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Encyclopedia > Renault
Renault S.A.
Type Public (Euronext: RNO)
Founded February 25, 1899
Headquarters Flag of France Boulogne-Billancourt, France
Key people Carlos Ghosn, President & CEO
Industry Automotive
Products Automobiles
Trucks and buses
Revenue 41.528 billion (2006) -0.8%
Operating income 1.323 billion (2005)
Net income 3.453 billion (2005)
Employees 126,584 (2005)
Subsidiaries Dacia
Renault F1
Renault Samsung Motors
Renault Sport
Website www.renault.com

Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks. The company is well known for numerous revolutionary designs, security technologies, and motor racing. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Renault_logo. ... General public redirects here. ... Euronext N.V. is a pan-European stock exchange based in Paris[1] and with subsidiaries in Belgium, France, Netherlands, Portugal and the United Kingdom. ... is the 56th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Boulogne-Billancourt is a city and commune in France, the sous-préfecture (=subprefecture) of the Hauts-de-Seine département in the Île-de-France région. ... Carlos Ghosn (Arabic: كارلوس غصن; born March 9, 1954) is CEO of Renault and Nissan Motors. ... Car redirects here. ... Car redirects here. ... Trucks can refer to several things: The plural of: Truck, the motorized vehicle Truck, other uses of the singular As a name: Trucks was a rock band Trucks is a short story by Stephen King Trucks is a movie based on the Stephen King short story Trucks! is a television... Autobus redirects here. ... For the tax agency in Ireland of the same name, see Revenue Commissioners. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT), also known as operating income and operating profit, is a term used to describe a companys earnings. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Net income is equal to the income that a firm has after subtracting costs and expenses from the total revenue. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... One thousand million (1,000,000,000) is the natural number following 999,999,999 and preceding 1,000,000,001. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about work. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A subsidiary, in business, is an entity that is controlled by another entity. ... Dacia (IPA: ) is a Romanian car maker which is a subsidiary of Renault group. ... Renault F1 is the Renault companys Formula One racing team. ... Renault Samsung Motors (Korean: 르노삼성 자동차) is a South Korean car maker. ... Renault Sport Technologies (commonly known as Renault Sport or RST) is the motorsport division of Renault. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... The Trikke is a Human Powered Vehicle (HPV) Automobiles are among the most commonly used engine powered vehicles. ...

Contents

History

Foundation and early years (1898–1918)

Producing cars since late 1898, the Renault corporation was founded in 1899 as Société Renault Frères by Louis Renault, his brothers Marcel and Fernand, and his friends Thomas Evert and Julian Wyer. Louis was a bright, aspiring young engineer who had already designed and built several models before teaming up with his brothers, who had honed their business skills working for their father's textiles firm. While Louis handled design and production, Marcel and Fernand handled company management. Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Louis Renault (February 15, 1877, Paris, France – October 24, 1944) was a French industrialist and one of the foremost pioneers of the automobile industry. ... Marcel Renault in 1902 Marcel Renault was a French car racing driver and industrialist, co-founder of the car maker Renault, and the brother of Louis and Fernand Renault. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ...


The first Renault car, the Renault Voiturette 1CV was sold to a friend of Louis' father after giving him a test ride on December 24, 1898. The client was so impressed with the way the tiny car ran and how it climbed the streets that he bought it. The Renault Voiturette (Renault Little Car) was Renaults first ever produced automobile, and was manufacturated between 1898 and 1903. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The brothers immediately recognised the publicity that could be obtained for their vehicles by participation in motor racing and Renault made itself known through achieving instant success in the first city-to-city races held in Switzerland, resulting in rapid expansion for the company. Both Louis and Marcel Renault raced company vehicles, but Marcel was killed in an accident during the 1903 Paris-Madrid race. Although Louis Renault never raced again, his company remained very involved, including Ferenc Szisz winning the first ever Grand Prix motor racing[1] event in a Renault AK 90CV in 1906. Louis was to take full control of the company as the only remaining brother in 1906 when Fernand retired for health reasons. Auto racing (also known as automobile racing or autosport) is a sport involving racing automobiles. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Ferenc Szisz (September 20, 1873–February 21, 1944), was a French race car driver and the winner of the first Grand Prix motor racing event. ... Grand Prix motor racing has its roots in organised automobile racing that began in France as far back as 1894. ... The Renault Grand Prix was a race car manufactured between 1906 and 1908 by French car maker Renault. ... The 1906 French Grand Prix was the first automobile race that took place at Le Mans on 26th June 1906. ...


The Renault reputation for poor build quality through innovation was fostered from very early on. In 1899, Renault launched the first production sedan car. At the time, cars were very much luxury items, and the price of the smallest Renaults available being 3000 francs reflected this; an amount it would take ten years for the average worker at the time to earn. As well as cars, Renault manufactured taxis, buses and commercial cargo vehicles in the pre-war years, and during World War I (191418) branched out into ammunition, military airplanes and vehicles such as the revolutionary Renault FT-17 tank. Company's military designs were so successful that Renault himself was honoured by the Allies for his company's contributions to their victory.[citation needed] By the end of the war, Renault was the number one private manufacturer in France.[citation needed] A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... A taxis (plural taxes, pronounced ) is an innate behavioural response by an organism to a directional stimulus. ... This article is about the form of transport. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Year 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Ammunition, often referred to as ammo, is a generic term meaning (the assembly of) a projectile and its propellant. ... Airplane and Aeroplane redirect here. ... The Renault FT-17 (Automitrailleuse à chenilles Renault FT modèle 1917) was a French light tank; it is among the most revolutionary and influential tank designs in history. ...


Between the world wars (1919–38)

Louis Renault enlarged the scope of his company after 1918, producing agricultural and industrial machinery. However, Renault struggled to compete with the increasingly popular small, affordable "people's cars", while problems with the stock market and the workforce also adversely affected the company's growth. Renault also had to find a way to distribute its vehicles more efficiently. In 1920, he signed one of its first distribution contracts with Gustave Gueudet, an entrepreneur from northern France.


The pre-First World War cars had a distinctive front shape caused by positioning the radiator behind the engine to give a so called "coalscuttle" bonnet. This continued through the 1920s and it was not until 1930 that all models had the radiator at the front. The bonnet badge changed from circular to the familiar and continuing diamond shape in 1925. Renault models were introduced at the Paris Motor Show which was held in September or October of the year. This has led to a slight confusion as to vehicle identification. For example a "1927" model was mostly produced in 1928. Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Renault produced a range of cars from small to very large. For example in 1928 which was the year when Renault produced 45,809 cars the range of 7 models started with a 6cv, a 10cv, the Monasix, 15cv, the Vivasix, the 18/24cv and the 40cv. There was a range of factory bodies, of up to 8 styles, and the larger chassis were available to coachbuilders. The number of a model produced varied with size. The smaller were the most popular with the least produced being the 18/24cv. The most expensive factory body style in each range was the closed cars. Roadsters and tourers (torpedoes) were the cheapest.


The London operation was very important to Renault in 1928. The UK market was quite large and from there "colonial" modified vehicles were dispatched. Lifted suspensions, enhanced cooling and special bodies were common on vehicles sold to the colonies. Exports to the USA by 1928 had almost reduced to zero from their high point prior to WW1 when to ship back a Grand Renault or similar high class European manufactured car was common. A NM 40cv Tourer had a USA list price of over $4,600 being about the same as a V12 Cadillac Tourer. Closed 7 seat limousines started at $6,000 which was more expensive than a Cadillac V16 Limousine.


The whole range was conservatively engineered and built. The newly introduced 1927 Vivasix, model PG1, was sold as the "executive sports" model. Lighter weight factory steel bodies powered by a 3180 cc six cylinder motor provided a formula that went through to the Second World War.


The "de Grand Luxe Renaults", that is any with over 12 foot wheelbase (3.68m), were produced in very small numbers in two major types - six and eight cylinder. The 1927 six cylinder Grand Renault models NM, PI and PZ introduced the new three spring rear suspension that considerably aided road holding that was needed as with some body styles over 90 mph (140 km/h) was possible. The 8 cylinder Reinastella was introduced in 1929. This model lead on to a range culminating in the 1939 Suprastella. All Grand Renaults from 1923 are classed as classics by CCCA. Coachbuilders included Kellner, Labourdette, J.Rothschild et Fils and Renault bodies. Closed car Renault bodies were often trimmed and interior wood work completed by Rothschild.


Renault also introduced in 1928 an upgraded specification to the larger cars designated "Stella". Vivastella's and Grand Renaults had upgraded interior fittings and had a small star fitted above the front hood Renault diamond. This proved to be a winning marketing differentiator and in the 1930s all cars changed to the Stella suffix from the previous two alpha character model identifiers.


The Grand Renaults were built using a considerable amount of aluminium. Engines, brakes, transmissions, floor and running boards and all external body panels were aluminium. Unfortunately of the few that were built many went to scrap to aid the War effort.


World War II and after (1939–71)

During World War II, Louis Renault's factories worked for Nazi Germany producing trucks with work on cars officially forbidden. He was, for this reason, arrested during the liberation of France in 1944 and died in prison before having prepared his defense. An autopsy later showed that his neck had been broken, suggesting that he was murdered. His industrial assets were seized by the provisional government of France. The Renault factories became a public industry (known as Régie Nationale des Usines Renault) under the leadership of Pierre Lefaucheux. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ...


In the years immediately following its nationalisation Renault experienced something of a resurgence, led by the rear engine 4CV model, which was launched in 1946 and proved itself a capable rival for cars such as the Morris Minor and Volkswagen Beetle, its success (more than half a million sold) making sure it remained in production until 1961. There was also a large mechanically conventional 2-litre 4-cylinder car, the Renault Fregate, from 1951 to 1960. In Automobile design, an RR, or Rear-engine, Rear wheel drive, layout places both the engine and drive wheels at the rear of the vehicle. ... The Renault 4CV was an automobile produced by the French manufacturer Renault from 1946 to 1961. ... Later Morris Minor Van with aftermarket rear side windows Morris Minor Traveller (estate) Morris Minor Rally The revolutionary Morris Minor (the prototype was called Mosquito) was launched at the Earls Court Motor Show on 20 September, 1948. ... This article is about the original Volkswagen Beetle. ... The Renault Frégate was a large car produced by the French automaker Renault between 1951 and 1960. ...


As with earlier Renault models, the company made extensive use of motor racing to promote the 4CV, the car winning both the Le Mans 24 Hours and Mille Miglia races as well as the Monte Carlo rally. However, despite the success of its flagship model, the company continued to be blighted by labor unrest, and indeed continued to be well into the 1980s. 24 hours of Le Mans (24 heures du Mans) is a famous sports car endurance race held at Circuit de la Sarthe near Le Mans, France, near river La Sarthe. ... The Mille Miglia (Thousand Miles - pronounced [mi:lle mi:lja]) was an open-road endurance race which took place in Italy twenty-four times from 1927 to 1957 (thirteen before the war, eleven from 1947). ... Stephane Sarrazin driving a Subaru Impreza WRC on the Monte Carlo Rally Carlos Sainz driving a Toyota Corolla WRC on the Monte Carlo Rally 2003 Citroën Xsara T4 WRC The Monte Carlo Rally (officially Rallye Automobile Monte Carlo) is a rally racing event organized each year by the Automobile... Labor unrest is labor organizing and strikes viewed from the perspective of the business community and sometimes the community at large and law enforcement. ...

The 4CV's replacement, the Dauphine, sold extremely well as the company expanded production and sales further abroad, including Africa and North America. The car did not sell well in North America and it was outdated by the start of the 1960s. In an attempt to revive its flagging fortunes, Renault launched two cars which were to become phenomenally successful — the Renault 4 and Renault 8 in 1961 and 1962 respectively. The R8 continued Renault's traditional rear-engined layout, but the R4 started the revolution to front engined/front wheel drive. R4 production continued until 1992. The larger rear-engined Renault 10 followed the success of the R8, but was the last of the rear-engined Renaults. The company achieved success with the more modern and more upmarket Renault 16 launched in 1966, which continued Renault's reputation for innovation by being the world's first hatchback larger than subcompact size. The smaller Renault 6 followed, in the style of the R16. Image File history File links 1956 Renault 4cv at a Classics Rally in Bristol, England. ... Image File history File links 1956 Renault 4cv at a Classics Rally in Bristol, England. ... The Renault 4CV was an automobile produced by the French manufacturer Renault from 1946 to 1961. ... The Renault Dauphine was an automobile produced by the French manufacturer Renault from 1956 to 1962. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... North American redirects here. ... Renault 4R Plus 25 (in Colombia) Renault 4s front (in Croatia) Renault 4 R 1123 1968 The Renault 4, also known as the 4L (pronounced Quatrelle, which could be heard as 4 wings in French), is a hatchback economy car produced by the French automaker Renault between 1961 and... The Renault 8 (Renault R8 until 1964) and Renault 10 are two small family cars produced by the French automaker Renault in the 1960s and early 1970s. ... The Renault 16 was a large family car with an at first unusual hatchback body, produced by French manufacturer Renault between 1965 and 1980 in Sandouville, Le Havre, France. ... Renault Megane hatchback, a proper hatchback which has shown huge success in Europe Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access Hatchback is a term designating an automobile design, containing a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo space, accessed from behind the vehicle by... A subcompact car is a car in a vehicle size class smaller than a compact car, but larger than a microcar. ...


Modern era (1972–80)

The new Renault corporate logo introduced in 1972, as part of the major brand revamp carried out to coincide with the launch of the Renault 5 hatchback.

The company's compact and economical Renault 5 model, launched in 1972, was another success, particularly in the wake of the 1973 energy crisis. The R5 remained in production until 1984 when it was replaced by the Super5. The formula was much the same however, and the Super5 inherited its styling lines from its father (however with a transversal engine, as opposed to the longitudinal engine inherited by the first generation Renault 5 from the Renault 4). Soon after, the four-door Renault 12 model slotted into the Renault range between the R6 and the R16, and introduced a new styling theme. Throughout the '70s the R4, R5, R6, R12 and R16 maintained Renault's production. In the '80s the latter two were replaced by the R9 (and its R11 sedan variation) and the R15/R17 sport coupes. Both the R15/R17 were essentially identical two-door coupes, but while the R15 had a large glassy greenhouse, the R17 had thick pillars behind the doors, with slatted windows, to make it look the sportier of the two. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Renault 5 (also called the R5) is a supermini produced by the French automaker Renault in two generations between 1972 and 1996. ... (Redirected from 1973 energy crisis) United States, drivers of vehicles with odd numbered license plates were allowed to purchase gasoline only on odd-numbered days of the month, while drivers with even-numbers were limited to even-numbered days. ...


Endangered like all of the motor industry by the energy crisis, during the mid seventies the already expansive company diversified further into other industries and continued to expand globally, including into South East Asia. The energy crisis also provoked Renault's attempt to reconquer the North American market; despite the Dauphine's success in the United States in the late 1950s, and an unsuccessful car-assembly project in Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville, Quebec, (196472), Renault as a stand-alone brand, began to disappear from North America at the end of the '70s. Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Saint-Bruno-de-Montarville is a city in southwestern Quebec, Canada, east of Montreal. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Throughout the decades Renault developed a collaborative partnership with Rambler and its successor American Motors Corporation (AMC). From 1962 to 1967, Renault assembled complete knock down (CKD) kits of the Rambler Classic sedans in its factory in Belgium. Renault did not have large or luxury cars in its product line and the "Rambler Renault" was aimed as an alternative to the Mercedes-Benz "Fintail" cars. Similar to the fate of some of these Mercedes cars at the time, many of these "American" Renaults finished their life working as taxis. Later, Renault would continue to make and sell a hybrid of AMC's Rambler American and Rambler Classic called the Renault Torino in Argentina (sold through IKA-Renault). Renault partnered with AMC on other projects, such as development of a rotary concept engine in the late 60s, and would eventually own AMC in 1980. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... The Rambler Classic was an intermediate sized automobile that was built and sold by American Motors Corporation from 1961 to 1966. ... Mercedes Benz Heckflosse is a nickname given to certain Mercedes Benz vehicles which show American influences in design including the presence of tailfins. ... For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ... The original Rambler was an automobile produced of the Thomas B. Jeffery Company then by its successor, Nash-Kelvinator Corporation and finally, by its successor, American Motors Corporation (all in Kenosha, Wisconsin). ... The Rambler Classic was an intermediate sized automobile that was built and sold by American Motors Corporation from 1961 to 1966. ... The Torino was a mid-sized automobile made by IKA, which meant Industrias Kaiser Argentina. ...

1965 Renault Rambler sales brochure
1965 Renault Rambler sales brochure

This was one of a series of collaborative ventures undertaken by Renault in the late 1960s and 1970s, as the company established subsidiaries in Eastern Europe, most notably Dacia in Romania, and South America (many of which remain active to the present day) and forged technological cooperation agreements with Volvo and Peugeot (for instance, for the development of the PRV V6 engine, which was used in Renault 30, Peugeot 604, and Volvo 260 in the late 1970s.). Image File history File links 1965RenaultRamber. ... Image File history File links 1965RenaultRamber. ... Dacia (IPA: ) is a Romanian car maker which is a subsidiary of Renault group. ... Industrias Kaiser Argentina S.A. or IKA was an Argentine motor company established in 1956 in Córdoba Province as a joint venture with Kaiser Motors of the United States. ... Volvo Cars is the luxury car maker using the Volvo Trademark. ... Peugeot is a major French car brand, part of PSA Peugeot Citroën. ... Volvo version of the PRV engine The PRV engine is an automobile petrol V6 engine that was developed jointly by Peugeot, Renault and Volvo Cars and sold from 1974 to 1998. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... The Renault 20 and Renault 30 were automobiles designed and built by French manufacturer Renault between 1975 and 1983. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Peugeot 604 The Peugeot 604 was an executive car produced by the French manufacturer Peugeot from 1975 to 1985. ... European-market 1977 244 GL with aftermarket wheel covers 245 with North American-market 1976-1980 quad round sealed beam headlamp configuration 240 GLE with North American-market 1980-1985 quad rectangular sealed beam headlamp configuration 1979-80 242GT North American-spec 1990-93 240DL The Volvo 200 series was...


In the mid 1960s an Australian arm, Renault Australia, was set up in Heidelberg, Melbourne, the company would produce and assemble models from the R8, R10, R12, R16, sporty R15, R17 coupe's to the R18 and R20, soon the company would close in 1981. Interestingly Renault Australia did not just concentrate on Renaults, they also built and marketed Peugeots as well. From 1977, they assembled Ford Cortina station wagons under contract- the loss of this contract led to the closure of the factory. AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The Ford Cortina is a mid sized family car sold by Ford of Britain in various guises from 1962 to 1982. ...

1974 Renault 15 coupe
1974 Renault 15 coupe

In North America, Renault formed a partnership with AMC, loaning AMC operating capital and buying a small percentage of the company in late 1979. Jeep was keeping AMC afloat until new products, particularly the XJ Cherokee, could be launched. When the bottom fell out of the 4x4 truck market in early 1980 AMC was in danger of going bankrupt. To protect its investment Renault bailed AMC out with a big cash influx — at the price of a controlling interest in the company — 47.5%. Renault quickly replaced some top positions in AMC with their own people. Image File history File links Renault15front. ... Image File history File links Renault15front. ... The Renault 15 and Renault 17 were automobiles designed and built by French manufacturer Renault between 1971 and 1980. ...


The Renault–AMC partnership also resulted in the marketing of Jeep vehicles in Europe. Some consider the Jeep XJ Cherokee as a joint AMC/Renault project since some early sketches of the XJ series was done as a collaboration of both Renault and AMC engineers (AMC insisted that the XJ Cherokee was designed by AMC personnel; however, a former Renault engineer designed the Quadra-Link front suspension for the XJ series). The Jeep also used wheels and unique rocking seats from Renault. Part of AMC's overall strategy when the partnership was first discussed was to save manufacturing cost by using Renault sourced parts when practical, and some engineering expertise. This led to the improvement of the venerable AMC in-line six — a Renault/Bendix based port electronic fuel injection system (usually called Renix) that transformed it into a modern, competitive powerplant with a jump from 110 hp to 177 hp with less displacement (4.0L vs. 4.2L). For other uses, see Jeep (disambiguation). ... The Jeep Cherokee is a name for three different SUV models produced from 1974 to the present: 1974–1983 Jeep Cherokee (SJ) full-size SUV 1984–2001 Jeep Cherokee (XJ) compact SUV 1993–present Jeep Grand Cherokee mid-size SUV 2002–present european version of Jeep Liberty mid-size SUV... The American Motors Corporation (AMC) straight-6 family of engines was used by a number of AMC and Jeep vehicles from 1964 through 2006. ... Renix is an Engine Control Unit (ECU - also known as Electronic Control Unit) computer system in the AMC 4. ...


The Renault-AMC marketing effort in passenger cars was not as successful compared to the popularity for Jeep vehicles. This was because by the time the Renault range was ready to become established in the American market, the second energy crisis was over, taking with it much of the trend for economical, compact cars. Line at a gas station, June 15, 1979. ...


One exception was the Renault Alliance (Renault 9), which debuted for the 1983 model year. Assembled at AMC's plant in Kenosha, Wisconsin, the Alliance was an instant hit with more economically minded buyers. Motor Trend gave its domestic Car of The Year award for 1983 to the Alliance, a surprising pick to many. The Alliance's 72% U.S. content allowed it to qualify as a domestic vehicle, making it the first car with a foreign nameplate to win the award. (In 2000, Motor Trend did away with separate awards for domestic and imported vehicles.) 1984 Renault Alliance The Renault Alliance was a compact automobile built and marketed in North America by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) through its partnership with its majority owner Renault between 1983 and 1987, when the Chrysler Corporation acquired AMC. The Alliance was based upon the Renault 9/11, but... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 are compact automobiles, launched in the early 1980s, by the French car manufacturer Renault. ... Location of Kenosha within Wisconsin Coordinates: , Country State County Kenosha Settled 1836 Government  - Mayor John M. Antaramian Area  - City 24. ... Motor Trend is one of the oldest automotive magazines still publishing. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ...


Renault sold some interesting models in the U.S. in the 1980s, especially the simple-looking but fun Renault Alliance GTA and GTA convertible — a real automatic-top convertible with a simple but clean euro-style design featuring a gently sloping hood, as well as a 2.0 L engine — big for a car of its class; and the ahead-of-its-time Renault Fuego coupe, which generated some excitement. The Alliance was followed by the Encore (Renault 11), an Alliance-based hatchback. This burst of success in the United States proved to be short-lived, though. The Renault Fuego was a four-seater, three-door coupe based on a Renault 18 platform. ... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 were compact automobiles produced by the French car manufacturer Renault between 1982 and 1988. ... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 were compact automobiles produced by the French car manufacturer Renault between 1982 and 1988. ...


Renault's Wisconsin-built and imported models quickly became the target of customer complaints for poor quality, and sales plummeted. Eventually, Renault sold AMC to Chrysler in 1987 after the assassination of Renault’s chairman, Georges Besse. The Renault Medallion (Renault 21 in Europe) sedan and wagon was sold from 1987 to 1989 through Jeep-Eagle dealerships. Jeep-Eagle was the new division Chrysler created out of the former American Motors. However, Renault products were no longer imported into the United States after 1989. Rumors have since persisted about Renault's return to the U.S. market; all of them have been unfounded. The Chrysler Corporation was a United States-based automobile manufacturer that existed independently from 1925–1998. ... This article is about the year 1987. ... Georges Besse (born December 25, 1927 in Clermont-Ferrand, France, died November 17, 1986) was a French businessman who led several large state-controlled French companies during his lifetime. ... Jeep-Eagle was the name of the automobile sales division created by the Chrysler Corporation when it bought the assets of American Motors in 1987. ...


A completely new full-sized 4-door sedan, the Eagle Premier, was developed during the partnership between AMC and Renault. The Premier design, as well as its state-of-the-art manufacturing facility in Bramalea, Ontario, Canada, were the starting point for the sleek LH sedans such as the Eagle Vision and Chrysler 300M. 2001 BMW 750iL The Ford Falcon, a popular Australian full-size car A full-size car is a marketing term used in North America for an automobile larger than a mid-size car. ... The Eagle Premier was an automobile developed by the American Motors Corporation (AMC) and Renault partnership. ... Bramalea is the location of an automobile factory in Ontario, Canada, owned by DaimlerChrysler and originally developed by Renault for the manufacture of its large Premier sedan. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... 1999 Chrysler 300M The LH platform was Chryslers second-most well-known automobile platform after the Chrysler K platform of the 1980s. ... The Eagle Vision was a large four-door, full-size, front-wheel drive sedan. ... 300M with redesigned grille For the 1999 model year, DaimlerChrysler revived the 300 name on the 300M. This time it was a front-wheel drive, V6 engined car using the Chrysler LH platform. ...


In the late seventies and early eighties Renault increased its involvement in motorsport, with novel inventions such as turbochargers in their Formula One cars. The company's road car designs were revolutionary also — the Renault Espace was one of the first minivans and was to remain the most well-known minivan in Europe for at least the next two decades. The second-generation Renault 5, the European Car of the Year-winning Renault 9, and the most luxurious Renault yet, the 25 were all released in the early 1980s, building Renault's reputation, but at the same time the company suffered from poor product quality which reflected badly in the image of the brand and the ill-fated Renault 14 is seen by many as the culmination of these problems in the early 1980s. F1 redirects here. ... The Renault Espace is a large MPV produced by French automaker Renault since 1984 and manufactured in Matra factories. ... It has been suggested that Mini MPV be merged into this article or section. ... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 are compact automobiles, launched in the early 1980s, by the French car manufacturer Renault. ... The Renault 25 is an executive car produced by the French automaker Renault from 1983 to 1992. ... The Renault 14 was an automobile produced by Renault of France between 1976 and 1983. ...


Restructuring (1981–95)

1986 Renault 21 berline
1986 Renault 21 berline

Although its cars were somewhat successful both on the road and on the track, Renault was losing a billion francs a month and reported a deficit of 12.5 billion in 1984. The government intervened and Georges Besse was installed as chairman; he set about cutting costs dramatically, selling off many of Renault's non-core assets, withdrawing almost entirely from motorsports, and laying off many employees. This succeeded in halving the deficit by 1986, but he was murdered by the left wing terrorist group Action Directe in November 1986. He was replaced by Raymond Lévy, who continued along the same lines as Besse, slimming down the company considerably with the result that by the end of 1987 the company was more or less financially stable. The Renault 21 was a midsize car built by the French manufacturer Renault between 1986 and 1994. ... Georges Besse (born December 25, 1927 in Clermont-Ferrand, France, died November 17, 1986) was a French businessman who led several large state-controlled French companies during his lifetime. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms that refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially but not exclusively in the American sense of the word... Terrorist redirects here. ... Action Directe was a French Maoist/Marxist-Leninist militant group which committed a series of assassinations and violent attacks in France between 1979 and 1987. ...


A revitalised Renault launched several successful new cars in the early 1990s, including the phenomenally successful 5 replacement the Clio, the second-generation Espace, the innovative Twingo, the Laguna, and the 19. In the mid-1990s the successor to the R19, the Renault Mégane, was the first car ever to achieve a 4-star rating, the highest at the time, in EuroNCAP crash test in passenger safety. In 1998 Renault introduced Mégane Scénic, a completely new class of cars, a compact monospace with a footprint of a regular Mégane. The return to success on the road was matched by a return to success on the racetrack — Renault-powered cars won the Formula One World Championship in 1992, 1993, 1996 and 1997 with Williams, and in 1995 with Benetton. The Renault Clio is a supermini/subcompact produced by the French automaker Renault. ... The Renault Twingo is a city car built by French automaker Renault, officially presented at the 1992 Mondial de lAutomobile and going on sale in early 1993. ... The Renault Laguna is a large family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault. ... Renault 19 Hatchback (pre facelift) Renault 19 Chamade (pre facelift) Renault 19 3-doors (pre facelift) The Renault 19 is a small family car produced by French automaker Renault between 1988 and 2000. ... Renault Mégane pre-1999 Renault Mégane Convertible (with 1999-2002 front grille) 2nd generation Megane Renault Mégane CC Megane racing car The Renault Mégane is a small family car produced by the French automaker Renault since 1995. ... EuroNCAP, the European New Car Assessment Programme, is a safety assessment programme for automobiles supported by several European governments, many major manufacturers and motoring organisations across the world. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Renault Scenic The Renault Mégane Scénic was the first European car of its kind: a five-seater based on the chassis of a compact hatchback (in this case the Mégane which had been launched a year earlier) but with a high... Not to be confused with Frank Williams Racing Cars, formed by Frank Williams 1967. ... Benetton Formula Ltd. ...


Throughout this period, Renault's European advertising famously made extensive use of Robert Palmer's song "Johnny And Mary." The earlier television advertisements used Palmer's original version, while a range of special recordings in different styles were produced during the 1990s; most famously Martin Taylor's acoustic interpretation which he released on his album Spirit of Django. Taylor recorded many alternate versions for Renault; the last being in 1998 for the launch of the all-new Renault Clio. This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ...


Privatization (1996–99)

It was eventually decided that the company's state-owned status was detrimental to its growth, and Renault was privatized in 1996. This new freedom allowed the company to venture once again into Eastern Europe and South America, including a new factory in Brazil and upgrades for the infrastructure in Argentina and Turkey. It also meant the end of the aforementioned successful Formula 1 campaign. Origins People Theories Ideas Movements Topics Related Philosophy Portal Politics Portal        Privatization is the incidence or process of transferring ownership of business from the public sector (government) to the private sector (business). ... Eastern Europe is a concept that lacks one precise definition. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


In the twenty-first century, Renault was to foster a reputation for distinctive, outlandish design. The second generation of the Laguna and Mégane featured ambitious, angular designs which turned out to be highly successful. Less successful were the company's more upmarket models. The Avantime, a bizarre coupé / multi-purpose mix vehicle, sold very poorly and was quickly discontinued while the luxury Vel Satis model did not sell as well as hoped. However, the design inspired the lines of the second generation Mégane, the most successful car of the maker. As well as its distinctive styling, Renault was to become known for its car safety; currently, it's the car manufacturer with the largest number of models achieving the maximum 5 star rating in EuroNCAP crash tests. The Laguna was the first Renault to achieve a 5 star rating; in 2004 the Modus was the first to achieve this rating in its category. The Renault Avantime was a coupé/MPV automobile produced by the French manufacturer Renault (though in fact designed and built by the French manufacturer Matra) between 2001 and 2003. ... The Peugeot 406 Coupé, designed by Pininfarina 1990 Mercedes-Benz 560SEC coupé, noted for its large, angular design 1997 Rover Vitesse Coupe, club coupé Rover P5 Coupe, a traditional four-door coupé Mercedes CLS, a modern four-door coupé Gala-Coupé of Leopold II, Brussels 1970s Sunbeam Alpine fastback coup... An MPV or multi-purpose vehicle is a passenger-carrying vehicle based on a car platform, and is generally a one box design—neither a distinct bonnet (US: hood) nor boot (US: trunk), but rather a maximised interior space. ... The Renault Vel Satis is a full-size luxury car produced by the French manufacturer Renault. ... EuroNCAP, the European New Car Assessment Programme, is a safety assessment programme for automobiles supported by several European governments, many major manufacturers and motoring organisations across the world. ... The Renault Modus is a mini MPV designed and built by the French automaker Renault in Valladolid, Spain since September 2004. ...


The government of France owns 15.7 per cent of the company. Louis Schweitzer has been the Chairman of Renault since 1992 and was CEO from 1992 to 2005. In 2005, Carlos Ghosn (also CEO of Nissan) became Renault's CEO, with Louis Schweitzer staying on as Chairman. Louis Schweitzer (born 1942) has been Chairman and CEO of Renault since May 27, 1992. ... The phrase Chairman of the Board has several meanings: Chairman of the Board is the term used to denote the leader of a corporations board of directors. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ... Carlos Ghosn (Arabic: كارلوس غصن; born March 9, 1954) is CEO of Renault and Nissan Motors. ...


Renault owns Samsung Motors (Renault Samsung Motors) and Dacia, as well as retaining a minority (but controlling) stake (20%) in the Volvo Group. (Volvo passenger cars are now a subsidiary of the Ford Motor Company). Renault bought 99% of the Romanian company Dacia, thus returning after 30 years, in which time the Romanians built over 2 million cars, which primarily consisted of the Renault 8, 12 and 20. Samsung Group is one of the largest South Korean business groupings. ... Renault Samsung Motors (Korean: 르노삼성 자동차) is a South Korean car maker. ... Dacia (IPA: ) is a Romanian car maker which is a subsidiary of Renault group. ... Volvo Cars is the luxury car maker using the Volvo Trademark. ... “Ford” redirects here. ...


The Renault Nissan Alliance (2000– )

2004 Renault Megane II

Signed on March 27, 1999, the Renault–Nissan Alliance is the first of its kind involving a Japanese and a French company, each with its own distinct corporate culture and brand identity, linked through cross-shareholding. Renault has a stake of 44.4 percent in The Japanese automaker Nissan, while Nissan in turn has a 15 percent stake (non-voting) in Renault. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixel Image in higher resolution (2712 × 1811 pixel, file size: 616 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Work by Rama File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixel Image in higher resolution (2712 × 1811 pixel, file size: 616 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Work by Rama File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed... The Renault Mégane is a compact automobile made by Renault. ... is the 86th day of the year (87th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ...


For 2004 Renault reported a 43% rise in net income to €3.5 billion and 5.9% operating margin, of which Nissan contributed €1,767 million. The Group (Renault, Dacia, Renault Samsung Motors) posted a 4.2% increase in worldwide sales to a record 2,489,401 vehicles, representing a global market share of 4.1%. Renault retained its position as the leading brand in Europe with 1.8 million passenger cars and light commercial vehicles sold and market share of 10.8%.


The Renault–Nissan Alliance represents more dire build and although 9.8% of the worldwide market (5.74% for Nissan and 4.04% for the Renault group) with sales of 3,597,748 (Nissan) and 2,531,500 (Renault Group), placing the alliance fourth after GM, Toyota, and Ford, 2005.[2]


The marketing success was also matched by success of their return to the Formula 1 circuit as a manufacturer again after buying the Benetton team. The team went on to win both World Drivers and Constructors championships in 2005 and 2006 ahead of the vastly more experienced Ferrari and McLaren teams. 2005 Formula One season - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... 2006 Formula One season - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Scuderia Ferrari is the name for the Gestione Sportiva, the division of the Ferrari automobile company concerned with racing. ... This article is about the Formula One racing team. ...

Global locations of Renault factories
Global locations of Renault factories

Renault is exhibiting a Hi-Flex Clio 1.6 16v at the 2006 Paris International Agricultural Show. This vehicle, which addresses the Brazilian market, features Renault-developed flexible-fuel engine technology, with a highly versatile engine that can run on fuel containing petrol and ethanol in any proportion (0% to 100% of either). The Renault Clio is a supermini/subcompact produced by the French automaker Renault. ... Paris International Agricultural Show is one of the world’s largest and most important agricultural shows, drawing larger crowds than any other exposition in Paris except the Foire de Paris (Paris Fair). ... ... Gasoline, as it is known in North America, or petrol, in many Commonwealth countries (sometimes also called motor spirit) is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting primarily of hydrocarbons, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ... Grain alcohol redirects here. ...


On June 30, 2006, the media reported that General Motors convened an emergency board meeting to discuss a proposal by shareholder Kirk Kerkorian to form an alliance between GM and Renault-Nissan. The hastily arranged meeting suggests that GM's board was treating Kerkorian's proposal with urgency. Coincidentally, unsubstantiated rumours have been circulating about Renault's possible return to the U.S. market. There has been speculation that a GM–Renault–Nissan alliance could pave the way for Renault's return to the U.S. market, since GM could eliminate some of its less profitable brands, and offer Renault franchises to dealerships that would otherwise close. is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is a multinational corporation headquartered in the United States and has been the worlds largest and most dominant automaker since 1931 till the second half of 2007, surpassed by Toyota; as well as the global industry sales leader for 77 years. ... Kerkor Kirk Kerkorian (born June 6, 1917) is an American billionaire, and president/CEO of Tracinda Corporation, his private holding company based in Beverly Hills, California. ... “Nissan” redirects here. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... “Nissan” redirects here. ... General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ...


However, GM CEO Richard Wagner felt that an alliance would benefit Renault's shareholders more than those of GM, and that GM should receive some compensation for it. This did not sit well with Renault; subsequently, talks between GM and Renault ended on October 4, 2006. is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Investment in VAZ

On February 29, 2008, Renault acquired a blocking stake in largest Russian automaker VAZ. Long in the need to modernize its technology, VAZ was seeking for strategical partnership since the late nineties. Its owners tried to form an alliance with various foreign auto manufacturers, such as General Motors. Most of these attempts weren't all that successful, however, and generally fell through. February 29 is a day added into a leap year of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... This page is about a car manufacturer. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is a multinational corporation headquartered in the United States and has been the worlds largest and most dominant automaker since 1931 till the second half of 2007, surpassed by Toyota; as well as the global industry sales leader for 77 years. ...


Renault was in talks with VAZ on and off since 2005, initially insisting on CKD assembly of Logan cars on its facilities, while VAZ intended to keep its own Lada brand and only wishing to acquire a new platform and engine. After several rounds of talks, between which VAZ also sought alliance with Fiat and Magna, Renault agreed to the partnership term not unlike earlier Nissan deal. This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Logan is a low cost automobile produced by Renault and Dacia. ... For other uses, see Lada (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Fiat (disambiguation). ... Magna can refer to: Magna paint Magna International Magna, Utah Honda Magna, a motorcycle. ...


Renault and VAZ major stockholder, state corporation Rosoboronexport, are to form a holding, jointly owning 50% share in VAZ, with French side receiving several key positions in a management structure, such as Chief Operational Officer, Chief Financial Officer and Chief Engineer. In return, Renault is to supply a new platform for Lada brand and assist in plant's modernization. Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...


Corporate governance

Current members of the board of directors of Renault are: Chairman of the Board redirects here. ...

  • Yves Audvard
  • Michel Barbier
  • Alain Champigneux
  • François de Combret
  • Charles de Croisset
  • Carlos Ghosn
  • Jean-Louis Girdolle
  • Itaru Koeda
  • Marc Ladreit de Lacharrière
  • Dominique de La Garanderie
  • Bernard Larrouturou
  • Henri Martre
  • Jean-Claude Paye
  • François Pinault
  • Franck Riboud
  • Louis Schweitzer
  • Georges Stcherbatcheff
  • Robert Studer

Carlos Ghosn (Arabic: كارلوس غصن; born March 9, 1954) is CEO of Renault and Nissan Motors. ... Jean-Claude Paye (born August 26, 1934) is a Belgian sociologist at the Institut de Formation de Cadres pour le Développement in Brussels. ... François Pinault (born 1937) runs the retail company PPR. He lives in France and is married with four children. ... Franck Riboud born 7 December 1955 in Lyon, is the Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Groupe Danone. ... Louis Schweitzer (born 1942) has been Chairman of Renault since May 27, 1992 and CEO from 1992 to 2005. ... Robert Studer (born February 17, 1912 - died ?) was an Swiss field handball player who competed in the 1936 Summer Olympics. ...

Timeline

  • 1898 - Louis Renault founded Renault
  • 1903 - Marcel Renault dies in a car accident
  • 1943 - The Renault factory in Billancourt is attacked by the Allies.
  • 1944 - Louis Renault dies
  • 1961 - The Renault 4 goes on sale to give Renault a practical competitor for the likes of the Citroën 2CV and Volkswagen Beetle.
  • 1965 - Renault launches the world's first production hatchback - the Renault 16.[citation needed]
  • 1971 - Renault launches the Renault 15 and Renault 17 two-door coupes, giving it a serious competitor for the Ford Capri.
  • 1972 - Renault enters the new "supermini" market with its R5 hatchback, one of the first such cars in this sector. On its launch, the R5 only has three similar competitors - the Fiat 127, Autobianchi A112 and Peugeot 104.
  • 1976 - The Renault 5 Alpine is launched, giving the marque its first entrant into the Hot hatch market. Possibly one of the very first hot hatches, going into production in the same year as the Volkswagen Golf GTI.
  • 1977 - Renault enters the small family hatchback market with the 14, which is one of Europe's first hatchbacks of this size.
  • 1979 - Renault buys a stake in American Motors, with a view to establishing itself on the American market.
  • 1980 - Renault launches the 5 Turbo, which is designed as a rally car but does include roadgoing versions. It ditches the front-drive, front-engined layout for a mid-mounted engine (in place of the rear seats) and rear-wheel drive.
  • 1981 - Renault launches the 9 a four-door saloon, a modern three-box design which is designed to keep the market interest in saloons at a time when hatchbacks are becoming the norm in this sector. It is voted European Car of the Year.
  • 1982 - Renault becomes the second European automaker to build cars in the United States, after Volkswagen. The Alliance, the North American version of the 9, is manufactured in Wisconsin by American Motors and debuts as a 1983 model. It is voted Car of the Year by Motor Trend.
  • 1983 - Renault launches the 11 - a hatchback version of the R9. It gives Renault its first serious rival to the Volkswagen Golf. It goes on sale in the fall in the United States as the Encore.
  • 1984 - Renault enters the executive car market with the large 25 hatchback, aimed directly at the likes of the Ford Granada, Rover SD1 and Opel Rekord.
  • 1985 - Renault launches the Espace - Europe's first multi-purpose vehicle. It gains praise from all over Europe thanks to its unique practicality and innovation.
  • 1986 - On April 9 the Government of France rules against the privatization of Renault.
  • 1986 - Renault replaces the 18 with the all-new R21 saloon and Savanna seven-seater estate.
  • 1987 - Renault sells its stake in American Motors to Chrysler.
  • 1988 - The 9 and 11 ranges are replaced by a single model, the 19, which is praised for its excellent ride and handling, as well as the frugality and refinement of its diesel engines.
  • 1990 - Renault launches the Clio supermini, designed as an eventual replacement for the Renault 5. The Clio is the first new model of a generation which will see the numeric models replaced by new cars with traditional nameplates. It sets supermini benchmarks for build quality, comfort and space, and is voted European Car of the Year.
  • 1991 - The Renault 19 becomes available as a cabriolet, and a mild facelift sees the standard range's exterior styling refreshed.
  • 1992 - Louis Schweitzer becomes president of Renault group.
  • 1992 - Renault moves into the city car market with its Twingo, a small hatchback with a "cube" design that maximises interior space, though it is only built with left-hand drive. It re-enters the executive market with the Safrane, an ultramodern large hatchback which replaces the R25.
  • 1995 - Renault 5 production finishes after nearly a quarter of a century. It had been produced in Slovenia since the launch of the Clio in 1990.
  • 1995 - Renault replaces the Renault 19 with the Megane, a range of hatchbacks, saloons, estates, coupes and cabriolets.
  • 1996 - Renault enters the new "compact MPV" market with its Megane-based Scenic. It is voted European Car of the Year, fighting off competition from the Ford Ka and Volkswagen Passat
  • 1996 - The company was privatised to create Renault S.A.
  • 1997 - The all-new Espace goes on sale with a more upmarket image than its predecessor, that served the company for over 10 years.
  • 1998 - The second generation Clio is launched, using an all-new body and being one of the most competitively-priced European superminis, though its styling is not to all tastes.
  • 1999 - Renault purchased a 36.8 percent equity stake in Nissan, the almost bankrupt Japanese car maker, by injecting US$3.5 billion to obtain effective control of the company under Japanese law. Renault vice-president, Carlos Ghosn was parachuted in to turn round the ailing firm. Nissan also owns 15% of Renault in turn.
  • 2000 - Renault launches the Laguna II - the first European family car to feature "keyless" entry and ignition.
  • 2001 - Renault sold its industrial vehicle subdivision (Renault Véhicules Industriels) to Volvo, which renamed it Renault Trucks in 2002. The Clio undergoes a major facelift and the launch of a 1.5 direct-injection diesel engine to keep it competitive in the supermini sector.
  • 2002 - Benetton Formula One team formally becomes Renault F1, Renault increases its stake in Nissan to 44.4 percent.
  • 2002 - Renault gains another European Car of the Year success with its second generation Megane, a quirky-looked car which is set to form the basis of Nissan's Almera replacement later in the decade.
  • 2003 - Renault expands in Megane hatchback range with coupe-cabriolet, estate (SportsTourer) and sedan (SportsSaloon) variants.
  • 2004 - The Renault factory in Billancourt is demolished.
  • 2005 - Carlos Ghosn becomes president.
  • 2005 - The Clio III is elected European Car of the Year 2006 and gains plaudits from all over Europe for its class-leading qualities. The previous generation Clio is set to continue for a while until the Twingo II goes on sale. Renault F1 win the constructors world championship as well as the drivers championship.
  • 2006 - In February, Carlos Ghosn announced the "Renault Commitment 2009" plan focusing on three main goals :
    • sell 800 000 more cars than in 2006
    • Reach an operating margin of 6%
    • Place the new Laguna in terms of quality and service rate.

The same year, Renault and Nissan engaged talkes with General Motors to study a potential alliance. This approach was finally abandoned due to the fact that GM asked for money as "entry ticket" from Renault. Renault F1 win the constructors world championship as well as the drivers championship for the second year in succession. Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Citroën 2CV (French: deux chevaux vapeur, literally two steam horses, from the tax horsepower rating) was an economy car produced by the French automaker Citroën from 1948 to 1990. ... This article is about the original Volkswagen Beetle. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... The Renault 16 was a large family car with an at first unusual hatchback body, produced by French manufacturer Renault between 1965 and 1980 in Sandouville, Le Havre, France. ... Year 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1971 Gregorian calendar, known as the year of cyclohexanol. ... The Renault 15 and Renault 17 were automobiles designed and built by French manufacturer Renault between 1971 and 1980. ... The Renault 15 and Renault 17 were automobiles designed and built by French manufacturer Renault between 1971 and 1980. ... Ford Capri Mk III 1. ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Renault 5 (also called the R5) is a supermini produced by the French automaker Renault in two generations between 1972 and 1996. ... The Fiat 127 was a supermini automobile produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat between 1971 and 1987. ... The Autobianchi A112 was an Italian automobile. ... The Peugeot 104 was a supermini automobile produced by the french manufacturer Peugeot between 1972 and 1988. ... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Renault 5 Alpine/Gordini was one of the first true hot-hatches. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Sport compact. ... The Volkswagen Golf (Mk1 and Mk5 badged as Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada, Mk1 badged as Volkswagen Caribe in Mexico) is a compact car/small family car manufactured by Volkswagen. ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... The Renault 14 was an automobile produced by Renault of France between 1976 and 1983. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... The Renault 5 (also called the R5) is a supermini produced by the French automaker Renault in two generations between 1972 and 1996. ... AUGUST 25 1981 US Marine Sean Vance is Born on the 25th of August {ear nav|1981}} Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 are compact automobiles, launched in the early 1980s, by the French car manufacturer Renault. ... The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... VW redirects here. ... For the Jimi Hendrix song, see 1983. ... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 were compact automobiles produced by the French car manufacturer Renault between 1982 and 1988. ... The Volkswagen Golf (Mk1 and Mk5 badged as Volkswagen Rabbit in the United States and Canada, Mk1 badged as Volkswagen Caribe in Mexico) is a compact car/small family car manufactured by Volkswagen. ... This article is about the year. ... The Renault 25 is an executive car produced by the French automaker Renault from 1983 to 1992. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles accessible from a disambiguation page. ... Rover SD1 is the code name given to a series of large executive cars made by British Leyland and Austin Rover Group from 1976 to 1987. ... The Opel Rekord is an executive car from the German automaker Opel. ... This article is about the year. ... The Renault Espace is a large MPV produced by French automaker Renault since 1984 and manufactured in Matra factories. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 99th day of the year (100th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the political and administrative structures of the French government. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... The Renault 18 is a large family car produced by French manufacturer Renault between 1978 and 1993. ... The Renault 21 was a midsize car built by the French manufacturer Renault between 1986 and 1994. ... This article is about the year 1987. ... For other uses, including the Chrysler Brand, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Renault 19 Hatchback (pre facelift) Renault 19 Chamade (pre facelift) Renault 19 3-doors (pre facelift) The Renault 19 is a small family car produced by French automaker Renault between 1988 and 2000. ... This article is about the year. ... The Renault Clio is a supermini/subcompact produced by the French automaker Renault. ... The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... The Renault Twingo is a city car built by French automaker Renault, officially presented at the 1992 Mondial de lAutomobile and going on sale in early 1993. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Renault Safrane The Renault Safrane was an automobile designed and built by French manufacturer Renault from 1992 to 1998. ... The Renault 25 is an executive car produced by the French automaker Renault from 1983 to 1992. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... This article is about the year. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... The Renault Mégane is a compact automobile made by Renault. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... The Renault Mégane is a compact automobile made by Renault. ... The Renault Mégane Scénic was the first European car of its kind: a five-seater based on the chassis of a compact hatchback (in this case the Mégane which had been launched a year earlier) but with a high roof to give it the appearance and practicality... The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Volkswagen Passat is a family car built by Volkswagen AG (VW), produced in various forms since 1973. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Privatization (sometimes privatisation, denationalization, or — especially in India — disinvestment) is the process of transferring property, from public ownership to private ownership. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... The Renault Espace is a large MPV produced by French automaker Renault since 1984 and manufactured in Matra factories. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... “Nissan” redirects here. ... Carlos Ghosn (Arabic: كارلوس غصن; born March 9, 1954) is CEO of Renault and Nissan Motors. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Renault Laguna is a large family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault. ... This article is about the year. ... Volvo Cars is the luxury car maker using the Volvo Trademark. ... Renault Trucks is a French truck manufacturer, owned by Volvo. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. ... The Renault Mégane is a compact automobile made by Renault. ... The Nissan Almera was a small family car built by Nissan from 1995 to 2006. ... This article is about the decade of 2000-2009. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Carlos Ghosn (Arabic: كارلوس غصن; born March 9, 1954) is CEO of Renault and Nissan Motors. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Renault Clio is a supermini/subcompact produced by the French automaker Renault. ... The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. ... The Renault Twingo is a city car built by French automaker Renault, officially presented at the 1992 Mondial de lAutomobile and going on sale in early 1993. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Carlos Ghosn (Arabic: كارلوس غصن; born March 9, 1954) is CEO of Renault and Nissan Motors. ...

  • 2007 - The third generation Laguna is introduced, strengthening Renault's position in the large family car sector.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The Renault Laguna is a large family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault. ...

Renault in the UK

The first popular Renault motor vehicles to achieve sustained sales success in the United Kingdom were the R5 mini-car and R18, both of which attained six-digit sales figures during the late 1970s and early 1980s, although they failed to achieve anything like the volumes of established carmakers Ford, Vauxhall and Austin Rover. The Renault 5 (also called the R5) is a supermini produced by the French automaker Renault in two generations between 1972 and 1996. ... The Renault 18 is a large family car produced by French manufacturer Renault between 1978 and 1993. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The 1980s was the decade spanning from 1980 to 1989, also called The Eighties. The decade saw social, economic and general upheaval as wealth, production and western culture migrated to new industrializing economies. ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ... Vauxhall Motors is a UK car company. ... MG Rover was the last independent mass-production producer of the British motor industry. ...


Renault enjoyed a huge rise in popularity among British buyers on the arrival of the Clio supermini in early 1991. It was regularly among Britain's most popular cars each year during the 1990s and its successor (launched in 1998 alongside the final installment of the successful 'Nicole and Papa' advertising campaign), where the original model left off. The sedan/saloon version, called Thalia, was not launched in the UK. The Renault Clio is a supermini/subcompact produced by the French automaker Renault. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


Renault went from strength to strength in the UK during the 2000s following the introduction of its distinctively-styled Mégane hatchback in November 2002. Any suggestions that its quirky styling would not fit in with the tastes of British buyers were quickly confounded in 2005 when it was the fourth best selling car in Britain. Renault also helps produce cars known now as Nissan. This article is about the decade of 2000-2009. ... Renault Mégane pre-1999 Renault Mégane Convertible (with 1999-2002 front grille) 2nd generation Megane Renault Mégane CC Megane racing car The Renault Mégane is a small family car produced by the French automaker Renault since 1995. ... For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Nissan” redirects here. ...


In 2006, it was the third most popular brand of car in the United Kingdom. Only Ford and Vauxhall sold more units. Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Environmental Record

Renault is currently collaborating with a California firm named Project Better Place to produce a network of all-electric cars and thousands of charging stations in Denmark and Israel. The company hopes to achieve this with the use of lithium-ion technology. The plan is said to be operational by 2011.[3] Project Better Place is a name for an innovative company focused on building massive scale Electric Recharge Grids as infrastrucutre supporting the deployment of electric vehicles (including plug-in hybrids) in countries around the world. ...


Renault introduced a new line of eco-friendly vehicles in 2007 marked eco². A minimum of 5% recycled plastic is used in all models and at the end of the vehicles life the remains are 95% reusable. Also, eco² line’s CO2 emissions do not exceed 140g/km or are biofuel compatible.[4]


At the 2008 Fleet World Honours, Renault was rewarded with the prestigious Environment Award. The judges in the event were made up experts in the industry including members of the leasing industry, fleet managers, representitives from residual value guides, and Fleet World’s editorial team. The chairman of Judges, George Emmerson, commented, “This was the most hotly contested category in the history of the Fleet World Honours, such is the clamour for organizations’ green credentials to be recognized. There were some very impressive entries, but the panel felt that Renault’s impressive range of low-emission vehicles was the most tangible, and the most quantifiable.[5]


List of vehicles

Current model line up: Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Renault vehicles This is a list of vehicles produced by Renault. ...

  • Mégane II (SW, CC, Saloon, Hatch 3 and 5 doors, launched 2002)
  • Scénic II (Launched 2003)
  • Grand Scénic (Launched 2003)
  • Laguna III (Hatchback & Estate, launched 2007)
  • Espace IV (& Grand Espace, launched 2002)
  • Vel Satis (Launched 2002, no longer available in UK)
  • 'Nouvelle' Twingo (Launched 2007)
  • Modus (Launched 2004)
  • Clio II (Supermini with hatchback and sedan body styles, launched 1998)
  • Clio III (Lutécia III in Japan, launched 2005)
  • Kangoo (Launched 1998)
  • Trafic (Launched 2003)
  • Logan (Launched 2004, Also available in India from 2007 with Mahindra-Renault tie-up) the maximum 5-star safety crash-test rating from EuroNCAP, and became the first maker to have seven cars with this rating.

Renault Laguna was the first medium-size car to obtain five-star rating, as well as the Modus and Megane in its own category. Renault Mégane pre-1999 Renault Mégane Convertible (with 1999-2002 front grille) 2nd generation Megane Renault Mégane CC Megane racing car The Renault Mégane is a small family car produced by the French automaker Renault since 1995. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Renault Scenic The Renault Mégane Scénic was the first European car of its kind: a five-seater based on the chassis of a compact hatchback (in this case the Mégane which had been launched a year earlier) but with a high... The Renault Laguna is a large family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault. ... The Renault Espace is a large MPV produced by French automaker Renault since 1984 and manufactured in Matra factories. ... The Renault Vel Satis is a full-size luxury car produced by the French manufacturer Renault. ... The Renault Twingo is a city car built by French automaker Renault, officially presented at the 1992 Mondial de lAutomobile and going on sale in early 1993. ... The Renault Modus is a mini MPV designed and built by the French automaker Renault in Valladolid, Spain since September 2004. ... The Renault Clio is a supermini/subcompact produced by the French automaker Renault. ... 1996 Volkswagen Polo, a popular modern European supermini A supermini is a European hatchback car category. ... The Renault Kangoo and Kangoo Express is a van and leisure activity vehicle produced by Renault since 1997. ... The Renault Trafic is a large van manufactured by Renault. ... Logan is a low cost automobile produced by Renault and Dacia. ... 1970s domestic market FC-160 Mahindra & Mahindra Limited (M&M) is a major automaker in India. ... EuroNCAP, the European New Car Assessment Programme, is a safety assessment programme for automobiles supported by several European governments, many major manufacturers and motoring organisations across the world. ...


Alternative propulsion

Israeli and Jordanian officials and executives are reported to be in discussions with executives from Renault-Nissan about setting up Israeli-Jordanian factory, in an agreement with Project Better Place, to make environmentally-friendly electric cars. Renault is working on development of exchangeable batteries.[6] Project Better Place is a name for an innovative company focused on building massive scale Electric Recharge Grids as infrastrucutre supporting the deployment of electric vehicles (including plug-in hybrids) in countries around the world. ... The Toyota RAV4 EV was powered by twenty-four 12 volt batteries, with an operational cost equivalent of over 165 miles per gallon at 2005 US gasoline prices. ...


The electric cars, to be made in Europe, will run on a battery developed by Nissan and Japan's NEC and will be available in 2011. A prototype is already on the road in Israel and various models will be sold by Renault and Nissan. The car would cost the same or less than comparable gasoline engine autos and would have a lifetime warranty. Renault want mass market 10,000 to 20,000 cars a year in Israel. [7] For other uses, see NEC (disambiguation). ...


Carlos Ghosn says the electric version of the Mégane saloon that Renault is building for Israel will come with a lifetime warranty, and payment will follow the model established by the mobile-phone industry. After buying the car, owners will subscribe to a battery-replacement and charging plan based on their anticipated mileage. Recharging will be done at one of 500,000 spots that Project Better Place will build and maintain. [8] Carlos Ghosn (Arabic: كارلوس غصن; born March 9, 1954) is CEO of Renault and Nissan Motors. ... Project Better Place is a name for an innovative company focused on building massive scale Electric Recharge Grids as infrastrucutre supporting the deployment of electric vehicles (including plug-in hybrids) in countries around the world. ...


Also the Renault-Nissan group is in the PHEV Research Center. Nissan is also hedging its bets by developing both a "parallel hybrid" system (akin to that found in the Toyota Prius) and a plug-in "series hybrid" similar to the Chevy Volt. But it favours the all-electric approach, even though it will be a tough sell, says Mr Lane. As for Mr Ghosn, he has no doubts. "We must have zero-emission vehicles," he says. "Nothing else will prevent the world from exploding." [9] Nissan Motor Co. ... The PHEV Research Center (or PHEV Center) in the University of California, Davis, administered by Institute of Transportation Studies, provides technology and policy guidance to the state, and to help solve research questions and address commercialization issues for PHEVs. ... Hybrid Synergy Drive The Toyota Prius [ˈpri. ... The Chevrolet Volt is a plug-in hybrid concept car created by General Motors. ...


Motorsport

Fernando Alonso driving for Renault F1 at Indianapolis in 2005, the year in which the team won their first Formula One championship.
Fernando Alonso driving for Renault F1 at Indianapolis in 2005, the year in which the team won their first Formula One championship.
Main article: Renault F1
Main article: Renault Sport

Motorsport has long been recognised as an effective marketing tool for automobile manufacturers. In the late seventies and early eighties, Renault began to involve itself more heavily in motorsport, setting up a dedicated motorsport division called Renault Sport, and winning the Le Mans 24 Hours (with the Renault Alpine A442, built in collaboration with newly-acquired Alpine) while achieving success in both rallying (with the Renault 5 Turbo) and Formula One. Initially, Renault's entry into Formula One in 1977 was ridiculed when the team's first design included such curiosities as a turbocharger. However, the team was to win their first race on home soil in Dijon a mere two years later and by the early eighties, every front-running Formula One team used turbochargers. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1162x514, 439 KB) Fernando Alonso (of the Renault team) qualifying at the 2005 US Grand Prix Photo by Dan Smith. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1162x514, 439 KB) Fernando Alonso (of the Renault team) qualifying at the 2005 US Grand Prix Photo by Dan Smith. ... Fernando Alonso Díaz (born July 29, 1981 in Oviedo, Spain) is a Spanish Formula One racing driver and reigning, two-time, world champion. ... Indianapolis Motor Speedway, located in Speedway, Indiana (a separate town completely surrounded by Indianapolis) in the United States, is the second-oldest surviving automobile racing track in the world (after the Milwaukee Mile), having existed since 1909, and the original Speedway, the first racing facility historically to incorporate the word. ... The 2005 United States Grand Prix, was a Formula One motor race held on June 19, 2005 at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. ... F1 redirects here. ... Renault F1 is the Renault companys Formula One racing team. ... Renault Sport Technologies (commonly known as Renault Sport or RST) is the motorsport division of Renault. ... Renault Sport Technologies (commonly known as Renault Sport or RST) is the motorsport division of Renault. ... The 24 Hours of Le Mans (24 Heures du Mans) is the worlds most famous sports car endurance race, held annually at Circuit de la Sarthe near Le Mans, France, in the French Sarthe département. ... The Renault Alpine A442 is a sports prototype racing car, designed and built by Alpine, but funded and powered by Alpines owners Renault, specifically to contest the 24 Hours of Le Mans race. ... Alpine A110 1600S Alpine was a French manufacturer of racing and sports cars which used rear mounted Renault engines. ... The Renault 5 Turbo or R5 Turbo was a high-performance coupé automobile produced by the French manufacturer Renault in the early 1980s. ... F1 redirects here. ... Turbo redirects here. ... This article is about the French commune. ...


Renault also took over the Benetton F1 team in 2001, and quickly became very competitive, Fernando Alonso winning Renault's first race in its second incarnation at the 2003 Hungarian Grand Prix. 2004 saw the Renault team finish a close third in the Constructors' Championship and in 2005 the team won both Constructors' and Drivers' titles (with Fernando Alonso). In 2006 Renault repeated its success of the previous year, again claiming both the Constructors' and Drivers' titles (again with Fernando Alonso before his departure to McLaren in 2007). Fernando Alonso Díaz (born July 29, 1981 in Oviedo, Spain) is a Spanish Formula One racing driver and reigning, two-time, world champion. ... The 2003 Hungarian Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on August 24, 2003 at the Hungaroring. ...


Questions have been raised regarding Renault's commitment to its Formula One team, particularly with the appointment of Carlos Ghosn as CEO. However at the 2005 French Grand Prix Ghosn set out his policy regarding the company's involvement in motorsport: The 2005 French Grand Prix was a Formula One race, held on July 3, 2005, at Magny-Cours. ...

"We are not in Formula One out of habit or tradition. We're here to show our talent and that we can do it properly… Formula One is a cost if you don't get the results. Formula One is an investment if you do have them and know how to exploit them."

In short he will continue Renault's investment in F1 as long as the team is successful and can use the resulting publicity for wider commercial gain. Conversely if the team is unsuccessful in future it can be expected that Ghosn will withdraw resources from the sport.


In 2006 Carlos Ghosn finally announced that the team would stay in F1 in the long term (at least until 2012) putting an end to the rumors.


Accolades

Renault cars have performed well in the European Car of the Year awards. The Clio is the only car since the prize's conception in 1964 to win the award twice. The European Car of the Year award was established in 1964 by a collective of automobile magazines from different countries in Europe. ... Also Nintendo emulator: 1964 (emulator). ...

The Renault 12 (1970), Renault 5 (1972), Renault 20 (1976), Renault 25 (1985) and Renault Laguna (2002) have all achieved runners-up in spot in the competition. Renaults most recent models are well known for their safety, all but 4 of the current models have achieved the maximum 5-star rating by the EuroNCAP crash-test assessment programme. Renault has regularly topped the French car sales charts, fighting off fierce competition from Citroën and Peugeot. Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... The Renault 16 was a large family car with an at first unusual hatchback body, produced by French manufacturer Renault between 1965 and 1980 in Sandouville, Le Havre, France. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Renault 9 and Renault 11 are compact automobiles, launched in the early 1980s, by the French car manufacturer Renault. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... The Renault Clio is a supermini/subcompact produced by the French automaker Renault. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Renault Scenic The Renault Mégane Scénic was the first European car of its kind: a five-seater based on the chassis of a compact hatchback (in this case the Mégane which had been launched a year earlier) but with a high... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Renault Mégane pre-1999 Renault Mégane Convertible (with 1999-2002 front grille) 2nd generation Megane Renault Mégane CC Megane racing car The Renault Mégane is a small family car produced by the French automaker Renault since 1995. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Renault Clio is a supermini/subcompact produced by the French automaker Renault. ... The Renault 12 is a medium sized family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault between 1968 and 1980. ... The Renault 5 (also called the R5) is a supermini produced by the French automaker Renault in two generations between 1972 and 1996. ... The Renault 20 and Renault 30 were automobiles designed and built by French manufacturer Renault between 1975 and 1983. ... The Renault 25 is an executive car produced by the French automaker Renault from 1983 to 1992. ... The Renault Laguna is a large family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault. ... EuroNCAP, the European New Car Assessment Programme, is a safety assessment programme for automobiles supported by several European governments, many major manufacturers and motoring organisations across the world. ... Citroën is a French automobile manufacturer, founded in 1919 by André Citroën. ... Peugeot is a major French car brand, part of PSA Peugeot Citroën. ...


Overseas Accolades

Wheels magazine has announced its Car of the Year every year since 1963, with the exception of 1972, 1979 and 1986 when no cars were considered worthy of the honour. It is considered Australia's most prestigious automotive award. Wheels Magazine itself contends that its Car of the Year award remains the oldest continuous award of its kind in the world. Wheels Magazine is an Australian automotive magazine. ... For other uses, see 1963 (disambiguation). ... Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The inaugural Australian Wheels Car of the Year award was won by the R8 in 1963 (particularly in consideration to its four wheel disc brake system), and Renault won again in 1970 when the Renault 12 won the prestigious award. Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is the sixth-largest country in the world, the only country to occupy an entire continent, and the largest in the region of Australasia/Oceania. ... Wheels magazine has announced its Car of the Year every year since 1963, with the exception of 1972, 1979 and 1986 when no cars were considered worthy of the honour. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Vehicle brake. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Renault 12 is a medium sized family car produced by the French manufacturer Renault between 1968 and 1980. ...


Typeface

Both the Renault logo and its documentation (technical as well as commercial) had used a specially designed typeface called Renault, developed by British firm Wolff Olins. This type family is said to have been designed not for prestige reasons, but mainly to save costs at a time where the use of typefaces was more costly than it is now. “Font” redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


In 2004, French typeface designer Jean-François Porchez was commissioned to design a replacement. This was shown in October of that year and is called Renault Identité. “Font” redirects here. ... Designer is a broad term for a person who designs any of a variety of things. ... Jean-François Porchez (typedesigner) born in 1964, received his graduate education at the Atelier National de Création Typographique in 1991. ...


Miscellanea

  • The Renault factory in Billancourt is the visual inspiration for the factory seen on Code Lyoko and featured some of its vehicles in the series.
  • Renault also built rail vehicles. Mainly autorail type vehicles.
  • Renault sponsored and was heavily featured in Le Visionarium a time-travel film at Disneyland Paris.

In the French animated television series Code Lyoko, one of three important places in the show is the factory, which houses the supercomputer that contains Lyoko. ... Code Lyoko is a French animated television series featuring both conventional animation and CGI animation. ... The French word Autorail describes a single powered vehicle capable of carrying passengers. ... The Circle-Vision 360 show Timekeeper was first unveiled at the Disneyland Paris park in 1992 as Le Visionarium, and eventually made its way over to the Walt Disney World Magic Kingdom on November 21, 1994 as part of their New Tomorrowland expansion. ... Castle of the Sleeping Beauty in Disneyland Park Disneyland Resort Paris is a theme park in Marne-la-Vallée, near Paris. ...

Pronunciation

When its cars were exported to the United States during the 1950s and 1960s, the name was commonly mispronounced as "Ren-alt" to and by the American public, and the Americanized pronunciation continues in common usage, though the original French has gained significant ground over recent years. Presently in the United Kingdom it is also incorrectly pronounced as "Reh-no". The correct pronunciation is "Ruh-no".


See also

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Renault vehicles This is a list of vehicles produced by Renault. ... Alpine A110 1600S Alpine was a French manufacturer of racing and sports cars which used rear mounted Renault engines. ... Renault Trucks is a French truck manufacturer, owned by Volvo. ... Dacia (IPA: ) is a Romanian car maker which is a subsidiary of Renault group. ... For other uses, see NEC (disambiguation). ... Renault Samsung Motors (Korean: 르노삼성 자동차) is a South Korean car maker. ... Renault F1 is the Renault companys Formula One racing team. ... Image File history File links Redirect_arrow_without_text. ... URL redirection, also called URL forwarding, domain redirection and domain forwarding, is a technique on the World Wide Web for making a web page available under many URLs. ... Expansion can have several meanings, including: In physics: Expansion of space, thermal expansion In computer hardware: an Expansion card In computer programming: In-line expansion In computer gaming: an expansion pack In mathematics: polynomial expansion or the expansion of a graph An expansion team in sports. ... Renault Sport Technologies (commonly known as Renault Sport or RST) is the motorsport division of Renault. ... The Renault Sport Spider is a roadster produced by the French automaker Renault Sport (a subsidiary of Renault) between 1995 and 1997. ...

Models

The Renault Clio is a supermini/subcompact produced by the French automaker Renault. ... The Renault Clio Renault Sport or Clio RS is a hot hatch produced since 1999 by Renault Sport, the high-performance division of French automaker Renault. ... The Renault Clio V6 Renault Sport is a hot hatch designed and built by French automaker Renault. ... The Renault Clio is a supermini/subcompact produced by the French automaker Renault. ... Renault Mégane pre-1999 Renault Mégane Convertible (with 1999-2002 front grille) 2nd generation Megane Renault Mégane CC Megane racing car The Renault Mégane is a small family car produced by the French automaker Renault since 1995. ... The Renault Mégane Renault Sport or Mégane RS is a hot hatch designed and built by French automaker Renault since 2004. ...

References

  1. ^ 100 years in the driving seat: Renault celebrates a century of Grand Prix Victories. Renault UK. Retrieved on 2008-03-01.
  2. ^ http://www.daciagroup.com/eKontentDaciaXFiles/home_en/entreprise/lalliance_renault-nissan/the_renault-nissan_alliance/index.html
  3. ^ "Renault Bets on Electric". The Independent. May 14, 2008. Accessed May 15, 2008.
  4. ^ "Renault launches its 'Renault eco²' line of vehicles". Easier.com. May 11, 2007. Accessed May 15, 2008.
  5. ^ "Renault scoops environment award in 2008 Fleet World Honours". Easier.com. May 14, 2008. Accessed May 15, 2008.
  6. ^ http://www.eetimes.eu/france/199700777?cid=RSSfeed_eetimesEU_france , http://www.planetark.com/dailynewsstory.cfm/newsid/46560/story.htm , http://www.projectbetterplace.com/press-room/press-releases/renault-nissan-and-project-better-place-prepare-first-mass-produced-electr
  7. ^ Planet Ark : Renault to Develop Electric Cars for Israel
  8. ^ http://www6.lexisnexis.com/publisher/EndUser?Action=UserDisplayFullDocument&orgId=101846&topicId=103840033&docId=l:788745319
  9. ^ http://www6.lexisnexis.com/publisher/EndUser?Action=UserDisplayFullDocument&orgId=101846&topicId=103840033&docId=l:788745319

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 60th day of the year (61st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 131st day of the year (132nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini/Common Era, in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Clubs

Models

Renault forums

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