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Encyclopedia > Religious terrorism
Terrorism
General
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War on Terrorism
Red Terror
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Agro-terrorism
Propaganda of the deed
Bioterrorism
Christian terrorism
Communist terrorism
Eco-terrorism
Islamist terrorism
Narcoterrorism
Nationalist
Nuclear terrorism
Political
Racist
Other religious terrorism
State
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Tactics
Tactics of terrorism
Hijacking
Car bombing
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Proxy bomb
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Lone-wolf
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Religious terrorism refers to terrorism justified or motivated by religion and is a form of religious violence. Terrorist redirects here. ... Few words are as politically or emotionally chared States Army|US Army]][1] counted 109 definitions of terrorism that covered a total of 22 different definitional elements. ... Bold text Although there are earlier related examples, the history of terrorism in the modern sense seems to have emerged around the mid 19th-century. ... International conventions on terrorism set out obligations of states in respect to defining international counter terrorist offences, prosecuting individuals suspected of such offences, extraditing such persons upon request, and providing mutual legal assistance upon request. ... Anti-terrorism legislation designs all types of laws passed in the purported aim of fighting terrorism. ... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... Combatants Participants in operations  United States  United Kingdom  Israel  Canada  Australia  Poland  Iraq  Afghanistan  India  Pakistan  Philippines  Somalia  Ethiopia  Lebanon Fatah et al. ... The Red Terror was a campaign of mass arrests and deportations targeted against counterrevolutionaries in Russia during the Russian Civil War. ... The Reign of Terror (June 1793 - July 1794) was a period in the French Revolution characterized by brutal repression. ... It has been suggested that The White Terror (France) be merged into this article or section. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of terrorist organizations. ... The following is a timeline of acts and failed attempts that can be considered non-state terrorism. ... The term Agro-terrorism is a controversial neologism used to describe threats by a terrorist act on the food chain. ... Propaganda of the deed (or propaganda by the deed, from the French propagande par le fait) is a concept of anarchist origin, which appeared towards the end of the 19th century, that promoted terrorism against political enemies as a way of inspiring the masses and catalyzing revolution. ... For the use of biological agents in warfare, see Biological warfare. ... The Ku Klux Klan with a fiery cross Christian terrorism is a form of militant extremism that attempts to spread fear and terror, to perpetrate ideological goals, through violent attacks against civilian populations. ... Communist terrorism is terrorism carried out in the name of furthering Communist goals or teachings. ... Eco-terrorism is defined by the Federal Bureau of Investigations Domestic Terrorism Section as the use or threatened use of violence of a criminal nature against innocent victims or property by an environmentally-oriented, subnational group for environmental-political reasons, or aimed at an audience beyond the target, often... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Narcoterrorism is a term coined by former President Fernando Belaúnde Terry of Peru in 1983 when describing terrorist-type attacks against his nations anti-narcotics police. ... Nationalist terrorism is a form of terrorism through which participants attempt to form an independent state against what they consider an occupying, imperial, or otherwise illegitimate state. ... Nuclear terrorism denotes the use of nuclear weapons, radiological weapons (dirty bombs), or attacks against local facilities that handle nuclear material with mass destruction in mind. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Terrorism. ... 15:40, 25 January 2007 (UTC)168. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... The definitions of state-sponsored terrorism, terrorism, and state terrorism are controversial. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hijackers inside flightdeck of TWA Flight 847 Aircraft hijacking (also known as skyjacking and aircraft piracy) is the take-over of an aircraft, by a person or group, usually armed. ... For other uses, see Car bomb (disambiguation). ... A suicide attack is an attack on a military or civilian target, in which an attacker intends to kill others, and knows that they will either certainly or most likely die in the process (see suicide). ... The Proxy Bomb (also known as a human bomb) was a tactic used by the Provisional IRA for a short time in 1990s, whereby people were forced to drive car bombs into military targets. ... A terrorist front organization is created to conceal activities or provide logistical or financial support to the illegal activities. ... A Lone Wolf (Lone-wolf activist to proponents, Lone-wolf terrorist to opponents) is someone who commits violent acts in support of some group, movement, or ideology, but does so alone, outside of any command structure. ... Terrorist redirects here. ... Religious violence Throughout history, religious beliefs have provoked some believers into violence. ...

Contents

Christian

Main article: Christian terrorism

Organizations dedicated to Christian extremist terrorism: The Ku Klux Klan with a fiery cross Christian terrorism is a form of militant extremism that attempts to spread fear and terror, to perpetrate ideological goals, through violent attacks against civilian populations. ... Christian terrorism is terrorism carried out in the name of furthering Christian goals or teachings. ...

  • Army of God: Christian paramilitary group that supports and involves itself in terrorist activity against abortion clinics and providers in the United States.
  • Nagaland Rebels: (1948–present) Active in predominantly Christian state in India. Involved in several bombings in 2004.

The Army of God (AOG) is a pro-life terrorist organization which holds that it is lawful and theologically justified to use force to end abortion in the United States, its members have also been involved in the horrific murders of homosexuals. ... A paramilitary organization is a group of civilians trained and organized in a military fashion. ... Nagaland Rebels There are several separationist groups operating in Nagaland, in eastern India. ...

Islamic

Main article: Islamist terrorism

Jihad in Islam means struggle, not terrorism. It means to fight only when being persecuted or lands threatened or under occupation. The Greater Jihad in Islam means to fight one's inner-self, to make one a good person, with good deeds. THis is the greatest Jihad in Islam. This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ...


Organizations involved in Islamist terrorism: This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ...


Sunni Groups:

  • Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG): Separatist. Aims for the establishment of an Islamic state in the Southern Philippines.
  • Al-Gama'at al-Islamiya (GI): The violent overthrow of the Egyptian Government and establishment of an Islamic state and the removal of Western influence from the Arab world.
  • Al-Jihad: Aims for violent overthrow of the Egyptian government and the establishment of an Islamic state in Egypt, destruction of U.S. and Israeli interests.
  • Al-Qaeda: Led by Osama bin Laden, its aims are the expulsion of Western forces from Saudi Arabia, overthrow of the House of Saud, and the destruction of Israel and governments that support Israeli foreign policy.
  • Al-Qaeda in Iraq: Aims to create a Sunni Islamic state in Iraq.
  • Ansar al-Islam(AI): Aims to create an Islamic state in Iraq; alleged link with Al-Qaeda.
  • Armed Islamic Group (Groupe Islamique Armée) (GIA): The aim of the GIA is the violent overthrow of the Algerian government and the creation an Islamic state in Algeria.
  • Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ): The aim of the EIJ is to overthrow the Egyptian Government and replace it with an Islamic state, global Jihad against non-Muslims societies.
  • Front Pembela Islam (FPI): An anarchic terrorist group growing in some parts of Indonesia. They have a primary agenda to force the government to implement the Islamic laws within the country.
  • Hamas: Islamic organization based in Gaza City with the aim of the destruction of Israel and the creation of an Islamic state in its place. Considered to be terrorist by Israel, the United States and the EU.
  • Islamic Army of Aden (IAA): The IAA's aim is to overthrow the Yemeni government and resist U.S. interests in the region.
  • Islamic Jihad
  • Jaish e Mohammed (JeM): JeM seeks separation of Kashmir from Indian control.
  • Jeemah Islamiyah (JI): JI's aim is the creation of a unified Islamic state in Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia and the Southern Philippines.
  • Lashkar e Tayyaba (LeT): LeT seeks an independent Kashmir and reestablishment of Islamic rule over India.
  • Moro Islamic Liberation Front: Aims to create Islamic state in Mindanao, Philippines.
  • Palestinian Army of Islam or Jaysh al Islam
  • Salafist Group for Call and Combat (Groupe Salafiste pour la Predication et le Combat) (GSPC): Its aim is to create an Islamic state in Algeria.
Religious discrimination
and persecution
By victimized group:

African religions · Atheists
Bahá'ís · Buddhists · Cathars
Religion in China · Christians
Hellenistic religions · Hindus · Jews
Mormons · Muslims · Neopagans
Rastafari · Sikhs · Zoroastrians The Abu Sayyaf Group (ASG), or simply Abu Sayyaf, also known as Al Harakat Al Islamiyya, is a separatist group of islamist terrorists based in and around the southern islands of the Philippines, primarily Jolo, Basilan, and Mindanao. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Al-Gamaa al-Islamiyya (Arabic for the Islamic Group; also transliterated Gamaat Islamiya, Jamaat al Islamiya, etc. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... The Egyptian Islamic Jihad (EIJ), also called the Islamic Jihad and the Jihad Group, is an Egyptian Islamic group active since the late 1970s with origins in the Lebanon and Yemen. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Al-Qaeda (Arabic: القاعدة, the foundation or the base) is the name given to a worldwide network of militant Islamist organizations under the leadership of Osama bin Laden. ... The House of Saud ( transliteration: ) is the royal family of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. ... Al-Qaeda in Iraq (AQI) is a takfeeri militant group which is playing an active role in the Iraqi insurgency. ... Sunni Muslims are the largest denomination of Islam. ... Ansar al-Islam (Arabic: انصار الاسلام, Supporters or Partisans of Islam) is a Kurdish Sunni Islamist group, promoting a radical interpretation of Islam and holy war. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... The Armed Islamic Group (GIA, from French Groupe Islamique Armé; Arabic al-Jamaah al-Islamiyah al-Musallaha) is a militant Islamist group with the declared aim of overthrowing the Algerian government and replacing it with an Islamic state. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Hamas (Arabic: ; acronym: Arabic: , or Harakat al-Muqawama al-Islamiyya or Islamic Resistance Movement,[1]) is a Palestinian Sunni Islamist organization. ... The article is about the Middle Eastern city. ... Islamic Jihad (Arabic: ‎, Harakat al-Jihad al-Islami) is a terrorist Islamist group based in the Syrian capital, Damascus. ... Jaish-e-Mohammed (Arabic:جيش محمد, literally The Army of Muhammad, transliterated as Jaish-e-Muhammed, Jaish-e-Mohammad or Jaish-e-Muhammad, often abbreviated as JEM) is a major Islamic militant organization in South Asia. ... Kashmir (or Cashmere) may refer to: Kashmir region, the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent India, Kashmir conflict, the territorial dispute between India, Pakistan, and the China over the Kashmir region. ... Jemaah Islamiyah, sometimes rendered Jemaah Islamiah, is a militant Islamic separatist movement, suspected of killing hundreds of civilians, dedicated to the establishment of a fundamentalist Islamic state in Southeast Asia, in particular Indonesia, Singapore, Brunei, Malaysia, and the south of Thailand and the Philippines. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Lashkar-e-Toiba or Lashkar-i-Taiba (the Army of the Pure) (formed 1990) is a militant Islamist group based in Pakistan and active in carrying out armed attacks on Indian armed forces and civilians in the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir. ... The Moro Islamic Liberation Front is a Muslim separatist rebel group located in Southern Philippines. ... The Army of Islam (Arabic: ) is a Palestinian militant group. ... The Salafist Group for Preaching and Combat (French Groupe Salafiste pour la Prédication et le Combat) is an Algerian Islamist guerilla group which aims to overthrow the Algerian state and institute some sort of Islamic republic. ... Islam (Arabic: ; ( â–¶ (help· info)), the submission to God) is a monotheistic faith, one of the Abrahamic religions and the worlds second-largest religion. ... Religious discrimination is valuing a person or group lower because of their religion, or treating someone differently because of what they do or do not believe. ... Religious persecution is systematic mistreatment of an individual or group due to their religious affiliation. ... Contrary to popular belief, the Africans enslaved to build the economic foundation of America were not Christians. ... Many atheists have experienced persecution, mainly from Christians and Muslims. ... The persecution of Baháís refers to the religious persecution of Baháís in various countries, especially in Iran, the nation of origin of the Baháí Faith, Irans largest religious minority and the location of one of the largest Baháí populations in the world. ... Many Buddhists have experienced persecution from non-Buddhists during the history of Buddhism. ... Cathars being expelled from Carcassonne in 1209. ... Chinese monk lighting incense in a temple in Beijing. ... A Converted British Family sheltering a Christian Priest from the Persecution of the Druids, an imaginary scene of persecution by druids in ancient Britain painted by William Holman Hunt. ... The Hellenistic religion at the time of the Constantinian shift consisted mainly of two main currents, the official Roman imperial cult various Mystery religions Christianity grew gradually in Rome and the Roman empire. ... Persecution of Hindus refers to the religious persecution inflicted upon Hindus. ... An anti-Mormon political cartoon from the late nineteenth century. ... Conflicts between Muslims and non-Muslims made the persecution of both Muslims and non-Muslims a recurring phenomenon during the history of Islam. ... Religious discrimination against adherents of various neopagan denominations. ... Persecution of members of the Rastafari movement, a group founded in Jamaica in the early 1930s and who worship Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia as Almighty God, has been fairly continuous since the movement began but nowadays is particularly concerning their spiritual use of cannabis, an illegal drug almost... A Sikh man wearing a turban The adherents of Sikhism are called Sikhs. ... The persecution of Zoroastrians has been common since the fall of the Sassanid Empire and the rule of Umayyad Arab empire that replaced it. ...

By method:

Anti-clericalism · Censorship
Genocide · Forced conversion
War · Discrimination · Fascism
Intolerance · Police · Terrorism
Segregation · Violence · Abuse
State atheism · State religion Anti-clericalism is a historical movement that opposes religious (generally Catholic) institutional power and influence in all aspects of public and political life, and the encroachment of religion in the everyday life of the citizen. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction of an ethnic or national group. ... A forced conversion occurs when someone adopts a religion or philosophy under the threat that a refusal would result in negative non-spiritual consequences. ... A religious war is a war justified by religious differences. ... Religious discrimination is valuing a person or group lower because of their religion, or treating someone differently because of what they do or do not believe. ... Religion and neo-fascism refers to the relationship between neo-fascism and religion. ... Religious intolerance is either intolerance motivated by ones own religious beliefs or intolerance against anothers religious beliefs or practices. ... Religious segregation involves the separation of people on the basis of religion. ... Religious violence Throughout history, religious beliefs have provoked some believers into violence. ... The term Spiritual abuse was coined in the late twentieth century to refer to abusive or aberrational practices identified in the behavior and teachings of some churches, spiritual and religious organizations and groups. ... State atheism is the official rejection of religion in all forms by a government in favor of atheism. ... Nations with state religions:  Buddhism  Islam  Shia Islam  Sunni Islam  Orthodox Christianity  Protestantism  Roman Catholic Church A state religion (also called an official religion, established church or state church) is a religious body or creed officially endorsed by the state. ...

Historical events

Dechristianisation in the French Revolution
Revolt in the Vendee · Cristero War
Red Terror · Red Terror in Spain
Cultural Revolution · Reign of Terror
Inquisition · Wars of Religion
St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre
Khmer Rouge · Pontic tragedy · Kulturkampf
Armenian Genocide · Assyrian Genocide
History of Communist Albania
The Dechristianisation of France during the French Revolution is a conventional description of the results of a number of separate policies, conducted by various governments of France between the start of the French Revolution in 1789 and the Concordat of 1801. ... During the French Revolution, the 1793-1796 uprising in the Vendée, variously known as the Uprising, Insurrection, Revolt, or Wars in the Vendée, was the largest internal counter-revolution to the new Republic. ... The struggle between church and state in Mexico broke out in armed conflict during the Cristero War (also known as the Cristiada) of 1926 to 1929. ... The Red Terror was a campaign of mass arrests and deportations targeted against counterrevolutionaries in Russia during the Russian Civil War. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Spanish Civil War. ... The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; literally Proletarian Cultural Great Revolution; often abbreviated to 文化大革命 wénhuà dà gémìng, literally Great Cultural Revolution, or even simpler, to 文革 wéngé, Cultural Revolution) in the Peoples Republic of China was a struggle for power within the... reign of terror, or the terror, see terror The Reign of Terror (5 September 1793 – 28 July 1794) or simply The Terror (French: la Terreur) was a period of about ten months during the French Revolution when struggles between rival factions led to mutual radicalization which took on a violent... This article is about the Inquisition of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The French Wars of Religion were a series of conflicts fought between the Catholic League and the Huguenots from the middle of the sixteenth century to the Edict of Nantes in 1598. ... 19th century painting by François Dubois The St. ... Flag of Democratic Kampuchea Photos of genocide victims on display at the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum The Khmer Rouge (Khmer: ) was the ruling political party of Cambodia -- which it renamed to Democratic Kampuchea -- from 1975 to 1979. ... The historical Pontus region New York Times headlines which observes that the entire Christian population of Trabzon was wiped out. More relevant headlines[1] Ethnic groups in the Balkans and Asia Minor as of the early 20th Century (William R. Shepherd, Historical Atlas, 1911). ... The German term Kulturkampf (literally, culture struggle) refers to German policies in relation to secularity and the influence of the Roman Catholic Church, enacted from 1871 to 1878 by the Chancellor of the German Empire, Otto von Bismarck. ... Armenian Genocide photo. ... Bodies of Christians who perished during the Assyrian Genocide 40 Christians dying a day say Assyrian refugees - The Syracuse Herald, 1915. ... From 1945 until 1992 Albania had a Communist government. ...

This box: view  talk  edit

Shia Groups:

  • Hezbollah: Considered a terrorist group by several states, who claim it seeks the destruction of Israel. This is preposterous, Hezbollah are a political group of Lebanon.
  • Mahdi Army

For other uses, see Hezbollah (disambiguation). ... Members parade in Sadr City The Mahdi Army, also known as the Mahdi Militia, Mehdi Army or Jaish al Mahdi (Arabic جيش المهدي) , is a militia force created by the Iraqi Shiite cleric Muqtada al-Sadr in June of 2003. ...

Jewish

The following groups were all started or branched off from those started by Meir Kahane in the 1970's. Kahanist groups are banned in Israel: Rabbi Meir David Kahane (‎, also known by the pseudonyms Michael King, David Sinai and Hayim Yerushalmi, 1 August 1932 – 5 November 1990) was an American-Israeli Orthodox rabbi, author, political activist, and a former member of the Israeli Knesset. ...

This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... This article is becoming very long. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... Kach was an extremist right-wing Israeli party led by Meir Kahane. ... Kach was an extremist right-wing Israeli party led by Meir Kahane. ... Eden Natan-Zada Eden Natan-Zada (c. ... Shefa-Amr (Arabic شفا عمر , Hebrew שְׁפַרְעָם , unofficially also spelled Shfaram) is a city in the North District in Israel. ...   (Hebrew: , also known by his diminutive Arik אָרִיק) (born February 27, 1928) is a former Israeli politician and general. ... Gush Emunim Underground, sometimes called the Jewish Terror Organization, was a militant organization formed by prominent members of the Israeli political movement Gush Emunim, that existed from 1979-1984. ... Gush Emunim גוש אמונים (Hebrew: Block [of the] faithful) was an Israeli political movement. ...

Sikh

The International Sikh Youth Federation (ISYF)[1]

Syncretic

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Combatants Uganda Peoples Defence Force Lords Resistance Army Commanders Yoweri Museveni Joseph Kony The Lords Resistance Army (LRA),[1] formed in 1987, is a rebel guerrilla army operating mainly in northern Uganda and parts of Sudan. ...

Criticism of the concept of religious terrorism

Robert Pape of the University of Chicago has compiled the first complete database, reflecting a careful examination of every documented case of suicide bombing from 1980-2003. Pape's conclusions are contained in a his book, Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism.


Pape argues that the news reports about suicide terrorism are profoundly misleading. "There is little connection between suicide terrorism and Islamic fundamentalism, or any one of the world's religions," Pape reports. After studying 315 suicide attacks carried out over the last two decades, the political science professor concludes that suicide bombers' actions stem from political conflict, not religion. [2].


References

  1. ^ http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/india/states/punjab/terrorist_outfits/ISYF.htm
  2. ^ Pape, Robert (2005). Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism. ISBN 1-4000-6317-5. 

See also

Indoctrination is instruction in the fundamentals of a system of belief (such as a philosophy, religion or science). ... Soviet Propaganda Poster during the World War II. The text reads Red Army Fighter, SAVE US! Chinese propaganda poster from during the Cultural Revolution. ... A religious war is a war where the main cause is, or appears to be, religion or religious differences. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Religious terrorism - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (653 words)
Religious terrorism refers to terrorism justified or motivated by religion and is a form of religious violence.
Clues to its present and future impacts are detailed by Roderick Hindery in "The Anatomy of Propaganda within Religious Terrorism," The Humanist, March-April, 2003.
From Bhindranwale to Bin Laden: The Rise of Religious Violence, University of California
Religious Terrorism - religious cults, sects and movements (2224 words)
Contrary to depictions in Western media, and popular stereotypes, religious terrorism is not limited to radical Islamic groups in the Middle East, and the U.S. domestic terrorist threat may lie closer to home.
While special attention is usually paid to the possibility of a new religious group's self-destruction in the wake of the Jonestown, the Branch Davidians, Solar Temple and Heaven's Gate tragedies, as we have seen, consideration must also be given to the possibility that some groups may direct acts of violence outside the group.
While it may be that "[i]n dealing with unconventional groups that have both religious and political agendas, government officials and law enforcement agents have not always been sufficiently sensitive to their [religious] self-definitions,"(28) hopefully those monitoring extremist, fringe and new religious movements and groups can provide a needed corrective.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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