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Encyclopedia > Religious communism

Religious communism is a form of communism centered on religious principles. The term usually refers to a number of egalitarian and utopian religious societies practicing the voluntary dissolution of private property, so that society's benefits are distributed according to a person's needs, and every person performs labor according to their abilities. "Religious communism" has also been used to describe the ideas of religious individuals and groups who advocate the application of communist policies on a wider scale, often joining secular communists in their struggle to abolish capitalism. Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization based on common ownership of the means of production. ... Various Religious symbols, including (first row) Christian, Jewish, Hindu, Bahai, (second row) Islamic, tribal, Taoist, Shinto (third row) Buddhist, Sikh, Hindu, Jain, (fourth row) Ayyavazhi, Triple Goddess, Maltese cross, pre-Christian Slavonic Religion is the adherence to codified beliefs and rituals that generally involve a faith in a spiritual... Egalitarianism (derived from the French word égal, meaning equal or level) is the moral doctrine that people should be treated as equals, in some respect. ... Left panel (The Earthly Paradise, Garden of Eden), from Hieronymus Boschs The Garden of Earthly Delights. ... Capitalism generally refers to an economic system in which the means of production are mostly privately[1] owned and operated for profit, and in which investments, distribution, income, production and pricing of goods and services are determined through the operation of a free market. ...


The use of the word communism in a religious context predates the use of the term to describe more secular forms of communism, such as that advocated by Fran├žois Babeuf in the 18th Century, and Karl Marx in the 19th Century. Because of the secular nature of Marxism, many religious people on the political right oppose the use of the term communism to refer to religious communal societies, preferring names such as communalism instead. François-Noël Gracchus Babeuf François-Noël Babeuf (November 23, 1760 - May 27, 1797), known as Gracchus Babeuf (in tribute to the Roman reformers, the Gracchi, and used alongside his self-designation as Tribune), was a French political agitator and journalist of the Revolutionary period. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818, Trier, Germany – March 14, 1883, London) was a German philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article concerns secularity, that is, being secular, in various senses. ... Marxism takes its name from the praxis (the synthesis of philosophy and political action) of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Left-Right politics. ... In many parts of the world, communalism is a modern term that describes a broad range of social movements and social theories which are in some way centered upon the community. ...


In the Western world, the term religious communism is often used as a synonym for Christian communism. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Christian communism is a form of religious communism centered around Christianity. ...


Examples of religious communism

The term religious communism has been ascribed to the social arrangement practiced by many orders of monks and nuns of such religions as Christianity, Taoism, Jainism, Hinduism and Buddhism. It is argued that the New Testament of the Bible relates how some of the early Christians lived in communities organized according to communist-like principles (see Christian communism). St. ... For other uses, see Nun (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Taoism (Daoism) is the English name referring to a variety of related Chinese philosophical and religious traditions and concepts. ... Jain and Jaina redirect here. ... Hinduism (known as in some modern Indian languages[1]) is a religion that originated in the Indian subcontinent. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... John 21:1 Jesus Appears to His Disciples--Alessandro Mantovani: the Vatican, Rome. ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library of Congress. ... Christian communism is a form of religious communism centered around Christianity. ...


Various other Christian communities have organized themselves along similar principles since then. Due to the generally small size of these communities, little is known about the ones that are believed to have existed more than a few centuries ago. There are several examples from recent history, however, including the pilgrims of Plymouth Colony, Hutterites, the Shakers, some groups within the Religious Society of Friends, and the United Order. Plymouth Colony was an English colonial venture in North America from 1620 until 1691. ... Hutterite women at work Hutterites are a communal branch of Anabaptists who, like the Amish and Mennonites, trace their roots to the Radical Reformation of the 16th century. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Pendle Hill, a landmark in the history of the Society of Friends. ... In Mormonism, the United Order was one of several church programs established to manage and administer the Law of Consecration (a voluntary form of Christian communalism). ...


The Diggers movement in England in the year 1649 may also be described as an example of religious communism. The Diggers were particularly concerned with the communal ownership of land. For other meanings see Diggers (disambiguation) and Levellers (disambiguation) The Diggers were a group begun by Gerrard Winstanley in 1649 which called for a total destruction of the existing social order and replacement with a communistic and agrarian lifestyle based around the precepts of Christian Nationalism, wishing to rid England... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the Queen England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 967 AD  Area  -  Total 130,395 km²  50,346 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate 50... // Events January 30 - King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland is beheaded. ...


From the early 20th century to the present day, the most prominent form of religious communism has been the one practiced in the Jewish kibbutzim (collective communities) of Israel. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Kibbutz Dan, near Qiryat Shemona, in the Upper Galilee, 1990s A kibbutz (Hebrew: ; plural: kibbutzim: קיבוצים; gathering or together) is an Israeli collective intentional community. ...


See also


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Religious community is a visible manifestation of the communion which is the foundation of the church and, at the same time, a prophecy of that unity toward which she tends as her final goal.
Religious communities, aware of their responsibilities toward the greater fraternity of the church, also become a sign of the possibility of living Christian fraternity and of the price that must be paid to build any form of fraternal life.
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