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Encyclopedia > Reich Air Ministry

The Reich Air Ministry (German: Reichsluftfahrtministerium) was a government department during the period of Nazi Germany (1933-45). It is also the original name of a building in Wilhelmstraße in central Berlin, the capital of Germany, which now houses the German Finance Ministry. Nazi Germany, or the Third Reich, commonly refers to Germany in the years 1933–1945, when it was under the firm control of the totalitarian and fascist ideology of the Nazi Party, with the Führer Adolf Hitler as dictator. ... Wilhelmstraße (William street) in Berlin became during the 19th century the governmental neighbourhood of Prussia. ... Berlin is the capital city and one of the sixteen states of the Federal Republic of Germany. ... The Federal Minister of Finance (German: Bundesminister der Finanzen or Bundesfinanzminister) is the member of the Cabinet of Germany in charge of the Federal Ministry of Finance. ...


The Air Ministry was in charge of development and production of aircraft, primarily for the German Air Force (the Luftwaffe). As was characteristic of government departments in the Nazi era, the Ministry was personality driven and formal procedure was often ignored in favour of the whims of the Minister, Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring (1893-1946). As a result, development progressed only slowly and erratically during the war. This or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hermann Wilhelm Göring ( ) (also Goering in English) (January 12, 1893 – October 15, 1946) was a German politician and military leader, a leading member of the Nazi Party, second in command of the Third Reich, and commander of the Luftwaffe. ...


The Ministry was formed in April 1933 from the Reich Commissariat for Aviation (Reichskommissariat für die Luftfahrt), which had been established two months earlier with Göring at its head. In this early phase the Ministry was little more than Göring's personal staff. One of its first actions was to requisition control of all patents and companies of Hugo Junkers, the German aeronautical engineer. These included all rights to the Junkers Ju 52 aircraft. Hugo Junkers Hugo Junkers (3 February 1859 - 3 February 1935) was an innovative German engineer, as his many patents in varied areas (gas engines, aeroplanes) show. ... The Junkers Ju 52 (nicknamed Tante Ju - Auntie Ju - and Iron Annie) was a transport aircraft and bomber manufactured 1932 – 1945 by Junkers. ...


Defence Minister General Werner von Blomberg decided that the importance of aviation was such that it should no longer be subordinate to the Army. In May 1933 he transferred the Luftschutzamt, the army's Department of Military Aviation, to the Air Ministry. This is often considered the birth of the Luftwaffe. The Ministry was now much larger, consisting of two large departments: the military Luftschutzamt (LA) and the civilian Allgemeines Luftamt (LB). Erhard Milch (1892-1972), the former head of Lufthansa, was placed in direct control of the LA, in his function as State Secretary for Aviation. Werner von Blomberg. ... Erhard Milch (March 30, 1892 – January 25, 1972) was a German field marshal of Jewish ancestry who oversaw the development of the Luftwaffe as part of the re-armament of Germany following World War I. // Milch was born in Wilhelmshaven to a Jewish father and German mother. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Germany, and the second-largest in Europe (behind Air France-KLM, but before British Airways). ...


In September 1933 a reorganization was undertaken to reduce duplication of effort between departments. The primary changes were to move the staffing and technical development organizations out of the LB, and make them full departments on their own. The result was a collection of six: Luftkommandoamt (LA), Allgemeines Luftamt (LB), Technisches Amt (LC, but more often referred to as the T-amt) in charge of all research and development, Luftwaffenverwaltungsamt (LD) for construction, Luftwaffenpersonalamt (LP) for training and staffing, and the Zentralabteilung (ZA), central command. In 1934 an additional department was added, the Luftzeugmeister (LZM) in charge of logistics. Look up Logistics in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


With the rapid growth of the Luftwaffe following the outbreak of World War II in 1939, the Ministry grew so large that Göring was no longer able to maintain control. This period was marked by an increasing inability to deliver the new aircraft designs that were desperately needed, as well as continued shortages of aircraft and engines. In 1943 Albert Speer took over from Milch, and things immediately improved. He was able to cut through the rigid hierarchy and make needed changes almost overnight. Aircraft production shot up, and projects that had been hampered for political reasons, like the Heinkel He 219 Uhu were finally able to proceed. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Heinkel He 219 Uhu (Eagle-Owl) was a night fighter serving in the later stages of World War II with the German Luftwaffe. ...

The former Reich Air Ministry building, which now houses the German Finance Ministry
The GDR-era Max Lingner mural extolling Socialism on the walls of the former Air Ministry building

The Reich Air Ministry building, the largest office building in Europe at the time of its construction, was erected on the orders of Göring between February 1935 and August 1936, and designed by Ernst Sagebiel (1892-1970), who shortly afterwards rebuilt Tempelhof Airport on a similarly gigantic scale. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 298 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by User:Adam Carr, May 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1600 × 1200 pixel, file size: 298 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo by User:Adam Carr, May 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 297 KB) Photo by User:Adam Carr, May 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1600x1200, 297 KB) Photo by User:Adam Carr, May 2006 I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... Ernst Sagebiel (1872 - 1970) was one of Adolph Hitlers architects, best known for his design of the Tempelhof International Airport and other very large Nazi projects related to the Luftwaffe. ... Tempelhof Central Airport, a. ...


One writer has described it as "in the typical style of National Socialist intimidation architecture." [1] It ran for more than 250 m along Wilhelmstraße, partly on the site of the former Prussian War Ministry that had dated from 1819, and covered the full length of the block between Prinz-Albrecht-Straße and Leipziger Straße, even running along Leipziger Straße itself to join on to the Prussian Herrenhaus, the former Upper House of the Prussian Parliament. It comprised a reinforced concrete skeleton with an exterior facing of limestone and travertine (a form of marble). With its seven storeys and total floor area of 112,000 sq m, 2,800 rooms, 7 km of corridors, over 4,000 windows, 17 stairways, and with the stone coming from no fewer than 50 quarries, the vast building served the growing bureaucracy of the Luftwaffe, plus Germany’s civil aviation authority which was also located there. Yet it took only 18 months to build, the army of labourers working double shifts and Sundays. The first 1,000 rooms were handed over in October 1935 after just eight months' construction. When finally completed, 4,000 bureaucrats and their secretaries were employed within its walls. Abgeordneten Haus von Berlin Martin-Gropius-Bau Niederkirchnerstraße, formerly Prinz-Albrecht-Straße, is a street in Berlin, the capital of Germany. ... The Bundesrat, the upper house of the German Parliament, has its seat in this building in Leipziger Strasse The German Finance Ministry is housed in the former Reich Air Ministry building on the corner of Leipziger Strasse and the Wilhelmstrasse Leipziger Strasse (or Leipziger Straße: see ß) is a street... Reinforced concrete at Sainte Jeanne dArc Church (Nice, France): architect Jacques Dror, 1926–1933 Reinforced concrete, also called ferroconcrete in some countries, is concrete in which reinforcement bars (rebars) or fibers have been incorporated to strengthen a material that would otherwise be brittle. ... Limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... Travertine Travertine terraces at Mammoth Hot Springs, Yellowstone National Park A carving in travertine Travertine is a sedimentary rock. ... Venus de Milo, front. ...


The Reich Air Ministry building was one of the few major public buildings in central Berlin to escape serious damage during the Allied bombing offensive in 1944-5. Afterwards the huge structure was quickly repaired, only the Ehrensaal (Hall of Honour) being much altered, remodelled into the Stalinist neo-classicist Festsaal (Festival Hall), and the enormous Prussian Eagle and Swastika that adorned its end wall being removed. Elsewhere however, the stated desire to eliminate all traces of Nazi symbolism may not have been carried through as thoroughly as promised. Swastikas had originally been carved into several stone and marble panels set into the exterior, especially two rows of ground floor pillars along Wilhelmstraße; rumours persist to this day that these panels were simply turned round and reaffixed with their blank rear surfaces now showing. A right-facing Swastika in a decorative Hindu form The swastika (from Sanskrit ) is an equilateral cross with its arms bent at right angles, in either right-facing () or left-facing () forms. ...


At any rate, once the work was complete, the building was then taken over by the Soviets’ military administration, and then from 1947-9 the German Economic Commission. In a ceremony in the Festsaal on 7 October 1949, the German Democratic Republic (Communist East Germany), was founded, with Wilhelm Pieck (1876-1960) as President and Otto Grotewohl (1894-1964) as Prime Minister. “East Germany” redirects here. ... Wilhelm Pieck (January 3, 1876 - September 7, 1960) was a German communist, politician and president of East Germany. ... Otto Grotewohl (March 11, 1894 - September 21, 1964) was an East German politician. ...


Later the building served the GDR Council of Ministers plus other affiliated concerns of the GDR, hence its new name Haus der Ministerien (House of the Ministries). From 1991-6, after German re-unification, it housed the Treuhand (Trust Establishment), which sold off ex-GDR state-owned companies, putting many thousands out of work and making its first chairman, Detlev Karsten Rohwedder, a very unpopular man. He was murdered on 1 April 1991, after which the building was given its present name Detlev Rohwedder Haus on 16 January 1992 in his honour. From 1990 the Berlin branch office of the German Finance Ministry had also been housed here, and since 1999, following a vast refurbishment, the building has been its head office. This refurbishment generated its own controversy by apparently failing to investigate the old rumours about the reversing of the Swastika panels. If any were taken off again in the course of the work, or just out of curiosity to see what was behind them, the findings have never been made public, but certainly none were replaced with new stone, and so the rumours continue undiminished. It is claimed that there was a definite statement being made here, simply to encourage people to move on and let sleeping dogs lie. While still a source of contention for some, this appears to have been largely accepted by the majority. Disambiguation Page Global Depositary Receipt East Germany ... The Council of the European Union forms, along with the European Parliament, the legislative arm of the European Union (EU). ... The Treuhand (Treuhandanstalt or Treuhand agency) was the agency that privatized the East German state owned enterprises. ... Detlev Rohwedder (* 16. ...


At the north (Leipziger Straße) end of the building, a plaque commemorates the protest meeting of 16 June 1953, from which stemmed the following day’s Uprising of 1953 in East Germany. Also at the Leipziger Straße end, set back behind pillars, is an extraordinary 18 m long mural, made out of Meissen porcelain tiles, created in 1950-2 by the German painter and commercial artist Max Lingner (1888-1959), depicting the Socialist ideal of contented East Germans facing a bright future as one big happy family. In fact the mural’s creation had been a somewhat messy affair. Commissioned by the Prime Minister, Otto Grotewohl, Lingner had had to revise it no fewer than five times, so that it ultimately bore little resemblance to the first draft. Originally based on family scenes, the final version had a more sinister look about it, a series of jovial set-pieces with an almost military undertone, people in marching poise and with fixed, uniform smiles on their faces. Lingner hated it (and Grotewohl’s interference), refused to look at it when going past, but it remained, and remains. Today though, it is joined by another scene set into the ground nearby: a huge blown-up photograph of state prisoners standing mournfully behind barbed wire. Protesters marching through the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin The Uprising of 1953 in East Germany took place in June and November 1953. ... Old town of Meißen. ...


[1] Reinhard Rürup, Berlin 1945, 91


See also

  • Air Ministry - the British government department organising the Royal Air Force

Coordinates: 52°30′32″N, 13°22′54″E The RLM aircraft designation system was an attempt by the aviation bureaucracy of the Third Reich to standardize and produce a identifier for each aircraft type produced in Germany. ... This article or section should be merged with List of military aircraft of Germany This list covers Luftwaffe Aircraft that served in World War II as defined by the year 1939-1945, organized by the RLM designation system. ... This is a list of all German Motors including all aircraft engines, rocket motors, jets and any other powerplants, along with a very basic description. ... This is a list of aircraft type numbers allocated by the RLM between 1933 and 1945 for German military and civilian aircraft. ... // RLM aircraft by Manufacturer (Not Totally Updated Yet) Albatros Albatros Al 101, L 101, two-seat sportsplane + trainer, 1930 Albatros Al 102, L 102, two-seat sportsplane + trainer, 1931 Albatros Al 103, L 103, two-seat sportsplane + trainer, 1932 Arado Arado Ar 64, fighter (biplane) Arado Ar 65, fighter/trainer... List of weapons of World War II Luftwaffe Aircraft: In World War II, The German airforce, the Luftwaffe, used a variety of weapons to keep their aircraft equipped with the most modern weaponry available at that time, until later in the war when resources got thin. ... RLM-FS List. ... The Air Ministry was formerly a department of the United Kingdom Government, established in 1918 with the responsibility of managing the affairs of the (then newly formed) Royal Air Force. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
BIGpedia - Reichsluftfahrtministerium - Encyclopedia and Dictionary Online (742 words)
The Reich Air Ministry (Reichsluftfahrtministerium or RLM), was a German civil service organization in charge of development and production of aircraft, primarily for the Luftwaffe, from 1933 to 1945.
In typical Third Reich fashion, the RLM was personality driven and formal procedure often didn't exist or were purposefully ignored while influential people outside the RLM were allowed to interfere with RLM decisions as well.
However, there is a wide variety of translations: Reich stood of course for the Third Reich which is sometimes left as is or changed to 'German', though the word Reich actually means empire.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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