a central plateau between two basins to the south and north. Below is a map of the Republic of the Congo. The Kouilou-Niari River—also spelled Kwilu, Kwila, or Kwil—is the main drainage path for the coastal basin of the Republic of Congo. ...


Economy

The economy is a mixture of village agriculture and handicrafts, an industrial sector based largely on petroleum [1], support services, and a government characterized by budget problems and overstaffing. Petroleum extraction has supplanted forestry as the mainstay of the economy, providing a major share of government revenues and exports. In the early 1980s, rapidly rising oil revenues enabled the government to finance large-scale development projects with GDP growth averaging 5% annually, one of the highest rates in Africa. The government has mortgaged a substantial portion of its petroleum earnings, contributing to a shortage of revenues. The January 12, 1994 devaluation of Franc Zone currencies by 50% resulted in inflation of 61% in 1994, but inflation has subsided since. Economic reform efforts continued with the support of international organizations, notably the World Bank and the IMF. The reform program came to a halt in June 1997 when civil war erupted. When Sassou Nguesso returned to power at the war ended in October 1997, he publicly expressed interest in moving forward on economic reforms and privatization and in renewing cooperation with international financial institutions. However, economic progress was badly hurt by slumping oil prices and the resumption of armed conflict in December 1998, which worsened the republic's budget deficit. The current administration presides over an uneasy internal peace and faces difficult economic problems of stimulating recovery and reducing poverty, despite record-high oil prices since 2003. Natural gas and diamonds are also recent major Congolese exports, although Congo was excluded from the Kimberley Process in 2004 amid allegations that most of its diamond exports were in fact being smuggled out of the neighboring Democratic Republic of Congo. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Pumpjack pumping an oil well near Lubbock, Texas Ignacy Łukasiewicz - inventor of the refining of kerosene from crude oil. ... A decidous beech forest in Slovenia. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 12th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... now. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... ... The flag of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is the international organization entrusted with overseeing the global financial system by monitoring foreign exchange rates and balance of payments, as well as offering technical and financial assistance when asked. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... The Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KPCS) is a scheme designed to prevent conflict diamonds (also known as blood diamonds) entering the mainstream rough diamond market. ...


Demographics

Population of the Republic of the Congo (FAO, 2005; number of inhabitants given in thousands.

The Republic of the Congo's sparse population is concentrated in the southwestern portion of the country, leaving the vast areas of tropical jungle in the north virtually uninhabited. Thus, Congo is one of the most urbanized countries in Africa, with 85% of its total population living in a few urban areas, namely in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, or one of the small cities or villages lining the 332-mile railway which connects the two cities. In rural areas, industrial and commercial activity has declined rapidly in recent years, leaving rural economies dependent on the government for support and subsistence. Before the 1997 war, about 15,000 Europeans and other non-Africans lived in Congo, most of whom were French. Presently, only about 9,500 remain. Population of the Republic of the Congo, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... Image File history File links Congo-Rep-demography. ... Image File history File links Congo-Rep-demography. ... Possible meanings: Faro Airport (Portugal) Federation of Astrobiology Organizations Financial Aid Office Food and Agriculture Organization This page expands a three-character combination which might be any or all of: an abbreviation, an acronym, an initialism, a word in English, or a word in another language. ... Box Log Falls, Lamington National Park, Queensland, Australia Jungle usually refers to a dense forest in a hot climate, such as a tropical rainforest. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Pointe-Noire is a port city in the Republic of the Congo. ... Year 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1997 Gregorian calendar). ... World map showing the location of Europe. ...

Weather and Climate

Satellite image of Congo, generated from raster graphics data supplied by The Map Library

The best overall time to visit is probably June-September. (Avoid the rainy season, October-May.) Since the country is located on the Equator, the climate is consistent year-round -- the average day temperature is a humid 75 F/24 C, with nights generally in the 60s F/16-21 C. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 512 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (894 × 1047 pixel, file size: 778 KB, MIME type: image/png) ECW to TIFF to PNG (compression level 9). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 512 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (894 × 1047 pixel, file size: 778 KB, MIME type: image/png) ECW to TIFF to PNG (compression level 9). ... Suppose the smiley face in the top left corner is an RGB bitmap image. ... Satellite image of Congo, generated from raster graphics data supplied by The Map Library. ...


Culture

Culture of the Republic of the Congo - Half of Congolese people follow traditional beliefs, there are 15 principle Bantu groups and more than 70 subgroups. ... African Writers (by country): This is a list of prominent and notable literary figures from the African continent, listed by country, including poets, novelists, childrens writers, essayists, and scholars, listed by country. ... The Republic of the Congo (or Congo-Brazzaville) is an African nation with close musical ties to its neighbor, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC, or Congo-Kinshasa). ... Holidays in the Republic of Congo: Note: New Years Day, Easter Sunday, Labor Day, Independence Day, All Saints Day and Christmas Day are widely recognized (and celebrated) holidays. ...

See also

Telephones - main lines in use: 21,000 (1995) Telephones - mobile cellular: NA Telephone system: services barely adequate for government use; key exchanges are in Brazzaville, Pointe-Noire, and Loubomo; intercity lines frequently out-of-order domestic: primary network consists of microwave radio relay and coaxial cable international: satellite earth station... For the two decades preceding Congos 1991 National Conference, the country was firmly in the socialist camp, allied principally with the Soviet Union and other Eastern bloc nations. ... Military branches: Army, Air Force, Navy, Gendarmerie Military manpower - military age: 20 years of age Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 668,163 (2000 est. ... // Railways total: 795 km (includes 285 km private track) - Congo-Ocean Railway connects Brazzaville and Pointe-Noire. ... Congolese Scout troop, prior to 1960 The Republic of the Congo (Brazzaville) is one of 35 countries where Scouting exists (be it embryonic or widespread) but where there is no National Scout Organization which is a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement at the present time. ...

Lists

This is a list of cities in the Republic of the Congo. ... This page aims to list articles on Wikipedia that are related to the Democratic Republic of the Congo - Congo (Kinshasa) - the larger of the two Congos. ... This page aims to list articles on Wikipedia that are related to the Republic of the Congo - Congo (Brazzaville) - the smaller of the two Congos. ...

References

  • Maria Petringa, Brazza, A Life for Africa (2006) ISBN 9781-4259-11980

External links

Find more information on Republic of the Congo by searching Wikipedia's sister projects
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Learning resources from Wikiversity
News
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Culture
  • Congolese literature at a glance
Directories
Ethnic groups
Human Rights
  • [2] Amnesty International Human Rights Report, 2006
Tourism
  • Republic of the Congo travel guide from Wikitravel

  Results from FactBites:
 
Democratic Republic of Congo - UN Security Council - Global Policy Forum (5306 words)
The UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo blames Rwandan Hutu rebels from the Democratic Forces for the Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR) or local and foreign militias in a group called "Rasta" for the recent massacre of civilians which they are now investigating.
Despite the holding of presidential elections in late 2006, the situation in the Democratic Republic of Congo remains unstable, especially in the east of the region.
As the Democratic Republic of Congo prepares for its first nation-wide elections in 40 years, the birth of a new militia in the country’s troubled north-eastern region is undermining prospects for a successful poll.
Republic of the Congo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1554 words)
The Republic of the Congo, also known as Congo-Brazzaville (locally as Brazza), and Congo (but not to be confused with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, formerly Zaire, which was also at one time known as the Republic of the Congo), is a former French colony of west-central Africa.
Its borders are Gabon, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Angola and the Gulf of Guinea.
To the south and east it is bounded by the Congo River and its tributary the Ubangi River, across which is the larger Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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