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Encyclopedia > Rein Taagepera

Rein Taagepera (born 28 February 1933) is an Estonian-American political scientist and politician. February 28 is the 59th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Political Science is the field concerning the theory and practice of politics and the description and analysis of political systems and political behaviour. ...

Contents

Education

Born in Tartu, Estonia, Taagepera fled from occupied Estonia in 1944. Taagepera graduated from high school in Marrakech, Morocco and then studied physics in Canada and the United States. He received a Ph.D. from the University of Delaware in 1965. Working in industry until 1970, he received another M.A. in international relations in 1969 and switched to academe as a political scientist at the University of California, Irvine, where he stayed for his entire American career. County Tartu County Mayor Laine Jänes Area 38. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... For the record label, see Marrakesh Records. ... This is a discussion of a present category of science. ... Doctor of Philosophy, abbreviated Ph. ... The University of Delaware (UD or UDel) is the largest university in the U.S. state of Delaware. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Politics series Politics Portal This box:      International relations (IR), a branch of political science, is the study of foreign affairs and global issues among states within the international system, including the roles of states, inter-governmental organizations (IGOs), non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and multinational corporations (MNCs). ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... The University of California, Irvine is a public research university primarily situated in suburban Irvine, California, USA; a significant portion of the campus falls into the neighboring community of Newport Beach. ...


Career

Taagepera served as President of the Association for the Advancement of Baltic Studies from 1986 until 1988. In 1991, he returned to Estonia as the founding dean of a new School of Social Sciences at the University of Tartu, which merged into a full-fledged faculty in 1994, and where he also became Professor of Political Science (1994-1998). Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... The University of Tartu (Estonian: ; German: ) is a classical university in the city of Tartu Estonia. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ...


In 1991, he was a member of the Estonian Constitutional Assembly, and in 1992, he ran as a presidential candidate against Arnold Rüütel, the current President, and Lennart Meri, who won the election. Taagepera came in third with 23% of the popular vote. Later Taagepera admitted that one of the reasons why he ran, despite having little chance to win, was to take away votes from Rüütel and thus help Meri rise to the presidency. Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Lennart Meri Lennart Georg Meri (IPA: ˈlennÉ‘r̺t ˈgÌ¥eÉ”rgÌ¥ ˈmer̺i) (March 29, 1929 – March 14, 2006) was a writer, film director and politician who served as President of Estonia from 1992 to 2001. ...


In 2003, Taagepera agreed to serve for half a year as the founding chairman of a new political party, Res Publica, which won the general elections that year and lead the governing coalition under Prime Minister Juhan Parts until April 2005. Taagepera tried to hold the party more or less in the middle of the spectrum (Taagepera even suggested he was centre-left politician). In 2005, Taagepera resigned his Res Publica membership, frustrated with the party's leadership style and move to the right (refer to his essay, Meteoric trajectory). In April 2006, Res Publica decided to merge with the national-conservative Pro Patria Union party. Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Res Publica Party (Estonian: Erakond Res Publica) is a conservative political party in Estonia. ... Juhan Parts (born 27 August 1966 in Tallinn) is a former Prime Minister of Estonia, and Chairman of the Res Publica party. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolising French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ... Ths article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... The Pro Patria Union or Isamaaliit is a conservative political party in Estonia. ...


Taagepera's theoretical scholarly work, which mainly deals with electoral systems, is heavily quantitative and modelling in character and strongly informed by the epistemology of his previous field, physics. The quantitative approach is also his general attitude towards political science as a scholarly discipline. He recently systhematized numerous contributions in electoral systems theory into a general, quantitative theoretical framework, exposed in the volume Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems (2007). It has been suggested that Meta-epistemology be merged into this article or section. ...


Apart from the quantitative study of electoral and party systems, Taagepera has also published several studies of Estonian and Baltic history, politics, and culture. These latter, on the other hand, are more personal and take strong normative positions. Taagepera has also written award-winning pieces of prose (most notably Livland-Leaveland in 1990. It was awarded the Tuglas Prize in the same year). This article is about the region in Europe. ...


Key Publications

  • Seats and Votes: The Effects and Determinants of Electoral Systems, 1989, co-author
  • Estonia: Return to independence, 1993
  • The Baltic States: Years of Dependence, 1940-1990, 2nd edn. 1993, co-author ISBN 0-520-08228-1
  • The Finno-Ugric republics and the Russian state, 1999
  • "Meteoric trajectory: The Res Publica Party in Estonia" (2006), Democratization 13(1): 78-94. the original conference paper as pdf file This essay gives a moderately candid account of Taagepera's Res Publica chairmanship and his evaluation of the party and its rise and fall.
  • Predicting Party Sizes: The Logic of Simple Electoral Systems, 2007 ISBN 0-19-928774-0

Recognition

Taagepera received the American Political Science Association's Hallett (1999) and Longley (2003) Awards as well as the Estonian National Science Prize, Social Science Category (1999).


External links

  • Rein Taagepera's profile in the University of California - Irvine website
  • Rein Taagepera's profile in the University of Tartu website

  Results from FactBites:
 
AABS - Journal of Baltic Studies - Volume XXXV, Number 2 contents (1008 words)
Rein Taagepera's scholarship and activism in the field of Baltic studies can be characterized in many ways.
Perhaps the best comparison evokes the age of the Renaissance and its elite intelligentsia, for in his life and work Rein Taagepera has always breached the barriers of a narrowly focused ivory tower scholarship and truly engaged his life, thinking and analytical abilities in a constant dialectic between theory and praxis.
Taagepera's contribution to political opinion and discourse in Estonia is manifested in all three of these genres, and certainly ranks him among the great publicists of Estonia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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