FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Religious order
A Taoist monk playing an instrument.
Francisco de Zurbarán's painting of a Dominican monk, Fra Pedro Machado.
Francisco de Zurbarán's painting of a Dominican monk, Fra Pedro Machado.

Religious orders exist in many of the world's religions. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 469 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (531 × 678 pixel, file size: 919 KB, MIME type: image/png) The permission for use of this work has been archived in the Wikimedia OTRS system. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 469 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (531 × 678 pixel, file size: 919 KB, MIME type: image/png) The permission for use of this work has been archived in the Wikimedia OTRS system. ... Taoism (Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical and religious traditions and concepts. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x2515, 230 KB) Description: Title: de: Porträtzyklus von Mönchen, Szene: Porträt des Fra Pedro Machado Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 204 × 122 cm Country of origin: de: Spanien Current location (city): de: Madrid Current location (gallery... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1576x2515, 230 KB) Description: Title: de: Porträtzyklus von Mönchen, Szene: Porträt des Fra Pedro Machado Technique: de: Öl auf Leinwand Dimensions: de: 204 × 122 cm Country of origin: de: Spanien Current location (city): de: Madrid Current location (gallery... Francisco Zurbarán (November 7, 1598 – August 27, 1664), was a Spanish painter, born at Fuente de Cantos in Extremadura. ... Laudare, Benedicere, Praedicare (Praise, Bless, Preach) Saint Dominic saw the need for a new type of organization to address the needs of his time, one that would bring the dedication and systematic education of the older monastic orders to bear on the religious problems of the burgeoning population of cities...

Contents

Buddhist Tradition

In Buddhist societies such as Sri Lanka, Thailand, Korea and Tibet, a religious order is one of the strikingly large number of monastic orders of monks and nuns. A well-known Chinese Buddhist order is the ancient Shaolin order in Ch'an (Zen) Buddhism. A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Korea (Korean: 한국 in South Korea or ì¡°ì„  in North Korea, see below) is a geographic area, civilization, and former state situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia. ... Tibet (older spelling Thibet; Tibetan: བོད་; Wylie: Bod; Lhasa dialect IPA: [; Simplified and Traditional Chinese: 西藏, Hanyu Pinyin: XÄ«zàng; also referred to as 藏区 (Simplified Chinese), 藏區 (Traditional Chinese), ZàngqÅ« (Hanyu Pinyin), see Name section below) is a plateau region in Central Asia and the indigenous home to the Tibetan people. ... Main gate of the Shaolin Monastery in Henan, China. ... Zen is a school of Mahāyāna Buddhism notable for its emphasis on practice and experiential wisdom—particularly as realized in the form of meditation known as zazen—in the attainment of awakening. ...


Christian Tradition

Main article: Christian monasticism

A religious order which, in the Catholic Church is called an "Institute of Consecrated Life", is an organization of people who live to achieve a common purpose through a form of promised or vowed life to God. Unlike the average Catholic they have vowed to serve God all their lives and so many saints have been monks or nuns. They form a communion with God spending many hours of their scheduled days in prayer and silence. In the Catholic Church the members of such orders, termed religious, are not members of the hierarchy but belong to the laity, unless individuals are ordained priests. Their male members are usually termed monks, whereas female members are referred to as nuns if they live apart from general society, and sing the divine office; or friars or brothers or sisters if they are active in society as teachers, doctors, nurses or in other active social service. Some religious orders have "Third Orders" of associated lay members who have taken promises to an order or taken private vows such as vows of poverty or purity, but who do not live in formal community with them. Religious orders are also distinct from secular institutes and other lay ecclesial movements. The Order of Friars Minor is a major mendicant movement founded by Saint Francis of Assisi. ... “Catholic Church” redirects here. ... An Institute of Consecrated Life is a religious order within the Roman Catholic Church, whose members profess the religious vows of chastity, poverty, and obedience. ... It has been suggested that Organizing be merged into this article or section. ... A vow (Lat. ... A hierarchy (in Greek: , derived from — hieros, sacred, and — arkho, rule) is a system of ranking and organizing things or people, where each element of the system (except for the top element) is subordinate to a single other element. ... In religious organizations, the laity comprises all lay persons collectively. ... Roman Catholic priest A priest or priestess is a holy man or woman who takes an officiating role in worship of any religion, with the distinguishing characteristic of offering sacrifices. ... Monasticism (from Greek: monachos — a solitary person) is the religious practice in which one renounces worldly pursuits in order to devote ones life fully to spiritual work. ... For other uses, see Nun (disambiguation). ... Canonical hours are ancient divisions of time (also called offices), developed by the Christian Church, serving as increments between prayers. ... A friar is a member of a religious mendicant order of men. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article focuses on the education and regulation of nurses. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Tertiaries. ... In the Roman Catholic Church, a secular institute is an organization of individuals who are consecrated -- professing the Evangelical counsels of poverty, obedience and chastity -- while living in the world as lay people, not members of a religious order. ... Lay ecclesial movements, also called associations of the faithful, are groups of baptized Catholics organized for the purposes of catechesis, cultural work, mutual support, and/or missionary apostolate. ...


In modern English, the traditional term "nun", a term properly reserved for cloistered women, is often used loosely to describe religious sisters who live in community, but are active in broader society.


Some, but not all, monastic religious orders practice literal isolation (cloistering) from the outside world. The majority of religious orders remain engaged with the world in various ways, such as teaching, medical work, producing religious artworks and texts, designing and making vestments and writing religious instruction books, while maintaining their distinctiveness in communal living. Some Anglican and Protestant orders are "dispersed", that is, living in the world rather than communally. All, however, may be distinguished by the vows (such as poverty, chastity, obedience, stability, and sometimes loyalty), promises or disciplines (such as self denial, fasting, silence) that they undertake as members of their religious order. Cloister of Saint Trophimus, in Arles, France A Cloister is part of cathedrals and abbeys architecture. ... Vestments are liturgical garments and articles associated primarily with the Christian religions, especially the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, Methodists, Lutheran and Anglican Churches. ...


Among the best-known Christian religious orders are those which have a variety of life styles including cenobitic-enclosed, mendicant, and apostolic. Famous orders of the Roman Catholic Church include in order of foundation: Benedictines, Augustinians, Carmelites, Dominicans, Franciscans, Jesuits, Salesians, Oblates of Mary Immaculate and the Congregation of Holy Cross. The cenobitic tradition is a monastic tradition that stresses community life. ... The Mendicant (or Begging) Orders are religious orders which depend directly on the riches of the people for their livelihood. ... Alternate meaning: See Apostle (Mormonism) The Christian Apostles were Jewish men chosen from among the disciples, who were sent forth (as indicated by the Greek word απόστολος apostolos= messenger), by Jesus to preach the Gospel to both Jews and Gentiles, across the... “Catholic Church” redirects here. ... The longest lasting of the western Catholic monastic orders, the Benedictine Order traces its origins to the adoption of the monastic life by St. ... Detail of St. ... The Order of Our Lady of Mt. ... Franciscans is the common name used to designate a variety of mendicant religious orders of men or women tracing their origin to Francis of Assisi and following the Rule of St. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... The Salesians of Don Bosco (or the Salesian Society, originally known as the Society of St. ... Seal of the Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate, a religious order of the Roman Catholic Church. ... The Congregation of Holy Cross (C.S.C.) is a Roman Catholic congregation of priests and brothers founded in 1837 by the Venerable Father Basil Anthony-Marie Moreau, CSC in Le Mans, France. ...


Some christian religious orders evolved during the Crusades to incorporate a military mission and become religious/military orders, such as the Knights of the Order of Saint John. Baron Vassiliev, a 19th-century Knight Commander The Knights Hospitaller (also known as the Sovereign Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, the Knights of Malta, the Knights of Rhodes, and the Chevaliers of Malta) was an organization that began as an Amalfitan hospital founded in...


Other traditions

A form of ordered religious living is common also in many tribes of Africa and South America, though on a smaller scale. A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... South America South America is a continent crossed by the equator, with most of its area in the Southern Hemisphere. ...


See also

Christian articles

Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      The Consecrated Life in... Within the Roman Catholic Church, the Consecrated Life, referred to also as the Religious Life, is a way of Christian living by those who have made the prescribed public religious profession and vow that is recognized in Church Law. ... Catholic religious orders (Religious Institutes, cf. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Order of Saint Luke is a religious order in the United Methodist Church dedicated to sacramental and liturgical scholarship, education, and practice. ... Monasticism (from Greek: monachos — a solitary person) is the religious practice in which one renounces worldly pursuits in order to devote ones life fully to spiritual work. ... The Order of Friars Minor is a major mendicant movement founded by Saint Francis of Assisi. ... The word ascetic derives from the ancient Greek term askesis (practice, training or exercise). ...

Hindu articles

A maá¹­ha (also written matha and mutt) is a term for monastic and similar religious establishments of the Hindu religion. ...

Islamic articles

Tariqah ( transliteration: ; pl. ...

Other articles

The Sisters of Perpetual Indulgence are self-described 21st century nuns for the gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, lesbian and kink communities who take vows to promulgate universal joy and expiate stigmatic guilt. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... For other uses, see Nun (disambiguation). ... GAY can mean: Gay, a term referring to homosexual men or women The IATA code for Gaya Airport Category: ... In human sexuality, bisexuality describes a man or woman having a sexual orientation to persons of either or both sexes (a man or woman who sexually likes both sexes; people who are sexually and/or romantically attracted to both males and females). ... Transgender (IPA: , from trans (Latin) and gender (English) ) is a general term applied to a variety of individuals, behaviors, and groups involving tendencies that diverge from the normative gender role (woman or man) commonly, but not always, assigned at birth, as well as the role traditionally held by society. ... An intersexual is a person (or individual of any unisexual species) who is born with genitalia and/or secondary sexual characteristics of indeterminate sex, or which combine features of both sexes. ... A lesbian is a woman who is romantically and sexually attracted only to other women. ... Kink is a term used to refer to a broad range of sexual practices such as spanking, bondage, domination and submission, sadomasochism and sexual fetishism. ...


External links

Christian links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Religious order - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (481 words)
Not all members of a religious order are clergy (though some are ordained), and there may be associated lay members who have taken promises to an order or taken personal vows such as vows of poverty or virginity (but who do not live in formal community with them).
A few monastic religious orders practice literal isolation (cloistering) from the outside world; while the majority or religious orders remain engaged with the world in various ways (teaching, medical work, producing religious artworks and texts, designing and making vestments and writing religious instruction books) while maintaining their distinctiveness in communal living.
The best-known religious orders are Christian and Buddhist orders of monks and nuns.
Roman Catholic religious order - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1562 words)
Catholic religious orders are organizations of laity and clergy in the Roman Catholic Church who live under a common rule.
What distiguishes members of religious orders from the rest of the laity and the clergy is that they try to imitate Jesus of Nazareth by taking vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience.
Order of St. Elisabeth O.S.E. Pallottines (Society of the Catholic Apostolate) - S.A.C. Paris Foreign Missions Society (Missions Etrangères de Paris) - M.E.P. Passionists (Congregation of the Passion) - C.P. Passionist Nuns
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m