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Encyclopedia > Republic of Pescara
Comune di Pescara
Coat of arms of Comune di Pescara
Municipal coat of arms
Country Flag of Italy Italy
Region Abruzzo
Province Pescara (PE)
Mayor Luciano D'Alfonso
Elevation 0 m
Area 33 km²
Population
 - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 122,577 (300.000 in metro)
 - Density 3,492/km²
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 42°28′N 14°12′E
Gentilic Pescaresi
Dialing code 085
Postal code 65100
Patron San Cetteo
 - Day October 10

Location of Pescara in Italy
Website: www.comune.pescara.it
Pescara's port in the afterglow.
Pescara's port in the afterglow.

Pescara is a city in central Italy, in the region of Abruzzo. The city is divided in two by the river of the same name. In 1926, Pescara, the part of the city on the south of Pescara river (in the province of Chieti), and Castellamare Adriatico, the part of the city on the north of Pescara river (in the province of Teramo) were unified in a single city, the current Pescara. The poet Gabriele D'Annunzio, who was born here, was a major sponsor for the creation of the new city. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x816, 577 KB) Summary Coat of Arms of the City of Pescara. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Abruzzo is a region of Italy bordering Marche to the north, Lazio to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... In Italy, the province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (Regione). ... Pescara (It. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ethnonym. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... October 10 is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years). ... Image File history File links Italy_Regions_220px_(including_Pelagie_Islands). ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x682, 672 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pescara Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x682, 672 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pescara Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Abruzzo is a region of Italy bordering Marche to the north, Lazio to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... The Aterno is a river in eastern Italy. ... Chieti (It. ... Teramo (It. ... Gabriele dAnnunzio (12 March 1863, Pescara – 1 March 1938, Gardone Riviera, province of Brescia) was an Italian poet, writer, novelist, dramatist and daredevil, who went on to have a controversial role in politics as a precursor of the fascist movement. ...

Contents

History

Pescara's origins precede the Roman conquest. The name of both the ancient city and the river was Aternum: it was connected to Rome through the Via Claudia Valeria and the Via Tiburtina. The main building was the temple of Jovis Aternium. The city was an important port for trade with the Eastern provinces of the Empire. Area under Roman control  Roman Republic  Roman Empire  Western Empire  Eastern Empire Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a city-state founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Via Tiburtina, an ancient road of Italy, leading east northeast from Rome to Tibur, a distance of about 18 miles. ... Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ...


In the Middle Ages it was destroyed by the Lombards (597). On that occasion the city's bishop, Cetteus (Pescara's current patron saint), was charged with fraternising with the Greek Christians (the Lombards being Arians) and thrown from the marble bridge with a stone tied to his neck. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, whence the alternative name Longobards found in older English texts), were a Germanic people originally from Northern Europe that entered the late Roman Empire. ... Events Saint Augustine is created Archbishop of Canterbury. ... This article is about theological views like those of Arius. ...


In 1095 Pescara was a rich city with an important series of monuments and churches. In 1140 Roger of Sicily conquered the city, giving rise to a period in which it was destroyed by armies ravaging the Kingdom of Sicily. The name of Piscaria ("abounding with fish") is mentioned for the first time in this period. Several seignors ruled over Pescara afterwards, including Rainaldo Orsini, Louis of Savoy and Francesco del Borgo, the vicar of king Ladislas, who had the fortress and the tower built. Events The country of Portugal is established for the second time. ... Events Henry Jasomirgott was made count palatine of the Rhine. ... Roger II (1093-1154), son and successor of Roger I, began his rule in 1112. ... Louis (Ludovico or Lodovico in Italian, b. ... King Ladislas of Naples, the Magnanimous (February 11, 1377–August 6, 1414), was King of Naples and titular King of Jerusalem and Sicily, titular Count of Provence and Forcalquier 1386–1414, and titular King of Hungary 1390–1414. ...

The "Sacro Cuore" (Holy Heart) church in Pescara.
The "Sacro Cuore" (Holy Heart) church in Pescara.

The subsequent rulers were the D'Avalos. In 1424 the famous condottiero Muzio Attendolo died here. Another adventurer, Giacomo Caldore, conquered the city in 1435 and 1439. In the following years Pescara was repeatedly attacked by the Venetians, and later, as part of the Spanish Kingdom of Naples, it was turned into a massive fortress. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 1183 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pescara Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 1183 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pescara Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Events August 17 - Battle of Verneuil - An English force under John, Duke of Bedford defeats a larger French army under the Duke of Alençon, John Stuart, and Earl Archibald of Douglas. ... Condottieri (singular condottiere or condottiero) were mercenary leaders employed by Italian city-states from the late Middle Ages until the mid-sixteenth century. ... Muzio Attendolo Sforza Muzio Attendolo Sforza (Cotignola, May 28, 1369-Perugia January 4, 1424) was an Italian condottieri of the 14th century. ... For other uses, see number 1435. ... Events Battle of Grotnik, which ended the hussite movement in Poland Eric of Pomerania, King of Sweden, Denmark and Norway is declared deposed in Sweden. ... The Most Serene Republic of Venice (Venetian: Serenìsima Repùblica Vèneta; Italian: ) was a Venetian city-state in Northeastern Italy, based around the city of Venice. ... The Kingdom of Naples was born out of the division of the Kingdom of Sicily after the Sicilian Vespers rebellion of 1282. ...


In 1566 it was besieged by 105 Turk galleys. It resisted fiercely and the Ottomans only managed to ravage the surrounding territory. Events January 7 - Pius V becomes Pope Selim II succeeds Suleiman I as Sultan of the Ottoman Empire Religious rioting in the Netherlands signifies the beginning of the Eighty Years War in the Netherlands. ... A French galley and Dutch men-of-war off a port by Abraham Willaerts, painted 17th century. ...


At the beginning of the 18th century Pescara had some 3,000 inhabitants, half of them living in the Castellammare. In 1707 it was attacked by Austrian troops under the command of the duke of Wallis: the city, led by Giovanni Girolamo II Acquaviva, resisted for two months before capitulating. (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Events January 1 - John V is crowned King of Portugal March 26 - The Acts of Union becomes law, making the separate Kingdoms of England and Scotland into one country, the Kingdom of Great Britain. ...


Pescara was always part of the Kingdom of Naples, apart from the brief age of the Republic of Naples of 1798-1799. The city was therefore attacked by the pro-Bourbon Giuseppe Pronio. In 1800 Pescara fell to French troops, becoming an important military stronghold of Joseph Bonaparte's reign. Castellammare, which now had 3,000 inhabitants of its own, became a separate municipality. The Kingdom of Naples was born out of the division of the Kingdom of Sicily after the Sicilian Vespers rebellion of 1282. ... ... 1798 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... This article or section should include material from France: Wars of Religion _ Bourbon Dynasty The House of Bourbon dates from at least the beginning of the 13th century, when the estate of Bourbon was ruled by a Lord, vassal of France. ... // ON MAY 5 1853 MR.FADER HAD SEX WITH A MAN NAME MR WIEN THEN THEY HAD SON NAMEDMRS COTURE AND MR MANOOGIAN WENT INTO MRS HASKELLS OFFICE NAKED AND DANCED AROUND AND MASTERBATED ON HER CHEST AND SHE LICKED IT OFF THEN THEY HAD ORAL SEEX WITH NAPLOEAN OF... Joseph Napoleon Bonaparte, King of Naples, King of Spain (January 7, 1768 – July 28, 1844) was the elder brother of the French Emperor Napoleon I, who made him King of Naples (1806–1808) and King of Spain (1808–1813). ...


In 1814, Pescara's Carboneria revolted against Joachim Murat. There, on May 15, 1815, the king undersigned one of the first constitutions of the Italian Risorgimento. In the following years Pescara became a symbol of the Bourbon's violent restoration as it housed one of the most notorious Bourbon jails. After a devastating flood in 1853, Pescara was liberated by Giuseppe Garibaldi's collaborator Clemente De Cesaris in 1860. Seven years later the fortress was dismantled. 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Carbonari (coalmen) were groups of secret revolutionary societies founded in early 19th century Italy, and instrumental in organising revolution in Italy in 1820, 1830–1831 and 1848. ... Joachim Murat, King of Naples, Marshal of France Murat portrait, by François Pascal Simon, Baron Gérard, c. ... May 15 is the 135th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (136th in leap years). ... April 5-12: Mount Tambora explodes, changing climate. ... Italian unification, also known as Risorgimento (resurrection), was a historical process by which the Kingdom of Sardinia (ruled by the Savoy dynasty with Turin as its capital) gradually conquered the Italian peninsula, including the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the Duchy of Modena, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, the Duchy... 1853 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Garibaldi in 1866. ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ...


In the following years Pescara became the largest city of Abruzzi. The new city received a hard blow during World War II and has since been massively rebuilt, becoming one of the "newest" cities in Italy. Combatants Allied Powers: United Kingdom France Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Charles de Gaulle Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33...


Gabriele d'Annunzio's house was refurbished in the 1930s, and is now open to the public. Gabriele dAnnunzio (12 March 1863, Pescara – 1 March 1938, Gardone Riviera, province of Brescia) was an Italian poet, writer, novelist, dramatist and daredevil, who went on to have a controversial role in politics as a precursor of the fascist movement. ... The 1930s (years from 1930-1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ...


Economy and culture

Seaside of Pescara.
Seaside of Pescara.

Pescara is the major city of its Abruzzo region, and is one of the most important economic, commercial, and tourist centers on the Adriatic coast. Featuring a shoreline that extends for more than 20 kilometers, Pescara is a large vacation spot on the Adriatic Coast. It is most popular among Italian tourists during the summer months. Situated in the sea are many breakwaters made with large rocks, placed to provide calm waters near the shore. Along its shoreline, Pescara has clubs that one may join in order to enjoy the beach; in Italian, they are called stabilimenti, which means establishments. In these clubs, there are restaurants, playgrounds, and permanent stationary umbrellas that one obtains by joining the club. There is a large shopping district with many fashion boutiques and a lively nightlife. Its university is named for Gabriele D'Annunzio (Università D'Annunzio). Between Pescara and nearby Chieti lies a major industrial district. Seaside of Pescara File links The following pages link to this file: Pescara ... Seaside of Pescara File links The following pages link to this file: Pescara ... Abruzzo is a region of Italy bordering Marche to the north, Lazio to the west and south-west, Molise to the south-east and the Adriatic Sea to the east. ... The Adriatic Sea is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea separating the Apennine peninsula (Italy) from the Balkan peninsula, and the system of the Apennine Mountains from that of the Dinaric Alps and adjacent ranges. ...


Between 1924 and 1961, Pescara hosted the Coppa Acerbo automobile race. Every July Pescara holds an International Jazz Festival. The Coppa Acerbo was an automobile race held in Italy, named after Tito Acerbo (the brother of Giacomo Acerbo). ...


Pescara was the birthplace of Gabriele D'Annunzio and Ennio Flaiano. Vittoria Colonna was the marchioness of Pescara. Gabriele dAnnunzio (12 March 1863, Pescara – 1 March 1938, Gardone Riviera, province of Brescia) was an Italian poet, writer, novelist, dramatist and daredevil, who went on to have a controversial role in politics as a precursor of the fascist movement. ... Ennio Flaiano (born March 5, 1910 in Pescara - died November 20, 1972 in Rome), was an italian screenwriter, playwright, novelist, journalist, and drama critic. ... Vittoria Colonna, drawing by Michelangelo. ...


Pescara has been set to host the XVI Mediterranean Games in 2009, having defeated Rijeka, Croatia and Patras, Greece for the privilege. The Mediterranean Games are a multi-sport games held every four years for nations bordering the Mediterranean Sea. ... Rijeka (in local Croatian dialects Rika and Reka; Fiume in Italian and Hungarian, Reka in Slovene; Sankt Veit am Flaum in older German; R(ij)eka and Fiume both mean river) is the principal seaport of Croatia, located on Kvarner Bay, an inlet of the Adriatic Sea. ... Coordinates 38°15′ N 21°44′ E Country Greece Periphery West Greece Prefecture Achaea Province Greece Population 171,616 (2001) Area 125. ...


Main sights

Gabriele D'Annunzio's House in the Porta Nuova Section of Pescara.
Gabriele D'Annunzio's House in the Porta Nuova Section of Pescara.

The ancient center, built within the Spanish walls, holds Gabriele D'Annunzio's House, where the famous Italian poet was born. The Palazzo del Governo hosts the provincial library, with 600,000 volumes. Noteworthy is the Cathedral of St. Cetteus, with a 17th century painting of St. Francis attributed to Guercino. The Madonna dei Sette Dolori ("Madonna of Seven Pains") is from 1757 and has a Neoclassical facade. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 887 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pescara Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1200x1600, 887 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Pescara Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create... Gabriele dAnnunzio (12 March 1863, Pescara – 1 March 1938, Gardone Riviera, province of Brescia) was an Italian poet, writer, novelist, dramatist and daredevil, who went on to have a controversial role in politics as a precursor of the fascist movement. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The Italian painter Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (1591—1666) known as Guercino, was born at Cento, a village not far from Bologna. ... 1757 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The neoclassical movement that produced Neoclassical architecture began in the mid-18th century, both as a reaction against the Rococo style of anti-tectonic naturalistic ornament, and an outgrowth of some classicizing features of Late Baroque. ...

The harbour of Pescara.
The harbour of Pescara.

Image File history File linksMetadata Pescara_hafen. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Pescara_hafen. ...

Transportation

The city is crossed by two pan-European roads:

Pescara holds an airport (Aeroporto di Pescara, also known as Abruzzo International Airport), three train stations (Pescara Centrale, Pescara Porta Nuova, Pescara San Marco), and several bus lines. Pescara Centrale train station is the largest in Abruzzo, and one of the largest in the whole of Europe. There is a direct bus line to Roma Tiburtina (Rome) via Pescara Centrale (about a two and a half hour ride). The European route E55 passes through the following cities: Helsingborg - Elsinore - Rostock - Berlin - Dresden - Teplice - Prague - Vienna - Ancona - Ioannina - Arta (bypasses) - Amphilochia - Agrinion - Messolonghi - Rhion * Antirrhion - Patras - Kourtesi - Marathia - Pyrgos - Epitalion - Zacharo - Kalo Nero - near Dorio - near Oichalia - Allagi - Thouria - Kalamáta From Helsingborg, the route continues northward through Sweden... Helsingborg in Sweden Helsingborg is located in the southernmost part of Sweden, called SkÃ¥ne, and has a population of 91,600. ... There is also a Kalamata in the Democratic Republic of Congo, see Kalamata, Democratic Republic of Congo Kalamata (Greek, Modern: Καλαμάτα, Ancient/Katharevousa: -ai), older forms: Kalamai is a city in southern Greece, on the Peloponnesos, by the Mediterranean. ... European route E80 is a road part of the International E-road network. ... Lisbon (Portuguese: Lisboa, IPA: ) is the capital and largest city of Portugal. ... Gürbulak is a town in south-east Turkey, close to the border with Iran. ... Abruzzo International Airport (IATA: PSR, ICAO: LIBP) is an airport near Pescara, Italy. ... Roma Tiburtina is the second-largest railway station in Rome (after Roma Termini). ... Nickname: The Eternal City Motto: SPQR: Senatus PopulusQue Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area    - City 1285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban...


External links

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Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...


 
 

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