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Encyclopedia > Reproductive endocrinology

Reproductive endocrinology (RE) is a medical subspecialty that addresses hormonal functioning as it pertains to reproduction. While a major focus of RE is infertility, reproductive endocrinologists also evaluate and treat hormonal dysfunctions in female and males outside of infertility. Reproductive surgeons operate on anatomical disorders that affect fertility. Reproductive specialists usually have a specialty training in obstetrics and gynecology before they undergo subspecialty training for female reproductive endocrinology or in urology prior to subspecialty training for male reproductive endocrinology. For other uses, see Reproduction (disambiguation) Reproduction is the biological process by which new individual organisms are produced. ... Infertility is the inability to naturally conceive a child or the inability to carry a pregnancy to term. ... Surgeon may refer to: a practitioner of surgery the moniker of British electronic music producer and DJ, Anthony Child; see Surgeon (musician) This is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Obstetrics and gynaecology (often abbreviated Ob-Gyn in the US and O&G elsewhere) form a single medical specialty and have a combined postgraduate training program. ... Urology is the field of medicine that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males. ...

Contents


Fields of interest

Female infertility

A significant part of reproductive endocrinology is concerned with the diagnosis and management of infertility. Thus reproductive endocrinologists evaluate and treat couples with reproductive disorders, may perform reproductive surgery, and often utilize in-vitro fertilization to achieve pregnancy. In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a technique in which egg cells are fertilized outside the mothers body in cases where conception is difficult or impossible through normal intercourse. ... Pregnant woman at 26-week gestation A pregnant woman near the end of her term Pregnancy is the carrying of one or more embryos or fetuses by female mammals, including humans, inside their bodies. ...


Reproductive surgery

Complex surgery in women or men that aims to preserve reproductive potential is often done by RE specialist.


Non-infertility issues

Reproductive endocrinologists are especially trained to deal with complex hormonal issues in women or men.


Certification

In a number of countries the pathway to become a subspecialist in RE is regulated. Thus in the USA the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ABOG) sets the standards for subspecialtists to become certified. After a four-year training in Obstetrics and Gynecology a three-year approved fellowship needs to be successfully completed. A fellow in its broadest sense is someone who is an equal or a comrade. ...


Societies

Reproductive endocrinologists often belong to specific medical societies, such as ASRM or ESHRE. The American Society of Reproductive Medicine (ASRM) is an organization that wants to advance the art, science, and practice of reproductive medicine . It provides a forum for lay public, researchers, physicians and affiliated health workers through education, publications, and meetings. ... The European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) was created in 1985 by both Professor R.G. Edwards from Cambridge, and Dr. J. Cohen from Paris, who felt that the study and research in the field of reproduction needed to be encouraged and recognized. ...


See also

Andrology (from the Greek andros, man) is the medical specialty that deals with male health, particularly relating to the problems of the male reproductive system and urological problems that are unique to men. ... Endocrinology is a branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the endocrine system and its specific secretions called hormones. ...

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