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Encyclopedia > Renal vein
Vein: Renal vein
The anterior surfaces of the kidneys, showing the areas of contact of neighboring viscera.
1. Renal pyramid
2. Efferent artery
3. Renal artery
4. Renal vein
5. Renal hilum
6. Renal pelvis
7. Ureter
8. Minor calyx
9. Renal capsule
10. Inferior renal capsule
11. Superior renal capsule
12. Afferent vein
13. Nephron
14. Minor calyx
15. Major calyx
16. Renal papilla
17. Renal column
Latin vv. renales
Gray's subject #173
Drains from kidney
Drains to inferior vena cava
Artery Renal artery
MeSH Renal+Veins

The renal veins are veins that drain the kidney. They connect the kidney to the inferior vena cava. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1000x1018, 342 KB) Summary Author: Piotr MichaÅ‚ Jaworski; PioM EN DE PL Place: POLAND/PoznaÅ„; Date: 19:48, 8 June 2006 (UTC) Description: Human kidney anatomy EN: If you want to use my graphic outside Wikipedia, and its resolution or license... Renal pyramids are cone-shaped tissues of the kidney. ... Human kidneys viewed from behind with spine removed The renal arteries normally arise off the abdominal aorta and supply the kidneys with blood. ... The medial border of the kidney is concave in the center and convex toward either extremity; it is directed forward and a little downward. ... The renal pelvis represents the dilated proximal part of the ureter. ... Transverse section of ureter. ... The minor calyx surrounds the apex of the malpighian pyramids. ... The renal capsule is a tough fibrous layer surrounding the kidney and covered in a thick layer of perinephric adipose tissue. ... The renal capsule is a tough fibrous layer surrounding the kidney and covered in a thick layer of perinephric adipose tissue. ... The renal capsule is a tough fibrous layer surrounding the kidney and covered in a thick layer of perinephric adipose tissue. ... A nephron is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney. ... The minor calyx surrounds the apex of the malpighian pyramids. ... The major calyx surrounds the apex of the the malpighian pyramids. ... In the kidney, the renal papilla is the location where the kidneys converge at a traffic intersection. ... The renal column is tissue between the renal pyramids that allows for support of the renal cortex. ... Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... The kidneys are organs that filter wastes (such as urea) from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. ... This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. ... Human kidneys viewed from behind with spine removed The renal arteries normally arise off the abdominal aorta and supply the kidneys with blood. ... Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is a huge controlled vocabulary (or metadata system) for the purpose of indexing journal articles and books in the life sciences. ... In the circulatory system, a vein is a blood vessel that carries blood toward the heart. ... The kidneys are organs that filter wastes (such as urea) from the blood and excrete them, along with water, as urine. ... This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. ...


It is usually singular to each kidney, except in the condition "multiple renal veins".[1]

Contents

Asymmetry

Because the inferior vena cava is on the right half of the body, the left renal vein is generally the longer of the two.


Because the inferior vena cava is not laterally symmetrical, the left renal vein often receives the following veins: This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. ...

This is in contrast to the right side of the body, where these veins drain directly into the IVC. The Suprarenal Veins are two in number: the right ends in the inferior vena cava. ... The lumbar veins are veins running along the inside of the posterior abdominal wall. ... In medicine, gonadal vein refers to the blood vessel that carrying blood away from the gonad (testis, ovary) toward the heart. ... The testicular vein (or spermatic vein), the male gonadal vein, carries deoxygenated blood from its corresponding testis to the inferior vena cava or one of its tributaries. ... The ovarian vein, the female gonadal vein, carries deoxygenated blood from its corresponding ovary to inferior vena cava or one of its tributaries. ...


Pathology

Diseases associated with the renal vein include renal vein thrombosis (RVT) and nutcracker syndrome (renal vein entrapment syndrome). Renal vein thrombosis (RVT) is the formation of a clot or thrombus obstructing the renal vein, leading to a reduction in drainage of the kidney. ... A picture of a nutcracker. ...


Additional images

<sell-kidney.shell>


See also

Renal physiology is the study of the physiology of the kidneys. ...

Reference

  1. ^ iv_2/m/MULTIPLE_RENAL_VEINS article at GE's Medcyclopaedia

<references//> GE redirects here. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Renal vein thrombosis (483 words)
In adults, renal vein thrombosis can be caused by injury to the abdomen or back, as a result of malignant kidney tumors growing into the renal vein, or as a result of kidney diseases that cause degenerative changes in the cells of the renal tubules (nephrotic syndrome).
Renal venography, where a contrast material (dye) is injected into the renal vein before x rays are taken, is one of the best ways to detect renal vein thrombosis.
Death from renal vein thrombosis is rare, and is often caused by the blood clot detaching and lodging in the heart or lungs.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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