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Encyclopedia > Republic of Gran Colombia
República de Colombia in 1819
Flag of the Federation
Flag of the Federation
Location map
Map of the former Republic of Colombia.
Capital Bogotá
Created 1819
Dissolved 1830
Demonym Colombian
Departments of the Republic

Great Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, was a short-lived republic in South America consisting of present-day Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, and Panama. Its territory corresponded more or less to the jurisdiction of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. The official name at the time was the Republic of Colombia; the word "Gran" or "Greater" that precedes the name was not used by contemporaries, and is an addition by later historians in order to distinguish it from the present-day Republic of Colombia, so there never was a country named "Gran Colombia". General info: Large flag of Colombia Dimensions: 453x302 pixels Source: Image originally derived from the public domain flags of the CIA World Factbook License: Originally public domain, modifications under GFDL Most of the flags have had their colours improved and many have been resized to the proper ratios. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... 1819 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Download high resolution version (1037x813, 407 KB)Map of the former South American nation of Gran Colombia The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... Download high resolution version (1037x813, 407 KB)Map of the former South American nation of Gran Colombia The copyright status of this vintage image is undetermined; it may still be copyrighted. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ... New Granada was the name given to a group of colonial provinces in northern South America, corresponding mainly to modern Colombia. ...


The word "Colombia" comes from the name of Christopher Columbus (Cristóbal Colón in Spanish, Cristoforo Colombo in Italian) and was conceived by the revolutionary Francisco de Miranda as a reference to the New World, especially to all American territories and colonies under Spanish and Portuguese rule. Christopher Columbus (conjectural image) For information about the film director, see the article on Chris Columbus. ... The Revolutionary: Francisco de Miranda Sebastián Francisco de Miranda Rodríguez (March 28, 1750 – July 14, 1816) was a South American revolutionary whose own plan for the independence of the Spanish American colonies failed but who is regarded as a forerunner of Bolívar and other more effective American...


Liberator of South America Simón Bolívar and other revolutionaries in the First Republic of Venezuela occasionally used this name as a reference to all of Spanish America, until the proclamation of a republic under that name in 1819 at the Congress of Angostura. It was initially conceived at that Congress as a federal republic, made up of three departments with capitals in the cities of Bogotá (Department of Cundinamarca), Caracas (Department of Venezuela), and Quito (Department of Quito). In that year, not all the provinces of the former viceroyalty were free yet. Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad Bolívar y Palacios (July 24, 1783 – December 17, 1830) was a South American revolutionary leader. ... 1819 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Angostura was the name of the town in Eastern Venezuela that was renamed Ciudad Bolívar in 1846. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... City motto: Ave María Santísima, sin pecado concebida, en el primer instante de su ser natural. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


The constitution of the new republic was drafted in 1821 at the Congress of Cúcuta, establishing its capital in Bogotá. A greater degree of centralisation was established here, as several convinced federalists now came to believe that it would be necessary in order to better manage a unified war effort, at least for the time being. A new territorial division (Venezuela, Cundinamarca, and Quito were split into various smaller departments) was conceived. Bolívar was elected president and Francisco de Paula Santander vice president. 1821 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Cúcuta, also known as San José de Cúcuta, is a city in Colombia. ... Centralization is the process by which the activities of an organization, particularly those regarding decision-making, become concentrated within a particular location and/or group. ... Francisco de Paula Santander (1792-1840), was a Colombian Revolutionist. ...


In the first years of existence, Gran Colombia helped other provinces still at war with Spain to become independent - Panama came to the federation in 1821 and so did the remaining provinces of Quito and Venezuela. The independence of Peru was consolidated later in 1824 through Gran Colombia's aid. Bolívar and Santander were re-elected in 1826. 1826 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


As the war against Spain came to an end, federalist and regionalist sentiments began to arise once again. Permanent calls for modifications of the political division (along with related economic and commercial disputes) during the existence of Gran Colombia, as a result of local confrontations between the regions, led to local changes and compromises. These changes never fully pleased contemporaries and little permanent consolidation was achieved, showing the instability of the state's structure.


Bolívar dreamt of uniting South America but was unable to achieve this during the struggle for independence. The Republic of Gran Colombia was his initial attempt at creating a single South American state. Other regional and South American politicians, however, objected to his idea, and Bolívar, disgruntled, resigned from the project in 1828 and from his presidency in early 1830. 1828 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


The federation finally dissolved during 1830, despite the efforts of General Rafael Urdaneta in Bogotá, due to internal political strife between the different regions, which intensified after Bolívar's resignation. 1830 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Hero of the Latin American war for independence, Rafael José Urdaneta y Faría was born on October 24th, 1788, in the province of Maracaibo in Venezuela from an aristocratic family of spanish descent. ...


The dissolution of Gran Colombia characterized the failure of Bolívar's dream. Countries that were created after its dissolution include:

As the Federation of Greater Colombia was dissolved in 1830, the Department of Cundinamarca (as established in Angostura) became a new country, the Republic of New Granada. In 1863 New Granada changed its name officially to "United States of Colombia", and in 1886 adopted its present day name: "Republic of Colombia". Panama remained as a province of this country until 1903, when – with assistance from the USA – it became independent. 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1886 is a common year starting on Friday (click on link to calendar) // Events January 18 - Modern field hockey is born with the formation of The Hockey Association in England. ... 1903 has the latest occurring solstices and equinoxes for 400 years, because the Gregorian calendar hasnt had a leap year for seven years or a century leap year since 1600. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Greater Colombia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (804 words)
Greater Colombia (Gran Colombia in Spanish) is a name used today for the Republic of Colombia of the period 1819-1831.
The official name at the time was the Republic of Colombia, as it is today; historians have adopted the term "Greater Colombia" to distinguish the Republic before 1831 (with its more extensive land area) from that of the present-day Republic of Colombia.
The constitution of the new republic was drafted in 1821 at the Congress of Cúcuta, establishing its capital in Bogotá.
Colombia HISTORY (2112 words)
During his tenure as president, the republican constitution of 1886 was adopted, under which the State of New Granada formally became the Republic of Colombia.
The postwar period was marked by growing social unrest and riots in the capital and in the countryside.
The adoption of the Plan Colombia in 2000, a multimillion dollar initiative funded by the US government, aimed at combating drug production generated criticism for its heavy focus on military action rather than economic incentives that could lead peasants to abandon the coca leaf plantation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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