FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Reindeer" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Reindeer
Reindeer/Caribou

Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Odocoileinae
Genus: Rangifer
C.H. Smith, 1827
Species: R. tarandus
Binomial name
Rangifer tarandus
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Reindeer map
Reindeer map

The reindeer (Rangifer tarandus), also known as the caribou when wild in North America, is an Arctic and Subarctic-dwelling deer, widespread and numerous across the northern Holarctic Region. Caribou is a term used in North America for wild reindeer. ... Caribou--from FWS in public domain File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The conservation status of a species is an indicator of the likelihood of that species remaining extant either in the present day or the near future. ... Image File history File links Status_iucn2. ... Least Concern (LC) is an IUCN category assigned to extant species or lower taxa which have been evaluated but do not qualify for any other category. ... The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ... Scientific classification redirects here. ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes Subphylum Urochordata - Tunicates Ascidiacea Thaliacea Larvacea Subphylum Cephalochordata - Lancelets Subphylum Myxini - Hagfishes Subphylum Vertebrata - Vertebrates Petromyzontida - Lampreys Placodermi (extinct) Chondrichthyes - Cartilaginous fishes Acanthodii (extinct) Actinopterygii - Ray-finned fishes Actinistia - Coelacanths Dipnoi - Lungfishes Amphibia - Amphibians Reptilia - Reptiles Aves - Birds Mammalia - Mammals Chordates (phylum Chordata) include the vertebrates, together with... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria For the folk-rock band see The Mammals. ... Families Suidae Hippopotamidae Tayassuidae Camelidae Tragulidae Moschidae Cervidae Giraffidae Antilocapridae Bovidae The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Genera About 15 in 4 subfamilies. ... See Charles Smith for other people with that name Charles Hamilton Smith (1776–1859) was a British artist, naturalist, antiquary, soldier and spy. ... Latin name redirects here. ... Carl Linnaeus, Latinized as Carolus Linnaeus, also known after his ennoblement as  , (May 13, 1707[1] – January 10, 1778), was a Swedish botanist, physician and zoologist[2] who laid the foundations for the modern scheme of nomenclature. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 397 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 794 pixel, file size: 47 KB, MIME type: image/png) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Reindeer ... North American redirects here. ... For the ships, see USS Arctic, SS Arctic, MV Arctic The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, sometimes used to define the Arctic region border Artificially coloured topographical map of the Arctic region The Arctic is the region around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctic... The subarctic is a region in the Northern Hemisphere immediately south of the true Arctic and covering much of Canada and Siberia, the north of Scandinavia, northern Mongolia and the Chinese province of Heilongjiang. ... This article is about the ruminant animal. ...

Contents

Distribution and habitat

Large male Reindeer
Large male Reindeer

The reindeer is widespread and numerous in the northern Holarctic Region. Originally it was found in Scandinavia, Eastern Europe, Russia, Mongolia and northern China north of the 50th latitude. In North America it was found in Alaska, Canada and the northern States from Washington to Maine. In the 19th century it was apparently still present in southern Idaho. It also occurred naturally on Sakhalin, Greenland and probably even in historical time in Scotland and Ireland. During the late Pleistocene reindeer were found as far south as Nevada and Tennessee in North America and Spain in Europe.[1][2] Today wild reindeer have disappeared from many areas within this large historical range, especially from the southern parts where it vanished almost everywhere. Large populations of wild reindeer are still found in Siberia, Greenland, Alaska and Canada. Domesticated reindeer are mostly found in northern Scandinavia, Russia and Iceland (where they were introduced by humans in the 18th century). The last wild reindeer in Europe are found in portions of southern Norway.[citation needed] The southern boundary of the species' natural range is approximately at 62° north latitude. For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... This article is about the geographical term. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... -1... Sakhalin (Russian: , IPA: ; Japanese: 樺太 ) or サハリン )); Chinese: 庫頁; also Saghalien, is a large elongated island in the North Pacific, lying between 45°50 and 54°24 N. It is part of Russia and is its largest island, administered as part of Sakhalin Oblast. ... This article is about the country. ... The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) on the geologic timescale is the period from 1,808,000 to 11,550 years BP. The Pleistocene epoch had been intended to cover the worlds recent period of repeated glaciations. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... Dogs and sheep were among the first animals to be domesticated. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... This article is about the geographical term. ...

Southern-most reindeer: a South Georgian reindeer with velvet covered horns.
Southern-most reindeer: a South Georgian reindeer with velvet covered horns.

A few reindeer from Norway were introduced to the South Atlantic island of South Georgia in the beginning of the 20th century. Today there are two distinct herds still thriving there, permanently separated by glaciers. Their total numbers are no more than a few thousand. (The flag and the coat of arms of the territory contain an image of a reindeer.) Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 662 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1410 × 1277 pixel, file size: 431 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A wild reindeer with velvet covered antlers. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 662 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1410 × 1277 pixel, file size: 431 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) A wild reindeer with velvet covered antlers. ... Motto Leo Terram Propriam Protegat(Latin) Let the Lion protect his own land or May the Lion protect his own land Anthem God Save the Queen Capital Grytviken (King Edward Point) Official languages English Government British overseas territory  -  Head of State Queen Elizabeth II  -  Commissioner Alan Huckle Area  -  Total 3... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Perito Moreno Glacier Patagonia Argentina Aletsch Glacier, Switzerland Icebergs breaking off glaciers at Cape York, Greenland This article is about the geological formation. ... For other uses, see Flag (disambiguation). ... A modern coat of arms is derived from the medi val practice of painting designs onto the shield and outer clothing of knights to enable them to be identified in battle, and later in tournaments. ...


Around 4.000 reindeers have been introduced into the French subantarctic archipelago of Kerguelen islands. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Biology and behavior

Reindeer antlers grow again each year under a layer of fur called velvet. This reindeer is currently losing the velvet layer on one of its antlers.
Reindeer antlers grow again each year under a layer of fur called velvet. This reindeer is currently losing the velvet layer on one of its antlers.

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (725x1158, 238 KB) Reindeer loosing velvet: Reindeer antlers grow again each year under a layer of fur called velvet. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (725x1158, 238 KB) Reindeer loosing velvet: Reindeer antlers grow again each year under a layer of fur called velvet. ...

Anatomy

The weight of a female varies between 60 and 170 kg (130 and 370 lb). In some subspecies of reindeer, the male is slightly larger; in others, the male can weigh up to 300 kg (660 lb). Both sexes grow antlers,[3] which (in the Scandinavian variety) for old males fall off in December, for young males in the early spring, and for females, summer. The antlers typically have two separate groups of points (see image), a lower and upper. Domesticated reindeer are shorter-legged and heavier than their wild counterparts. Kg redirects here. ... Look up pound in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the Poet Laureate of Milwaukee, see Antler (Poet). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Reindeer have specialized noses featuring nasal turbinate bones that dramatically increase the surface area within the nostrils. Incoming cold air is warmed by the animal's body heat before entering the lungs, and water is condensed from the expired air and captured before the deer's breath is exhaled, used to moisten dry incoming air and possibly absorbed into the blood through the mucous membranes. In anatomy, a turbinate (or nasal concha) is a long, narrow and curled bone shelf (shaped like an elongated sea-shell) which protrudes into the breathing passage of the nose. ... A nostril is one of the two channels of the nose, from the point where they bifurcate to the external opening. ... Thermoregulation is the ability of an organism to keep its body temperature within certain boundaries, even when temperature surrounding is very different. ... The mucous membranes (or mucosae; singular: mucosa) are linings of mostly endodermal origin, covered in epithelium, and are involved in absorption and secretion. ...


Reindeer hooves adapt to the season: in the summer, when the tundra is soft and wet, the footpads become spongy and provide extra traction. In the winter, the pads shrink and tighten, exposing the rim of the hoof which cuts into the ice and crusted snow to keep the animal from slipping. This also enables them to dig down (an activity known as "cratering")[4][5] through the snow to their favorite food, a lichen known as reindeer moss. The knees of many species of reindeer are adapted to produce a clicking sound as they walk. This is to alert other members of their herd of their presence, especially in blizzard conditions. Rear hooves of a horse Rear hoof of a giraffe A hoof (plural: hooves) is the foot of an ungulate, all of which walk more or less on their toes and have toes with a horny (keratin) covering. ... This article is about water ice. ... For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Lichen (disambiguation). ... Reindeer moss (c. ...


The reindeer coat has two layers of fur, a dense woolly undercoat and longer-haired overcoat consisting of hollow, air-filled hairs. For other uses, see Fur (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Wool (disambiguation). ...


Diet

Reindeer are ruminants, having a four-chambered stomach. They mainly eat lichens in winter, especially reindeer moss. However, they also eat the leaves of willows and birches, as well as sedges and grasses. There is some evidence to suggest that on occasion they will also feed on lemmings[6], arctic char, and bird eggs[7] It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Ruminantia. ... For other uses, see Lichen (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Cladonia rangiferina, also known as Reindeer lichen (c. ... Species About 350, including: Salix acutifolia - Violet Willow Salix alaxensis - Alaska Willow Salix alba - White Willow Salix alpina - Alpine Willow Salix amygdaloides - Peachleaf Willow Salix arbuscula - Mountain Willow Salix arbusculoides - Littletree Willow Salix arctica - Arctic Willow Salix atrocinerea Salix aurita - Eared Willow Salix babylonica - Peking Willow Salix bakko Salix barrattiana... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Genera See text The Family Cyperaceae, or the Sedge family, is a taxon of monocot flowering plants that superficially resemble grasses or rushes. ... For other uses, see Grass (disambiguation). ... This article is about the rodent. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Arctic char or Arctic charr () is both a freshwater and saltwater fish in the Salmonidae family, native to Arctic, sub-Arctic and alpine lakes and coastal waters. ...

Herd of Barren-ground Caribou on the Thelon River

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1599x1069, 337 KB) Summary Photo taken July 1978, on Thelon River (above the Hanbury junction) by Cameron Hayne (i. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1599x1069, 337 KB) Summary Photo taken July 1978, on Thelon River (above the Hanbury junction) by Cameron Hayne (i. ... The Thelon River stretches nine hundred kilometers across northern Canada. ...

Reproduction

Mating occurs from late September or October to early November. Males battle for access to females. Two males will lock each other’s antlers together and try to push each other away. The most dominant males can collect as many as 15-20 females to mate with. A male will stop eating during this time and lose much of its body reserves. Calves may be born the following May or June. By 45 days the calves are able to graze and forage but continue suckling until the following fall and become independent from their mothers.


Migration

The reindeer travels the furthest of any terrestrial mammal. The caribou of North America can run at speeds up to 80 km/h (50 mph) and can travel as much as 5,000 km (3,100 mi) a year. Migrations can number in the thousands. The most extensive migrations occur in spring and fall. During fall migrations, the groups become smaller and the reindeer begin to mate. During the winter, reindeer travel to forested areas to forage under the snow. By spring, groups leave their winter grounds to go to the calving grounds. A reindeer can swim easily and quickly; migrating herds will not hesitate to swim across a large lake or broad river. Kilometres per hour (American spelling: kilometers per hour) is a unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector). ... Miles per hour is a unit of speed, expressing the number of international miles covered per hour. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ...


Reindeer and humans

Hunting

See also: Reindeer hunting in Greenland

Reindeer hunting by humans has a very long history and caribou/wild reindeer "may well be the species of single greatest importance in the entire anthropological literature on hunting."[8] A large male Alaskan Reindeer. ...


Humans started hunting reindeer in the Mesolithic and Neolithic periods and humans are today the main predator in many areas. Norway and Greenland have unbroken traditions of hunting wild reindeer from the ice age until the present day. In the non-forested mountains of central Norway, such as Jotunheimen, it is still possible to find remains of stone built trapping pits, guiding fences and bow rests, built especially for hunting reindeer. These can, with some certainty, be dated to the Migration Period although it is not unlikely that they have been in use since the Stone Age. The Mesolithic (Greek mesos=middle and lithos=stone or the Middle Stone Age[1]) was a period in the development of human technology between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods of the Stone Age. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Variations in CO2, temperature and dust from the Vostok ice core over the last 400 000 years For the animated movie, see Ice Age (movie). ... View from Knutshøi towards central Jotunheimen Jotunheimen is a mountain range in southern Norway covering an area of roughly 3,500 km². It is part of the long Scandinavian Mountains range. ... Trapping pits are deep pits dug into the ground, or built from stone, in order to trap animals. ... Human migration denotes any movement of groups of people from one locality to another, rather than of individual wanderers. ... Stone Age fishing hook. ...


In absence of other great predators in significant populations, hunting is today a necessary means to control stocks to prevent overgrazing and eventually mass death from starvation. Norway is now preparing to apply for nomination as a World Heritage Site for areas with traces and traditions of reindeer hunting in Central Sørlandet (Southern Norway). // In the dictionary and agriculture, overgrazing is when plants are exposed to grazing for too long, or without sufficient recovery periods. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Sørlandet is the geographical region (landsdel) of the Skagerrak coast of southern Norway. ...


Wild caribou are still hunted in North America and Greenland. In the traditional lifestyle of the Inuit people, Northern First Nations people, Alaska Natives, and the Kalaallit of Greenland, the caribou is an important source of food, clothing, shelter and tools. For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity that refers to the indigenous peoples in what is now Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis people. ... Alaska Natives are indigenous peoples of the Americas native to the state of Alaska within the United States. ... Kalaallit is the Greenlandic term for the population living in Greenland. ...


Reindeer husbandry

Milking reindeer in the 19th century
Milking reindeer in the 19th century

Reindeer have been herded for centuries by several Arctic and Subarctic people including the Sami and the Nenets. They are raised for their meat, hides, antlers and, to a lessening extent, for milk and transportation. Reindeer are not considered fully domesticated, as they generally roam free on pasture grounds. In traditional nomadic herding reindeer herders migrate with their herds between coast and inland areas according to an annual migration route, and herds are keenly tended. However, reindeer have never been bred in captivity, though they were tamed for milking as well as for use as draught animals or beasts of burden. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1120x826, 275 KB) Reindeer milking, Kven, Western Finnmark, late 1800 - From Norge i det nittende aarhundre 1900 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Reindeer Kven ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1120x826, 275 KB) Reindeer milking, Kven, Western Finnmark, late 1800 - From Norge i det nittende aarhundre 1900 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Reindeer Kven ... A man herding goats in Tunisia Herding is the act of bringing individual animals together into a group, maintaining the group and moving the group from place to place—or any combination of those. ... The Sami people (also Sámi, Saami, Lapps, sometimes also Laplanders) are the indigenous people of Sápmi, which today encompasses parts of northern Sweden, Norway, Finland and the Kola Peninsula of Russia. ... The Nenets people (Russian name: Ненцы - Nentsy (plural)) are an indigenous people in Russia. ... A working animal is an animal that is kept by humans and trained to perform tasks. ...



The use of caribou as semi-domesticated livestock in Alaska was introduced in the late 1800s by Sheldon Jackson as a means of providing a livelihood for Native peoples there. A regular mail run in Wales, Alaska used a sleigh drawn by caribou. In Alaska, caribou herders use satellite telemetry to track their herds, using online maps and databases to chart the herd's progress. Sheldon Jackson was an early missionary and political leader in Alaska during the late 1880s and early 1900s. ... The term indigenous peoples has no universal, standard or fixed definition, but can be used about any ethnic group who inhabit the geographic region with which they have the earliest historical connection. ... Wales is a city located in Nome Census Area, Alaska. ... This article is about artificial satellites. ...


Economy

The reindeer has (or has had) an important economic role for all circumpolar peoples, including the Saami, Nenets, Khants, Evenks, Yukaghirs, Chukchi and Koryaks in Eurasia. It is believed that domestication started between Bronze Age-Iron Age. Siberian deer-owners also use the reindeer to ride on. (Siberian reindeer are larger than their Scandinavian relatives.) For breeders, a single owner may own hundreds or even thousands of animals. The numbers of Russian herders have been drastically reduced since the fall of the Soviet Union. The fur and meat is sold, which is an important source of income. Reindeer were introduced into Alaska near the end of the 19th century; they interbreed with native caribou subspecies there. Reindeer herders on the Seward Peninsula have experienced significant losses to their herds from animals (such as wolves) following the wild caribou during their migrations. Main article: indigenous peoples This is a selected list of the worlds indigenous peoples. ... Khanty (obsolete: Ostyaks) are an endangered indigenous people calling themself Khanti, Khande, Kantek (Khanty), living in the Khanty-Mansi autonomous district, a region historically known as Yugra in Russian Federation, together with Mansi peoples. ... The Evenks or Evenki (obsolete: Tungus or Tunguz, autonym: Эвэнки, Evenki) are a nomadic Tungusic people of Northern Asia. ... The Yukaghir, or Yukagirs (Russian: ; self-designation: одул (odul), деткиль (detkil)) are a people in East Siberia, living in the basin of the Kolyma River. ... Chukchi, or Chukchee (Russian: чукчи (plural), chukcha, чукча (singular)) are an indigenous people inhabiting the Russian Far East on the shores of the Arctic Ocean and Bering Sea. ... See also: Koryakia Autonomous District Koryaks, a Mongoloid people of northeastern Siberia, inhabiting the coastlands of the Bering Sea to the south of the Anadyr basin and the country to the immediate north of the Kamchatka Peninsula, the southernmost limit of their range being Tigilsk. ... The Bronze Age is a period in a civilizations development when the most advanced metalworking has developed the techniques of smelting copper from natural outcroppings and alloys it to cast bronze. ... Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... This article is about Siberia as a whole. ... The Seward Peninsula is a large peninsula in western Alaska. ...


Reindeer meat is popular in the Scandinavian countries. Reindeer meatballs are sold canned. Sautéed reindeer is the best-known dish in Lapland. In Alaska, reindeer sausage is sold locally to supermarkets and grocery stores. For other uses, see Meatball (disambiguation). ... Sautéed reindeer (poronkäristys in Finnish) is the perhaps best known traditional meal from Lapland, especially in Finland. ... This article is about the prepared meat. ... For a large scale grocery store, see supermarket. ...


Reindeer antler is powdered and sold as an aphrodisiac, nutritional or medicinal supplement to Asian markets. This article is about agents which increase sexual desire. ...


A company from Wales (UK) is also making paper from the cellulose fibres recovered from the dung of reindeer - which they call Reindeer Poo PaperTM.


Caribou have been a major source of subsistence for Canadian Inuit. For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ...


In History

The first written description of reindeer is in Julius Caesar's Commentarii de Bello Gallico (chapter 6.26) from the 1st century BC. Here, it is described: For other uses, see Julius Caesar (disambiguation). ... Commentarii de Bello Gallico (literally Commentaries on the Gallic War in Latin) is an account written by Julius Caesar (in the third person) about his nine years of war in Gaul. ... (2nd millennium BC - 1st millennium BC - 1st millennium) The 1st century BC started on January 1, 100 BC and ended on December 31, 1 BC. An alternative name for this century is the last century BC. The AD/BC notation does not use a year zero. ...

There is an ox shaped like a stag. In the middle of its forehead a single horn grows between its ears, taller and straighter than the animal horns with which we are familiar. At the top this horn spreads out like the palm of a hand or the branches of a tree. The females are of the same form as the males, and their horns are the same shape and size.

Local names

The name Caribou comes, through French, from Mi'kmaq qalipu, meaning "snow-shoveler", referring to its habit of pawing through the snow for food.[9] In Inuktitut the caribou is known by the name tuttuk (Labrador dialect). The Mikmaq language (also spelled Míkmaq, Migmaq, and Micmac) is an Eastern Algonquian language spoken by around 7,300 Mikmaq in Canada, and another 1,200 in United States, out of a total ethnic Mikmaq population of roughly 20,000. ... Inuktitut (Inuktitut syllabics: (fonts required), literally like the Inuit) is the name of the varieties of Inuit language spoken in Canada. ...


Subspecies

  • Arctic reindeer (R. tarandus eogroenlandicus), an extinct subspecies found until 1900 in eastern Greenland.
  • Barren-ground Caribou (R. tarandus groenlandicus), found in Nunavut and the Northwest Territories of Canada and in western Greenland.
  • Finnish Forest Reindeer (R. tarandus fennicus), found in the wild in only two areas of the Fennoscandia peninsula of Northern Europe, in Finnish/Russian Karelia, and a small population in central south Finland. The Karelia population reaches far into Russia, however, so far that it remains an open question whether reindeer further to the east are R. t. fennicus as well.
  • Mountain/Wild Reindeer (R. tarandus tarandus), found in the Arctic tundra of Eurasia, including the Fennoscandia peninsula of Northern Europe.
  • Peary Caribou (R. tarandus pearyi), found in the northern islands of the Nunavut and the Northwest Territories of Canada.
  • Porcupine caribou or Grant's Caribou (R. tarandus granti) which are found in Alaska, the Yukon and the Northwest Territories of Canada.
  • Queen Charlotte Islands caribou (R. tarandus dawsoni) is an extinct subspecies that had once lived in Graham Island, British Columbia, Canada.
  • Svalbard Reindeer (R. tarandus platyrhynchus), found on the Svalbard islands of Norway, is the smallest subspecies of reindeer.
  • Woodland Caribou (R. tarandus caribou), or forest caribou, once found in the North American taiga (boreal forest) from Alaska to Newfoundland and Labrador and as far south as New England and Washington. Woodland Caribou have disappeared from most of their original southern range and are considered "threatened" where they remain, with the notable exception of the Migratory Woodland Caribou of northern Quebec and Labrador, Canada. The name of the Cariboo district of central British Columbia relates to their once-large numbers there, but they have almost vanished from that area in the last century. A herd is protected in the Caribou Mountains in Alberta.

Rangifer.net has a map of subspecies ranges. For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... This article is about the zoological term. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus (Linnaeus, 1758) Barren-ground Caribou (Rangifer tarandus groenlandicus) are a subspecies of caribou that are found mainly in the Canadian territories Nunavut and the Northwest Territories and western Greenland. ... For the Canadian federal electoral district, see Nunavut (electoral district). ... This article or section contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Northern Europe Northern Europe is the northern part of the European continent. ... Map showing the parts Karelia is traditionally divided into. ... Binomial name Rangifer tarandus pearyi The Peary Caribou (Rangifer tarandus pearyi) is a caribou subspecies found in the high Arctic islands of Canadas Nunavut and Northwest territories. ... The Porcupine caribou herd (Rangifer tarandus) lives in northern Alaska. ... This article is about the Canadian territory. ... For the former United States territory, see Northwest Territory. ... The Queen Charlotte Islands Caribou (Rangifer tarandus dawsoni) is an extinct animal that had once lived in Graham Island, British Columbia, Canada. ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ... Graham Island is the largest of the Queen Charlotte Islands (aka Haida Gwaii, (land of the Haida) lying off the coast of British Columbia, Canada. ... The migratory woodland caribou (in French, caribou des bois, in Latin, Rangifer tarandus caribou) of Northern Quebec and Labrador live in two wild herds, the Leaf herd with 628,000 individuals and the George River herd with 385,000 individuals. ... For other uses, see Taiga (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... The threatened categories (IUCN Red List) Threatened species are any species (including animals, plants, fungi, insects, bugs, etc. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Labrador (also Coast of Labrador) is a region of Atlantic Canada. ... The Cariboo is a region of British Columbia along a plateau stretching from the Fraser Canyon to the Cariboo Mountains. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... Location of Caribou Mountains in Alberta Caribou Mountains are a mountain range surrounding an elavated plateau in northern Alberta, Canada. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ...


Reindeer in Christmas

Santa Claus's reindeer

Main article: Santa Claus's reindeer
Two Scottish reindeer relax after pulling Santa's sleigh, at the switching on of Christmas lights
Two Scottish reindeer relax after pulling Santa's sleigh, at the switching on of Christmas lights

Santa Claus's sleigh is pulled by flying reindeer. These were first named in the 1823 poem A Visit from St. Nicholas, where they are called Dasher, Dancer, Prancer, Vixen, Comet, Cupid, Dunder and Blixem. Dunder was later changed to Donder and — in other works — Donner (in German, "thunder"), and Blixem was later changed to Blitzen (German for "lightning"). Some consider Rudolph as part of the group as well, though he was not part of the original named work referenced previously. Rudolph was added to the story by Robert L. May in 1939 as "Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer." Two of the Scottish reindeer that pulled Santa’s sleigh at the switching on of Yate Christmas lights for 2004. ... Two of the Scottish reindeer that pulled Santa’s sleigh at the switching on of Yate Christmas lights for 2004. ... A typical depiction of Santa Claus. ... Cover of a 1912 edition of the poem, illustrated by Jessie Willcox Smith. ... Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer is a popular Christmas story that has been told in numerous forms including songs and theatrical and television films. ...


Miscellaneous

  • The caribou is the official national animal of Isle de Beaulieu.
  • The Canadian quarter features a depiction of a Caribou on one face.
  • Several Norwegian municipalities have one or more reindeer depicted in their coat-of-arms: Eidfjord, Porsanger, Rendalen, Tromsø, Vadsø and Vågå.
  • The historic province of Västerbotten in Sweden has a reindeer in its coat-of-arms. The present Västerbotten County has very different borders and uses the reindeer combined with other symbols in its coat-of-arms. The city of Piteå also has a reindeer.
  • The Caribou is the official provincial animal of Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada.
  • Caribou is a city in northern Maine.
  • There is a chain of coffee stores in North America called Caribou Coffee.

The quarter is a Canadian coin, valued at 25 cents or one-fourth of a Canadian dollar. ... Eidfjord is a municipality in the county of Hordaland, Norway. ... Image:NO 2020 Porsanger Porsángu Porsanki. ... County Hedmark District Østerdalen Municipality NO-0432 Administrative centre Bergset Mayor (2003) Erling Myhre (Sp) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 11 3,180 km² 3,061 km² 0. ... County District Municipality NO-1902 Administrative centre Tromsø Mayor (2004) Herman Kristoffersen (Ap) Official language form Neutral Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 18 2,566 km² 2,519 km² 0. ... County Finnmark District Municipality NO-2003 Administrative centre Vadsø Mayor (2003) Hauk Johnsen (Ap) Official language form BokmÃ¥l Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 77 1,258 km² 1,234 km² 0. ... County Oppland District Gudbrandsdalen Municipality NO-0515 Administrative centre VÃ¥gÃ¥ Mayor (2003) Rune Øygard (Ap) Official language form Nynorsk Area  - Total  - Land  - Percentage Ranked 68 1,330 km² 1,253 km² 0. ... Västerbotten is the name of a geographical region in Sweden and Finland which can refer to: Westrobothnia, or Västerbotten - a historical Province of the Swedish Realm Laponia, or Lappland - a historical Province of the Swedish Realm Part of Västerbotten County, or Västerbottens län - a current... Västerbotten County, or Västerbottens län is a county or län in the north of Sweden. ... PiteÃ¥ Municipality (or Pite in the local dialect) is a Municipality in southern Norrbotten County in northernmost Sweden, where the city PiteÃ¥ is seat with a population of 22,500. ... Trucks outside a starch factory in Caribou, Aroostook County, Maine, October 1940 Caribou is a city in Aroostook County, Maine, United States. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Caribou Coffee is a specialty coffee retailer, the second largest in the U.S.[4] Caribou sells gourmet coffees, teas, and bakery goods in over 464 coffeehouses in 18 states. ...

References

  1. ^ Ronald M. Nowak: Walker's Mammals of the World. Johns Hopkins University Press, 1999 ISBN 0-8018-5789-9
  2. ^ Sommer R. S. and Nadachowski A.: Glacial refugia of mammals in Europe: evidence from fossil records. Mammal Rev. 2006, Volume 36, No. 4, 251-265.
  3. ^ Reindeer / Caribou
  4. ^ "In the winter, the fleshy pads on these toes grow longer and form a tough, hornlike rim. Caribou use these large, sharp-edged hooves to dig through the snow and uncover the lichens that sustain them in winter months. Biologists call this activity "cratering" because of the crater-like cavity the caribou’s hooves leave in the snow." All About Caribou. - Project Caribou
  5. ^ Image of reindeer cratering in snow.
  6. ^ Field & Stream - Dream Hunts: Caribou on the Move
  7. ^ Terrestrial Mammals of Nunavut by Ingrid Anand-Wheeler. ISBN 1-55325-035-4.
  8. ^ "In North America and Eurasia the species has long been an important resource--in many areas the most important resource--for peoples inhabiting the northern boreal forest and tundra regions. Known human dependence on caribou/wild reindeer has a long history, beginning in the Middle Pleistocene (Banfield 1961:170; Kurtén 1968:170) and continuing to the present....The caribou/wild reindeer is thus an animal that has been a major resource for humans throughout a tremendous geographic area and across a time span of tens of thousands of years." Ernest S. Burch, Jr. The Caribou/Wild Reindeer as a Human Resource. American Antiquity, Vol. 37, No. 3 (Jul., 1972), pp. 339-368.
  9. ^ Flexner, Stuart Berg and Leonore Crary Hauck, eds. (1987). The Random House Dictionary of the English Language, 2nd ed. (unabridged). New York: Random House, pp. 315-16)

For other uses, see Lichen (disambiguation). ... The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (also known as the IUCN Red List and Red Data List), created in 1963, is the worlds most comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of plant and animal species and can be found here. ... The World Conservation Union or International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) is an international organization dedicated to natural resource conservation. ... The University of Alaska Fairbanks, located in Fairbanks, Alaska, USA, is the second largest campus of the University of Alaska System, and is abbreviated as UAF. UAF is a land-grant, sea-grant, and space-grant institution, as well as participating in the sun-grant program through Oregon State University. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wikispecies has information related to:
Rangifer tarandus

Caribou-specific links (North America) Image File history File links Wikispecies-logo. ... Wikispecies is a wiki-based online project supported by the Wikimedia Foundation that aims to create a comprehensive free content catalogue of all species (including animalia, plantae, fungi, bacteria, archaea, and protista). ...

The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) covers 19,049,236 acres (79,318 km²) in northeastern Alaska, in the North Slope region. ... Families Antilocapridae Bovidae Camelidae Cervidae Giraffidae Hippopotamidae Moschidae Suidae Tayassuidae Tragulidae Leptochoeridae † Chaeropotamidae † Dichobunidae † Cebochoeridae † Entelodontidae † Anoplotheriidae † Anthracotheriidae † Cainotheriidae † Agriochoeridae † Merycoidodontidae † Leptomerycidae † Protoceratidae † Xiphodontidae † Amphimerycidae † Helohyidae † Gelocidae † Merycodontidae † Dromomerycidae † Raoellidae † Choeropotamidae † Sanitheriidae † The even-toed ungulates form the mammal order Artiodactyla. ... Families  Tragulidae  Moschidae  Cervidae  Giraffidae  Antilocapridae  Bovidae The biological suborder Ruminantia includes many of the well-known large grazing or browsing mammals: among them cattle, goats, sheep, deer, and antelope. ... Binomial name Antilocapra americana Ord, 1815 The pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is the only surviving member of the family Antilocapridae, and the fastest land animal in North America running at speeds up to 54 mph (90 km/h). ... Binomial name Antilocapra americana Ord, 1815 Subspecies The Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is the only surviving member of the family Antilocapridae, and the fastest mammal in North America running at speeds of 58 mph (90 km/h). ... Binomial name Antilocapra americana Ord, 1815 Subspecies The Pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) is the only surviving member of the family Antilocapridae, and the fastest mammal in North America running at speeds of 58 mph (90 km/h). ... Species  Okapia johnstoni  Giraffa camelopardalis The biological family Giraffidae contains just two members, the Giraffe and the Okapi. ... Binomial name (P.L. Sclater, 1901) Range map The Okapi (Okapia johnstoni) is a mammal living in the Ituri Rainforest in the north east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in central Africa. ... Binomial name (P.L. Sclater, 1901) Range map The Okapi (Okapia johnstoni) is a mammal living in the Ituri Rainforest in the north east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in central Africa. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Range map The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Range map The giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis) is an African even-toed ungulate mammal, the tallest of all land-living animal species. ... The four species of musk deer make up the family Moschidae. ... The four species of musk deer make up the family Moschidae. ... Binomial name Moschus mosciferus Linnaeus, 1758 The Siberian musk deer (Moschus moschiferus) is a musk deer found in the mountain forests of Northeast Asia. ... The four species of chevrotain, also known as mouse deer (not to be confused with deer mice, Peromyscus), make up the family Tragulidae. ... Category: Possible copyright violations ... Category: Possible copyright violations ... This article is about the ruminant animal. ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... This article is about the ruminant animal. ... Muntjac are deer of the genus Muntiacus, also known as Barking Deer. ... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The Common Muntjac, also called Indian Muntjac (Muntiacus muntjak) is the most numerous muntjac deer species. ... Binomial name Muntiacus reevesi (Ogilby, 1839) Formosan Reevess Muntjac (Muntiacus reevesi; Chinese name: 山羌), or just Reevess Muntjac, is an endemic muntjac species of Taiwan. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Crinifrons (Sclater, 1885) The Hairy-fronted muntjac, also known as Black muntjac, lives in Zhejiang, Anhui, Jiangxi and Fujian in South China, also reported in Myanmar. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Feae (Thomas & Doria, 1889) Feas muntjac (also known as Tenasserim muntjac from the region of Myanmar) is a rare species of muntjac living in the Myanmar-Thailand-Laos-China border region. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Atherodes (Groves & Grubb, 1982) The Bornean Yellow Muntjac is restricted to the moist forests of Borneo where it lives alongside the common muntjac. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Rooseveltorum (, ) A single specimen of the Roosevelts Muntjac was presented to the Field Museum in 1929 following a hunting expedition led by Theodore (Jnr) and Kermit Roosevelt. ... Binomial name Muntiacus Gongshanensis (Ma, 1990) The Gongshan muntjac was recently identified by Chinese scientists as a new species of muntjac living in the Gongshan mountains in Yunnan, western China and neighbouring Tibet. ... Binomial name Muntiacus vuquangensis Wemmer et al. ... Binomial name Muntiacus truongsonensis Giao et al. ... Binomial name Muntiacus putaoensis Amato, Egan & Rabinowitz, 1999 The leaf muntjac or leaf deer (Muntiacus putaoensis) is a small species of muntjac. ... Binomial name Elaphodus cephalophus (Milne-Edwards, 1872) The Tufted Deer is a close relative of the muntjac, living somewhat further north over a wide area of central China and northeastern India and Myanmar. ... Binomial name Elaphodus cephalophus (Milne-Edwards, 1872) The Tufted Deer is a close relative of the muntjac, living somewhat further north over a wide area of central China and northeastern India and Myanmar. ... This article is about the ruminant animal. ... species See text. ... This article is about the species of deer. ... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... Thorolds deer has the scientific name Cervus Albirostris Przewalski. ... Binomial name Cervus nippon Temminck, 1838 Subspecies The Sika Deer Cervus nippon is a typical member of the family Cervidae. ... Binomial name Cervus duvaucelii (G. Cuvier, 1823) The Barasingha (sometimes spelt Barasinga) is a type of deer, native to India and Nepal. ... Binomial name Cervus eldii (MClelland, 1842) The Elds Deer (Cervus eldii), also called the Thamin or Brow-antlered Deer, is a deer indigenous to Southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Cervus unicolor (Kerr, 1792) Sambar Sambar in forest Sambar (also sambur, sambhur), is the common name for several large dark brown and maned Asian deer, particularly for the Indian species, which attains a height of 102 to 160 cm (40 to 63 in) at the shoulder and may... [[Image:Example. ... Binomial name Cervus mariannus The Philippine Sambar (Cervus mariannus) is one of three species of deer that is native to the forests of much of the Philippines. ... Binomial name Cervus alfredi Sclater, 1870 The Philippine Spotted Deer (Cervus alfredi) is a species of deer that is native to the forests of the Philippines. ... Species Axis axis Axis calamianensis Axis kuhlii Axis porcinus Axis is a genus of deer. ... Binomial name (Erxleben, 1777) The chital (or cheetal) deer, also known as the spotted deer or axis deer is a deer which commonly inhabits wooded regions of Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, and most of India. ... Binomial name Axis porcinus Zimmermann, 1780 The Hog Deer (Axis porcinus) is small deer whose habitat ranges from Pakistan, through northern India, to Myanmar, with a secondary range in southeast Asia. ... Binomial name Axis calamianensis Huede, 1888 The Calamian Deer, Axis calamianensis also known as Calamian Hog Deer is a species of deer found only in the Calamian Group of Islands of Palawan Province of the Philippines. ... Binomial name Axis kuhlii Müller, 1840 The Bawean Deer, Axis kuhlii also known as Kuhls Hog Deer or Bawean Hog Deer is a species of deer found only in the island of Bawean in Indonesia. ... Binomial name Elaphurus davidianus Milne-Edwards, 1866 Père Davids deer (Elaphurus davidianus, other names: Cerf du Père David, Ciervo del Padre David, and Milu in Chinese (麋鹿)), is a species of deer known only in captivity. ... Binomial name Elaphurus davidianus Milne-Edwards, 1866 Père Davids deer (Elaphurus davidianus, other names: Cerf du Père David, Ciervo del Padre David, and Milu in Chinese (麋鹿)), is a species of deer known only in captivity. ... Binomial name Dama dama (Linnaeus, 1758) The Fallow Deer (Dama dama) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. ... Binomial name Dama mesopotamica (Brooke,, 1875) The Persian Fallow Deer (Dama mesopotamica) is a ruminant mammal belonging to the family Cervidae. ... Binomial name Hydropotes inermis (Swinhoe, 1870) The Water Deer is superficially more similar to a musk deer than a true deer (cervidae) but it is classified as a cervid despite having tusks (downward-pointing canine teeth) instead of antlers and other anatomical anomalies. ... Binomial name Hydropotes inermis (Swinhoe, 1870) The Water Deer is superficially more similar to a musk deer than a true deer (cervidae) but it is classified as a cervid despite having tusks (downward-pointing canine teeth) instead of antlers and other anatomical anomalies. ... Binomial name Hydropotes inermis (Swinhoe, 1870) The Water Deer is superficially more similar to a musk deer than a true deer (cervidae) but it is classified as a cervid despite having tusks (downward-pointing canine teeth) instead of antlers and other anatomical anomalies. ... Genera Alces Blastocerus Capreolus Hippocamelus Mazama Odocoileus Ozotoceros Pudu Rangifer Capreolinae is a subfamily of deer. ... Binomial name Odocoileus virginianus Zimmermann, 1780 Subspecies Odocoileus virginianus clavium Odocoileus virginianus leucurus Odocoileus virginianus virginianus The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, is a medium-sized deer found throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America and South America far... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, or simply as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer found throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America, northern portions of South America as far south as Peru, and... Binomial name (Rafinesque, 1817) The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer whose habitat is in the western half of North America. ... Binomial name Blastocerus dichotomus (Illiger, 1815) The Marsh Deer, Blastocerus dichotomus, is the largest deer species from South America. ... Binomial name Blastocerus dichotomus (Illiger, 1815) The Marsh Deer, Blastocerus dichotomus, is the largest deer species from South America. ... Binomial name Blastocerus dichotomus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Pampas Deer, Ozotocerus bezoarticus, is a deer species from South America. ... Binomial name Blastocerus dichotomus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Pampas Deer, Ozotocerus bezoarticus, is a deer species from South America. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species of the Mazama genus found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Binomial name Mazama gouazoubyra (Fischer, 1814) The Gray Brocket, Mazama gouazoubyra, is a Brocket Deer species from South America and from Panama. ... The Mazama nana, or Pygmy Brocket Deer, is very small in size. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... Species Brocket Deer are a group of deer species found in South America and the Yucatan Peninsula. ... The pudú (Pudu spp. ... The pudú (Pudu spp. ... Binomial name dOrbigny, 1834 The Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis), or North Andean Deer, is a species of deer that ranges across the Northern Andes of Peru and Bolivia. ... Species Hippocamelus bisulcus Molina, 1782 Hippocamelus antisensis |} The Huemul is an endangered mammal of the Cervidae family. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a deer species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caspian coastal regions. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The European Roe Deer (Capreolus capreolus) is a deer species of Europe, Asia Minor, and Caspian coastal regions. ... Binomial name Capreolus pygargus Pallas, 1771 Subspecies C. p. ... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Genera Cephalophus Sylvicapra A duiker is any of about 19 small to medium-sized antelope species native to sub-Saharan Africa. ... Genera Cephalophus Sylvicapra A duiker is any of about 19 small to medium-sized antelope species native to sub-Saharan Africa. ... Binomial name True, 1890 Abbotts Duiker (Cephalophus spadix also known as Minde in Swahili) is a large forest dwelling Duiker (small antelope) found only in a couple of scattered enclaves in Tanzania. ... Binomial name Cephalophus adersi Thomas, 1918 The Aders Duiker (Cephalophus adersi also known as Nunga in Swahili, Kunga marara in Kipokomo and Harake in Giriama) is a small forest dwelling Duiker found only on Zanzibar and in a small coastal enclave in Kenya. ... Binomial name Cephalophus dorsalis Gray, 1849 The Bay Duiker (Cephalophus dorsalis also known as the Black-Backed Duiker) is a forest dwelling Duiker found in Gabon, southern Cameroon and northern Congo as well as Sierra Leone, Liberia, and the southern parts of Cote dIvoire, Ghana and Benin. ... Binomial name Cephalophus niger Gray, 1846 Black Duiker (Cephalophus niger also known as Tuba in Dyula) is a forest dwelling Duiker found in the southern parts of Sierra Leone, Liberia, Cote dIvoire, Ghana, Benin and Nigeria. ... Binomial name Cephalophus monticola Thunberg, 1789 Blue Duiker (Cephalophus monticola) is a small forest dwelling Duiker found in the Central Africa and southern South Africa. ... Harveys Red Duiker Harveys Red Duiker (Cephalophus harveyi) is one of 19 species of duiker found in Africa. ... Binomial name Cephalophus jentinki Thomas, 1892 Jentinks Duiker (Cephalophus jentinki also known as Gidi-Gidi in Krio, and Kaikulowulei in Mende) is a forest dwelling Duiker found in the southern parts of Liberia, south-western Côte dIvoire, and scattered enclaves in Sierra Leone. ... Binomial name Cephalophus maxwellii H. Smith, 1871 Maxwells Duikers (Cephalophus maxwellii), are small antelopes found in western Africa. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion, because: patent nonsense If you disagree with its speedy deletion, please explain why on its talk page or at Wikipedia:Speedy deletions. ... Binomial name Cephalophus rufilatus Gray, 1846 The Red-flanked Duiker (Cephalophus rufilatus), is a tiny antelope found in western and central Africa. ... The introduction of this article does not provide enough context for readers unfamiliar with the subject. ... Binomial name Cephalophus silvicultor (Afzelius, 1815) The Yellow-backed Duiker (Cephalophus silvicultor), is a antelope found in central and western Africa. ... Binomial name Cephalophus zebra Gray, 1838 The Zebra Duiker (Cephalophus zebra), is a small antelope found in Ivory Coast, and Liberia. ... Binomial name Sylvicapra grimmia (Linnaeus, 1758) Common Duiker. ... Binomial name Sylvicapra grimmia (Linnaeus, 1758) Common Duiker. ... Genera Hippotragus Oryx Addax A grazing antelope is any of the 6 species of antelope that make up the subfamily Hippotraginae in the family Bovidae, which also includes sheep, goats, and cattle. ... Species Hippotragus equinus Hippotragus niger Hippotragus is a genus of antelope. ... Binomial name Hippotragus equinus Desmarest, 1804 The Roan Antelope (Hippotragus equinus) is a grassland antelope found in West, Central,East Africa and Southern Africa. ... Binomial name Hippotragus niger Harris, 1838 The Sable Antelope (Hippotragus niger) is an antelope that inhabits wooded savannah in East Africa south of Kenya, and in Southern Africa. ... Species Oryx beisa Rüppell, 1835 Oryx dammah Cretzschmar, 1827 Oryx gazella (Linnaeus, 1758) Oryx leucoryx Pallas, 1766 An Oryx is one of three or four large antelope species of the genus Oryx, typically having long straight almost upright or swept back horns. ... Binomial name Oryx beisa Rüppell, 1835 The East African Oryx (Oryx beisa, also known as the Beisa Oryx) found in steppe and semi-desert throughout the Horn of Africa and in parts of Tanzania. ... | color = pink | name = Scimitar Oryx | status = EW | status_system = iucn2. ... Binomial name Oryx gazella (Linnaeus, 1758) The gemsbok or gemsbuck (Oryx gazella) is a large African oryx antelope. ... Binomial name Pallas, 1766 The Arabian Oryx (Oryx leucoryx) is a bovid and the smallest member of Oryx genus, native to desert and steppe areas of the Arabian peninsula. ... Binomial name Addax nasomaculatus (Blainville, 1816) The Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) is a critically endangered desert antelope that lives in several isolated regions in the Sahara. ... Binomial name Addax nasomaculatus (Blainville, 1816) The Addax (Addax nasomaculatus) is a critically endangered desert antelope that lives in several isolated regions in the Sahara. ... Genera Kobus Redunca The subfamily Reduncinae is composed 8 species of antelope all of which dwell in marshes, floodplains or other well-watered areas, including the waterbucks and reedbucks. ... Binomial name Kobus anselli Cotterill, 2005 The Upemba Lechwe Kobus anselli is a species of antelope found only in the Upemba wetlands in the Democratic Republic of Congo. ... Binomial name Kobus ellipsiprymnus (Ogilby, 1833) The Waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) is an antelope found in Western, Central Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa. ... Binomial name Kobus kob (Erxleben, 1777) The Kob (Kobus kob) is an antelope found across Sub-Saharan West Africa. ... Binomial name Kobus leche Gray, 1850 The Lechwe (Kobus leche) is an antelope found in Okavango Delta of Botswana, the Kafue Flats and Bengwelu Swamps of Zambia, and the very southeast of Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... Binomial name Kobus megaceros Fitzingger, 1855 The Nile Lechwe (Kobus megaceros) is an antelope found in floodplains in southern Sudan. ... Binomial name Kobus vardonii (Livingstone, 1857) The Puku (Kobus vardonii) is an antelope found in wet grasslands in southern Democratic Republic of Congo and in Zambia. ... Species Redunca arundinum Redunca fulvorufula Redunca redunca Reedbuck is a common name for African antelopes from the genus Reducna. ... Binomial name Redunca arundinum (Boddaert, 1785) The Southern Reedbuck (Redunca arundinum) is an antelope, found in Angola, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Mozambique and northern South Africa. ... Binomial name Redunca fulvorufula (Boddaert, 1785) The Mountain Reedbuck (Redunca fulvorufula) is an antelope, found in north-eastern South Africa. ... Binomial name Redunca redunca (Pallas, 1767) The Bohor Reedbuck (Redunca redunca) is an antelope native to central Africa, mostly living in grassland areas near water. ... For other uses, see Impala (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Impala (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Impala (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Forster, 1790) The Grey Rhebok or Grey Rhebuck (Pelea capreolus, locally known as the Vaal Rhebok or Vaalribbok) is a species of antelope endemic to South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and Swaziland. ... Binomial name (Forster, 1790) The Grey Rhebok or Grey Rhebuck (Pelea capreolus, locally known as the Vaal Rhebok or Vaalribbok) is a species of antelope endemic to South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and Swaziland. ... Binomial name (Forster, 1790) The Grey Rhebok or Grey Rhebuck (Pelea capreolus, locally known as the Vaal Rhebok or Vaalribbok) is a species of antelope endemic to South Africa, Zimbabwe, Lesotho and Swaziland. ... Genera  Beatragus  Damaliscus  Alcelaphus  Sigmoceros  Connochaetes The subfamily Alcelaphinae contains Wildebeest, Hartebeest, Bonteboks and several similar species. ... Binomial name Beatragus hunteri Sclater, 1889 The Hirola (Beatragus hunteri, sometimes Damaliscus hunteri also known as Hunters Haartebeest) is found in arid grassy plains in a pocket on the border between Kenya and Somalia. ... Binomial name Beatragus hunteri Sclater, 1889 The Hirola (Beatragus hunteri, sometimes Damaliscus hunteri also known as Hunters Haartebeest) is found in arid grassy plains in a pocket on the border between Kenya and Somalia. ... Species Damaliscus lunatus Damaliscus pygargus Damaliscus is a genus of antelope in the family Bovidae, subfamily Alcelaphinae. ... Binomial name Damaliscus pygargus Pallas, 1767 The Bontebok (Damaliscus pygargus also the Blesbok) is an antelope found in South Africa and Lesotho. ... Binomial name Alcelaphus buselaphus Pallas, 1766 The Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus) is a grassland antelope found in West Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa. ... Binomial name Alcelaphus buselaphus Pallas, 1766 The Hartebeest (Alcelaphus buselaphus) is a grassland antelope found in West Africa, East Africa and Southern Africa. ... Binomial name Sigmoceros lichtensteinii Peters, 1849 Lichtensteins Hartebeest (Sigmoceros lichtensteinii) is a savannah and floodplain dwelling antelope found in southern Central Africa. ... Species Connochaetes gnou Connochaetes taurinus The wildebeest (plural, wildebeest or wildebeests), also called the gnu (pronounced or ), is an antelope of the genus Connochaetes. ... Binomial name Connochaetes gnou Fouche, 1823 The Black Wildebeest or White-tailed gnu (Connochaetes gnou) natural populations of this species, endemic to the southern region of Africa, have been almost completely exterminated, but the species has been reintroduced widely, both in private areas and nature reserves throughout most of Lesotho... Binomial name (Burchell, 1823) The Blue Wildebeest is a large ungulate mammal of the genus Connochaetes which grows to 1. ... Binomial name Pantholops hodgsonii (Abel, 1826) The Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is a medium-sized bovid which is about 1. ... Binomial name Pantholops hodgsonii (Abel, 1826) The Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is a medium-sized bovid which is about 1. ... Binomial name Pantholops hodgsonii (Abel, 1826) The Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is a medium-sized bovid which is about 1. ... Genera Capricornis Nemorhaedus Rupicapra Oreamnos Budorcas Ovibos Hemitragus Ammotragus Pseudois Capra Ovis Pantholops A goat antelope is any of the species of mostly medium-sized herbivores that make up the subfamily Caprinae or the single species in subfamily Panthalopinae. ... Tribes Bovini Boselaphini Strepsicerotini The biological subfamily Bovinae (or bovines) includes a diverse group of about 24 species of medium-sized to large ungulates, including domestic cattle, Bison, the Water Buffalo, the Yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. ... Genera See text Antilopinae is a subfamily of Bovidae. ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Genera Capricornis Nemorhaedus Rupicapra Oreamnos Budorcas Ovibos Hemitragus Ammotragus Pseudois Capra Ovis Pantholops A goat antelope is any of the species of mostly medium-sized herbivores that make up the subfamily Caprinae or the single species in subfamily Panthalopinae. ... Binomial name Ammotragus lervia Pall. ... Binomial name Ammotragus lervia Pall. ... Binomial name Budorcas taxicolor Hodgson, 1850 The Takin (Budorcas taxicolor) is a goat-antelope found in heavily forested areas of the Eastern Himalayas. ... Binomial name Budorcas taxicolor Hodgson, 1850 The Takin (Budorcas taxicolor) is a goat-antelope found in heavily forested areas of the Eastern Himalayas. ... This article is about the Capra genus of animals and the Goat species. ... Binomial name Capra aegagrus Erxleben, 1777 Subspecies Capra aegagrus aegagrus Capra aegagrus blythi Capra aegagrus chialtanensis Capra aegagrus cretica Capra aegagrus hircus Capra aegagrus turcmenica The wild goat (Capra aegagrus) is a common type of goat species, with a distribution ranging from Europe and Asia Minor to central Asia and... Binomial name Capra caucasica Güldenstaedt and Pallas, 1783 The West Caucasian Tur (Capra caucasica) is a mountain dwelling goat antelope found only in the western half of the Caucasus Mountain range. ... Binomial name Capra cylindricornis Blyth, 1841 The East Caucasian Tur (Capra cylindricornis) is a mountain dwelling goat antelope found only in the eastern half of the Caucasus Mountains. ... Binomial name Capra falconeri (Wagner, 1839) The Markhor (Capra falconeri) is a goat-antelope found in sparse woodland in the Western Himalayas. ... Binomial name Capra ibex Linnaeus, 1758 The Alpine Ibex or Capra Ibex (is commonly called by its German name, steinbock) is the species of Ibex that lives in the European Alps. ... Binomial name Capra nubiana F. Cuvier, 1825 The Nubian Ibex (Capra ibex nubiana) is a rocky desert dwelling goat antelope found in mountainous areas of Israel, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Egypt and Sudan. ... Binomial name Capra pyrenaica Schinz, 1838 The Iberian or Spanish ibex (Capra pyrenaica) is a type of ibex that had four subspecies. ... Binomial name Pallas, 1776 The Siberian Ibex (Capra sibirica) is a species of ibex that lives in the Central Asia and Northern Asia. ... Binomial name Capra walie Rüppell, 1835 The Walia Ibex (Capra walie) is a species of Ibex that is critically endangered. ... Genus Hemitragus Nilgiritragus Arabitragus Himalayan Tahr Young Himalayan Tahr Tahrs are three species of large ungulates closely related to the wild goat. ... Binomial name Nilgiritragus hylocrius (Ogilby, 1838) The Nilgiri Tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius) ungulate native to the Nilgiri Hills and the southern portion of the Western Ghats range in Tamil Nadu and Kerala states of southernmost India. ... Binomial name Hemitragus jayakari Thomas, 1894 The Arabian tahr (Hemitragus jayakari) is a species of tahr native to Arabia. ... Binomial name Hemitragus jemlahicus (H. Smith, 1826) Himalayan Tahr Young Himalayan Tahr The Himalayan Tahr (Hemitragus jemlahicus) is a large ungulate and a close relative to the wild goat, with its habitat in the rugged wooded hills and mountain slopes of the Himalaya from northern India to Tibet, They spend... Binomial name Pocock, 1914 The Red Goral (Naemorhedus baileyi) is a species of even-toed ungulate in the Bovidae family. ... Binomial name Nemorhaedus crispus Temminck, 1845 The Japanese Serow, or Kamoshika (Nemorhaedus crispus) is a goat-antelope found in dense woodland on Honshu, Japan. ... Binomial name Nemorhaedus goral (Hardwicke, 1825) The Gray Goral, Nemorhaedus goral, is a small, rough-haired, cylindrical-horned ruminant native to the Himalayas. ... Binomial name Capricornis sumatraensis Linnaeus, 1758 The Mainland Serow, Capricornis sumatraensis is an endangered species of mammal. ... Binomial name Taiwan serow (Capricornis swinhoei) is a small bovid live on Taiwan island. ... Rocky Mountain Goat and Mountain Goats redirect here. ... Rocky Mountain Goat and Mountain Goats redirect here. ... Binomial name (Zimmermann, 1780) Range map. ... Binomial name (Zimmermann, 1780) Range map. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Ovis ammon (Linnaeus, 1758) The mountain sheep (species Ovis ammon) is the globally endangered wild sheep, which roams the highlands of Central Asia (Himalaya, Tibet, Altay). ... Sheep redirects here. ... Binomial name Shaw, 1804 Synonyms Desmarest Cuvier[1] Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis)[2] is one of three species of mountain sheep in North America and Siberia; the other two species being Ovis dalli, that includes Dall Sheep and Stones Sheep, and the Siberian Snow sheep Ovis nivicola. ... Binomial name Nelson, 1884 The Dall Sheep (originally Dalls Sheep, sometimes called Thinhorn Sheep), Ovis dalli, is a wild sheep of the mountainous regions of northwest North America, ranging from white to slate brown and having curved yellowish brown horns. ... Binomial name Ovis musimon, Ovis ammon musimon, Ovis orientalis Pallas, 1762 European Mouflon The Mouflon is a species of wild sheep and as such is one of the Caprinae or goat antelopes. It is thought to be one of the two ancestors for all modern domestic sheep breeds[1]. It... Binomial name Ovis nivicola Eschscholtz, 1829 The snow sheep (Ovis nivicola) is a species of sheep, which comes from the northeast of Siberia. ... Binomial name Ovis vignei Blyth, 1841 The Urial is a medium-sized wild sheep and as such is considered a member of the goat antelope subfamily. ... Binomial name Pseudois nayaur Hodgson, 1833 The bharal or Himalayan blue sheep is a caprid found in the high Himalayas of Nepal, Tibet, China, throughout Northern Pakistan and Kashmir region. ... Binomial name Pseudois shaeferi Haltenorth, 1963 The Dwarf Blue Sheep or Dwarf Bharal Pseudois schaeferi is an endangered species of caprid found in China and Tibet. ... Rupicapra is a genus of the family Bovidae (bovids), which contains two species: Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) Pyrenean Chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica). ... Binomial name Rupicapra pyrenaica (Bonaparte, 1845) The Pyrenean Chamois, (French: Izard or Isard, Spanish Rebeco or Sarrio, Catalan: Isard ) Rupicapra pyrenaica pyrenaica is a Goat antelope that lives in the Pyrenees, Cantabrian Mountains and Apennine Mountains. ... Binomial name Rupicapra rupicapra (Linnaeus, 1758) The chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) is a large, goat-like animal that lives in the European Alps and Carpathians. ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Tribes Bovini Boselaphini Strepsicerotini The biological subfamily Bovinae (or bovines) includes a diverse group of about 24 species of medium-sized to large ungulates, including domestic cattle, Bison, the Water Buffalo, the Yak, and the four-horned and spiral-horned antelopes. ... Binomial name Tetracerus quadricornis Blainville, 1816 The Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) also known as the chousingha is an antelope found in open forest in South Asia. ... Binomial name Tetracerus quadricornis Blainville, 1816 The Four-horned Antelope (Tetracerus quadricornis) also known as the chousingha is an antelope found in open forest in South Asia. ... Binomial name Boselaphus tragocamelus Pall. ... Binomial name Boselaphus tragocamelus Pall. ... Tribes Bovini The Bovini tribe is made up of large to very large grazers, including large animals of great economic significance to humans in Domestic Cattle, Water Buffalo, and the Yak, as well as smaller Asian relatives, and large free-roaming bovids in the African Buffalo and the American Bison. ... Species Bubalus arnee Bubalus depressicornis Bubalus quarlesi Bubalus mindorensis Bubalus is a genus of bovines, the English name of which is buffalo. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) The domestic buffalo or domestic Asian water buffalo is abundant in Asia, and South America. ... Binomial name Bubalus quarlesi (Ouwens, 1910) Bubalus depressicornis (H. Smith, 1827) There are two species of anoa: the Mountain Anoa (Bubalus quarlesi) and the Lowland Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis). ... Binomial name Bubalus quarlesi (Ouwens, 1910) Bubalus depressicornis (H. Smith, 1827) There are two species of anoa: the Mountain Anoa (Bubalus quarlesi) and the Lowland Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis). ... Binomial name Bubalus mindorensis (Heude, 1888) The Tamaraw (Bubalus mindorensis; previously Anoa mindorensis), Tamarao or Mindoro Dwarf Buffalo is a bovine endemic to the island of Mindoro in the Philippines. ... Species B. acutifrons † B. aegyptiacus † B. frontalis B. gaurus B. grunniens B. javanicus B. planifrons † B. primigenius † B. sauveli B. taurus Bos is the genus of wild and domestic cattle or oxen. ... Binomial name Bos javanicus dAlton, 1823 The Banteng (Bos javanicus) is an ox that is found in Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Borneo, Java, and Bali. ... Binomial name Bos gaurus H. Smith, 1827 Range map The Gaur (IPA gauɹ) (Bos gaurus, previously Bibos gauris) is a large, dark-coated ox of South Asia and Southeast Asia. ... For other uses, see Yak (disambiguation). ... For general information about the genus, including other species of cattle, see Bos. ... Binomial name Bos sauveli Urbain, 1937 The Kouprey (Bos sauveli also known as Kouproh) is a wild forest dwelling ox found mainly in northern Cambodia but also believed to be found in southern Laos, western Vietnam, and eastern Thailand. ... Binomial name Peter and Feiler, 1994 The Kting Voar, also known as the Khting Vor, Linh Duong, or Snake-eating Cow (Pseudonovibos spiralis) is a bovid mammal reputed to exist in Cambodia and Vietnam. ... Binomial name Peter and Feiler, 1994 The Kting Voar, also known as the Khting Vor, Linh Duong, or Snake-eating Cow (Pseudonovibos spiralis) is a bovid mammal reputed to exist in Cambodia and Vietnam. ... Binomial name Pseudoryx nghetinhensis Dung, Giao, Chinh, Tuoc, Arctander, MacKinnon, 1993 The Saola or Vu Quang ox, also, infrequently, Vu Quang bovid (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis), one of the worlds rarest mammals, is a forest-dwelling bovine found only in Vietnam (Vu Quang Nature Reserve) and in Laos, near the Vietnam... Binomial name Pseudoryx nghetinhensis Dung, Giao, Chinh, Tuoc, Arctander, MacKinnon, 1993 The Saola or Vu Quang ox, also, infrequently, Vu Quang bovid (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis), one of the worlds rarest mammals, is a forest-dwelling bovine found only in Vietnam (Vu Quang Nature Reserve) and in Laos, near the Vietnam... Binomial name Syncerus caffer (Sparrman, 1779) Subspecies The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a bovid from the family of the Bovidae. ... Binomial name Syncerus caffer (Sparrman, 1779) Subspecies The African Buffalo or Cape Buffalo (Syncerus caffer) is a bovid from the family of the Bovidae. ... Species †B. antiquus B. bison B. bonasus †B. latifrons †B. occidentalis †B. priscus Bison in winter. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) A wisent (Å»ubr) The Wisent or European Bison (Bison bonasus) (pronounced ) is a bison species and the heaviest land animal in Europe. ... Species T. spekeii T. angasii T. scriptus T. buxtoni T. imberbis T. strepsiceros T. eurycerus The genus Tragelaphus contains several species of bovine, all of which are reletivly antelope-like. ... Binomial name Tragelaphus spekeii Sclater, 1863 The sitatunga or marshbuck (Tragelaphus spekeii) is a swamp-dwelling antelope found throughout Central Africa centering on the Democratic Republic of the Congo, in Botswana and in Zambia. ... Binomial name Tragelaphus angasii Gray, 1849 Male nyala. ... Binomial name Tragelaphus scriptus Pallas, 1766 The Bushbuck (Traelaphus scriptus) is an antelope that is found in forest and woodland throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. ... Binomial name Tragelaphus buxtoni Lydekker, 1910 The Mountain Nyala (Tragelaphus buxtoni known in Ethiopian as Azagen) is an antelope found in high altitude woodland in a small part of central Ethiopia. ... Binomial name Tragelaphus imberbis (Blyth, 1869) The Lesser Kudu (Tragelaphus imberbis) are forest antelope found in East Africa and (possibly) the southern Arabian Peninsula. ... This article does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Ogilby, 1837 Binomial name Ogilby, 1837 The Western or Lowland Bongo, Tragelaphus eurycerus eurycerus, is a herbivorous, mostly nocturnal forest ungulate and among the largest of the African forest antelope species. ... Species Taurotragus oryx Taurotragus derbianus Taurotragus is a genus of antelopes, containing two species: the Common Eland, and the Giant Eland. ... Binomial name Taurotragus oryx Pallas, 1766 The Common Eland (Taurotragus oryx) is a savannah and plain antelope found in East and Southern Africa. ... A Giant Eland Binomial name Taurotragus derbianus Gray, 1847 The Giant Eland (Taurotragus derbianus also known as the Derby Eland) is an open forest savannah antelope. ... Subfamilies Bovinae Cephalophinae Hippotraginae Antilopinae Caprinae A bovid is any of almost 140 species of cloven-hoofed mammals belonging to the family Bovidae. ... Genera See text Antilopinae is a subfamily of Bovidae. ... The dibatag, or Clarks gazelle, Ammodorcas clarkei, is an antelope found in sandy grasslands of Ethiopia and Somalia. ... The dibatag, or Clarks gazelle, Ammodorcas clarkei, is an antelope found in sandy grasslands of Ethiopia and Somalia. ... Binomial name (Zimmermann, 1780) Range map For other meanings of Springbok, see Springbok The Springbok (Afrikaans and Dutch: spring = jump; bok = antelope, deer, or goat) (Antidorcas marsupialis) is a small brown and white gazelle that stands about 75 cm high. ... Binomial name (Zimmermann, 1780) Range map For other meanings of Springbok, see Springbok The Springbok (Afrikaans and Dutch: spring = jump; bok = antelope, deer, or goat) (Antidorcas marsupialis) is a small brown and white gazelle that stands about 75 cm high. ... For other uses, see Blackbuck (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Blackbuck (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Binomial name Gazella gazella (Pallas, 1766) The Mountain Gazelle (Gazella gazella) is a species of gazelle that is widely but unevenly distributed across the Arabian Peninsula. ... Binomial name Gazella spekei Blyth, 1863 Spekes Gazelle (Gazella spekei) is the smallest of the gazelle species. ... Binomial name Gazella dorcas Linneaus, 1758 The Dorcas Gazelle (Gazella dorcas) is not the smallest of the gazelles nor the most common, but it is pretty small and it is pretty common. ... The Saudi Gazelle, or is a species of gazelle. ... Binomial name Gazella bennettii (Sykes, 1831) The Chinkara is a species of gazelle found in South Asia. ... Binomial name Günther, 1884 Male Thompsons gazelle. ... Binomial name (Gray, 1846) The Red-fronted Gazelle (Gazella rufifrons) is a species of gazelle that is widely but unevenly distributed across the middle Africa from Senegal to north-eastern Ethiopia. ... Binomial name (Pallas, 1766) Synonyms Nanger dama The Dama Gazelle (Gazella dama), also known as the Addra Gazelle, is a species of gazelle. ... Binomial name Gazella granti Brooke, 1872 Subspecies Gazella granti lacuum Gazella granti granti Gazella granti brighti Gazella granti petersi Gazella granti robertsi Grants Gazelle, Gazella granti, is a species of large, pale, fawn-colored African gazelle with long legs and lyre-shaped horns. ... Binomial name Cretzschmar, 1828 Soemmerrings Gazelle (Gazella soemmerringii) is a gazelle that lives in eastern Africa. ... Binomial name Gazella cuvieri (Ogilby, 1841) Cuviers Gazelle Gazella cuvieri is a species of gazelle from northern Africa. ... Binomial name Gazella leptoceros (F. Cuvier, 1842) The Rhim Gazelle (Gazella leptoceros) is a slender-horned gazelle, most adapted to desert life. ... Binomial name (Güldenstädt, 1780) The Goitered, Black-tailed or Persian gazelle (Gazella subgutturosa) is a gazelle found in a large area of central Asia, including part of Iran and southern west Pakistan in the western end of the range, as well as the Gobi desert. ... Binomial name Litocranius walleri (Brooke, 1878) The Gerenuk (Litocranius walleri) is an antelope-like animal, closely related to the gazelle, found in East Africa. ... Binomial name Litocranius walleri (Brooke, 1878) The Gerenuk (Litocranius walleri) is an antelope-like animal, closely related to the gazelle, found in East Africa. ... Binomial name (Pallas, 1777) The Zeren or Mongolian gazelle Procapra gutturosa is a medium-sized antelope native to the steppe and semi-arid regions of Mongolia and adjacent areas of China and southern Siberia. ... Binomial name Procapra picticaudata Hodgson, 1846 The Goa (Procapra picticaudata), also known as the Tibetan Gazelle, is a species of antelope which inhabits the Himalayan region. ... Binomial name Procapra przewalskii Büchner, 1891 Przewalskis Gazelle (Procapra przewalskii) is a member of the Bovide family and is found only in China. ... Binomial name Pantholops hodgsonii (Abel, 1826) The Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is a medium-sized bovid which is about 1. ... Binomial name Pantholops hodgsonii (Abel, 1826) The Tibetan antelope (Pantholops hodgsonii) is a medium-sized bovid which is about 1. ... Binomial name Saiga tatarica Saiga Antelope The Saiga (Saiga tatarica) is an antelope which inhabits a vast area between Kalmykia, Kazakhstan, southern Siberia, and northwestern China. ... Binomial name Saiga tatarica Saiga Antelope The Saiga (Saiga tatarica) is an antelope which inhabits a vast area between Kalmykia, Kazakhstan, southern Siberia, and northwestern China. ... The Tribe Neotragini comprises the dwarf antelopes of Africa: Dorcatragus Beira Dorcatragus megalotis Madoqua Günthers Dik-dik Modoqua guntheri Kirks Dik-dik Madoqua kirkii Silver Dik-dik Madoqua piacentinii Salts Dik-dik Madoqua saltiana Neotragus Batess Pygmy Antelope Neotragus batesi Suni Neotragus moschatus Royal Antelope... Binomial name Dorcatragus megalotis Menges, 1894 The Beira (Dorcatragus megalotis) is a small antelope that inhabits arid regions of Somalia, Djibouti and eastern Ethiopia. ... Binomial name Dorcatragus megalotis Menges, 1894 The Beira (Dorcatragus megalotis) is a small antelope that inhabits arid regions of Somalia, Djibouti and eastern Ethiopia. ... The dik-dik is a small antelope named for the sound it makes when alarmed that lives in the brush of southern and eastern Africa. ... Binomial name Madoqua guntheri (Thomas, 1894) The Günthers Dik-dik (Mandoqua guntheri), is a small antelope found in eastern Africa. ... Binomial name Madoqua kirkii (Günther, 1880) The Kirks Dik-dik (Madoqua kirkii), is a small antelope found in eastern and southwestern Africa. ... Binomial name Madoqua piacentinii (Drake-Brockman, 1911) The Silver Dik-dik (Madoqua piacentinii) is a small antelope found in the Horn of Africa region, mostly coastal Somalia. ... Binomial name Madoqua saltiana Desmarest, 1816 Salts dik-dik (Mandoqua saltiana) is a small antelope found in semi-desert vegetation and arid thornbrush of East Africa. ... Species Neotragus batesi Neotragus moschatus Neotragus pygmaeus Neotragus is a genus of antelope. ... Binomial name Neotragus batesi de Winton, 1903 The Batess Pygmy Antelope (Neotragus batesi)—also known as the Dwarf Antelope or Bates Dwarf Antelope—is a very small antelope live in the moist forest and brush of Central and West Africa. ... Suni (Scientific name: Neotragus moschatus) are the smallest antelopes in the world. ... Binomial name Neotragus pygmaeus L., 1758 The Royal Antelope (Neotragus pygmaeus) is a very small West African antelope, only 25-30 cm tall, and the smallest of all antelopes. ... Binomial name Oreotragus oreotragus (Zimmerman, 1783) The Klipspringer (literally rock jumper in Afrikaans), Oreotragus oreotragus, also known colloquially as a mvundla (from Xhosa umvundla, meaning rabbit), is a small African antelope that lives from the Cape of Good Hope all the way up East Africa and into Ethiopia. ... Binomial name Oreotragus oreotragus (Zimmerman, 1783) The Klipspringer (literally rock jumper in Afrikaans), Oreotragus oreotragus, also known colloquially as a mvundla (from Xhosa umvundla, meaning rabbit), is a small African antelope that lives from the Cape of Good Hope all the way up East Africa and into Ethiopia. ... Binomial name Ourebia ourebi Zimmermann, 1782 // Oribi are graceful slender-legged, long-necked small antelope found in grassland almost throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. ... Binomial name Ourebia ourebi Zimmermann, 1782 // Oribi are graceful slender-legged, long-necked small antelope found in grassland almost throughout Sub-Saharan Africa. ... Binomial name Raphicerus campestris Thunberg, 1811 The Steenbok (Raphicerus campestris) is a common small antelope of southern and eastern Africa. ... Binomial name Raphicerus melanotis Thunberg, 1811 Southern or Cape Grysbok (Raphicerus melanotis) is a small antelope that inhabits the Western Cape region of South Africa between Albany and the Cedarberg Mountains. ... Families  Suidae  Tayassuidae  Hippopotamidae The Suina contains the earliest and most archaic Artiodactyla. ... Genera Babirusas, Babyrousa Giant forest hogs, Hylochoerus Warthogs, Phacochoerus Bush pigs, Potamochoerus Pigs, Sus Suidae is the biological family to which pigs and their relatives belong. ... Binomial name Babyrousa babyrussa Linnaeus,, 1758 Bizzare 4 tusk babirusa from Indonesian region. ... Binomial name Babyrousa babyrussa Linnaeus,, 1758 Bizzare 4 tusk babirusa from Indonesian region. ... Binomial name Hylochoerus meinertzhageni Thomas, 1904 The Giant Forest Hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni) is the largest wild member of the pig family Suidae. ... Binomial name Hylochoerus meinertzhageni Thomas, 1904 The Giant Forest Hog (Hylochoerus meinertzhageni) is the largest wild member of the pig family Suidae. ... Phacochoerus is a genus of even-toed ungulate in the Suidae family. ... This article or section is missing needed references or citation of sources. ... Binomial name (Pallas, 1766) This article is about the animal. ... Binomial name Sus salvanius Hodgson, 1847 Pygmy hogs (Sus salvanius) are an endangered species of small wild pig, previously spread across India, Nepal, and Bhutan but now only found in Assam. ... Binomial name Sus salvanius Hodgson, 1847 Pygmy hogs (Sus salvanius) are an endangered species of small wild pig, previously spread across India, Nepal, and Bhutan but now only found in Assam. ... Binomial name Potamochoerus larvatus (Cuvier, 1822) The Bushpig (Potamochoerus larvatus) is a very hairy member of the pig family that lives in forest thickets, riverine vegetation and reedbeds close to water in Africa. ... Binomial name Potamochoerus porcus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Red River Hog (Potamochoerus porcus) is a wild member of the pig family that lives in the rainforests, mountains and brushes of Africa. ... For other uses, see Pig (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Sus barbatus Müller, 1838 Subspecies Sus barbatus oi Sus barbatus barbatus Sus barbatus ahoenobarbus The Bearded Pig (Wattrash) (Sus barbatus) is a species of pig. ... Binomial name Sus cebifrons Linnaeus, 1758 The Visayan warty pig, Sus cebifrons is a critically endangered species of pig. ... Binomial name Müller & Schlegel, 1843 The Celebes Warty Pig (Sus celebensis), Sulawesi warty pig or Sulawesi Pig, lives on Sulawesi in Indonesia. ... English: Philippine warty pig Filipino: Baboy damo The Philippine warty pig is found in the islands of Luzon, Biliran, Mindoro, Mindanao and Polillo. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domestic pig. ... Binomial name Müller, 1840 The Javan Pig or Javan Warty Pig (Sus verrucosus) is a species of even-toed ungulate in the Suidae family. ... Species Tayassu Tayassu tajacu Tayassu pecari Catagonus Catagonus wagneri The peccaries (also known by its Spanish name, javelina or pecarí) are medium-sized mammals of the family Tayassuidae. ... Binomial name Tayassu pecari (Link, 1795) White-lipped Peccary, Tayassu pecari, is a peccary species found in North, Central and South America, living in rainforest, dry forest and chaco scrub. ... Binomial name Tayassu pecari (Link, 1795) White-lipped Peccary, Tayassu pecari, is a peccary species found in North, Central and South America, living in rainforest, dry forest and chaco scrub. ... Binomial name Catagonus wagneri Wetzel , 1975 The Chacoan peccary (Catagonus wagneri), is the closest living relative to the extinct Platygonus pearcei. ... Binomial name Catagonus wagneri Wetzel , 1975 The Chacoan peccary (Catagonus wagneri), is the closest living relative to the extinct Platygonus pearcei. ... Binomial name Tayassu tajacu (Linnaeus, 1758) Collared Peccary, Tayassu tajacu, is a peccary species found in North, Central and South America, living in many habitats, from dry, Sonoran desert and chaco to deep rainforest. ... Species  Lama glama  Lama pacos  Lama guanicoe  Vicugna vicugna  Camelus dromedarius  Camelus bactrianus The four llamas and two camels are camelids: members of the biological family Camelidae, the only family in the suborder Tylopoda. ... Map of the world showing distribution of camelids. ... Species  Lama glama  Lama pacos  Lama huonaeus Lama, the modern genus name for a small group of closely allied animals, which, before the Spanish conquest of the Americas, were the only domesticated ungulates of the continent. ... For other uses, see Llama (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Lama guanicoe (Müller, 1776) The guanaco (Lama guanicoe) is an elegant, fine-boned camelid animal that stands approximately 1. ... Binomial name (Molina, 1782) The vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) is one of 2 wild South American camelids, along with the guanaco, which live in the high alpineous areas of the Andes. ... Binomial name (Molina, 1782) The vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) is one of 2 wild South American camelids, along with the guanaco, which live in the high alpineous areas of the Andes. ... This article is about a breed of domesticated ungulates. ... For other uses, see Camel (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Camelus dromedarius Linnaeus, 1758 Dromedary range The Dromedary Camel (Camelus dromedarius) (often referred to simply as the Dromedary) is a large even-toed ungulate native to northern Africa, Greater Middle East area and western India, also the land of east Africa, Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Bactrian Camel range The Bactrian Camel (Camelus bactrianus) is a large even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of eastern Asia. ... Orders Order: Cetacea Suborders: Suina Tylopoda Ruminantia Family: Hippopotamidae Humpback Whale breaching. ... Genera Hippopotamus Phanourios Hexaprotodon Archaeopotamus Choeropsis Saotherium Hippopotami (colloquially also Hippopotamuses) are the members of the family Hippopotamidae. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758[2] Range map[1] The hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), from the Greek ἱπποπόταμος (hippopotamos, hippos meaning horse and potamos meaning river), often shortened to hippo, is a large, mostly plant-eating African mammal, one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae (the other being the Pygmy... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758[2] Range map[1] The hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius), from the Greek ἱπποπόταμος (hippopotamos, hippos meaning horse and potamos meaning river), often shortened to hippo, is a large, mostly plant-eating African mammal, one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae (the other being the Pygmy... Binomial name Hexaprotodon liberiensis (Morton, 1849) The Pygmy Hippopotamus (Hexaprotodon liberiensis) is a large mammal native to the forests and swamps of western Africa (the species name, meaning of Liberia, reflects this). ... Binomial name (Morton, 1849)[2] Range map[1] Subspecies C. l. ... Game is any animal hunted for food or not normally domesticated (such as venison). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... North American redirects here. ... Binomial name Colinus virginianus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Bobwhite Quail or Northern Bobwhite, Colinus virginianus, is a ground-dwelling bird native to North America. ... Binomial name Alectoris chukar (Gray, JE, 1830) The chukar, Alectoris chukar, is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. ... Binomial name Perdix perdix (Linnaeus, 1758) The Grey Partridge (Perdix perdix) is a gamebird in pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies Tympanuchus cupido attwateri Tympanuchus cupido cupido† Tympanuchus cupido pinnatus The Greater Prairie Chicken, Tympanuchus cupido, is a large bird in the grouse family. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Winter only (blue), summer only (light green), and year-round (dark green) range Subspecies See text The Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura) is a member of the dove family Columbidae. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus), otherwise known as the Ring-necked Pheasant or Chinese Pheasant is a gamebird in the pheasant family Phasianidae of the order Galliformes, gallinaceous birds. ... Binomial name Lagopus mutus (Montin, 1781) The Ptarmigan (Lagopus mutus) is a small (31-35 cm) bird in the grouse family. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1766) The Ruffed Grouse, Bonasa umbellus, is a medium-sized grouse occurring in forests across Canada and the Appalachian and northern United States including Alaska. ... Binomial name Tympanuchus phasianellus (Linnaeus, 1758) Introduction The Sharp-tailed Grouse, Tympanuchus phasianellus, is a medium-sized prairie grouse similar in size to the Greater Prairie-Chicken, males weigh an average of 33. ... Binomial name Gallinago gallinago Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies (Wilsons Snipe) The Common Snipe, Gallinago gallinago, is a small, stocky shorebird. ... Binomial name Falcipennis canadensis (Linnaeus, 1758) The Spruce Grouse, Falcipennis canadensis, is a medium-sized grouse. ... Species Eurasian Woodcock, Amami Woodcock, Bukidnon Woodcock, Dusky Woodcock, Sulawesi Woodcock, Moluccan Woodcock, American Woodcock, The woodcock are a group of seven very similar wading bird species in the genus Scolopax, characterised by a long slender bill and cryptic brown and blackish plumage. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Binomial name Anas rubripes Brewster, 1902 The American Black Duck (Anas rubripes) is a large-sized dabbling duck. ... For the outerwear manufacturer, see Canada Goose (clothing). ... Binomial name Aythya valisineria (Wilson, 1814) The Canvasback (Aythya valisineria) is a larger-sized diving duck. ... Binomial name Anas strepera Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies (Common Gadwall) (Washington Island Gadwall) - extinct The Gadwall (Anas strepera) is a common and widespread duck which breeds in the northern areas of Europe and Asia and central North America. ... Binomial name Aythya marila (Linnaeus, 1761) The Greater Scaup (Aythya marila), or just Scaup in Europe, is a small diving duck. ... Binomial name Aythya affinis (Eyton, 1838) The Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) is a small diving duck. ... For other uses, see Mallard (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Anas acuta Linnaeus, 1758 The Pintail or Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) is a common and widespread duck which breeds in the northern areas of Europe and Asia and across most of Canada, Alaska and the mid-western United States. ... Binomial name Aythya americana (Eyton, 1838) The Redhead (Aythya americana) is a medium-sized diving duck. ... Binomial name Anser rossii Cassin, 1861 Synonyms The Rosss Goose (Anser rossii) is a North American species of goose. ... Binomial name Anser caerulescens (Linnaeus, 1758) The Snow Goose (Anser caerulescens) is a North American species of goose. ... Binomial name Aix sponsa Linnaeus, 1758 Nesting (light green), wintering (blue) and year-round (dark green) ranges of . ... Binomial name Shaw, 1804 Synonyms Desmarest Cuvier[1] Bighorn Sheep (Ovis canadensis)[2] is one of three species of mountain sheep in North America and Siberia; the other two species being Ovis dalli, that includes Dall Sheep and Stones Sheep, and the Siberian Snow sheep Ovis nivicola. ... Binomial name Pallas, 1780 Synonyms Euarctos americanus The American Black Bear (Ursus americanus) is the most common bear species native to North America. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 The wild boar (Sus scrofa) is the wild ancestor of the domestic pig. ... Bears are big and have big ass, thats why bears are hot, and thats why cats are not. ... Binomial name (Linnaeus, 1758) Subspecies B. b. ... For other uses, see Cougar (disambiguation), Puma (disambiguation), or Panther. ... For other uses, see Elk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Moose (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Zimmermann, 1780 The White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer, or simply as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer found throughout most of the continental United States, southern Canada, Mexico, Central America, northern portions of South America as far south as Peru, and... For other uses, see Wolf (disambiguation), Gray Wolves (disambiguation), or Timber Wolf (comics). ... Rocky Mountain Goat and Mountain Goats redirect here. ... Binomial name (Rafinesque, 1817) The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer whose habitat is in the western half of North America. ... Binomial name (Zimmermann, 1780) Range map. ... Binomial name Nelson, 1884 The Dall Sheep (originally Dalls Sheep, sometimes called Thinhorn Sheep), Ovis dalli, is a wild sheep of the mountainous regions of northwest North America, ranging from white to slate brown and having curved yellowish brown horns. ... This article is about the animal. ... restoring version with Binomial name (Daudin, 1801) American Alligator range map The American Alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) is one of the two living species of Alligator, a genus within the family Alligatoridae. ... For other uses, see Bobcat (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Coyote (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Sciurus niger Linnaeus, 1758 The Fox Squirrel (Sciurus niger) is the largest species of tree squirrels native to North America. ... For other uses, see Gray Fox (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Gmelin, 1788 The eastern gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis) is a tree squirrel native to the eastern and midwestern United States and to the southerly portions of the eastern provinces of Canada. ... Genera Several; see text Didelphimorphia is the order of common opossums of the Western Hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Rabbit (disambiguation). ... For the river, see Raccoon River. ... For the American comedian, see Redd Foxx. ... Binomial name Lepus americanus Erxleben, 1777 The Snowshoe Hare (Lepus americanus) is a species of hare found in North America. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into hunting. ... Theodore Roosevelt in 1885 with his highly-decorated deer-skin hunting suit, and Tiffany-carved hunting knife and rifle. ... Duck hunters spring from their blind to take a shot at an incoming bird. ... Main article: Gray Wolf Wolf hunting is the practice of hunting wolves, especially the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus). ... Upland hunting is an American term for a form of bird hunting in which the hunter pursues upland birds including quail, pheasant, grouse, prairie chicken, chuckar, grey partridge, and others. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Reindeer - MSN Encarta (257 words)
Reindeer, common name for a deer native to the subarctic and arctic regions of Europe and Asia.
Reindeer are sturdy, short-legged animals, having a brownish coat that is dark in the summer and light in winter; the long hairs under the neck, the fur just above the hooves, and the region about the tail are almost white.
Reindeer range in height from 87 to 140 cm (34 to 55 in) tall at the shoulder.
BC Farm Products A-Z - Reindeer (682 words)
Reindeer are mammals which live to 10 to 15 years of age.
Reindeer farming is in its infancy stages in BC.
Reindeer are transported to processing facilities where the animals are slaughtered and processed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m