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Encyclopedia > Renal compensation

Renal compensation is a mechanism by which the kidneys can regulate the plasma pH. It is slower than respiratory compensation, but has a greater ability to restore normal values. Kidneys viewed from behind with spine removed The kidneys are bean-shaped excretory organs in vertebrates. ...


In respiratory acidosis, the kidney produces and excretes ammonium (NH4+) and monophosphate, generating bicarbonate in the process while clearing acid.[1] Respiratory acidosis is acidosis (abnormal acidity of the blood) due to decreased ventilation of the pulmonary alveoli, leading to elevated arterial carbon dioxide concentration. ... A ball-and-stick model of the ammonium cation Fumes from hydrochloric acid and ammonia forming a white cloud of ammonium chloride Ammonium is also an old name for the Siwa Oasis in western Egypt. ...


In respiratory alkalosis, less HCO3- is reabsorbed, thus lowering the pH.[2] Alkalosis refers to a condition reducing hydrogen ion concentration of arterial blood plasma. ...


References

  1. ^ Physiology at MCG 7/7ch12/7ch12p45
  2. ^ Physiology at MCG 7/7ch12/7ch12p48

In 1828 the Medical Academy of Georgia was chartered by the state of Georgia with plans to offer a single course of lectures leading to a bachelors degree. ... In 1828 the Medical Academy of Georgia was chartered by the state of Georgia with plans to offer a single course of lectures leading to a bachelors degree. ...

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