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Encyclopedia > Reimagining

In film, a remake is a newer version of a previously released film or a newer version of the source (play, novel, story, etc.) of a previously made film. The term "remake" is generally used in reference to a movie which uses an earlier movie as the main source material, rather than in reference to a second, later movie based on the same source. For example, 2001's Ocean's Eleven is a remake of the 1960 film, while 1989's Batman is a re-interpretation of the comic book source material which also inspired 1966's Batman. Futhermore, the 2005 film Batman Begins would not be considered a remake, as it is still an adaptation of the comic book series. Another series of films which share a common source material where none of its various incantations can be considered remakes would be any adaptation of Alice in Wonderland, one important factor in this is that each adaptation either does or does not include sections from Through the Looking Glass. Film is a term that encompasses individual motion pictures, the field of film as an art form, and the motion picture industry. ... For the 1968 science-fiction film and novel, see 2001: A Space Odyssey The year 2001 in film involved some significant events. ... Oceans Eleven is the name of two American heist films: the original of 1960, and the remake of 2001. ... See also: 1959 in film 1960 1961 in film 1950s in film 1960s in film years in film film // Events April 20 - for the first time since coming home from military service in Germany, Elvis Presley returns to Hollywood, California to film G.I. Blues August 10 - Filming of West... // Actress Kim Basinger and her brother Mick purchase Braselton, Georgia for $20 million. ... Batman DVD cover, 1997 release version Batman was released in U.S. theaters on June 23, 1989 by Warner Bros. ... // Events Top grossing films North America Thunderball Dr. Zhivago Whos Afraid of Virginia Woolf? That Darn Cat! The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming Academy Awards Best Picture: A Man for All Seasons - Highland, Columbia Best Actor: Paul Scofield - A Man for All Seasons Best Actress: Elizabeth Taylor... Batman was released in 1966 as the first full-length theatrical adaptation of the DC Comics character. ... Batman Begins is a 2005 superhero film based on the fictional DC Comics character Batman. ... Film adaptation is the transfer of a written work to a feature film. ... Alice in Wonderland is the widely known and used title for Alices Adventures in Wonderland, a book written by Lewis Carroll -- as well as several movie adaptations of the book -- and is also the setting for several short stories. ... Through the Looking-Glass, and What Alice Found There (1871) is a work of childrens literature by Lewis Carroll (Charles Lutwidge Dodgson), and is the sequel to Alices Adventures in Wonderland. ...

William Shakespeare's plays have inspired countless remakes, from stage productions which alter the setting and costumes of the play but retain most or all of the original dialogue, to films geared to teenage audiences such as 10 Things I Hate About You (The Taming of the Shrew) and O (Othello), which use the basic plot of a Shakespeare play, but change everything else to appeal to younger audiences who do not read or watch Shakespeare. West Side Story is a modernized, musical version of Romeo and Juliet and is considered one of the classic musicals of all time. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... William Shakespeare (National Portrait Gallery), in the famous Chandos portrait, artist and authenticity unconfirmed. ... 10 Things I Hate About You is a 1999 American romantic comedy film starring Julia Stiles, Heath Ledger, Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Andrew Keegan, David Krumholtz, Larisa Oleynik, and Larry Miller, and is directed by Gil Junger. ... Taming of the Shrew by Augustus Egg The Taming of the Shrew is a comedy by William Shakespeare. ... O is a 2001 teen film version of William Shakespeares Othello. ... Othello and Desdemona by Alexandre-Marie Colin. ... West Side Story is a 1961 film directed by Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins. ... The Fantasticks is the longest-running musical in history Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ... Romeo and Juliet in the famous balcony scene by Ford Madox Brown For other uses, see Romeo and Juliet (disambiguation). ...

With the exception of remakes such as 1998's Psycho, which is almost a shot-for-shot color recreation of the 1960 film, remakes generally make significant character, plot, and theme changes. For example, the 1968 film The Thomas Crown Affair is centered on a bank robbery, while its 1999 remake involves the theft of a valuable piece of artwork. Similarly, when the 1969 film The Italian Job was remade in 2003, few aspects were carried over. Another notable example is the 1932 film Scarface which was remade in 1983 starring Al Pacino; whereas the 1932 is centered around bootleg alcohol, the 1983 version is based around cocaine. // February 14 - Sharon Stone marries Phil Bronstein. ... Psycho is a 1959 suspense novel by Robert Bloch, which describes the events surrounding the encounter of an embezzler and the profoundly disturbed motel proprietor Norman Bates. ... Psycho is a 1960 suspense/horror film directed by auteur Alfred Hitchcock from the screenplay by Joseph Stefano about a psychotic killer. ... // October 30 - The film The Lion in Winter, starring Katharine Hepburn, debuts. ... The Thomas Crown Affair is a 1968 movie starring Steve McQueen and Faye Dunaway. ... The Thomas Crown Affair is a 1999 English language film, a remake of the 1968 film of the same name. ... // Cannes Film Festival opens, but closes in support of a French general strike without awarding any prizes. ... The Italian Job is a British caper film, written by Troy Kennedy Martin, produced by Michael Deeley and directed by Peter Collinson. ... The Italian Job is a 2003 action-adventure film, directed by F. Gary Gray. ... Scarface (also known as Scarface, the Shame of the Nation and The Shame of a Nation) is a 1932 gangster film of the Pre-Code era which tells the story of gang warfare and police intervention when rival gangs fight over control of a city. ... Scarface is a 1983 film directed by Brian De Palma, written by Oliver Stone and starring Al Pacino as Antonio Tony Montana. ... Pacino (right) in The Godfather (1972) Alfredo James Pacino (born April 25, 1940) is an Academy Award- Golden Globe,Bafta, Emmy Award- and Tony Award-winning American stage and film actor who played such iconic roles as Michael Corleone in The Godfather Trilogy and Tony Montana in the 1983 film...

Not all remakes use the same title as the previously released version; 1983's Never Say Never Again, for instance, is a remake of the 1965 film Thunderball; the 1966 film Walk Don't Run is a remake of the World War II comedy The More the Merrier. // February 11 - The Rolling Stones concert film Lets Spend the Night Together opens in New York North Americas Star Wars Episode VI: Return of the Jedi Tootsie Trading Places, starring Dan Aykroyd and Eddie Murphy WarGames, starring Matthew Broderick and Ally Sheedy Superman III Flashdance Staying Alive Octopussy Mr. ... Never Say Never Again is a James Bond film, itself a remake of the 1965 film Thunderball. ... // Events Top grossing films North America Mary Poppins The Sound of Music, starring Julie Andrews Goldfinger My Fair Lady Whats New Pussycat? Shenandoah The Sandpiper Father Goose Academy Awards Best Picture: The Sound of Music - Argyle, Twentieth Century-Fox Best Actor: Lee Marvin - Cat Ballou Best Actress: Julie Christie... Thunderball is the fourth film in the EON Productions James Bond series, and also the fourth film to star Sean Connery as British Secret Service agent, Commander James Bond 007. ... This article is about the film. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... The More the Merrier is a 1943 comedy film which makes fun of the World War II time housing shortage, especially in Washington, D.C.. A young woman sublets half of her tiny apartment to a middle aged man, who promptly sublets half of his half to a young man. ...

In the recent history of cinema, remakes have generally been considered inferior to earlier versions by film critics and cinema-goers alike, e.g., The Birdcage, To Be or Not to Be. See the list of film remakes for exceptions to the generalization. Origins of motion picture arts and sciences Any overview of the history of cinema would be remiss to fail to at least mention a long history of literature, storytelling, narrative drama, art, mythology, puppetry, shadow play, cave paintings and perhaps even dreams. ... The Birdcage is a 1996 comedy film directed by Mike Nichols, and stars Robin Williams, Nathan Lane, Gene Hackman, Dianne Wiest, Dan Futterman, Calista Flockhart, Christine Baranski and Hank Azaria. ... To Be or Not to Be is a 1983 comedy film directed by Alan Johnson, written by Ronny Graham and Thomas Meehan, and starring Mel Brooks and Anne Bancroft. ... This is a list of film remakes: At least temporarily, films without a Wikipedia article for either the original OR remake version(s) are not included. ...


Recently the term "Reimagining" has become popular to describe remakes that do not closely follow the original. The term is used by creators in the marketing of films and television shows to inform audiences that the new product is not the same as the old. The remakes which are most associated with this term are Tim Burton's Planet of the Apes and the remake of Battlestar Galactica.

See also

  Results from FactBites:
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Readership is reimagined as software use and not just as the target of programmed sequences and puzzle-solving.
Even though the meanings of language often seem more like an afterthought than the organizing principles in the digital domain, sense and its production (both narrowly linguistic and more broadly semiotic as well as social) remain key — beyond decorative (even if kinetic) visuals and sound.
See Johanna Drucker on the digital remediation of Bernstein’s Veil in "Intimations of Immateriality: Graphical Form, Textual Sense, and the Electronic Environment," in Loizeaux and Fraistat, eds., Reimagining Textuality: Textual Studies in the Late Age of Print (University of Wisconsin Press, 2002).
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This strategy came into action after a strategic presentation in Dearborn during June 1999 that proposed turning Ford into a "hollowed out" node in a network of outsource suppliers, which would devote Ford's corporate headquaters to decisions about styling, promotion, and financing.
In January 2000, Ford displayed its new 24/7 telematic concept vehicles in which the car construct is reimagined as a moving screen located in a network of networks.
Its riders/users could rack up the miles moving across landscapes, while they then traverse innumerable other domains in cyberscapes.
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