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Encyclopedia > Reinhard Scheer
Reinhard Scheer
Reinhard Scheer

Reinhard Scheer (September 30, 1863November 26, 1928) was a Vice-admiral in the German navy. He was in command of the Kaiserliche Marine High Seas Fleet at the battle of Jutland, one of the largest naval battles in history. Admiral Reinhard Scheer This image was scanned from a public domain text by the Great War Primary Documents Archive and is made available by them for any purpose provided that they are credited and a link is given to the Photos of the Great War page; see the conditions of... Admiral Reinhard Scheer This image was scanned from a public domain text by the Great War Primary Documents Archive and is made available by them for any purpose provided that they are credited and a link is given to the Photos of the Great War page; see the conditions of... September 30 is the 273rd day of the year (274th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar). ... November 26 is the 330th day (331st on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... The Kaiserliche Marine or Imperial Navy was the German Navy created by the formation of the German Empire and existed between 1871 and 1919; it grew out of the Prussian Navy and the Norddeutsche Bundesmarine. ... German battlecruiser Derfflinger scuttled at Scapa Flow. ... Combatants Royal Navy (Grand Fleet) Kaiserliche Marine (High Seas Fleet) Commanders Sir John Jellicoe, Sir David Beatty Reinhard Scheer, Franz von Hipper Strength 28 battleships, 9 battlecruisers, 8 heavy cruisers, 26 light cruisers, 78 destroyers 16 battleships, 5 battlecruisers, 6 pre-dreadnoughts, 11 light cruisers, 61 torpedo-boats Casualties 6...


Scheer was born in Obernkirchen, Germany. He entered the navy in 1879, becoming Kapitän zur See in 1905 and Rear Admiral in 1910. A strict disciplinarian, Scheer was popularly known in the Navy as the “Man in the Iron Mask” due to his severe appearance. Obernkirchen is a town in the district of Schaumburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany. ... 1879 (MDCCCLXXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1905 (MCMV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... The term Rear Admiral originated from the days of Naval Sailing Squadrons, and can trace its origins to the British Royal Navy. ... 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Sunday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


Scheer became chief of the High Seas Fleet in January 1916. On May 30, he led the fleet into the Battle of Jutland. Although not defeating the British Royal Navy, he successfully evaded the destruction of his fleet by the numerically superior Royal Navy, his ships inflicting heavy losses upon the British. Scheer was offered a knighthood for his leadership at Jutland by German Kaiser Wilhelm II, but he turned down that offer (his subordinate at Jutland, Vice-Admiral Franz Hipper who led the battlecruisers, did not turn down such an offer and eventually became Franz Ritter von Hipper). After Jutland, Scheer did not believe anymore that the British could be defeated by the High Seas Fleet in battle, and became a strong advocate of the submarine warfare against Britain. Year 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... German Emperor Wilhelm (born Friedrich Wilhelm Viktor Albrecht, Prince of Prussia 27 January 1859–4 June 1941), was the last German Emperor and King of Prussia (de: Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen), ruling from 15 June 1888 to 9 November 1918. ... Franz von Hipper Franz Ritter von Hipper (September 13, 1863 in Weilheim - May 25, 1932 in Hamburg-Othmarschen) was a German admiral. ...


He retired in 1918 following the Kiel Mutiny and the ensuing revolution in Germany. Year 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... November Revolution redirects here. ... Karl Liebknecht on 9 November 1918 in the Berliner Tiergarten The German November Revolution was one of many Revolutions across Europe at the end of World War I in 1918-1919. ...


In 1899, he married Emillie Mohr. She was murdered October 9, 1920. Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... October 9 is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ...


In 1920, Scheer's memoirs, Germany's High Seas Fleet in the World War was published in English.


In 1928, Scheer accepted an invitation to visit his old adversary at the Battle of Jutland, Admiral John Jellicoe, in England, but just prior to his trip he died in Marktredwitz. He is buried in Weimar. His tombstone just bears the dates of his life an the single word "Skagerrak". Admiral of the Fleet Lord Jellicoe Admiral of the Fleet Sir John Rushworth Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe (December 5, 1859- November 20, 1935) was a British Royal Navy admiral. ... Marktredwitz is a town in the district of Wunsiedel, in Bavaria, Germany. ... The city hall Goethe and Schiller in front of the Deutsche Nationaltheater Weimar is a city in Germany. ...


Table showing rank and date of promotion

Rank Date of promotion

Cadet

April 1879

Sea Cadet

June 1880

Leutnant zur See

November 1882

Oberleutnant zur See

December 1885,

Kapitänleutnant.

April 1893

Korvettenkapitän

April 1900,

Fregattenkapitän

January 1904

Kapitän zur See

March 1905

Konteradmiral

January 1910

Vizeadmiral

December 1913

Admiral

June 1916

Retired

December 1918

Reference and further reading


  Results from FactBites:
 
Reinhard Scheer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (285 words)
Reinhard Scheer (September 30, 1863 – November 26, 1928) was a Vice-admiral in the German navy.
A strict disciplinarian, Scheer was popularly known in the Navy as the “Man in the Iron Mask” due to his severe appearance.
Scheer became chief of the High Seas Fleet in January 1916.
First World War.com - Who's Who - Reinhardt Scheer (449 words)
Scheer was born on 30 September 1863 in Obernkirchen, Hanover.
On 8 August 1918 Scheer was appointed Chief of the Admiralty Staff - that is, as head of the Naval Supreme Command - replacing Holtzendorff (reluctantly agreed upon by the Kaiser) and belatedly imposing a unified command structure upon the navy.
Reinhardt Scheer, who was the recipient of both the Pour le Merite and the Oakleaves, died on 26 November 1928 in Marktredwitz at the age of 65.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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