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Encyclopedia > Renata Tebaldi

Renata Tebaldi (Pesaro, February 1, 1922San Marino, December 19, 2004) was an Italian lyric soprano, popular in the post-war period. Pesaro is a town and comune in the Italian region of the Marche, capital of the Pesaro e Urbino province, on the Adriatic. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 353rd day of the year (354th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the singing voice part. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...

Contents

Early years

Tebaldi was born Renata Ersilia Clotilde Tebaldi in Pesaro, the daughter of a cellist, Teobaldo Tebaldi, and Giuseppina Barbieri, a gifted singer who had wanted a singing career but who became a nurse. Very soon, the parents split up and Renata, together with her mother, moved to the latter’s home town, Langhirano in the Province of Parma. Pesaro is a town and comune in the Italian region of the Marche, capital of the Pesaro e Urbino province, on the Adriatic. ... Langhirano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Parma in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 90 km west of Bologna and about 20 km south of Parma. ... Parma is a city in the Italian region of Emilia-Romagna, famous for its architecture and the fine countryside around it. ...


Stricken with polio at the age of three, Tebaldi was unable to take part in strenuous activities and instead became interested in music. She was a member of the church choir in Langhirano and her mother sent her to piano lessons with Signorina Passani in Parma at the age of thirteen; she worked with boundless diligence, practising four or five hours a day and dreaming of a career as a concert pianist. She also sang everything she heard. Her main source of inspiration was listening to the radio. It was not until her piano teacher took the initiative that Renata was sent to Italo Brancucci, a singing teacher at the conservatory of Parma. She began studying a short time later at the conservatory, taking lessons with Ettore Campogalliani for three years. Renata had to concentrate on scales and voice training for two years before she was allowed to learn the first songs towards the end of her second year of training. Poliomyelitis (polio), or infantile paralysis, is a viral paralytic disease. ...


Carmen Melis

She went off to spend a Christmas holiday with her father’s brother, her uncle Valentino, at Pesaro. There, as operatic destiny would have it, Valentino owned a small café where the famous former diva Carmen Melis came to buy pastries. Melis was a teacher at the Pesaro Conservatory. Valentino talked to Melis about his niece, and the diva finally consented to audition the young girl. Melis had been a soprano prima donna at La Scala in Milan and had sung with Caruso and Titta Ruffo. Carmen Melis (b. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night. ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... For the song Caruso by Lucio Dalla, see Caruso (song). ... Titta Ruffo, Italian opera singer (Pisa, June 9, 1877 - Florence, July 5, 1953), was generally regarded as the greatest baritone of his generation. ...


Melis was to become Tebaldi's most important teacher: the next day, and for the remainder of her holiday, Tebaldi worked with Melis; when she returned to Parma, the improvement was so drastic that no one believed it was the same voice. It was then that she determined to move to Pesaro permanently, where she lived with her father’s family and took classes with Melis both at the conservatory and privately. Melis organised a scholarship for her and Tebaldi made her first public appearance singing "Ebben? Ne andrò lontana" from Catalani's La Wally at the theatre in Urbino. At the age of 22, Tebaldi made her debut as Elena in Boito's Mefistofele in Rovigo. She performed several more times in Parma - in La Bohème, L'amico Fritz and Andrea Chénier and started working, again through Melis, with the conductor and singing teacher Giuseppe Pais in Milan 1944. An audition for Guido Gatti, the Scala's director, came to nothing as there were hardly any performances anymore during the war years. She made her debut as Desdemona in Trieste alongside Francesco Merli and caused a stir. Alfredo Catalani (Lucca June 19, 1854 – Milan August 7, 1893), was an Italian operatic composer, best known for the works La Wally (1892, to a libretto by Luigi Illica, containing Catalanis most famous aria, Ebben? Ne andrò lontana from Act I) and Loreley (1890). ... La Wally is an four-act opera by Alfredo Catalani, composed on a libretto by Luigi Illica, and first performed in Milan on the January 20, 1892. ... Panorama of Urbino with the cathedral and the palazzo ducale Urbino is a city in the Marche in Italy, southwest of Pesaro, a World Heritage Site with a great cultural history during the Renaissance as the seat of Federico da Montefeltro. ... Arrigo Boito (February 24, 1842 – June 10, 1918) was an Italian poet, journalist, novelist and composer, best known today for his opera libretti and his own opera, Mefistofele. ... Mefistofele is the only completed opera by the Italian composer Arrigo Boito. ... Rovigo is a town in the Veneto region of Northern Italy, the capital of the homonymous province. ... For other uses, see La bohème (disambiguation). ... Lamico Fritz is an opera in three acts by Pietro Mascagni, 1891, from a libretto by P. Suardon (Nicola Daspuro) (with additions by Giovanni Targioni-Tozzetti) , based on the French novel Lami Fritz by Emile Erckmann and Pierre-Alexandre Chatrian. ... Andrea Chénier is an opera in four acts by Umberto Giordano to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica, based on the life of the French poet André Chénier (1762-1794). ... For other uses, see Milan (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Trieste (disambiguation). ...


Arturo Toscanini

Her major breakthrough came in 1946, when she auditioned in Milan for Arturo Toscanini. Toscanini was favorably impressed, calling her "voce d'angelo" (angel voice). Tebaldi made her La Scala debut that year at the concert which marked the reopening of the theatre after World War II. She sang the "Prayer" ("Dal tuo stellato soglio") from Rossini's biblical opera, Mosè in Egitto, as well as the soprano part in Verdi's Te Deum. She was given the operatic roles of Margherita and Elena in Mefistofele and Elsa in Lohengrin in 1946. The following year, she appeared in La Bohème and as Eva in Die Meistersinger. Toscanini encouraged her to sing the role of Aida and invited her to rehearse the role in his studio. She was of the opinion that the role of Aida was reserved for a dramatic soprano, but Toscanini convinced her and she made her role debut at La Scala in 1950 alongside Mario del Monaco and Fedora Barbieri in a performance conducted by Antonino Votto. This was the greatest success in her still young career and was to launch her international career. Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Arturo Toscanini (March 25, 1867 – January 16, 1957) was an Italian musician. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, by night. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Portrait Gioacchino Antonio Rossini (February 29, 1792 – November 13, 1868)[1] was an Italian musical composer who wrote more than 30 operas as well as sacred music and chamber music. ... Mosè Egitto is a three part opera on the Exodus from Egypt of the Israelites, led by Moses. ... “Verdi” redirects here. ... Lohengrin is a romantic opera (or music drama) in three acts by Richard Wagner. ... Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg (The Master Singers of Nuremberg) is an opera in three acts, written and composed by Richard Wagner. ... AIDA is an acronym used in marketing that describes a common list of events that are very often undergone when a person is selling a product or service: A - Attention (Awareness): attract the attention of the customer. ... Mario del Monaco (Florence July 27, 1915 - October 16, 1982 in Mestre) was an Italian tenor. ... Fedora Barbieri (born 4 June 1920, Trieste - died 4 March 2003) was an Italian mezzo-soprano opera singer. ... Antonino Votto (October 30, 1896 - September 9, 1985) was an Italian operatic conductor. ...


Her voice was used for Sophia Loren's singing in the film version of Aida (1953). AIDA is an acronym used in marketing that describes a common list of events that are very often undergone when a person is selling a product or service: A - Attention (Awareness): attract the attention of the customer. ...


International career

She went on a concert tour with the La Scala ensemble in 1950, first to the Edinburgh Festival and then on to London, where she made her debut as Desdemona in two performances of Otello at Covent Garden and in the Verdi Requiem, both conducted by Victor de Sabata. There is no one Edinburgh Festival but those using the term are usually referring to the collection of various festivals in August and early September of each year in Edinburgh, Scotland. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Floral Hall of the Royal Opera House The Royal Opera House is an opera house and performing arts venue in London. ...


Tebaldi and Callas

By the early 1950s, Tebaldi was firmly entrenched at La Scala. But a new star had appeared on the scene: Maria Callas. Callas took over some performances of Aida for La Scala shortly after Tebaldi had sung the role there for the first time. Matters came to a head in 1951 when both were with an Italian company touring South America. Perhaps unwisely, the two of them were engaged to appear in the same concert. Afterwards Callas accused Tebaldi of breaking a no-encore agreement, when she delivered not one but two extra arias. The squabble continued when Callas criticised Tebaldi’s interpretation of Violetta in Traviata, which Tebaldi has to transpose down, and suggested that she give up the role.[citation needed] The in-fighting continued during the rest of an acrimonious tour.[citation needed] The culmination of this rivalry came in an article in Time magazine where Callas was quoted as saying that comparing herself to Tebaldi was like comparing champagne with Coca-Cola.[1] However, witnesses to the interview stated that Callas only said "champagne with cognac" after which a bystander quippped, "No, with Coca-Cola", but the Time reporter attributed the comment to Callas.[2] Maria Callas in a casual moment, 1960s Maria Callas (Greek: Μαρία Κάλλας) (December 2, 1923 – September 16, 1977) was an American born, Greek dramatic coloratura soprano and perhaps the best-known opera singer of the post-World War II period. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


In actuality, Callas and Tebaldi were two singers who should never have been compared. Callas was a dramatic soprano with an upper extension all the way to high E in performance, a formidable coloratura technique (dramatic soprano d'agilità), and she could sing roles from the heaviest dramatic soprano roles to the lightest coloratura showpieces. Tebaldi always considered herself a lyric soprano, and she centered her career on verismo and late Verdi roles where her limited upper range and lack of florid technique did not pose a problem. How much of the rivalry was real, and how much whipped up by fans and the press is open to question. Some also believe that the entire rivalry was instigated by their respective recording companies in order to boost sales, and that they were instructed to play along. Tebaldi herself felt that this was ultimately good for both their careers, since it aroused so much interest in the two of them. This article is about the singing voice part. ...


In the end, however, there was a reconciliation. After Tebaldi had inaugurated the 1968 Met season with Cilea’s Adriana Lecouvreur, Callas, who by that time had given her last opera performance, went backstage to congratulate Tebaldi. It was the last time the two sopranos were to meet. Francesco Cilea, (Palmi, near Reggio Calabria, July 26, 1866 - Varazze, near Savona, November 20, 1950) was an Italian opera composer, whose early success was not sustained, as taste in music changed. ... Adriana Lecouvreur is an opera by Francesco Cilea. ...


The Met

Tebaldi made her American debut in 1950 as Aïda at the San Francisco Opera; her Metropolitan Opera debut took place on January 31, 1955, as Desdemona opposite Mario del Monaco's Otello. For some twenty years, she made the Met the focus of her activities. For the 1962/1963 season, Tebaldi convinced the director of the Met, Rudolf Bing, to stage a revival of Cilea's Adriana Lecouvreur. The opera had not been staged since the turn of the century, but Bing was convinced that it would be a great success for Tebaldi, and for Franco Corelli, who sang the role of Maurizio. Unfortunately, Tebaldi was not in top vocal form. Alarmed, she took a thirteen-month hiatus from the stage. She later returned as Mimi to great acclaim. Aida is an opera in four acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Antonio Ghislanzoni, based on a story by Auguste Mariette. ... The San Francisco War Memorial Opera House San Francisco Opera (SFO) is the second largest opera company in North America. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, the lead section of this article may need to be expanded. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Desdemona may refer to: Desdemona (Othello), is a fictional character in William Shakespeares play (Othello) Desdemona (moon), a moon of Uranus 666 Desdemona, an asteroid Desdemona, Texas Desdemona Music Festival, 2006 music festival in Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Mario del Monaco (Florence July 27, 1915 - October 16, 1982 in Mestre) was an Italian tenor. ... For the Rossini opera, see Otello (Rossini) or for the eurobeat artist see Gianni Coraini. ... Sir Rudolph Bing Sir Rudolph Bing (January 9, 1902 – September 2, 1997) was an Austrian-born operatic impresario. ... Adriana Lecouvreur is an opera by Francesco Cilea. ... Franco Corelli. ...


She sang more at the Met and far less elsewhere. She had developed a special rapport with the Met audiences and became known as "Miss Sold Out". She sang there some 270 times in La bohème, Madama Butterfly, Tosca, Manon Lescaut, La Fanciulla del West, Otello, La Forza del Destino, Simon Boccanegra, Falstaff, Andrea Chénier, La Gioconda and Violetta in a production of La Traviata created specially for her. She made her last appearance there as Desdemona on 8 January, 1973 in the same role in which she had made her debut eighteen years earlier. For other uses, see La bohème (disambiguation). ... Madama Butterfly (Madame Butterfly) is an opera in three acts (originally two acts) by Giacomo Puccini, with an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa. ... For other uses, see Tosca (disambiguation). ... Cover of a recent translation of Manon Lescaut. ... La Fanciulla del West (The Girl of the Golden West) is an opera in three acts by Giacomo Puccini to an Italian libretto by Guelfo Civinini and Carlo Zangarini, based on the play The Girl of the Golden West by David Belasco. ... For the Rossini opera, see Otello (Rossini) or for the eurobeat artist see Gianni Coraini. ... La forza del destino (The Force of Destiny) is an Italian opera by Giuseppe Verdi. ... Simon Boccanegra is an opera with a prologue and three acts by Giuseppe Verdi to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave, based on the play Simón Bocanegra by Antonio García Gutiérrez. ... For other uses, see Falstaff (disambiguation). ... Andrea Chénier is an opera in four acts by Umberto Giordano to an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica, based on the life of the French poet André Chénier (1762-1794). ... La Gioconda can refer to: A famous painting by Leonardo da Vinci, better known as Mona Lisa; An opera by Amilcare Ponchielli. ... La traviata is an opera in three acts by Giuseppe Verdi set to an Italian libretto by Francesco Maria Piave. ...


Later years

By the end of her career, Tebaldi had sung in 1,262 performances, 1,048 complete operas, and 214 concerts.


Tebaldi retired from the stage in 1973 and from the concert hall in 1976. She spent the majority of her last days in Milan. She died at age 82 at her home, in San Marino. She is buried in the family chapel at Mattaleto cemetery (Langhirano). For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Langhirano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Parma in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 90 km west of Bologna and about 20 km south of Parma. ...


References

Notes

  1. ^ "Diva Serena, Time, November 3, 1958
  2. ^ Stassinopoulos, Ariana (1981). Maria Callas: The Woman Behind the Legend. New York: Simon and Schuster. ISBN 0671255835. 

Websites

  • Tebaldi, Renata -- Encyclopedia Britannica

External link

  • A Tribute to Renata Tebaldi (including discography)
  • YouTube - Renata Tebaldi is Madama Butterfly Tebaldi sings "Un Bel Di Vedremo" from Puccini's Madama Butterfly in this 1959 video.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Renata Tebaldi at AllExperts (619 words)
Tebaldi was born Renata Ersilia Clotilde Tebaldi in Pesaro.
Tebaldi made her La Scala debut that year at the concert which marked the reopening of the theater after World War II.
Tebaldi retired from the stage in 1973 and from the concert hall in 1976.
Renata Tebaldi (801 words)
Renata Ersilia Clotilde Tebaldi was born on February 1, 1922, in Pesaro, Italy.
Tebaldi was always a favorite of the Met, and in the 1962-63 season, she convinced Rudolf Bing to stage a revival of Cilea's Adriana Lecouvreur.
Unfortunately, Tebaldi was experiencing somewhat of a vocal crisis, and members of the audience noticed that she sounded tired and her voice had developped a dull, strained sort of heaviness.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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