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Encyclopedia > Reichskommissariat Ukraine

The Reichskommissariat Ukraine was the name for the civil administration of much of German-occupied Ukraine (as well as portions of modern Belarus and pre-war Poland) during the Second World War. From September 1941 to March 1944 the Reichskommissariat, administered by Reichskommissar Erich Koch much like a colony, served as the primary organ of German efforts to pacify the region as well as to extract its natural resources and labor potential. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Erich Koch (June 19, 1896-November 12, 1986) was a German Nazi official. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Colonialism. ...

Contents


History

With the German invasion of the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, the National Socialist German state began its assault on its sometime ally and long-hated ideological opponent. In addition to his desire to destroy the "Bolshevik" state, Adolf Hitler and his fellow Nazis intended to make use of the vast spaces of the Soviet Union, including the fertile Ukraine, as the source of the material needs of the German people, as well as to prepare a space for future German colonists. (See Lebensraum.) As a constituent republic of the USSR, Ukraine, inhabited by ethnic Ukrainians as well as Russians and minorities of Germans, Jews, Roma, Poles and Crimean Tatars was a key subject of Nazi planning for the post-war expansion of the German state and civilization. Combatants Axis Powers Soviet Union Commanders Supreme commander: Adolf Hitler Supreme commander: Josef Stalin Strength ~ 3. ... National Socialism redirects here. ... Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ... Hitler redirects here. ... Lebensraum is the German term for habitat; used both in ecological and sociological contexts, it literally means living room. ... Roma may refer to: Roma people, also known as Gypsies Rome, the capital of Italy, its name in Italian and several other languages ROMA, Representational Oligonucleotide Microarray Analysis, a genomics technology A.S. Roma, an Italian football (soccer) team Roma (mythology), Roman deity Roma (film), three films of that name... The Crimean Tatars (Qırımtatar (aka Qırım, Qırımlı and Qırım türkü), Pl. ...


As the Soviet Red Army fell back and collapsed before the German onslaught, Nazi plans for Ukraine were made reality. On July 16th 1941, Hitler appointed the fervent Nazi Erich Koch as Reichkommissar for the soon-to-be-formed Reichkommissariat Ukraine. Originally subject to Alfred Rosenberg's Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories, on September 1st 1941 the Reichskommissariat Ukraine was proclaimed as a separate entity subject to German civil rule. The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (in Russian: Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya), the armed forces first organized by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Alfred Rosenberg Alfred Rosenberg (January 12, 1893, Reval (Tallinn) Estonia, then part of the Russian Empire–October 16, 1946) was an early and intellectually influential member of the Nazi party, who later held several important posts in the Nazi government. ...


Geography and Administrative Divisions

The Reichskommissariat Ukraine never covered all the territory of present-day Ukraine. With its administrative capital at Rivne, at its greatest extent it came to cover just under 340,000 square kilometers. Stretching from the Volhynian region around Lutsk in the west, to a line from Vinnytsia to Mykolaiv along the Southern Buh River in the south, to the areas surrounding Kiev, Poltava and Zaporizhia in the east, the Reichskommissariat excluded the Crimea as well as the regions of Chernihiv, Kharkiv, and the Donbas/Donets Basin, which remained under the jurisdiction of the German military. Rivne (Ukrainian: , Russian: , translit. ... Pochayiv Lavra, the spiritual heart of Volhynia Volhynia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , Russian: ; also called Volynia) comprises the historic region in western Ukraine located between the rivers Pripyat and Western Bug -- to the north of Galicia and of Podolia. ... Lutsk (Ukrainian: Луцьк) is the capital of the Volyn Oblast, Ukraine. ... Vinnytsia, or Vinnytsya (Ukrainian: , Polish: ) is a city in central Ukraine, located on the banks of the Pivdennyi Buh River, approximately 270 km west of Ukraines capital, Kiev. ... Mykolaiv or Mykolayiv (Ukrainian: ), also known by its Russian name (Nikolaev or Nikolayev) is a city in Southern Ukraine with the population of 514,000 (2001 estimation). ... The Southern Buh, Bug, or Boh River (Південний Буг, Pivdennyi Buh in Ukrainian; Hipanis in ancient Greek) is entirely located in Ukraine. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted. ... Poltava (Ukrainian: Полта́ва) is a city and oblast center in Poltava Oblast in central Ukraine with some 313,400 inhabitants (2004). ... Zaporizhia Oblast (Запорізька область, Zaporizka oblast’ or Запоріжщина, Zaporizhchyna in Ukrainian) is an oblast (province) of southern Ukraine. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... Chernihiv Oblast (Чернігівська область, Chernihivs’ka oblast’ or Чернігівщина, Chernihivshchyna in Ukrainian) is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. ... Kharkiv Oblast (Харківська область, Kharkivs’ka oblast’ or Харківщина, Kharkivshchyna in Ukrainian; Харьковская область, Khar’kovskaya oblast’ in Russian) is an oblast of eastern Ukraine. ... Donets Basin also known as Donbass or Donbas ( Russian: Донбасс from Donetskiy bassein) is a historical, economic and cultural region of Ukraine. ... German cavalry and motorized units entering Poland from East Prussia during the Polish Campaign of 1939 Wehrmacht (Defence force) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ...


The Reichskommissariat was divided into six general districts (Generalbezirke), each headed by a general commissar. These districts were as follows (with headquarters city in parentheses):

  • Volhynia-Podolia (Lutsk) - headed by SA Obergruppenführer Heinrich Schöne
  • Zhytomyr (Zhytomyr) - headed by Regierungpräsident Kurt Klemm, then by Gauamtsleiter Waldemar Magunia (from 1942)
  • Mykolaiv (Mykolaiv) - headed by NSFK-Obergruppenführer Ewald Oppermann
  • Dnipropetrovsk (Dinipropetrovsk) - headed by Oberbefehlshaber der NSDAP ('party commander in chief') Claus Selzner
  • Crimea (Melitopol) - headed by Gauleiter Alfred Frauenfeld (note that this district was a misnonmer, initially including only the "Taurida" area north of the peninsula only in the summer of 42 the Crimea added to this general commissariat). This genral commissariat enjoyed complete autonomy verging on independence from Koch's authority since its territory never ceased being part of the military rear area even after the commisariat's establishment. playing both sides against the middle Fraunfeld gained the freedom to run the comissariat as he saw fit. His policy was much more moderate, and consequentially, more economically successful than that of Koch, who raged against Fraunfeld's insubordination. a similiar sitution to the administarative relationship between general commissariat Estonia and reichscommissariat Ostland

The seal of SA The (SA, German for Storm Division, usually translated as stormtroops or stormtroopers) functioned as a paramilitary organization of the NSDAP – the German Nazi party. ... SS-Obergruppenführer Erich von dem Bach-Zalewski SS-Obergruppenführer patch SA-Obergruppenführer insignia Obergruppenführer was a Nazi Party paramilitary rank that was first created in 1932 as a rank of the SA. Translated as Senior Group Leader, the rank of SA-Obergruppenführer was held by... The National Socialist Flyers Corps (German: Nationalsozialistisches Fliegerkorps; NSFK) was a paramilitary organization of the Nazi Party that was founded in the early 1930s during the years when a German Air Force was forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles. ... A Gauleiter was the party leader of a regional branch of the NSDAP (more commonly known as the Nazi Party) or the head of a Gau or of a Reichsgau. ... Taurida was a historical oblast of Russia that is now part of Ukraine. ...

Further Information to Be Categorized

Another official was the Staatssekretär 'Secretary of State' Herbert Backe, personally nominated by Reich Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories Alfred Rosenberg. His ministry produced the "Instruktion fur einen Reichskommissar in der Ukraine" for the direction of future administrators of the Reichskommissariat Ukraine. Herbert Backe (1896-1947), was a German doctor and public servant,himself borned in Batum(Batumi),Georgia. ... Alfred Rosenberg Alfred Rosenberg (January 12, 1893, Reval (Tallinn) Estonia, then part of the Russian Empire–October 16, 1946) was an early and intellectually influential member of the Nazi party, who later held several important posts in the Nazi government. ...


The official German press, in 1941, reported the Ukrainian urban population as 19 millions, and rural population also as 19 millions. The civil authorities in the Reichskommissariaten reported their combined population as 16,910,008 people. The 1926 Soviet official census recorded the urban population as 5,373,553 and the rural population as 23,669,381 - a total of 29,042,934. In 1939 a new census reported the Ukrainian urban population as 29,457,996 and rural population as 19,764,601; a total of 30,960,221. The Ukrainian Soviets counted 17% of total Soviet population. Reichskommissariat Moskau Reichskommissariat Ostland Reichskommissariat Ukraine Reichskommissariat Kaukasus See also Reichskommissar Category: ... Soviet redirects here. ...


"Die Reichskommissare unterstehen der Reichsminister fur die Besetzen ostgebiete und erhalten ausschliesslich von ihm Weisungen..." was the "Führer" decree for the administration of the new eastern territories, the Reichskommissars reported to the Eastern Affairs Ministry. (Fuehrer in English when umlauts are not used) is a proper noun meaning leader or guide in the German language. ...


Former Soviet territory between the Southern Buh and Dniester rivers was also excluded from the Reichskommissariat Ukraine; this was given to Romania and named "Transnistria" or "Transniestra", governed from Odessa by Dr.Alexeanu, the Romanian Governor . The Southern Buh, Bug, or Boh River (Південний Буг, Pivdennyi Buh in Ukrainian; Hipanis in ancient Greek) is entirely located in Ukraine. ... The Dniester (Polish Dniestr, Ukrainian Дністер (Dnister), Romanian Nistru, Russian Днестр (Dnestr), Yiddish‫נעסטער ‬ (nester), Serbian (Dnjester) and during antiquity was called Tyras in Latin) is a river in Eastern Europe. ... Romania controlled (August 19 1941 - January 29 1944) the whole Transnistrian region between Dniester and Bug rivers and Black Sea coast. ... For other uses, see Odessa (disambiguation). ...


This administrative structure was subdivided into 114 Kreisgebiete, and further into 443 Parteien. The capital of this German administration remained in Rovno, in Western Ukraine. Each "Generalbezirke" was administered by a "Generalkomissar"; each Kreisgebiete "circular [i.e. district] area" was led by a "Gebietskomissar" and each Partei "party" was governed by a Ukrainan or German "Parteien Chef" (Party Chief). At the level below were German or Ukrainian "Akademiker" ('Academics', i.e. District Chiefs) (similar to Polish "Wojts" in the General Government). Rivne (Ukrainian Рівне , Polish Równe) - city in Ukraine, capital of Rivnenska oblast, with 249,900 inhabitants (2004). ... Coat-of-arms of Galicia Galicia is a historical region currently split between Poland and Ukraine. ... The General Government (in full General government for the occupied Polish areas, in German Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete) was the name given by Germany to the governing authority in Poland after its occupation by the Wehrmacht in September and October 1939. ...


At same time at a smaller scale, the local Municipalities was administered by native "Bailiffs" and "Mayors", accompanied by respective German political advisers if needed. In the most important areas, or where a German Army detachment remained, the local administration was always led by a German; in less significant areas local personnel was in charge. A Bailiff in a United States courtroom Bailiff (from Late Latin bajulivus, adjectival form of bajulus) is a governor or custodian; cf. ...


The German Administration gave the role of "Chief of Ukrainian Princial Commission" to Professor Wolodomyr Kubijowytsch, an early local supporter. Volodymyr Kubiyovych, also spelled Kubiiovych or Kubijovyč (Ukrainian: ; 23 September, 1900 (Nowy Sącz, Galicia) - 2 November, 1985 (Paris, France)) was a Ukrainian geographer with a specialty in demography, a cartographer, an encyclopedist, politician, and statesman. ...


The Führer decreed the creation of the Nazi Organization "Arbeitsbereich Osten der NSDAP", for the new eastern occupied territories, on April 1, 1942. This move had been bitterly resisted by Rosenberg who righly feared that the trnasformation of the administaration of the eastern territories from a state to a party beurocracy would spell the effective end of his ministry (a state organ)'s authority and Himmler, who rightly feared that an arbeitsbereich's establishment would be accompanied by the commissares becoming RVKs (plenipotentiaries for total war) and thus enormously empowered at the expense of the SS, that has already been steadily losing ground since late september, when the commissariat government began establishing itself, with local commissars asserting control over the police in their territories, hitherto controled by the SS. Himmler and Rosenberg's rearguard resistence soon collapsed in the face of pressure from both Martin Borman in Berlin and Koch and Lohse in the field. Rosenberg at least managed to be appointed the Reichsleiter ("Reich leader") of the new arbeitsberiech. Rosenberg later attempted to take such political power into the political section of the ministry to keep all party issues in his control, and prohibited the creation of organizations and any political activity in the East without his express authorisation. Needless to say he was entirely disobeyed. Hoping that by joining forces they might regain some influence, Himmler and Rosenberg decided upon the appointment of Gottlieb Berger, Himmler power-political hatchet man and the SS' head of personnel as Rosenberg's deputy a move which in theory would give Rosenberg control over SS forces in the occupied Soviet territories under civil administration . The new twosome achieved nothing other than to exasperate each other beyond endurance. Berger soon withdrew all cooperation. Koch and Lohse therafter gradually reduced communication with Rosenberg, liasing with Hitler through Borman and the party chanclery. Both also made a point of establishing strong SA organisations in their jurisdiction as a counterbalance to the SS. Given that many of the commissariat official were active or reserve SA officers whose pre-existing grudge against the SS was reactivated by these measures. A poisening of relations was guaranteed. As a last resort the HSSPF in the Ukraine Hans-Adolf Prutzmann attempted to approach Koch directly only to be contemptuously abused and dismissed. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Martin Bormann Martin Bormann (June 17, 1900 – May 2, 1945), a prominent German National Socialist official, became head of the Party Chancellery (Parteikanzlei) and Private Secretary to Adolf Hitler. ... Sa or sa may stand for: Look up sa in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... SS and Police Leaders were senior Nazi Party officials that commanded large units of the SS during and prior to the Second World War. ...


Rosenberg's idea of extending the eastern frontier of Ukraine up to the Volga was based on strategic motives, not ethnic and to change to Ukrainians the loss of Galicia annexed to the Polish General Government, at Krememchug and Poltava, their territories annexed to the Generalbezirk in Kiev and Zaporizhia at the Generalbezirk of Dnepropetrovsk. The Crimean Peninsula was maintained under Wehrmacht control, but the rest of the territory, with previous military authorisation, was under the civil administration of Generalbezirk in Crimea, which also included the Tauria administration land, Nogai Steppe and parts of Mykolaiv and Zaporizhia provinces. For other meanings of the word Volga see Volga (disambiguation) Волга Length 3,690 km Elevation of the source 225 m Average discharge  ? m³/s Area watershed 1. ... Coat-of-arms of Galicia Galicia is a historical region currently split between Poland and Ukraine. ... The General Government (in full General government for the occupied Polish areas, in German Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete) was the name given by Germany to the governing authority in Poland after its occupation by the Wehrmacht in September and October 1939. ... Kremenchuk (Ukrainian: ; Russian: , Kremenchug) is an important industrial city in central Ukraine, located on the banks of Dnieper. ... Poltava (Ukrainian: Полта́ва) is a city and oblast center in Poltava Oblast in central Ukraine with some 313,400 inhabitants (2004). ... Location Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted. ... Zaporizhia (Ukrainian: , Zaporizhzhia; Russian: , Zaporozhye) is a city in south-eastern Ukraine, the capital of Zaporizhia Oblast. ... REDIRECT Dnipropetrovsk ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... German cavalry and motorized units entering Poland from East Prussia during the Polish Campaign of 1939 Wehrmacht (Defence force) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... Motto: Процветание в единстве - Prosperity in unity Anthem: Нивы и горы твои волшебны, Родина - Your fields and mounts are wonderful, Motherland Capital Simferopol Largest cities Simferopol, Eupatoria, Kerch, Theodosia, Yalta Official language Ukrainian. ... Mykolaiv or Mykolayiv (Ukrainian: ), also known by its Russian name (Nikolaev or Nikolayev) is a city in Southern Ukraine with the population of 514,000 (2001 estimation). ... Zaporizhia (Ukrainian: , Zaporizhzhia; Russian: , Zaporozhye) is a city in south-eastern Ukraine, the capital of Zaporizhia Oblast. ...


The regime was planning to encourage settlement of German and Dutch farmers in the region after the war, along with empowering of some Ethnic Germans in the territory. Another alleged objective was the creation of a "Ukrainian Independent State" supportive of the German Cause. This land and the Caucasus were the supposed residence of ancient German Gothic tribes. The sending of Dutch settlers was charged to the "Nederlandsche Oost-Compagnie", a Dutch-German Company dedicated to encourage the colonization of the east by Dutch citizens. The Entholinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map The Caucasus, a region bordering Asia Minor, is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and surrounding lowlands. ... NYC goth band The Naked and the Dead (1985). ...


The civil and criminal justice local administration, apart from the local SS and Wehrmacht military justice branches, was staffed by "Parteien Chef", "Bailiffs", "Mayors", with supervision of German "Schoffen" (Advisers) and "Schlichten" (Arbiters) with ample legal powers. The most important cases or situations which affected "natural rights" of any "Aryan" subject, were managed in Rovno or Berlin.


The Wehrmacht introduced reforms in Ukraine allowing limited religious liberty. In January 1942, Bishop Polikarp Sikorsky of the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church became the temporary administrator of church lands in the German-occupied Ukraine and he was granted the title of Archbishop of Łuck and Kowel. He also had authority over Bishoprics at Kiev, Zhitomir (Bishop Hryhorij Ohijchuk), Poltava, Kirovograd, Lubny (Bishop Sylvester Hayevsky), Dnepropetrovsk and Biala Tserkov (Bishop Manuyil Tarnavsky) by decree of the Civil German Administration of limited religious liberty in Ukraine. The German Administration also allowed Archbishop Alexander of Pinsk and Polesia to maintain the religious authority he wielded before the war and the same permission was granted to Archbishop Alexander of Volhynia. German cavalry and motorized units entering Poland from East Prussia during the Polish Campaign of 1939 Wehrmacht (Defence force) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... In 1921 a Sobor created the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (UAOC) in Kyiv and ordained Metropolitan Vasyl (Lypkivsky) as head of the UAOC. The UAOC was at that point independent of all other churches. ... Lutsk (Ukrainian: Луцьк) is the capital of the Volyn Oblast, Ukraine. ... Coat of Arms, circa 1993 Kovel (In Ukrainian and in Russian: Ковель, in Polish: Kowel) is a town now situated in western Ukraine in the Volyn oblast. ... Location Map of Ukraine with Kiev highlighted. ... Zhytomyrs’ka oblast’ (Житомирська область in Ukrainian; Żytomierzczyna in Polish) is an oblast (province) of northern Ukraine. ... Poltava (Ukrainian: Полта́ва) is a city and oblast center in Poltava Oblast in central Ukraine with some 313,400 inhabitants (2004). ... Kirovohrad emblem Kirovohrad flag Kirovohrad (Кіровоград) is a city in Ukraine, population 239,400 (2004). ... Lubny (Ukrainian: ) is a city and the local capital of Lubny Raion (district) in Poltava Oblast, south-east of Poltava in Ukraine. ... REDIRECT Dnipropetrovsk ... Bila Tserkva (Ukrainian Бiла Церква, literally White Church, Polish Biała Cerkiew, Russian Белая Церковь, Belaya Tserkov) is a city in Kyivska oblast of Ukraine. ... Pinsk (Belarusian: , Russian: ), a town in Belarus, in the Polesia region, travesed by the river Prypiać, at the confluence of the Strumen and Pina rivers. ... Polesie (Polish spelling; Polissya, Полісся in Ukrainian, Polesye, Полесье in Russian, Palyessye or Palesse, Пале́сьсе in Belarusian, formerly also Polesia in Latin) is one of the largest European swampy areas, located in the South-Western part of the Eastern-European Lowland, within the territories of Belarus, Ukraine and Poland. ... Pochayiv Lavra, the spiritual heart of Volhynia Volhynia (Ukrainian: , Polish: , Russian: ; also called Volynia) comprises the historic region in western Ukraine located between the rivers Pripyat and Western Bug -- to the north of Galicia and of Podolia. ...


The German civil administration met "Volksdeutsche" (ethnic Germans) in Nikolayev, Zaporizhia and Dnepropetrovsk. The archives of the Soviet census in 1926 counted them as 393,924 persons. The Soviets counted ethnic Germans in all Russia at 1,423,534, or 1% of the total population in 1939. Volksdeutsche (ethnic Germans) is a historical term which arose in the early 20th century to apply for Germans living outside of the German Empire. ... Mykolaiv or Mykolayiv (Ukrainian: ), also known by its Russian name (Nikolaev or Nikolayev) is a city in Southern Ukraine with the population of 514,000 (2001 estimation). ... Zaporizhia (Ukrainian: , Zaporizhzhia; Russian: , Zaporozhye) is a city in south-eastern Ukraine, the capital of Zaporizhia Oblast. ... REDIRECT Dnipropetrovsk ... Soviet redirects here. ...


The administration took measures to protect Germans in the area who were entered on their Volksdeutch racial list. They received special rights

  • the return of their land and property prior to the Soviet Revolution
  • permission to return to visit parents in the motherland
  • the creation of special German resident zones in Dnepropetrovsk and other areas
  • encouraged recruitment to the German Army or service in the civil administration in the territory, amongst other special measures.

The Wehrmacht was pressured for political reasons to gradually restore private properties in zones under military control and accept the local volunteer recruits into their units and the Waffen SS, promoted by local nationalists organizations O.U.M. and U.P.A., whilst receiving political support from the Wehrmacht. Soviet redirects here. ... REDIRECT Dnipropetrovsk ... Army The German Army (German: Heer ) is the land component of the Bundeswehr (Federal Defence Forces) of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... German cavalry and motorized units entering Poland from East Prussia during the Polish Campaign of 1939 Wehrmacht (Defence force) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... German cavalry and motorized units entering Poland from East Prussia during the Polish Campaign of 1939 Wehrmacht (Defence force) was the name of the armed forces of Germany from 1935 to 1945. ...


The Reichsführer-SS and chief of German Police, Heinrich Himmler initially had direct authority over any SS formations in Ukraine to order "Security Operations", but soon lost it. Especially after the summer of 43 when he tried to regain control over policing in the Ukraine by gaining authority for the collection of the harvest and failed miserably, in large part because Koch witheld cooperation. Ironically in the Ukraine, Himmler, of all people soon became the voice of relative moderation, hoping that an improvment in the Ukrainians living conditions would encourage greater numbers of them to join the waffen SS' foreign divisions. Heinrich Himmler as the Reichsführer-SS Reichsführer-SS was a special SS rank that existed between the years of 1925 and 1945. ... (October 7, 1900 – May 23, 1945) was the commander of the German Schutzstaffel (SS) and one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany. ...


In the civil administration of the East Affair ministry worked numerous technical staff slavs under Georg Leibbrandt, former chief of the east section of overseas political office in the Party, now chief of the political section in the East Ministry, and his deputy Otto Brautigam, previously consul with experience in the Soviet Union. Economic affairs remained under the direct management of Herman Goering the Plenipotentiary of Four-Years Plan and Oldenburg State Major, and Fritz Saukel was charged with working with the General Plenipotentiary of Manpower recruitment, though in the Ukraine Koch insisted that Saukel confine himself to setting requirements leaving the actual "recruitment" to Koch and his brutes. The Todt Organization Ost Branch in the land. Other members of the German administration in Ukraine were Generalcommissar Leyser and Gebietcommissar Steudel. The Slavic peoples are the most numerous ethnic and linguistic body of peoples in Europe. ... Georg Leibbrandt (September 5, 1899 - June 16, 1982) was a scholar and politician in the Nazi Party. ... Hermann Göring Hermann Wilhelm Göring (also spelled Hermann Goering in English) (January 12, 1893–October 15, 1946) was a prominent and early member of the Nazi party, founder of the Gestapo, and one of the main architects of Nazi Germany. ...


The Ministry of Transport had direct control of "Ostbahns" and "Generalverkersdirektion Osten" (the railway administration in the Eastern territories). These German central government interventions in the affairs of the East Affairs by ministries were known as Sonderverwaltungen (special administrations). The Austrian Eastern Railway (German Ostbahn) was the name of a former railway company during the time of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy. ...


In Ukraine the Germans published a "local" journal in German language, the Deutsche Ukrainezeitung. Another idea proposed by Rosenberg was the "Ukraines debt to convert into an allied state of Germany and Caucasus, with nearby territories in the north, in way to transformed in Federal State, lead by a German Plenipotentiary." The Entholinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map The Caucasus, a region bordering Asia Minor, is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and surrounding lowlands. ...


The position of the Eastern Affairs Ministry was weak because its department chiefs: (Economy, Work, Foods & Crops and Forest & Woods) held similar posts in other government departments (The Four-Year Plan, Eastern Economic Office, Foods and Farming Ministry, etc) with other suplementary junior staff. Thus the East Ministry was managed by personal criteria and particular interests over official orders. Additionally, they failed to maintain the "Political Section" at an equal level with more specialized departments (Economy, Works, Farms, etc) because political considerations clashed with exploitation plans in the territory.


The Reichskommissariat Ukraine paid Occupation taxes and funds to the German Reich until February 1944 the following amounts:

In accord with information composed by Schwerin von Krosig the Reich Ministry of Finances. A 100 Reichsmark banknote from Germany of 1935 (http://www. ... 1998 Russian Federation one rouble coin. ...


The Ministry of East Affairs ordered Koch and the Reichskommissar in Ostland in March of 1942 to supply 380,000 farm workers and 247,000 industrial workers for German work needs. Later Koch was mentioned during the new year message of 1943, how he "recruited" 710,000 workers in Ukraine.


Alfred Rosenberg implemented an "Agrarian New Order" in Ukraine, ordering the confiscation of Soviet state properties to established the German state properties. Additionally the replacement of Russian Koljozes and Sovjozes, by their own "Gemeindwirtschaften" (German Communal Farms), the installation of state empress "Landbewirstschaftungsgessellschaft Ukraine M.b.H." for managing the new German state farms and cooperatives, and the foundation of numerous "Kombines" (Great German exploitation Monopolies) with government or private capital in the territory, to exploit the resources and Donbass area. Alfred Rosenberg Alfred Rosenberg (January 12, 1893, Reval (Tallinn) Estonia, then part of the Russian Empire–October 16, 1946) was an early and intellectually influential member of the Nazi party, who later held several important posts in the Nazi government. ... A state is a set of institutions that possess the authority to make the rules that govern a society, having internal and external sovereignty over a definite territory. ... Categories: Stub | Regions of Ukraine | Ukrainian historical regions ...


Hitler said "Ukraine and the East lands would produce 7 Million, or more likely 10 or 12 Million of Metric tonnes of Grain to provide Germany's food needs"


Conquered territories further to the east, including Ukraine, were under military governance for the entirety of the war, until 1943–44.


German political figures related with Ukraine administration

Alfred Rosenberg Alfred Rosenberg (January 12, 1893, Reval (Tallinn) Estonia, then part of the Russian Empire–October 16, 1946) was an early and intellectually influential member of the Nazi party, who later held several important posts in the Nazi government. ... Erich Koch (June 19, 1896-November 12, 1986) was a German Nazi official. ... Georg Leibbrandt (September 5, 1899 - June 16, 1982) was a scholar and politician in the Nazi Party. ...

German Commanders linked with the Ukrainian cause

  • SS-Gruppenführer Walther Schimana
  • SS-Brigadeführer Fritz Freitag
  • SS-Brigadeführer Sylvester Stadler
  • SS-Brigadeführer Nikolaus Heilmann
  • SS-Hauptsturmführer Otto Behrendt
  • SS-Sturmbannführer Wolf-Dieter Heike
  • SS-Hauptsturmführer Herben Schaaf
  • SS-Hauptsturmführer Herbert Schaut

Ukrainan volunteers in the German forces

  • Abwehr/Brandemburg special saboteur unit "Nightingale Regiment"
  • SS-Schützen-Division Galizien
  • SS-Freiwilligen-Division Galizien
  • 14. Galizische SS-Freiwilligen-Division
  • 14. Waffen-Grenadier-Division der SS (Ukrainische Nr. 1)
  • 1. Ukrainische Division der Ukrainischen National-Armee
  • Freiwilligen-Stamm-Regiment 3 (Russians & Ukrainians)
  • Freiwilligen-Stamm-Regiment 4 (Russians & Ukrainians)
  • Ukrainian National Army (Prawda or Ukrainskiej Dywizji)

Ukraine propaganda news

  • Ukrainskyi Dobrovoletz (Der ukrainische Kämpfer) - Ukrainische Freiwilligenverbände

Ukrainan units in the German work organization

Organisation Todt Flag Organisation Todt (OT) was a Nazi construction and engineering group during the years of the Third Reich, which enslaved over 1. ...

Ukrainan nationalist organizations

  • Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN)
  • Ukrainian Insurgent Army (UPA)
  • West Ukrainian National Committee
  • Free Ukrainian Kossacks Organization

Ukrainian Anticommunist Commander

  • SS-Brigadeführer Pavlo Schandruk

Ukrainian political leaders

Volodymyr Kubiyovych, also spelled Kubiiovych or Kubijovyč (Ukrainian: ; 23 September, 1900 (Nowy SÄ…cz, Galicia) - 2 November, 1985 (Paris, France)) was a Ukrainian geographer with a specialty in demography, a cartographer, an encyclopedist, politician, and statesman. ... Yevhen Konovalets (1891-1938) was a military commander of the UNR army and political leader of the Ukrainian nationalist movement. ... Pavlo Skoropadsky Pavlo Skoropadsky (Ukrainian: Павло Скоропадський, also spelled Pavel Skoropadsky or Skoropadski, born: May 3, 1873, in Wiesbaden, Germany, died: April 26, 1945, Metten monastery clinic, Bavaria, Germany) was a Ukrainian politician. ... Stepan Andriyovych Bandera (January 1, 1909–October 15, 1959) was a Ukrainian nationalist leader who headed the Ukrainian Nationalist Organisation (OUN). ... Andrii Melnyk Andrii Melnyk or Andrij Melnik (Ukrainian: Андрій Мельник) (December 12, 1890-November 1, 1964), Ukrainian military and political leader. ... Roman Shukhevych (Ukrainian: ; also known by his pseudonym Taras Chuprynka) (b. ...

See also

Zuman affair This refer at some affair related of critera and political diferences between Alfred Rosenberg and Erich Koch respect at managing of Ukraine affairs. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and be more accessible to a general audience, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Lwów Uprising was the armed struggle started by the Polish Armia Krajowa against the Nazi occupiers of Lwów, during World War II. It started on July 23, 1944 as a part of a plan of all-national uprising codenamed Operation Tempest and lasted until July 27. ... The Massacre of Poles in Volhyn was an ethnic cleansing conducted in Volhyn (Polish: ) during World War II. In the course of it, up to 80,000 Poles are thought to have been massacred by the nationalist Ukrainian Insurgent Army (Ukrainska Povstanska Armiya, or UPA). ... The Odessa Massacre was the extermination of Jews and Communists in Odessa during the autumn of 1941. ...

Other projected German administrative Eastern divisions

To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ...

Sources

  • Arnold Toynbee, Veronica Toynbee, et. al.,"Hitler s Europe"(spanish tr. "La Europa de Hitler",Ed Vergara, Barcelona, Esp,1958), Section VI "Occupied lands and Satellite Countries in East Europe",Chapter VI "Ukraine, under German Occupation,1941-44", p.316-337
  • Ukraine Footnotes, p.455-461.
  • Berkhoff, Karel C. Harvest of Despair: Life and Death in Ukraine Under Nazi Rule. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 2004. ISBN 0-674-01313-1
  • dietrich orlow "the Nazi Party Organisation 1933-1945"
  • Martin Dean "Collaboration in the Holocaust: Crimes of the Local Police in Belorussia and the Ukraine 1941-44"


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Ukraine.) The prelude to the outbreak of the
Ukraine, except for the easternmost parts of Ukraine, which were under direct military occupation, and the Crimea, which was under a separate jurisdiction.
Communists who remained in Ukraine under German occupation were subjected to a detailed examination of their behavior during those years, and most were expelled from the Communist party.
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