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Encyclopedia > Republic Pictures

Republic Pictures Corporation (aka Republic Entertainment) is an independent film, television, and video distribution company that was originally a movie production-distribution corporation with studio facilities, best known for its specialization in quality B pictures, westerns and movie serials. The term B-movie originally referred to a film designed to be distributed as the lower half of a double feature, often a genre film featuring cowboys, gangsters or vampires. ... The Western is an American genre in literature and film. ... Serial is a term, originating in literature, for a format by which a story is told in contiguous installments in sequential issues of a single periodical publication. ...

Contents


Corporate History

Created in 1935 by Herbert J. Yates, a long-time investor in film and music properties, Republic was the result of a union of three smaller Poverty Row studios. In its early years Republic was itself sometimes labeled a "Poverty Row" company. But the studio, created at the time major companies were withdrawing from the B-picture market, showed more ambition than such a label would indicate. By the mid-1940s Yates was producing better-quality pictures, even mounting big-budget fare like The Quiet Man, Sands of Iwo Jima, Johnny Guitar, and The Maverick Queen. The heart of the company was its franchise in westerns, and many western-film stars, among them John Wayne, Gene Autry, Rex Allen, and Roy Rogers, began at Republic. 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Herbert John Yates (1880-1966) was the founder and president of Republic Pictures, famous for being the home of John Wayne, Gene Autry, and Roy Rogers. ... Poverty Row is a slang term used in Hollywood from the late silent period through the mid-fifties to refer to a variety of mostly short-lived small studios, many clustered in the area of Los Angeles, USA known as Gower Gulch, near the corner of Sunset Boulevard and Gower... // Events and trends World War II was a truly global conflict with many facets: immense human suffering, fierce indoctrination, and the use of new, extremely devastating weapons such as the atomic bomb. ... The Quiet Man was a 1952 American film starring John Wayne, Maureen OHara and Barry Fitzgerald, and directed by John Ford. ... Categories: Movie stubs | 1949 films | World War II films | Best Actor Oscar Nominee (film) ... Johnny Guitar is a 1954 Western, released by Republic Pictures. ... Broncho Billy Anderson, from The Great Train Robbery The Western movie is one of the classic American film genres. ... John Wayne (May 26, 1907 – June 11, 1979), popularly known as The Duke, was an American film actor whose career began in silent movies in the 1920s. ... Gene Autry Gene Autry (September 29, 1907 – October 2, 1998) was an American performer who gained fame as The Singing Cowboy on the radio, in movies and on television. ... Rex Allen (December 31, 1920--December 17, 1999) was an American actor, singer, and songwriter. ... Dale Evans & Roy Rogers Leonard Franklin Slye (November 5, 1911 – July 6, 1998), became famous as Roy Rogers, a singer and cowboy actor. ...


In the depths of the 1930s depression, Yates foreclosed on three small production companies, each heavily in debt to his Consolidated Film Laboratories. The largest of the three was Monogram Pictures, run by Trem Carr and W. Ray Johnston, specializing in B-films, and controlling a nation-wide distribution system. The others were M. H. Hoffman's Liberty Films, from which Republic took its original "Liberty Bell" logo, and Nat Levine's Mascot Pictures. The most advanced technically, Mascot had been making serials and westerns since the mid-1920s. Mascot also had a first-class studio, the former Mack Sennett - Keystone lot in Studio City. As a result, Republic began life with a skilled production staff, a complete distribution system, and a functioning studio. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

The Adventures of Captain Marvel, the most celebrated of Republic's serials.
The Adventures of Captain Marvel, the most celebrated of Republic's serials.

While taking on feature production, the new company also continued to produce numerous serials; while sometimes fantastically plotted, they were technically first-rate, with production values far better than those of others' serials. Fast-paced and well staged, Republic's serials featured choreographed fight scenes, and superb model-work, explosions and other effects by the Lydecker brothers. Republic produced serials until 1955, long after rivals had abandoned the field. DVD front cover for the film serial The Adventures of Captain Marvel. ... DVD front cover for the film serial The Adventures of Captain Marvel. ... The Adventures of Captain Marvel is an acclaimed film serial directed by John English and William Witney for Republic Pictures in 1941. ... Serial is a term, originating in literature, for a format by which a story is told in contiguous installments in sequential issues of a single periodical publication. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Republic was the first Hollywood studio to offer its film library to television, in 1951 creating a subsidiary, Hollywood Television Service, to peddle its vintage westerns and action thrillers. Also, in 1952 the Republic studio lot became the first home of MCA's series factory, Revue Productions. While it would appear that Republic was well-suited for television-series production, it did not have the finances or vision to do so. Yet by the mid-fifties, thanks to its sale of old features and leasing of studio space to MCA, television was the prop holding up Republic Pictures. During this period, Republic produced Commando Cody; unsuccessful as a theater release, the 12-part serial was later sold for to NBC for television distribution. Talent-agent MCA exerted influence at the studio, bringing some high-paid clients in for occasional features, and it was rumored at various times that either MCA or deposed MGM head Louis B. Mayer would buy the studio outright. The Music Corporation of America, legally incorporated as MCA, Inc. ... Commando Cody was the hero in three science-fiction serials made around 1950 by Republic Pictures, and a 1952 feature movie based on the series titled The serials include King of the Rocket Men (1949) - which some call the last of Republics good serials, as this format from the... For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... Louis Burt Mayer (July 4, 1882 – October 29, 1957) was an early film producer. ...


From the mid-1940s onward, occasional Republic films featured Vera Hruba Ralston, a former Czechoslovakian ice-skater who had won the heart of the studio boss, becoming the second Mrs. Yates in 1949. Billed as "the most beautiful woman in films," her charms were lost on the movie-going public, as well as some of her co-stars. Years later, John Wayne allowed that the reason he left Republic in 1952 was the threat of having to make another picture - he had endured two - with Miss Ralston.


As the demand and market for B-pictures declined, Republic began to cut back, slowing production from forty features annually in the early 1950s to about eighteen in 1957. A tearful Herbert Yates informed shareholders at the 1958 annual meeting that feature-film production was ending; the distribution offices were shut down the following year. In the early 1960s, Republic sold its library of films to National Telefilm Associates (NTA). Having used the studio for series production for years, CBS bought Republic's studio lot; today it is known as CBS's "Studio Center", and in 2006 is to become home to the network's Los Angeles stations, KCBS and KCAL. CBS (formerly an acronym for Columbia Broadcasting System) is a major television network and radio broadcaster in the United States. ... KCBS is the callsign of the Columbia Broadcasting Systems three flagship broadcast stations in the United States: KCBS-TV (Channel 2) is the CBS television affiliate serving the Los Angeles area. ... KCAL-TV (Channel 9) is an independent station in Los Angeles, California. ...


The studio's parent company, Republic Corporation, survived for some years on Yates's other interests, among them Consolidated Film Labratories and the manufacture of household appliances. Other than producing a package of 26 made-for-TV movies edited from some of the Republic serials, its role in Hollywood ended with the sale of the studio lot. A television movie (also TV movie, TV-movie, made-for-TV movie, etc. ...


Aftermath

During the early 1980s, NTA re-syndicated most of the Republic film library for use by then-emerging cable televsion, and by 1986 found itself so successful with these product lines that it bought the Republic Pictures name and logo. A television-production unit was set up under the Republic name, and offered, among other things, the CBS series Beauty and the Beast. There were also a few theatrical films, including Freeway, Ruby in Paradise, and Bound. The "new" Republic also began marketing the original's serial library on videotape. Beauty and the Beast is an American television series, originally broadcast in 1987, centered around the relationship between Catherine (Linda Hamilton), an attorney who lived in New York City, and Vincent (Ron Perlman), a gentle, but lion-faced beast who belongs to a society of misfits and outcasts dwelling in... Freeway is a 1996 movie starring Kiefer Sutherland, Reese Witherspoon and Brooke Shields. ... Ruby in Paradise is a 1993 film written, directed, and edited by Victor Nuñez, and starring Ashley Judd, Todd Field, Bentley Mitchum, Allison Dean, and Dorothy Lyman. ... Bound (1996) is an American movie in the crime thriller genre, directed by the Wachowski brothers (of The Matrix fame). ...


Bought by Aaron Spelling's Spelling Entertainment, Republic won a landmark legal decision re-activating the copyright on Frank Capra's 1946 RKO film It's a Wonderful Life; (under NTA, they had already acquired the film's negative, music score, and the story on which it was based, "The Greatest Gift"). Aaron Spelling (born April 22, 1923 in Dallas, Texas) is an American film and television producer. ... Frank Capra Frank Capra (May 18, 1897 – September 3, 1991) was an American film director and a major creative force behind a number of highly popular films. ... RKO could stand for: RKO Pictures The R.K.O. - finishing manoever (and initials) of WWE professional wrestler Randy Orton. ... Its a Wonderful Life is a 1946 Frank Capra film, produced by his own Liberty Films, and released originally by RKO Radio Pictures. ...


Soon after, Spelling consolidated its many divisions, reducing Republic Pictures to a marketing brand-name. Republic's video division shut down in 1995, allowing the video rights to the Republic library to be leased to Artisan Entertainment, while the library itself continued to be released under the Republic name and logo. By the end of the decade, Viacom bought the portion of Spelling it did not own previously, thus Republic became a wholly-owned division of Paramount. Artisan (later sold to Lions Gate Home Entertainment) continued to use the Republic name, logo, and library under license from Paramount. Artisan Entertainment was a privately-held independent movie studio that since 2003 has been owned by Lions Gate Entertainment. ... Viacom is a high-growth media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable / satellite television networks (MTV Networks), video gaming (Sega of America), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures movie studio and DreamWorks; acquisition of the latter currently pending). ... The Paramount Pictures logo used since 2003. ... Lions Gate Films (NYSE: LGF) is a Canadian production-distributor company, a subsidiary of Lions Gate Entertainment, that is currently the largest and most successful independent film distributor-studio in North America. ...


As of 2006, Republic Pictures' holdings consist of a catalog of 3,000 films and TV series, including the original Republic library (except for the Roy Rogers and Gene Autry catalogs, owned by their respective estates); the pre-1973 NBC library (including Bonanza), most of the Quinn Martin (The Fugitive, The Streets of San Francisco, etc.) and Aaron Spelling (The Love Boat, Twin Peaks, Beverly Hills 90210, etc.) catalogs; select pre-1952 UA (High Noon, Copacabana, etc.) and NTA holdings (Fleischer cartoons, It's a Wonderful Life, etc.). Lions Gate Home Entertainment's home video rights expired in late 2005, and now Paramount holds home video and theatrical-distribution rights, while television distribution is now the responsiblity of CBS (since the Viacom/CBS corporate split that took effect at the beginning of 2006). The National Broadcasting Company or NBC is an American television broadcasting company based in New York Citys Rockefeller Center. ... The Bonanza logo was superimposed upon a map of a wild west frontier area. ... Quinn Martin (May 22, 1922 - August 6, 1987) was one of the most successful American television producers of all time. ... The Fugitive is an American network television dramatic series (ABC, 1963-1967) starring David Janssen as Dr. Richard Kimble, an innocent man falsely convicted for his wifes murder and sentenced to death. ... The Streets of San Francisco was a 1970s television police drama set in San Francisco, California and produced by Quinn Martin Productions. ... Aaron Spelling Aaron Spelling (born April 22, 1923 in Dallas, Texas) is an Jewish American film and television producer. ... The Love Boat - Opening Title The Love Boat was a TV series set on a cruise ship, which aired on the ABC Television Network from 1977 until 1986. ... Twin Peaks was an American dramatic television series created by David Lynch and Mark Frost. ... Beverly Hills 90210 was a popular primetime television soap opera that aired from October 1990 to May 2000 on the Fox Network in the United States and subsequently on various networks around the world. ... High Noon is a 1952 western film which tells the story of a town sheriff, who has just married a pacifist Quaker woman. ... Aerial view of Copacabana Copacabana is a district located in the southern zone of the city Rio de Janeiro, famous for its 4 km beach. ... Lions Gate Films (NYSE: LGF) is a Canadian production-distributor company, a subsidiary of Lions Gate Entertainment, that is currently the largest and most successful independent film distributor-studio in North America. ... CBS Corporation (NYSE: CBS) is a media conglomerate focused largely on the United States market, specifically broadcasting, publishing, billboards, and television production. ...


Notable Republic Pictures

1930s and 1940s

Melody Ranch (also known as Gene Autrys Melody Ranch ) is a 1940 film which tells the story of a singing cowboy who returns to his hometown to restore order when his former childhood enemies take over the town. ... The Long Voyage Home is a 1940 film which tells the story of the crew and passengers aboard a doomed freighter. ... The Ice Capades was a traveling entertainment show featuring theatrical performances involving ice skating. ... Angel and the Badman is a 1947 Western film that was directed by James Edward Grant. ... Categories: Movie stubs | 1949 films | World War II films | Best Actor Oscar Nominee (film) ...

1950s

The Rio Grande flowing in Big Bend National Park Known as the Rio Grande in the United States and as the Río Bravo (or, more formally, the Río Bravo del Norte) in Mexico, the river, 3034 km long, rises in the San Juan Mountains of Colorado, USA, flows... The Wild Blue Yonder is a science fiction documentary-film by the German director Werner Herzog, released in 2005. ... The Quiet Man was a 1952 American film starring John Wayne, Maureen OHara and Barry Fitzgerald, and directed by John Ford. ... Johnny Guitar is a 1954 Western, released by Republic Pictures. ... The Last Command can refer to: The Last Command (film) A book in the Thrawn trilogy This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...

1990s

Viacom Inc.

Corporate Directors: George Abrams | Philippe Dauman | Thomas E. Dooley | Tom Freston | Ellen V. Futter | Robert Kraft | Alan Greenberg | Charles Phillips | Sumner Redstone | Shari Redstone | Frederic Salerno | William Schwartz Ruby in Paradise is a 1993 film written, directed, and edited by Victor Nuñez, and starring Ashley Judd, Todd Field, Bentley Mitchum, Allison Dean, and Dorothy Lyman. ... Bound (1996) is an American movie in the crime thriller genre, directed by the Wachowski brothers (of The Matrix fame). ... Freeway is a 1996 movie starring Kiefer Sutherland, Reese Witherspoon and Brooke Shields. ... Viacom is a high-growth media conglomerate with various worldwide interests in cable / satellite television networks (MTV Networks), video gaming (Sega of America), and movie production and distribution (the Paramount Pictures movie studio and DreamWorks; acquisition of the latter currently pending). ... A corporation is a legal entity (distinct from a natural person) that often has similar rights in law to those of a natural person. ... It has been suggested that Board of Trustees be merged into this article or section. ... Tom Freston (born 1946) is an American television executive. ... Ellen V. Futter is President of the American Museum of Natural History. ... Robert K. Kraft, also known as Bob Kraft (born 1942) is the owner of National Football Leagues New England Patriots and Major League Soccers New England Revolution, as well as the stadium where they play, Gillette Stadium. ... Charles Phillips is President of Oracle Corporation and a member of the companys Board of Directors. ... Sumner Murray Redstone, born Sumner Murray Rothstein, May 27, 1923 in Boston, Massachusetts, is Chairman of the Board and controlling shareholder of the Viacom and CBS Corporation media conglomerates. ...

MTV Networks: CMT | Comedy Central | Logo | MTV | MTV2 | MTV En EspaƱol | MTV Networks Europe | MTV Networks Latin America | Nickelodeon/Nick at Nite/Nick Jr. | Noggin/The N | Spike TV | TV Land | VH1 | iFilm | Neopets | GameTrailers | NickToons Network | Nick GAS
Misc. Assets: BET | Paramount Pictures | Republic Pictures | Famous Music | DreamWorks MTV Networks is the corporate division of media conglomerate Viacom that oversees the operation of the following TV network brands: Country Music Television (CMT) Comedy Central Logo MHD (MTVs high-definition channel, launching January 16th, 2005) MTV MTV Hits MTV Jams MTV2 mtvU Nickelodeon/Nick at Nite Nickelodeon GAS... For other uses of this three-letter abbreviation, see CMT. Country Music Television, or CMT as it often called, is a country music oriented cable television channel. ... Comedy Central is a cable television channel in the United States. ... Logo is a U.S. digital cable television channel owned by Viacoms MTV Networks division. ... MTV: Music Television is a young adult cable television network headquartered in New York City. ... MTV2 is a cable network that is widely available in the United States on digital cable and satellite television, and is progressively being added to basic cable lineups across the nation. ... MTV En Espanol is a Spanish-language version of the cable television channel MTV, designed to appeal to Hispanic audiences with material such as music videos in Spanish. ... MTV Networks Europe is a Viacom subsidary in Europe that acts as a sister company to MTV Networks (US). ... MTV Networks Latin America is a subsidiary of MTV Networks, headquartered in Miami, operating the following television networks in Latin America: MTV Latin America MTV Mexico MTV Argentina MTV Puerto Rico Nickelodeon Latin America Nickelodeon Brazil VH1 Latin America VH1 Brazil MTVNLA also distributes these networks from MTV Networks USA... Nickelodeon (Nick for short) is a cable TV network primarily for children and pre-teens, but also features shows for teenagers in TEENick. ... Nick at Nite is an evening programming block broadcast over Nickelodeon from 9 PM – 6 AM Eastern and Pacific Standard Time. ... Nick Jr. ... Noggin is a cable television network in both the United States and United Kingdom. ... The-N is the nighttime block on Noggin for teens. ... Spike TV is a cable network that began as The Nashville Network (TNN), founded by Gaylord Entertainment Company and Group W Satellite Communications on March 7, 1983. ... TV Land is an American cable television network which first started transmissions on April 29, 1996. ... VH1 (which originally stood for Video Hits 1) is an American cable television channel that was created in January 1985 by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment (then a division of Warner Communications and then-current owners of MTV, which originally came up with the idea of the channel). ... iFilm is an online archive of short films, movie trailers, and other videos of interest. ... Screenshot of the Neopets homepage viewed with Internet Explorer Screenshot of the Neopets homepage viewed with Mozilla Firefox Neopets is an online virtual pet simulation game. ... Nicktoons Network, originally known as NickToons TV, is a digital cable and satellite television network. ... Nickelodeon Games and Sports for Kids (commonly referred to as Nickelodeon GAS or Nick GAS), is a U.S. cable television network which was launched on March 1, 1999 as part of MTV Networks suite of digital cable channels. ... Black Entertainment Television is a U.S. cable network targeted towards African-American audiences. ... The Paramount Pictures logo used since 2003. ... DreamWorks, L.L.C., doing business as DreamWorks SKG, is a Big Ten studio in the United States of America which develops, produces, and distributes films, video games, and television programming. ...

Annual Revenue: $17.3 billion USD ( image:green up.png10% 3Q 2005) | Employees: 38,350 | Stock Symbol: NYSE: VIAB | Website: www.viacom.com This article is about general United States currency. ... Green up arrow for a positive change in revenue from last fiscal year. ... New York Stock Exchange (June 2003) The New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), also nicknamed the Big Board, is the largest stock exchange in the world (by dollar volume) and second largest by number of listings. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Republic Pictures - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1057 words)
Republic Pictures Corporation (aka Republic Entertainment) is an independent film, television, and video distribution company that was originally a movie production-distribution corporation with studio facilities, best known for its specialization in quality B pictures, westerns and movie serials.
Republic was the first Hollywood studio to offer its film library to television, in 1951 creating a subsidiary, Hollywood Television Service, to peddle its vintage westerns and action thrillers.
Republic's video division shut down in 1995, allowing the video rights to the Republic library to be leased to Artisan Entertainment, while the library itself continued to be released under the Republic name and logo.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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