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Encyclopedia > Republic of China Air Force
Republic of China Air Force
Personnel 53,000 (2004 est.)
Combat aircraft 420 (2005 est.)
Early warning 4
Transport 36
Electronic warfare 5
Helicopters 35

The Republic of China Air Force (中華民國空軍; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó Kōngjūn) is the aviation branch of the armed forces of the Republic of China on Taiwan, and is often viewed as one of the most professional and capable branches of the Republic of China's armed forces.[1] The ROCAF's primary mission is the defense of the airspace over and around Taiwan against an attack by the People's Republic of China. Current priorities of the ROCAF include the development of long range reconnaissance and surveillance networks, integrating C4ISTAR systems to increase battle effectiveness, procuring counterstrike weapons, next generation fighters, and hardening airfields and other facilities to survive a surprise attack. Image File history File links Insignia of the Republic of China Air Force. ... It has been suggested that Pinyin method be merged into this article or section. ... Aviation refers to flying using aircraft, machines designed by humans for atmospheric flight. ... The Republic of China (ROC) maintains a large military establishment, which accounted for 16. ... Motto: Three Principles of the People (三民主義 San-min Chu-i) Anthem: National Anthem of the Republic of China Capital Taipei (de facto)  Nanking (de jure)1  Largest city Taipei Official languages Mandarin (GuóyÇ”) Government Semi-presidential system  - President Chen Shui-bian  - Vice President Annette Lu  - Premier Su Tseng-chang... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ISTAR. (Discuss) . It features superscript or subscript characters that are substituted or omitted because of technical limitations. ...


As of May 2005, the Ministry of National Defense has indicated its intention to transfer command of all defensive missile systems to the ROCAF, while future offensive missiles will be placed under an as yet unformed missile command.

Contents

Organization

The National Emblem of the Republic of China is used as the roundel for ROC military aircraft
The National Emblem of the Republic of China is used as the roundel for ROC military aircraft

Like most of the other branches of the ROC armed forces, much of the ROCAF's structure and organization is patterned after the United States Air Force. Like the USAF, the ROCAF has a wing → group → squadron structure. Image File history File links Republic_of_China_National_Emblem. ... Image File history File links Republic_of_China_National_Emblem. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The Blue Sky with a White Sun flag is the Kuomintang party flag. ... The modern proportion RAF roundel A roundel in heraldry is any circular shape; in military use it is a distinctive, mostly round insignia or identifying emblem, commonly painted today on military aircraft to indicate which nations air force or navy they belong to. ... Aircraft of the 379th Air Expeditionary Wing and coalition counterparts stationed together at Al Udeid Air Base, Qatar, in southwest Asia, fly over the desert. ...

  • Air Force General Headquarters (空軍總司令部)
Air Force GHQ is subordinate to the General Staff (military), the Minister of Defense (civilian), and the ROC President.
  • Internal Units: Personnel, Combat Readiness & Training, Logistics, Planning, Communications, Electronics & Information, General Affairs, Comptroller, Inspector General, Political Warfare.
  • Air Force Combatant Command (作戰司令部)
  • Weather Wing (氣象聯隊): Tamsui, Taipei County
  • Communications, Air Traffic Control & Information Wing (通信航管資訊聯隊): Taipei City
  • Air Tactical Control Wing (戰術管制聯隊)
  • Air Defense Artillery & Garrison Command (防砲警衛司令部)
  • Education, Training & Doctrine Command (教育訓練暨準則發展司令部)
  • Logistics Command (後勤司令部)
  • Combat Wings (作戰聯隊)
  • 401st Tactical Fighter Wing (401聯隊): Hualien AFB flying flying F-16A/B
    • 17th Fighter Squadron
    • 26th Fighter Squadron
    • 27th Fighter Squadron
  • 427th Tactical Fighter Wing (427聯隊): Ching Chuan Kang AFB flying F-CK IDF-1A/B
    • 7th Fighter Squadron
    • 8th Fighter Squadron
    • 28th Fighter Squadron
  • 439th Combined Wing (439聯隊): Pingtung AFB flying C-130H,: E-2T, and C-130HE
    • 10th Tactical Airlift Group
      • 101st Airlift Squadron
      • 102st Airlift Squadron
    • 20th Electronic Warfare Group
      • 6th Electronic Warfare Squadron
      • 2nd Early Warning Squadron
  • 443rd Tactical Fighter Wing (443聯隊): Tainan AFB flying F-CK-1A/B
    • 1st Fighter Squadron
    • 3rd Fighter Squadron
    • 9th Fighter Squadron
  • 455th Tactical Fighter Wing (455聯隊): Chiayi AFB flying F-16A/B and S-70C
    • Air Rescue Group
    • 21st Fighter Squadron
    • 22nd Fighter Squadron
    • 23rd Fighter Squadron
  • 499th Tactical Fighter Wing (499聯隊): Hsinchu AFB flying Mirage 2000-5Di/Ei
    • 41st Fighter Squadron
    • 42nd Fighter Squadron
    • 48th Fighter Squadron
  • 737th Fighter Training Wing (737聯隊): Taitung AFB flying F-5E/F
    • 44th Fighter Squadron
    • 45th Fighter Squadron
    • 46th Fighter Squadron
  • Air Force Base Command (基地指揮部)
  • Sungshan Base Command (松山基地指揮部)
  • Taoyuan Base Command (桃園基地指揮部)
  • Air Force Academy (空軍官校): Gangshan AFB

Sources: [2] [3] Lover Bridge of Tamsui/ taken by Liyu/ 7 July, 2004 Tamsui (Chinese: 淡水, Taiwanese: Tām-súi/Tām-chúi, Tongyong Pinyin: Danshuei, Hanyu Pinyin: Danshui) is a sea-side town in Taipei County, Taiwan Province, Republic of China. ... Taipei County (Chinese: 台北縣; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Tai-pei Hsien; POJ: Tâi-pak-koān) is located in northern Taiwan and encircles Taipei City. ... Alternative meaning: Taipei County City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ... Hualien City (Traditional Chinese: ; Hanyu Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Hua-lien shih; POJ: Hoa-liân-chhÄ«) is the capital of Hualien County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... Pingtung County (屏東縣, pinyin: Píngdōng Xiàn) is a county in Southern Taiwan. ... Tainan is the name of a city and a county in southwestern Taiwan. ... Chiayi County (嘉義縣, pinyin: Jiāyì Xiàn) is a county in southwestern Taiwan encompassing Chiayi City and administered as part of Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ... The main landmark of Hsinchu is its East Gate. ... Taitung City (台東市, Taiwanese POJ: Tâi-tang-chhī) is the capital of Taitung County, Taiwan Province of the Republic of China. ...


History

See also Development of Chinese Nationalist air force (1937-1945)

Formally established in 1920 as the Aviation Ministry, the ROCAF was active during the tenure of the ROC on Mainland China. During the Sino-Japanese War (1937-1945), the ROCAF participated in attacks on Japanese warships on the eastern front and along the Yangtze river including support for the Battle of Shanghai in 1937. The Chinese frontline fighter aircraft initially comprised mainly of the Curtiss Hawk II and III and the Boeing P-26 model 281, and engaged Japanese fighters in many major air battles beginning on the 14th of August 1937, when Imperial Japanese Navy warplanes raided Jianqiao (a.k.a. Schienchiao) airbase; "814" has thus become known as "Air Force Day". Chinese Boeing P-26/281 fighters engaged Japanese Mitsubishi A5M fighters in what is among the world's first aerial dogfighting between all-metal monoplane fighter aircraft. A unique mission in April 1938 saw two Chinese B-10 bombers fly a mission over Japan, but dropping only propaganda leaflets over the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Saga. It was a war of attrition for the Chinese pilots, as many of their most experienced ace fighter pilots, such as Lieutenant Liu Cuigang and Colonel Gao Zhihang were lost. During the Second Sino-Japanese War the Republic of China Air Force suffered serious losses in combat against the Japanese. ... The highlighted area in the map is what is commonly known as mainland China. Mainland China (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: is a geopolitical term which is usually synonymous with the area currently administered by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC); however, it excludes the two special administrative regions... The Second Sino-Japanese War was a major invasion of eastern China by Japan preceding and during World War II. It ended with the surrender of Japan in 1945. ... Combatants Republic of China Empire of Japan Commanders Chiang Kai-shek, Chen Cheng, Chu Shao-liang, Chang Fa-kuei Heisuke Yanagawa, Iwane Matsui Strength 600,000 troops in 75 divisions and 9 brigades, 250 airplanes 300,000 troops in 8 divisions and 6 brigades, 3000 airplanes, 300 tanks, 130 warships... A B-10 being flown during a training session at Maxwell Field. ... Nagasaki (Japanese: 長崎市, Nagasaki-shi  , long peninsula) is the capital and the largest city of Nagasaki Prefecture in Japan. ... A reconstruction of a Yayoi period building at the Yoshinogari site Saga Prefecture (佐賀県; Saga-ken) is located on Kyushu island, Japan. ...


In the latter-half of the Sino-Japanese War, and what's generally known overall as World War II, the ROCAF was augmented by the participation of the American Volunteer Group (the Flying Tigers) in 1941. The ROCAF was involved in attacks on Japanese air and ground forces in the Chinese theatre throughout the war. Combatants Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Chiang Kai-shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total... This article concerns the American Volunteer Group, a World War II unit usually known as the Flying Tigers. For other uses of the term see Flying Tigers (disambiguation). ...


ROCAF General HQ was established in June 1946. From 1946-1948, during the Chinese Civil War, the ROCAF participated in combat against the People's Liberation Army engaging in air to air combat on at least eleven occasions in the areas surrounding the Taiwan Strait. The ROCAF reportedly enjoyed a 31:1 kill ratio against the PLA. GHQ was evacuated to Taiwan along with the rest of the ROC Government in April 1949 following the Communist victory in the Chinese Civil War. The ROCAF assisted in halting the PLA advance at the Battle of Kuningtou on Kinmen the same year. Combatants Chinese Nationalists Chinese Communists Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Mao Zedong Strength 4,300,000 (July 1946) 3,650,000 (June 1948) 1,490,000 (June 1949) 1,200,000 (July 1946) 2,800,000 (June 1948) 4,000,000 (June 1949) The Chinese Civil War (Traditional Chinese: ; Simplified Chinese... This does not cite its references or sources. ... Taiwan Strait Area The Taiwan Strait or Formosa Strait is a 180km-wide Strait between mainland China and the island of Taiwan. ... Combatants Republic of China, National Revolutionary Army Peoples Republic of China, Peoples Liberation Army Commanders Tang Enbo Ye Fei Strength Roughly 40,000 garrisoned troops from the ROC 18th Army, air support from ROC Air Force, maritime support from ROC Navy. ... Kinmen (Traditional Chinese: 金門; Hanyu Pinyin: Jīnmén; Tongyong Pinyin: Jinmén; Wade-Giles: Chin-men; POJ: Kim-mn̂g; also romanized Quemoy from Southern Min (in early Spanish romanization); literally Golden Door or Golden Gate), located at 24. ...


Since then, ROCAF regularly patrolled the straits and fought many engagements with their Communist counterpart, the PLAAF, ROCAF soon received up-to-date equipment from the US, such as the F-86 Sabrejets. The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples Republic of China. ...


During the Cold War, the ROCAF was involved in combat air patrols over the Taiwan Strait and engaged the PLAAF on several occasions. ROCAF was also the testbed of American technology at this time. The first successful kill scored by an air-to-air missile was accomplished by an ROCAF F-86 Sabrejet with then experimental AIM-9 Sidewinder. For other uses, see Cold War (disambiguation). ... Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Jiěfàngjūn Kōngjūn) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples... Sidewinder Missile The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a heat-seeking, short-range, air-to-air missile carried by fighter aircraft and recently, certain gunship helicopters. ...


ROCAF pilots also flew U-2 recon overflights of the PRC during this time with assistance from the USAF. Known as the Black Cat Squadron, they flew 102 missions, and lost 5 planes. All were shot down by SA-2 surface-to-air missiles, the same type of surface-to-air missile that shot down Gary Powers over the USSR in 1960. The Lockheed U-2, nicknamed Dragon Lady, is a single-seat, single-engine, high-altitude aircraft flown by the United States Air Force. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... An S-75 missile on camoflaged launcher An S-75 missile in elevated position An North Vietnamese S-75 site An S-75 missile in transit A Fan Song radar (left) and what looks like a Low Blow to the right The SA-2 Guideline is the NATO reporting name... Francis Gary Powers with a model of the U-2. ...


In 1984, Taiwan began the development of the F-CK IDF (Indigenous Defense Fighter), after China lobbied US State Department to block the sale of F-16. Maiden flight was made in 1989, and the plane entered service in 1994. Since then Taiwan has managed to procure F-16 from the US and Mirage 2000 from France. The AIDC F-CK Indigenous Defence Fighter (also known as Ching-kuo 經國, after late ROC President Chiang Ching-kuo), is a military aircraft produced by the Aerospace Industrial Development Corporation based in Taichung for the Republic of China Air Force in 1994 along the same general lines as the F... The F-16 Fighting Falcon is a multirole jet fighter aircraft developed by General Dynamics in the United States. ... The F-16 Fighting Falcon is a modern multi-role jet fighter aircraft built in the United States and used by dozens of countries all over the world. ... A Mirage 2000 of the Indian Air Force The Mirage 2000 is a French-built multi-role fighter manufactured by Dassault Aviation. ...


Equipment

ROCAF AIDC F-CK Indigenous Defence Fighters
ROCAF AIDC F-CK Indigenous Defence Fighters

The ROCAF's armament includes over 400 combat aircraft, the mainstay being the F-16 and F-CK IDFs, with the Mirage-2000s being its most formidable defense fighter. The older F-5s are being phased out slowly, but still make up a small component of the total fighter force and some are expected to be upgraded. Because of the greater technology curve in the ROCAF, it has been experiencing some of the greater systems integration challenges of the armed forces. Image File history File links ROC (Taiwan) Air Force AIDC F-CK Indigenous Defence Fighters. ... Image File history File links ROC (Taiwan) Air Force AIDC F-CK Indigenous Defence Fighters. ... This article is about the F-CK-1 Ching-kuo fighter aircraft. ...


Most of the ROCAF's armament is purchased from the United States which also assists in the training of some ROCAF pilots at Luke AFB in Arizona. The Mirage-2000 fighters were purchased from France in the early 1990s. Some of the ROCAF's aircraft and weapons are also developed domestically such as the F-CK IDF fighter and the Sky Sword series of missiles. Luke Air Force Base, Arizona is a large Luke beacuse he is Americas idle. ...


In January 2006, the Air Force announced it wished to buy planes with VSTOL capability, especially the US F-35. It also wished to upgrade its current F-16s and Mirage 2000-5s, and perhaps purchase second-hand F-15s. However, the US has rejected the sale of F-35s or F-15s. France may also not agree to upgrades, as China is now a large customer for Airbus and French military contractors. Later in 2006, the Air Force announced plans to buy 66 F-16 C/D block 52 aircraft from the US for $3.1 billion USD.[1] However, on October 2nd 2006, the US has suspended the purchase of the 66 F-16s. According to sources cited by National Defense Minister Lee Jye, the U.S. stance is that until a long-stalled arms purchase package consisting of six Patriot Missile Batteries, 12 P-3C Orion anti-submarine aircraft, and 8 conventional submarines clears the legislature, it does not see Taiwan as having a consistent military procurement plan and has temporarily blocked the sale. [2] However, on February 24th 2007, the arms package budget is expected to be passed by the Taiwanese Parliament. [3] V/STOL is an acronym for Vertical/Short Take-Off and Landing. ... The F-35 Joint Strike Fighter (JSF) is a military fighter aircraft designed by the United States and the United Kingdom. ... The F-16 Fighting Falcon is a multirole jet fighter aircraft developed by General Dynamics in the United States. ... A Mirage 2000 of the Indian Air Force The Mirage 2000 is a French-built multi-role fighter manufactured by Dassault Aviation. ... The Boeing (formerly McDonnell Douglas) F-15 Eagle is an American-built all-weather tactical fighter designed to gain and maintain air superiority in aerial combat. ... This article is about the airliner manufacturer. ...


On February 28th 2007, it was reported that the U.S. Defense Department has approved the purchase by Taiwan of an additional 218 AIM-120C-7 AMRAAM, as well as 235 AGM-65G2 Maverick missiles, and associated launchers and equipment to add to Taiwan's current inventory. The total value quoted for the recent arms purchase was revealed to be $421 million US, if all options are exercised. [4] The United States Department of Defense, abbreviated as DoD or DOD and sometimes called the Defense Department, is a civilian Cabinet organization of the United States government. ... The AIM-120 Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile, or AMRAAM (pronounced am-ram), commonly known to air crews as the Slammer, is a modern Beyond Visual Range (BVR) air-to-air missile (AAM) capable of all weather day and night performance. ... The AGM-65 Maverick is an air-to-ground tactical missile (AGM) designed for close air support. ...


Sources: [3] [4]


Fighter Aircraft

Type Number Notes
F-16A/B 100
Mirage 2000-5 56
F-CK IDF-1A/B 128
F-5E/F 60+ Plans exist for remainder to be converted for training use.

The F-16 Fighting Falcon is a multirole jet fighter aircraft developed by General Dynamics in the United States. ... The Mirage 2000 is a French-built multirole fighter jet manufactured by Dassault Aviation. ... The AIDC Ching-kuo (經國), also known as the Indigenous Defence Fighter (IDF), is a military aircraft produced by the Aerospace Industrial Development Corporation based in Taichung for the Republic of China Air Force in 1994 along the same general lines as the F-16 Fighting Falcon. ... The F-5 Freedom Fighter (or Tiger II) is a low cost entry level supersonic fighter aircraft, designed and built by Northrop in the United States, beginning in 1962. ...

Early Warning & Electronic Warfare

Type Number
E-2T Hawkeye 6
C-130HE 1

The Grumman E-2 Hawkeye is the United States Navys all-weather, aircraft carrier-based tactical Airborne Early Warning (AEW) aircraft. ... The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop cargo aircraft and the main tactical airlifter for many military forces worldwide. ...

Training

Type Number
AIDC AT-3A/B 36/17
T-34 41

Aerospace Industrial Development Corporation (漢翔航空工業股份有限公司) is an aerospace company based in Taichung which developed the AIDC Ching-kuo aircraft. ... The AT-3 is an advanced jet trainer operated by the Republic of China Air Force. ... A Beechcraft T-34B Mentor The Beechcraft T-34 Mentor is a military trainer aircraft derived from the Beechcraft Bonanza. ...

Transports

Type Number Notes
C-130H 19
Beechcraft B-1900C 11 2 Calibration
Fokker F50 3
B737-800 1 VIP transport

The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop cargo aircraft and the main tactical airlifter for many military forces worldwide. ... A Sunwest Airlines Beech 1900D at Vancouver International Airport. ... Fokker F50 VLM Airlines Fokker F50 The Fokker F50 was a small turboprop-powered airliner designed as a refinement of and successor to the highly successful Fokker Friendship. ... The Boeing 737 is the worlds most popular medium-range, narrowbody commercial passenger jet aircraft. ...

Air-launched Missiles

Type Number
AIM-7 600
AIM-9 1082+
AIM-120 120
AGM-65 500B 40G
AGM-84 57
Sky Sword I (天劍一) 300
Sky Sword II (天劍二) 400
MICA 960
Magic II 480

A RIM-7 Sea Sparrow being launched from the USS Essex (LHD-2). ... Sidewinder Missile The AIM-9 Sidewinder is a heat-seeking, short-range, air-to-air missile carried by fighter aircraft and recently, certain gunship helicopters. ... The AIM-120 Advanced Medium-Range Air-to-Air Missile, or AMRAAM (pronounced am-ram), commonly known to air crews as the Slammer, is a modern Beyond Visual Range (BVR) air-to-air missile (AAM) capable of all weather day and night performance. ... The AGM-65 Maverick is an air-to-ground tactical missile (AGM) designed for close air support. ... The AGM-84 Harpoon is a U.S. all-weather, over-the-horizon, anti-ship cruise missile system, originally developed by McDonnell Douglas, with development and manufacturing now taken over by Boeing Integrated Defense Systems. ... The TC-1 Sky Sword I (天劍一, Tien Chien I) is a short range infrared guided air-to-air missile developed by the Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology in Taiwan ROC, for the ROC Air Force. ... The TC-2 Sky Sword II (天劍二, Tien Chien II) is a radar guided air-to-air missile developed by the Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology in Taiwan Republic of China (ROC) during the 1990s for the ROC Air Force. ... The MBDA MICA (Missile dInterception et de Combat Aérien, Interception and Air Combat Missile) is an anti-air multi-target, all weather, fire and forget missile system. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

See also

Flag of the Peoples Liberation Army Air Force The Peoples Liberation Army Air Force (PLAAF) (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Zhōngguó Rénmín Jiěfàngjūn Kōngjūn) is the aviation branch of the Peoples Liberation Army, the military of the Peoples... Taiwan Strait area The controversy regarding the political status of Taiwan hinges on whether Taiwan, including the Pescadores (Penghu), should remain the effective territory of the Republic of China (ROC), become unified with the territories now governed by the Peoples Republic of China (PRC), or become the Republic of...

References

  1. ^ Introduction - ROC Air Force. Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved on 2006-03-05.
  2. ^ ROC Air Force. Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved on 2006-03-05.
  3. ^ a b 2004 National Defense Report (PDF). ROC Ministry of National Defense (2004). Retrieved on 2006-03-05. See Part III, Ch. 7-III: "Air Force"
  4. ^ Equipment - ROC Air Force. Globalsecurity.org. Retrieved on 2006-03-05.

For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ...

External links



Military of the Republic of China (Taiwan)
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