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In music, the relative minor of a particular major key (or the relative major of a minor key) is the key which has the same key signature but a different tonic, as opposed to parallel minor or major, respectively. For example, G major and E minor both have a single sharp in their key signature; so we say that E minor is the relative minor of G major. The relative minor of a major key always has a tonic a minor third lower.

A complete list of relative minor/major pairs is:

• C major–A minor
• C sharp/D flat major–A sharp/B flat minor
• D major–B minor
• D sharp/E flat major–C minor
• E major–C sharp/D flat minor
• F major–D minor
• F sharp/G flat major–D sharp/E flat minor
• G major–E minor
• G sharp/A flat major–F minor
• A major–F sharp/G flat minor
• A sharp/B flat major–G minor
• B/C flat major–G sharp/A flat minor

Together with moves to the dominant (fifth scale degree) or sub-dominant (fourth scale degree), modulation to the relative minor or major are the most common in tonal music.

Results from FactBites:

 Relative key - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (145 words) In music, the relative minor of a particular major key (or the relative major of a minor key) is the key which has the same key signature but a different tonic, as opposed to parallel minor or major, respectively. For example, G major and E minor both have a single sharp in their key signature; so we say that E minor is the relative minor of G major. Together with moves to the dominant (fifth scale degree) or sub-dominant (fourth scale degree), modulation to the relative minor or major are the most common in tonal music.
 NewComposer (2217 words) The relative major and minor scales have the same key signature with the minor scale being based on the sixth note of the major scale. The relative consonance of a chord is also determined by the consonance or dissonance of the previous chord or the next chord in a progression. A minor ninth is similar to a minor second but the additional octave spacing reduces some of the harshness or "clash" of the two sounds.
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