FACTOID # 10: The total number of state executions in 2005 was 60: 19 in Texas and 41 elsewhere. The racial split was 19 Black and 41 White.
 
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Encyclopedia > Reporters Without Borders

Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, Spanish: Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF) is a French origin international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, founded by its current general-secretary, Robert Menard. Image File history File links RSF_trilingual. ... A non-governmental organization (NGO) is a non-profit group or association that acts outside of institutionalized political structures and pursues matters of interest to its members by lobbying, persuasion, or direct action. ... Freedom of the press (or press freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public press for its citizens and their associations, extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ...

Contents

Press freedom

Although small in size, RWB has been recognized for the frequent issuing of reports and press releases on press freedom.


Reporters Without Borders states that it draws its inspiration from Article 19 of the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which states that everyone has "the right to freedom of opinion and expression" and also the right to "seek, receive and impart" information and ideas "regardless of frontiers." This has been re-affirmed by several charters and declarations around the world. In Europe, this right is included in the 1950 Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. Wikisource has original text related to this article: Universal Declaration of Human Rights The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (also UDHR) is a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (A/RES/217, December 10, 1948 at Palais de Chaillot, Paris), outlining the organizations view on the human... The European Convention on Human Rights (1950) was adopted under the auspices of the Council of Europe† to protect human rights and fundamental freedoms. ...


Reporters Without Borders published the Handbook for Bloggers and Cyber-Dissidents in September 2005. The handbook provides technical tips on how to start a blog anonymously and avoid censorship. It includes contributions from renowned journalists Dan Gillmor, Jay Rosen and Ethan Zuckerman. 2005 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Deaths in September September 28 : Constance Baker Motley September 25 : M. Scott Peck September 25 : Don Adams September 20 : Simon Wiesenthal September 14 : Robert Wise September 10 : Hermann Bondi September 8 : Donald Horne September 7 : Moussa Arafat... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Censorship is basically the editing, removing, or otherwise changing speech and other forms of human expression. ... Dan Gillmor is a noted American technology writer and former columnist for the San Jose Mercury News. ... Jay Rosen (born in Buffalo, New York) is a press critic, a writer, and a professor of journalism at New York University. ... Ethan Zuckerman is a co-founder of Tripod and the founder of Geekcorps. ...


Reporters Without Borders is a founding member of the International Freedom of Expression Exchange, a virtual network of non-governmental organisations that monitors free expression violations worldwide and campaigns to defend journalists, writers and others who are persecuted for exercising their right to freedom of expression. International Freedom of Expression eXchange. ... Freedom of speech is the right to freely say what one pleases, as well as the related right to hear what others have stated. ...


In 2005, Reporters Without Borders shared the European Parliament's Sakharov Prize for freedom of thought with Nigerian human rights lawyer Hauwa Ibrahim and Cuba's Ladies in White movement.[1] The European Parliament is the parliamentary body of the European Union (EU), directly elected by EU citizens once every five years. ... The Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought, named after Soviet scientist and dissident Andrei Sakharov, was established in December 1985 by the European Parliament as a means to honour individuals or organizations who had dedicated their lives to the defence of human rights and freedoms. ... Hauwa Ibrahim is a Nigerian human rights lawyer who won the European Parliaments Sakharov Prize in 2005. ... Ladies in White (Damas de Blanco) is an opposition movement in Cuba that unites the spouses and other relatives of dissidents jailed by the government of Fidel Castro. ...


Criticisms

The impartiality of Reporters Without Borders is not universally accepted. A significant amount of funding (19% of total) comes from certain western governments and organisations.[2][3][4] However, RWB has openly criticized Western countries for their treatment of reporters (e.g. the United States' occupation of Iraq).


Some people sympathetic with Cuba are highly critical of an apparent RWB anti-Castro bias. Lucie Morillon, RWB's Washington representative, confirmed in an interview on 29 April 2005 that the organization receives money from the Washington-based Center for a Free Cuba ($50,000 in 2004), and that a contract with the US State Department's Special Envoy to the Western Hemisphere, Otto Reich, requires them to inform Europeans about repression against journalists in Cuba. However, the organisation has denied that its campaigning on the issue of Cuba - in declarations on radio and television, full-page ads in Parisian dailies, posters, leafletting at airports, and an April 2003 occupation of the Cuban tourism office in Paris - were related to the payments.[5] 1.3% of total funding come from this source.[2] In addition, RWB receives free publicity from Saatchi and Saatchi, a member of the world's fourth-largest marketing and public relations conglomerate, Publicis Groupe. It has been noted that a major Publicis client is Bacardi, which has been at the forefront of financing anti-Castro groups.[6] A judge stopped the organization from using a copyrighted image of Ernesto Che Guevara.[7] RWB has been described as an 'ultrareactionary' organization by the official newspaper of the Central Committee of the Cuban Communist Party, Granma. // Castro is an Iberian word coming from Latin castrum, a fortification. ... April 29 is the 119th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (120th in leap years). ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Otto Reich Otto Juan Reich (b. ... Saatchi & Saatchi is an advertising agency founded by brothers Maurice (now Lord Saatchi) and art collector Charles, most famous for their campaign on behalf of the Conservative Party before the 1979 UK general election and for the adverts for British Airways and other state owned interests privatised by the Conservatives... The current version of the article or section reads like an advertisement. ... Che Guevara Ernesto Rafael Guevara de la Serna (May 14, 1928 – October 9, 1967), commonly known as Che Guevara, was an Argentine-born Marxist revolutionary and Cuban guerrilla leader. ... Granma is the ship that transported the fighters of the Cuban Revolution to Cuba in 1956. ...


Some critics find RWB's reporting of press freedom in Haiti during and after Jean-Bertrand Aristide presidency suspect, arguing that it is biased due funding from the United States.[8] This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Reporters Without Borders have called on the US government to free two journalists it said were being unjustly held at a US prison in Iraq, and at the US military base in Guantanamo, Cuba.[9] However, some critics find it questionable that this was only mentioned in 2006. They also claim that RSF supported the invasion of Iraq, even celebrating the illegal bombing of the ministry of information, a civilian target, whitewashed the U.S. killing of Telecinco Cameraman Jose couso and Reuters Cameraman Taras Protsyuk, and have remained silent about about AP Journalist Bilal Hussein who has been imprisoned by occupation troops.[10] However, this is contradicted by statements made by the RSF.[11][12]


Worldwide press freedom index

RWB compiles and publishes an annual ranking of countries based upon the organization's assessment of their press freedom records. Small countries, such as Malta, and Andorra, are excluded from this report. The 2006 list was published on 24 October 2006. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1355x651, 58 KB) The map is based on the map originally created by User:Astrokey44. ...


The report is based on a questionnaire sent to partner organisations of Reporters Without Borders (14 freedom of expression groups in five continents) and its 130 correspondents around the world, as well as to journalists, researchers, jurists and human rights activists.[13]


The survey asks questions about direct attacks on journalists and the media as well as other indirect sources of pressure against the free press. RWB is careful to note that the index only deals with press freedom, and does not measure the quality of journalism. Due to the nature of the survey's methodology based on individual perceptions, there are often wide contrasts in a country's ranking from year to year. The ranking also states it takes into account pressure on journalists by non-governmental groups, for example the Basque terrorist group ETA in Spain or the Mafia in Russia, or pressure groups that can pose a real threat to press freedom. Capital Vitoria-Gasteiz Official languages Basque and Spanish Area  â€“ Total  â€“ % of Spain Ranked 14th  7 234 km²  1,4% Population  â€“ Total (2005)  â€“ % of Spain  â€“ Density Ranked 7th  2 124 846  4,9%  293,73/km² Demonym  â€“ English  â€“ Spanish  â€“ Basque  Basque  vasco/a euskal herritar, euskaldun GDP GDP/Cápita 30. ... ETA symbol or ETA (Basque for Basque Homeland and Freedom; IPA pronunciation: [) is a paramilitary Basque nationalist organization listed as a terrorist organization both by the European Union and the United States in their watchlists on the matter. ...


A higher number in the ranking means more restraints on freedom of the press.

Yearly worldwide press freedom ranking of countries
published by Reporters Without Borders
Rank Country Index
2006 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
1  Finland 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
1 Flag of Iceland Iceland 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
1 Flag of Republic of Ireland Ireland 0.50 0.50 0.50 2.83 1.00
1 Flag of Netherlands Netherlands 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
5  Czech Republic 0.75 1.00 3.50 2.50 11.25
6  Estonia 2.00 1.50 2.00 2.50  
6 Flag of Norway Norway 2.00 0.50 0.50 0.50 0.50
8  Slovakia 2.50 0.75 0.50 2.50  
8 Flag of Switzerland Switzerland 2.50 0.50 0.50 2.50 4.25
10 Flag of Hungary Hungary 3.00 2.00 6.00 3.33 6.50
10 Flag of Latvia Latvia 3.00 2.50 1.00 2.25  
10 Flag of Portugal Portugal 3.00 4.83 4.50 5.17 1.50
10  Slovenia 3.00 1.00 2.25 3.00 4.00
14  Belgium 4.00 4.00 4.00 1.17 3.50
14 Flag of Sweden Sweden 4.00 2.00 2.00 1.50 1.50
16 Flag of Austria Austria 4.50 2.50 3.25 2.75 7.50
16 Flag of Bolivia Bolivia 4.50 9.67 20.00 9.67 14.50
16 Flag of Canada Canada 4.50 4.50 3.33 1.83 0.75
19 Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 5.00 7.00 3.67 6.83 12.50
19 Flag of Denmark Denmark 5.00 0.50 0.50 1.00 3.00
19 Flag of New Zealand New Zealand 5.00 2.00 0.67 2.83  
19 Flag of Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago 5.00 2.00 2.00 1.00  
23 Flag of Benin Benin 5.50 5.50 5.50 5.25 6.00
23 Flag of Germany Germany 5.50 4.00 2.00 1.33 1.50
23 Flag of Jamaica Jamaica 5.50 7.50 4.17 3.33  
26 Flag of Namibia Namibia 6.00 5.50 10.00 11.00 8.00
27 Flag of Lithuania Lithuania 6.50 4.50 3.00 2.83  
27 Flag of United Kingdom United Kingdom 6.50 5.17 6.00 4.25 6.00
29  Costa Rica 6.67 8.50 7.63 3.83 4.25
30  Cyprus (Republic of Cyprus) 7.50 5.50 22.00 20.83  
31  Republic of Korea 7.75 7.50 11.13 9.17 10.50
32 Flag of Greece Greece 8.00 4.00 7.00 6.00 5.00
32 Flag of Mauritius Mauritius 8.00 7.50 10.50 7.25 9.50
34 Flag of Ghana Ghana 8.50 15.00 13.50 8.75 23.00
35 Flag of Australia Australia 9.00 6.50 9.50 9.25 3.50
35  Bulgaria 9.00 10.25 8.00 6.50 9.75
35 Flag of France France 9.00 6.25 3.50 4.17 3.25
35 Flag of Mali Mali 9.00 8.00 12.83 11.00 12.50
39  Panama 9.50 15.00 14.50 9.75 15.50
40 Flag of Italy Italy 9.90 8.67 9.00 9.75 11.00
41 Flag of El Salvador El Salvador 10.00 5.75 6.00 6.83 8.75
41 Flag of Spain Spain 10.00 8.33 9.00 7.67 7.75
43 Republic of China Republic of China (Taiwan) 10.50 12.25 14.25 12.00 9.00
44 Flag of South Africa South Africa 11.25 6.50 5.00 3.33 7.50
45 Flag of Cape Verde Cape Verde 11.50 6.00 8.75 8.25 13.75
45 Flag of Republic of Macedonia Republic of Macedonia 11.50 8.75 11.25 9.67  
45 Flag of Mozambique Mozambique 11.50 10.50 16.25 14.00 23.50
45 Flag of Serbia and Montenegro Serbia and Montenegro 11.50 14.83 20.13 21.33 20.75
49  Chile 11.63 11.75 10.00 6.83 6.50
50  Israel 12.00 10.00 8.00 8.00 30.00
  Flag of Grenada Grenada     12.00    
51  Japan 12.50 8.00 10.00 8.00 7.50
52 Flag of Dominican Republic Dominican Republic 12.75 12.25 6.75 17.00  
53 Flag of Botswana Botswana 13.00 14.00 11.50 13.00  
53 Flag of Croatia Croatia 13.00 12.83 11.83 16.50 8.75
53 Flag of Tonga Tonga 13.00 14.50 38.17    
53 Flag of United States United States (American territory) 13.00 9.50 4.00 6.00 4.75
57 Flag of Uruguay Uruguay 13.75 9.75 10.00 4.00 6.00
58 Flag of Fiji Fiji 14.00 14.00 16.00 11.50  
58 Flag of Hong Kong Hong Kong 14.00 8.25 7.50 11.00 4.83
58  Poland 14.00 12.50 6.83 6.17 7.75
58 Flag of Romania Romania 14.00 16.17 17.83 11.50 13.25
62 Flag of Central African Republic Central African Republic 14.50 19.75 32.50 32.75 21.50
62 Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus 14.50 12.50  
62 Flag of Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau 14.50 17.00 23.50 35.25 30.25
62 Flag of Honduras Honduras 14.50 18.00 11.75 14.17  
66 Flag of Madagascar Madagascar 15.00 24.50 18.50 8.17 22.75
66 Flag of Togo Togo 15.00 23.75 19.50 27.50 31.50
68 Flag of Ecuador Ecuador 15.25 21.75 16.50 7.67 5.50
69 Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua 15.50 15.25 11.67 6.50  
70 Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso 16.00 19.00 16.25 18.00 27.75
70 Flag of Kosovo Kosovo 16.00 25.75      
70 Flag of Lesotho Lesotho 16.00 19.50 29.50 17.75  
73 Flag of Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo 17.00 17.00 17.50 14.00 23.17
73 Flag of Kuwait Kuwait 17.00 21.25 31.67 31.33 25.50
75 Flag of Brazil Brazil 17.17 14.50 16.50 16.75 18.75
76 Flag of Argentina Argentina 17.30 13.67 21.33 15.17 12.00
77 Flag of Mauritania Mauritania 17.50 40.00 51.00 36.67 41.33
77 Flag of Senegal Senegal 17.50 19.00 21.50 14.50 14.00
77 Flag of United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 17.50 25.75 50.25 37.00  
80 Flag of Albania Albania 18.00 14.17 11.50 6.50  
80  Qatar 18.00 23.00 32.50 35.00  
82 Flag of Paraguay Paraguay 18.25 15.50 10.50 7.17 8.50
Rank Country Index
2006 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002
83 Flag of Timor-Leste Timor-Leste 18.50 13.50 13.50 5.50  
84 Flag of Liberia Liberia 19.00 20.50 40.00 40.00 37.75
85 Flag of Moldova Moldova 19.17 17.50 20.50 27.00  
86 Flag of Mongolia Mongolia 19.25 12.50 19.00 18.25 24.50
87 Flag of Haiti Haiti 19.50 33.50 42.13 31.00 36.50
88 Flag of Tanzania Tanzania 19.82 17.50 14.50 16.50 21.25
89  Georgia 21.00 25.17 27.50 17.33  
90 Flag of Guatemala Guatemala 21.25 21.50 16.50 30.83 27.25
91 Flag of Angola Angola 21.50 18.00 26.50 28.00 30.17
92 Flag of Malaysia Malaysia 22.25 33.00 39.83 32.00 37.83
93 Flag of Comoros Comoros 22.50 22.00 26.50 18.50 20.50
93 Flag of Zambia Zambia 22.50 23.00 29.75 23.25 26.75
95 Flag of Niger Niger 24.50 13.00 18.33 15.75 18.50
95 Flag of Seychelles Seychelles 24.50 17.00 23.50 26.75 20.75
97 Flag of Morocco Morocco 24.83 36.17 43.00 39.67 29.00
98 Flag of Bhutan Bhutan 25.00 51.50 55.83 77.33 90.75
98  Côte d'Ivoire 25.00 52.25 60.38 42.17 19.00
98 Flag of Turkey Turkey 25.00 25.00 37.25 35.00 33.50
101 Flag of Armenia Armenia 25.50 26.00 23.50 25.17  
101 Flag of Malawi Malawi 25.50 22.75 31.00 21.00 27.67
103  Indonesia 26.00 26.00 37.75 34.25 20.00
103 Flag of Sierra Leone Sierra Leone 26.00 39.50 24.50 23.50 24.50
105 Flag of India India 26.50 27.00 38.50 39.00 26.50
105 Flag of Ukraine Ukraine 26.50 32.50 51.00 40.00 40.00
107 Flag of Lebanon Lebanon 27.00 28.25 24.38 32.50 19.67
108 Flag of Cambodia Cambodia 27.25 23.00 36.50 19.50 24.25
109 Flag of Guinea Guinea 27.50 26.00 24.50 33.17 26.00
109 Flag of Jordan Jordan 27.50 24.00 39.13 37.00 33.50
111  Bahrain 28.00 38.75 52.50 35.17 23.00
112 Flag of Cameroon Cameroon 28.25 20.50 27.00 30.50 28.83
112 Flag of Peru Peru 28.25 33.33 40.00 10.25 9.50
114 Flag of Gabon Gabon 28.50 26.00 37.50 31.25 20.50
115 Flag of Venezuela Venezuela 29.00 23.00 24.63 27.83 25.00
116 Flag of Uganda Uganda 29.83 19.25 24.00 25.75 17.00
117 Flag of Tajikistan Tajikistan 30.00 33.00 27.75 34.50 28.25
118 Flag of Kenya Kenya 30.25 30.00 22.25 18.50 24.75
119 Flag of United States United States (extra-territorial) 31.50 48.50 36.00 41.00  
120 Flag of Nigeria Nigeria 32.23 38.75 37.75 31.50 15.50
121 Flag of Djibouti Djibouti 33.00 37.00 55.00 35.50 31.25
122 Flag of Thailand Thailand 33.50 28.00 14.00 19.67 22.75
123 Flag of Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 34.00 32.00 35.25 32.00 31.75
124 Flag of Chad Chad 35.50 30.00 33.25 24.00 28.75
  Flag of Brunei Brunei         38.00
125 Burundi Burundi 39.83        
126  Algeria 40.00 40.33 43.50 33.00 31.00
127 Flag of Swaziland Swaziland 40.50 35.00 31.00 37.50 29.00
128 Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 41.00 36.17 44.17 42.50 42.00
128 Flag of Rwanda Rwanda 41.00 38.00 37.25 34.25 37.50
130 Flag of Afghanistan Afghanistan 44.25 39.17 28.25 40.17 35.50
131 Flag of Colombia Colombia 44.75 40.17 47.38 49.17 40.83
132 Flag of Mexico Mexico 45.83 45.50 27.83 17.67 24.75
133 Flag of Egypt Egypt 46.25 52.00 43.50 34.25 34.50
134 Flag of Palestinian National Authority Palestine 46.75 42.50 43.17 39.25 27.00
135 Flag of Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 47.00 51.00 49.67 34.50 34.50
135  Israel (extra-territorial) 47.00   37.50 49.00  
137 Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh 48.00 61.25 62.50 46.50 43.75
137 Flag of Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea 48.00 44.00 46.25 44.75 42.75
139 Flag of Sudan Sudan 48.13 44.00 44.25 45.75 36.00
140 Flag of Zimbabwe Zimbabwe 50.00 64.25 67.50 45.50 48.25
141 Flag of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka 50.75 33.25 36.50 24.83 15.75
142 Flag of Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo 51.00 57.33 51.50 38.50 40.75
142 Flag of Philippines Philippines 51.00 50.00 36.63 35.25 29.00
144 Flag of Maldives Maldives 51.25 58.50 69.17 47.50  
144 Flag of Somalia Somalia 51.25 59.00 43.50 45.00  
146  Singapore 51.50 50.67 57.00 47.33  
147  Russia 52.50 48.67 51.38 49.50 48.00
148 Flag of Tunisia Tunisia 53.75 57.50 62.67 50.83 67.75
149 Flag of The Gambia Gambia 54.00 41.00 29.50 18.25 22.50
149 Flag of Yemen Yemen 54.00 46.25 48.00 41.83 34.75
151 Flag of Belarus Belarus 57.00 61.33 54.10 52.00 52.17
   Oman       57.75  
152 Flag of Libya Libya 62.50 88.75 65.00 60.00 72.50
153 Flag of Syria Syria 63.00 55.00 67.50 67.50 62.83
154 Flag of Iraq Iraq 66.83 67.00 58.50 37.50 79.00
155 Flag of Vietnam Vietnam 67.25 73.25 86.88 89.17 81.25
156 Flag of Laos Laos 67.50 66.50 64.33 94.83 89.00
157 Flag of Pakistan Pakistan 70.33 60.75 61.75 39.00 44.67
158 Flag of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan 71.00 66.50 52.13 61.50 45.00
159 Nepal Nepal 73.50 86.75 84.00 51.50 63.00
160 Flag of Ethiopia Ethiopia 75.00 42.00 37.00 37.50 37.50
161 Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia 76.00 66.00 79.17 71.50 62.50
162 Flag of Iran Iran 90.88 89.17 78.30 89.33 48.25
163  People's Republic of China (Mainland only) 94.00 83.00 92.33 91.25 97.00
164 Flag of Myanmar Myanmar 94.75 88.83 103.63 95.50 96.83
165 Flag of Cuba Cuba 95.00 87.00 106.83 97.83 90.25
166 Flag of Eritrea Eritrea 97.50 99.75 93.25 91.50 83.67
167 Flag of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan 98.50 93.50 99.83 82.83 91.50
168 Flag of North Korea Democratic People's Republic of Korea 109.00 109.00 107.50 99.50 97.50

Image File history File links Flag_of_Finland_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iceland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Estonia_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovakia_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Latvia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Slovenia_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bolivia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Denmark. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Trinidad_and_Tobago. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Benin. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jamaica. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Namibia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lithuania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Costa_Rica_(state). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cyprus_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritius. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ghana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Australia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mali. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Panama_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_El_Salvador. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_China. ... The Republic of China (Traditional Chinese: 中華民國; Simplified Chinese: 中华民国; Wade-Giles: Chung-hua Min-kuo, Tongyong Pinyin: JhongHuá MínGuó, Hanyu Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Mínguó) is a state that currently administers the island groups of Taiwan, the Pescadores, Quemoy, and the... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cape_Verde. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Macedonia. ... Anthem: Transliteration: English: Capital Skopje Largest city Skopje Macedonian, Albanian1 Government Parliamentary republic  - President Branko Crvenkovski  - Prime Minister Nikola Gruevski Independence from Yugoslavia   - Declared September 8, 1991  Area  - Total 25,333 km² (148th) 9,779 sq mi   - Water (%) 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mozambique. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_and_Montenegro. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Grenada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Dominican_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Botswana. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tonga. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uruguay. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Fiji. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hong_Kong. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Central_African_Republic. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Turkish_Republic_of_Northern_Cyprus. ... Anthem: Ä°stiklâl Marşı1 (Turkish: Independence March) Capital LefkoÅŸa (Nicosia) Largest city LefkoÅŸa (Nicosia) Official language(s) Turkish Government Representative democratic republic  - President Mehmet Ali Talat  - Prime Minister Ferdi Sabit Soyer Independence2 From the Republic of Cyprus   - Declared 15 November 1983  Area    - Total 3,355 km² (not... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guinea-Bissau. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Honduras. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Madagascar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Togo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ecuador. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nicaragua. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burkina_Faso. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Nations. ... For other uses of the name Kosovo, see Kosovo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lesotho. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kuwait. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mauritania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Senegal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Arab_Emirates. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Qatar_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Paraguay. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_East_Timor. ... The Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, commonly known as East Timor, is an island nation in Southeast Asia, consisting of the eastern half of the island of Timor, the nearby islands of Atauro and Jaco, and Oecussi-Ambeno, a political exclave of East Timor situated on the western side of... Image File history File links Flag_of_Liberia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Moldova. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mongolia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Haiti. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tanzania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Georgia_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guatemala. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Angola. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malaysia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Comoros. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zambia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Niger. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Seychelles. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bhutan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cote_d'Ivoire. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkey. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Malawi. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Indonesia_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sierra_Leone. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ukraine. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cambodia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Guinea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bahrain_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cameroon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Gabon. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Venezuela. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uganda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tajikistan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kenya. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nigeria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Djibouti. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Thailand. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kyrgyzstan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chad. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brunei. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Burundi. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Swaziland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Kazakhstan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Rwanda. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Afghanistan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Egypt. ... Image File history File links Palestinian_flag. ... Anthem: Biladi Capital None. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Azerbaijan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bangladesh. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Equatorial_Guinea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sudan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Zimbabwe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sri_Lanka. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Democratic_Republic_of_the_Congo. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Philippines. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Maldives. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somalia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Singapore_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Tunisia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_The_Gambia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Yemen. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belarus. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Oman_(bordered). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Libya. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Syria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iraq. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Vietnam. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Laos. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Pakistan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Uzbekistan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nepal. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ethiopia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Saudi_Arabia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Iran. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... The highlighted area in the map is what is commonly known as mainland China. Mainland China (Simplified Chinese: 中国大陆; Traditional Chinese: 中國大陸; pinyin: Zhōnggúo Dàlù; literally The Chinese Massive Landmass or Continental China) is an informal (disputed — see talk page) geographical term which is usually synonymous with the area... Image File history File links Flag_of_Myanmar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Eritrea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Turkmenistan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ...

External links

  1. ^ European Parliament. Ladies, Ibrahim and Reporters joint Sakharov prize winners
  2. ^ a b Reporters Without Borders. Income and expenditure
  3. ^ Z Magazine. The Reporters Without Borders Fraud
  4. ^ The Newspaper Guilt. [1]
  5. ^ CounterPunch. Reporters Without Borders Unmasked
  6. ^ Rock around the Blockade. Think before you drink: What you should know about Bacardi
  7. ^ French court prohibits spurious use of Che’s image in anti-Cuban media campaign
  8. ^ CounterPunch. Reporters Without Borders and Washington's Coups
  9. ^ Reporters Without Borders. Where the United States imprisons journalists
  10. ^ Reporteros Sin Fronteras y sus contradicciones
  11. ^ Reporters Without Borders. Detention and murder: the nightmare continues for journalists
  12. ^ Reporters Without Borders. Two staff members of Al-Iraqiya television killed by US fire
  13. ^ Reporters Without Borders. How the index was compiled

See also

There are several non-governmental organizations that publish and maintain assessments of the state of freedom in the world and rank countries as being free, partly free, or unfree using various measures of freedom, including political rights, economic rights, and civil liberties. ... A chilling effect is a situation where speech or conduct is suppressed or limited by fear of penalization at the hands of an individual or group. ... Media Transparency is the concept of determining how and why information is conveyed through various means. ...

External links

  • Reporters Without Borders
  • Reporters Without Borders. Worldwide press freedom index 2002.
  • Reporters Without Borders. Worldwide press freedom index 2003.
  • Reporters Without Borders. Worldwide press freedom index 2004.
  • Reporters Without Borders. Worldwide press freedom index 2005;
  • Reporters Without Borders. Worldwide press freedom index 2006.
  • The Lies of Reporters without Borders by Salim Lamrani, Réseau Voltaire, 9 September 2005.
  • Reporters Without Britches Reporters Without Borders Caught with Their Pants Down, by Carolina Cositore, ZNet, 12 February 2005. Critical article about the political and financial background of Reporters Without Borders.
  • Reporters Without Borders Unmasked Its Secret Deal with Otto Reich to Wreck Cuba's Economy, by Diana Barahona, Counterpunch, 17 May 2005)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reporters sans frontières - United States (1319 words)
Reporters Without Borders today condemned a motion filed by US federal prosecutors yesterday calling for the rescinding of a decision to release San Francisco-based video journalist and blogger Josh Wolf on bail pending the outcome of his appeal.
Reporters Without Borders today hailed a federal appeal court’s decision yesterday to release journalist and blogger Josh Wolf on bail while it hears his appeal against a contempt of court ruling under which he had been imprisoned since 1 August for refusing to turn over his video files to the police.
Reporters Without Borders added: “Keeping Wolf in prison would be tantamount to denying the role that the press is supposed to play in a democracy, one of questioning and criticising.
Reporters Without Borders petitions Steve Jobs | The Register (1035 words)
The resulting report largely exonerated the company, finding "no evidence whatsoever of the use of child labour or any form of forced labour" and factories which were "generally bright, clean and modern with air-conditioned assembly line areas".
Reporters Without Borders, an organisation that defends press freedom throughout the world, urges you to intercede with your subcontractor in China, the Taiwanese company Foxconn, and get it to drop its lawsuit against reporter Wang You and editor Weng Bao of China Business News (Diyi Jingji Ribao).
Reporters' work should be free from any prejudice and strive to present only the truth; this is any journalist's basic code of professional conduct and code of ethics, as he or she enjoys unfettered freedom for speech.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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