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Encyclopedia > Repartimiento

The Repartimiento de Mercancias was a colonial labor system imposed upon the indigenous population of Spanish America. However, it is important to note that "repartimiento" was present in the entire empire of Spain, for example in the Philippines. It was, in general, a process of the encomienda system under pressure of the Roman Catholic Church. A conquistador would take over and supervise a number of indigenous workers, who would labor at crop fields or mines, or in the Philippines in ship building of the Manila Galleons. The one in charge of doing the reparto ("distribution") of workers was the Alcalde Mayor (local magistrate) of the city. The diminution of the number of Native Americans due to European diseases (smallpox, influenza, measles and typhus) to which the native populations had no resistance, as well as them running away from work fields, led to the substitution of the encomienda system. There were instances when both systems (repartimiento and encomienda) sometimes coexisted. Native American communities which were close to Spanish populations were required to provide a percentage of their people (2-4 %) to work in agriculture, construction of houses, streets, etc. Many came escaping the encomienda system and looking for work to obtain a salary. Others signed contracts for six months to a year, a time during which the worker was required to be paid a salary (something the Spanish Crown did not enforce or support), provided living quarters as well as religious services. Spanish colonization of the Americas began with the arrival in the Americas of Christopher Columbus in 1492. ... The Encomienda system is a trusteeship system, by which conquistadors were granted the towns of the indigenous people they conquered. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Conquistador (meaning Conqueror in the Spanish language) is the term used to refer to the soldiers, explorers, and adventurers who achieved the Conquista (this Spanish term is generally accepted by historians), i. ... A Hupa man, 1923 The term indigenous peoples of the Americas encompasses the inhabitants of the Americas before the arrival of the European explorers in the 15th century, as well as many present-day ethnic groups who identify themselves with those historical peoples. ... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a highly contagious disease unique to humans. ... Influenza, commonly known as the flu or the grippe, is a contagious disease of the upper airways and the lungs, caused by an RNA virus of the orthomyxoviridae family. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Epidemic typhus. ... The Encomienda system is a trusteeship system, by which conquistadors were granted the towns of the indigenous people they conquered. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
 
The Repartimiento System (891 words)
The repartimiento de indios (the "distribution of indians" as the practice was called) began with the New Laws.
Before 1542 there was no difference between the terms encomiendas and repartimientos de indios, but after 1542 the term encomienda referred to the tribute paid by the Indians while repartimiento meant labor performed by the Indians themselves.
With the repartimiento Indians were paid a miniscule "salary." With the wages they had they were expected to pay a tribute, but once the tribute was paid little money was left.
Repartimiento - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (277 words)
The Repartimiento de Mercancias was a colonial labor system imposed upon the indigenous population of Spanish America.
However, it is important to note that "repartimiento" was present in the entire empire of Spain, for example in the Philippines.
The diminution of the number of Native Americans due to European diseases (smallpox, influenza, measles and typhus) to which the native populations had no resistance, as well as them running away from work fields, led to the substitution of the encomienda system.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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