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Encyclopedia > René Favaloro
René Favaloro

Dr. René Gerónimo Favaloro (July 12, 1923 - July 29, 2000) was a famous Argentine cardiac surgeon who created the technique for coronary bypass surgery. This work is copyrighted. ... This work is copyrighted. ... July 12 is the 193rd day (194th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 172 days remaining. ... 1923 was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 1967, René Favaloro became the first surgeon to perform bypass surgery on a patient suffering from coronary artery disease. This procedure later developed into an important technology in coronary surgery. 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... A coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or heart bypass is a surgical procedure performed in patients with coronary artery disease (see atherosclerosis) for the relief of angina and possible improved heart muscle function. ... Coronary heart disease (CHD), also called coronary artery disease (CAD) and atherosclerotic heart disease, is the end result of the accumulation of atheromatous plaques within the walls of the arteries that supply the myocardium (the muscle of the heart). ... Technology ( Gr. ...

Contents

Early life

Favaloro was born and raised in 'El Mondongo', a poor neighborhood of La Plata, Argentina. La Plata is the capital city of the Province of Buenos Aires, Argentina. ...


In 1936, Favaloro was admitted into the Colegio Nacional de La Plata. After graduating from high school, he was admitted as a student to the Medical Sciences Faculty of the Universidad Nacional de La Plata. During his third year, he started attending the Hospital Policlínico, a medical center that received the complicated cases from practically all of Buenos Aires province and brought him into contact with patients for the first time. 1936 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Categories: Argentine provinces | Buenos Aires province | Argentina geography stubs ...


He attended procedures carried out by professors José María Mainetti and Federico E.B. Christmann, from whom he learned the simplicity and standardization that he would later apply to cardiovascular surgery: perhaps his greatest contribution to cardiovascular operating techniques.


He served his medical residency at the Hospital Policlínico. A medical residency is a post-graduate educational and clinical training program for physicians. ...


In 1949 he applied for a post as a medical auxiliary, but the offer of the post required him to accept the policy of the then Argentine government. He was then offered a locum post as the only doctor in the small town of Jacinto Aráuz in the province of La Pampa. When the permanent doctor died, he took the post permanently, and then brought in his brother Juan José. 1949 is a common year starting on Saturday. ... Categories: Argentina geography stubs | Argentine provinces ...


Working with others in the community, they took steps to improve the general level of health in the region.


Thoracic surgery

He read about developments in cardiovascular interventions, and developed an enthusiasm for thoracic surgery. At one visit to La Plata, he met Professor Mainetti, who pointed him in the direction of the Cleveland Clinic. The Cleveland Clinic is a prominent health care center in Cleveland, Ohio, with approximately 1,300 staff physicians providing for 2 million outpatient visits and 50,000 hospital admissions per year. ...


Although in the beginning he had doubts about leaving his profession as a rural physician, he thought that he could make a greater contribution to the community when returning to the United States. With few resources and some rudimentary English, he decided to travel to Cleveland. He first worked as a resident and later on as a member of the surgery team, working with Donald B. Effler, head of cardiovascular surgery, F. Mason Sones, Jr., who was in charge of the Angiography Laboratory and William L. Proudfit, head of the Department of Cardiology. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Angiography or arteriography is a medical imaging technique in which an X-ray picture is taken to visualize the inner opening of blood filled structures, including arteries, veins and the heart chambers. ...


In the beginning, the major part of his work related to valvular and congenital diseases; later on he became interested in other areas. Every day, having hardly finished working in the surgery room, Favaloro would spend hours upon hours reviewing coronary angiograms and studying coronary arteries and their relation with the cardiac muscle. The Laboratory of Sones, father of the coronary arteriography, had the most important collection of angiograms in the United States. Angiography or arteriography is a medical imaging technique in which an X-ray picture is taken to visualize the inner opening of blood filled structures, including arteries, veins and the heart chambers. ... The coronary circulation consists of the blood vessels that supply blood to, and remove blood from, the heart. ...


At the beginning of 1967, Favaloro began to consider the possibility of using the saphenous vein in coronary surgery. He put his ideas in practice for the first time in May of that year. The standardization of this technique, called bypass or myocardial revascularization surgery, was the fundamental work of his career, which ensured that his prestige would transcend the limits of that country, as the procedure radically changed the history of coronary disease. In 1970 he published a book called Surgical Treatment on Coronary Arteriosclerosis, and published it in Spanish with the name Tratamiento Quirúrgico de la Arteriosclerosis Coronaria. 1967 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1967 calendar). ... The great (also called greater) saphenous vein is the large subcutaneous vein of the leg and thigh. ... A coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) or heart bypass is a surgical procedure performed in patients with coronary artery disease (see atherosclerosis) for the relief of angina and possible improved heart muscle function. ... 1970 was a common year starting on Thursday. ...


The creation of the Favaloro Foundation

In 1971 Favaloro, returned to Argentina with the dream of developing a center of excellence similar to the Cleveland Clinic, that combined medical attention, investigation and education. 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... The Cleveland Clinic is a prominent health care center in Cleveland, Ohio, with approximately 1,300 staff physicians providing for 2 million outpatient visits and 50,000 hospital admissions per year. ...


Bearing that in mind he founded the Fundación Favaloro in 1975 along with other collaborators. He took great pride in having trained more than 450 residents from all over Argentina and Latin America. Favaloro contributed to raise the standard level of his specialty in benefit of the patients through innumerable courses, seminars and conferences organized by the Fundación, among them the distinguished 'Cardiology for the Consultant' (Cardiología para el Consultante) held every two years. 1975 was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...


In 1980 Favaloro established the 'Basic Investigation Laboratory' (Laboratorio de Investigación Básica), which was financed with his own money for a long timespan and which, at the time, depended upon the support of the Investigation and Teaching Department of the Fundación Favaloro). Subsequently it became the Institute of Investigation in Basic Sciences of the University Institute of Biomedical Sciences (Instituto de Investigación en Ciencias Básicas del Instituto Universitario de Ciencias Biomédicas) which in turn, was transformed into the Universidad Favaloro in August 1998. 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... August is the eighth month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. ... 1998 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


In 1992 the nonprofit Favaloro Foundation Institute of Cardiology and Cardiovascular Surgery (Instituto de Cardiología y Cirugía Cardiovascular de la Fundación Favaloro) opened in Buenos Aires. With the motto "advanced technology at the service of medical humanism", this institute offers highly specialized services of cardiology, cardiovascular surgery and heart, lung, cardiopulmonary, liver, kidney and bone marrow transplants, among other areas. Favaloro focused his career there, surrounded by a selected group of professionals. 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The heart and lungs (from an older edition of Grays Anatomy) The lung is an organ belonging to the respiratory system and interfacing to the circulatory system of air-breathing vertebrates. ... The liver is an organ in vertebrates including humans. ... Kidneys viewed from behind with spine removed The kidneys are bean-shaped excretory organs in vertebrates. ... Bone marrow is the tissue comprising the center of large bones. ... An organ transplant is the transplantation of an organ (or part of one) from one body to another, for the purpose of replacing the recipients damaged or failing organ with a working one from the donor. ...


He kept his emphasis in disease prevention and teaching his patients basic rules of hygiene which could promote a drop in the number diseases and the mortality rate. Bearing that objective in mind the Fundación Favaloro researches for illness detection, different prevention programmes (like the course to quit smoking) and many publications for the people were made through the Centro Editor de la Fundación Favaloro (Publishing Center of the Favaloro Foundation), which ceased to operate in 2000. Mortality rate is the annual number of deaths per 1000 people. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


By the year 2000, Argentina was already submerged in an economic and political crisis, and the Favaloro Foundation US$ 75 million in debt. Favaloro requested economic help from the government on repeated occasions without receiving an official response. On July 29 of that year, Favaloro took the tragic decision of committing suicide, shooting himself in the heart. After his death, it was revealed that he had sent a letter to Argentine President Fernando de la Rúa, that had never been read, in which he expressed being tired of "being a beggar in his own country." 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... Fernando de la Rúa Bruno (born September 15, 1937) is an Argentine politician. ...


The Favaloro Foundation is currently one of the largest institutions dedicated to cardiology in Latin America. Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ...


Recognitions and distinctions

Favaloro was an active member of 26 societies, corresponding of 4, and honorary of 43. he received innumerable international distinctions. The ones that stand out are: John Scott Prize 1979, granted by Philadelphia; the creation of the Chair of Cardiovascular Surgery "Dr René G. Favaloro" (Tel Aviv University, Israel, 1980); the distinction of the Fundación Conchita Rábago de Giménez Díaz (Madrid, Spain, 1982); the Teacher Prize of Argentinian Medicine (1986); the Distinguished Alumnus Award of the Cleveland Clinic Foundation (1987); The Gairdner Foundation International Award, granted by the Gairdner Foundation (Toronto, Canada, 1987); the René Leriche Prize 1989, granted by the International Surgery Society; the Gifted Teacher Award, granted by the American College of Cardiology (1992); the Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement (1993); the Prince Mahidol Prize, granted by His Majesty the King of Thailand (Bangkok, Thailand, 1999). 1979 is a common year starting on Monday. ... Independence Hall Philadelphia (sometimes referred to as Philly or the City of Brotherly Love) is the sixth-most-populous city in the United States and the most populous city in the state of Pennsylvania, occupying all of Philadelphia County. ... Tel-Aviv University (TAU, אוניברסיטת תל-אביב) is one of Israels major universities. ... 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Coat of arms The Plaza de España square Madrid, the capital of Spain, is located in the center of the country at 40°25′ N 3°45′ W. Population of the city of Madrid proper was 3,093,000 (Madrilenes, madrileños) as of 2003 estimates. ... 1982 is a number and represents a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar Events January-February January 6 - William Bonin is convicted of being the freeway killer. January 8 - AT&T agrees to divest itself of twenty-two subdivisions January 11 - Mark Thatcher, son of the British... 1986 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... }|135px|City of Toronto, Ontario Official Flag]]|Coat Image=[[Image:{{{Coat Image}}}|135px|City of Toronto, Ontario Coat of Arms]]}} {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Diversity Our Strength {{Canadian City/Location Image is:{{{Location Image Type}}}|[[Image:{{{Location Image}}}|thumbnail|250px|City of Toronto, Ontario, Canada Location. ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 is a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1993 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003) Events Media:January January 1 - Czechoslovakia divides. ... Bangkok from the Chao Phraya River at sunset, July 2004 Bangkok, (in Thai กรุงเทพฯ, กรุงเทพมหานคร, or Krung Thep, Krung Thep Mahanakhon), population 8,538,610 (1990), is the capital and largest city of Thailand. ... 1999 is a common year starting on Friday of the Common Era, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ...


Favaloro on television

Favaloro also participated in educational programming for the public, distinguishing himself in the television series The great medical themes, and in numerous conferences in Argentina and throughout the world on topics such as medicine, education, and modern society.


Works by Favaloro

René Favaloro published more than three hundred works in his specialty. Owing to his passion for history, he also wrote two books about General José de San Martín. José de San Martín ( 25 February 1778 - 17 August 1850) was an Argentine general and the prime leader of the southern part of South Americas successful struggle for independence from Spain. ...

  • Surgical Treatment of Coronary Arteriosclerosis (1970)
  • Recuerdos de un médico rural ("Memories of a rural doctor", 1980)
  • ¿Conoce usted a San Martín? ("Do you know San Martín?", 1986)
  • La Memoria de Guayaquil ("The memory of Guayaquil" 1991)
  • De La Pampa a los Estados Unidos ("From the pampa to the United States", 1993)
  • Don Pedro y la Educación ("Don Pedro and education", 1994)

References

This article draws heavily on the corresponding article in the Spanish-language Wikipedia, which was accessed in the version of March 12, 2005. March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


External links

  • Favaloro Foundation (Spanish) (http://www.fundacionfavaloro.org) - Spanish-language page about the investigation of the Fundación Favaloro, with a gallery of images, quotes, and an essay on Favaloro's legacy.
  • Favaloro University (Spanish) (http://www.favaloro.edu.ar)

 
 

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