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Encyclopedia > Regions of France

This article is part of the series on
Administrative divisions of France

Regions

Overseas regions Image File history File links Logo_de_la_République_française. ... Metropolitan (i. ... Metropolitan (i. ... Overseas region (French: Région doutre-mer), is a recent designation given to the overseas departments which have similar powers to those of the regions of metropolitan France. ...

Overseas departments The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ...

Urban communities
Agglomeration communities
Commune communities The 100 French départements are divided into 342 arrondissements. ... The canton is an administrative division of France. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... In France, urban communities (French: communauté urbaine) are the most integrated form of intercommunality in France. ... An agglomeration community (French: communauté dagglomération) is a metropolitan government structure in France, created by the Chevènement Law of 1999. ... A communauté de communes (French for community of communes) is a federation of municipalities (communes) in France. ...

Associated communes
Municipal arrondissements Map of the 36,568 communes of metropolitan France. ... In France, associated communes (French: communes associées) were created by the Commune Merger Act of July 16, 1971 (also called the Marcellin Act). ... The municipal arrondissement (French: arrondissement municipal, pronounced ), more simply referred to as arrondissement, is a level of administrative division in France lower than the commune. ...

Overseas collectivities
Sui generis collectivity
Overseas country
Overseas territories
Scattered islands
Clipperton Island French overseas departments and territories The French Overseas Departments and Territories (French: départements doutre-mer and territoires doutre-mer or DOM-TOM) consist broadly of French-administered territories outside of Europe. ... A collectivité doutre-mer (in English Overseas Community) or COM, is an administrative division of France. ... For Guadeloupe Island, see Grande-Terre. ... Overseas country (French: pays doutre-mer or POM) is the new designation for the overseas collectivity of French Polynesia. ... The term Overseas territory (French: Territoire doutre-mer or TOM), is an administrative division of France and is currently only applied to the French Southern Territories. ... Location of the Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean: • 1 : Bassas da India • 2 : Europa Island • 3 : Glorioso Islands • 4 : Juan de Nova Island • 5 : Tromelin Island (KM : Comoros, MG : Madagascar, MU : Mauritius, MZ : Mozambique, RE : Réunion, YT : Mayotte) The Scattered Islands in the Indian Ocean (French: ÃŽles Éparses...

France is divided into 26 regions (French: régions), of which 21 are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corsica (although strictly speaking that is in fact a "territorial collectivity", not a region, but is referred to as a region in common speech), and four lie overseas. Regions in mainland France are further subdivided into between about 1 and 8 departments each. Metropolitan France (French: France métropolitaine, or just la Métropole) is the part of France in Europe, including Corsica, as opposed to the overseas departments and overseas territories, which, while integral parts of the French Republic, are regarded as Overseas France (la France doutre-mer, or more colloquially... (Territorial collectivity flag) (Territorial collectivity logo) Location Administration Capital Ajaccio President of the Executive Council Ange Santini (UMP) (since 2004) Departments Corse-du-Sud Haute-Corse Arrondissements 5 Cantons 52 Communes 360 Statistics Land area1 8,680 km² Population (Ranked 25th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France, roughly analogous to British counties and are now grouped into 22 metropolitan and four overseas régions. ...

Contents

General characteristics

In continental France (metropolitan France excluding Corsica), the median land area of a region is 25,809 km² (9,965 sq. miles), which is about one-fifth of the median land area of a U.S. state, and only 4% as large as the median land area of a Canadian province, but 28% larger than the median land area of a German state, and 67% larger than the median land area of a region of England. Metropolitan France (French: France métropolitaine, or just la Métropole) is the part of France in Europe, including Corsica, as opposed to the overseas departments and overseas territories, which, while integral parts of the French Republic, are regarded as Overseas France (la France doutre-mer, or more colloquially... (Territorial collectivity flag) (Territorial collectivity logo) Location Administration Capital Ajaccio President of the Executive Council Ange Santini (UMP) (since 2004) Departments Corse-du-Sud Haute-Corse Arrondissements 5 Cantons 52 Communes 360 Statistics Land area1 8,680 km² Population (Ranked 25th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... In probability theory and statistics, a median is a number dividing the higher half of a sample, a population, or a probability distribution from the lower half. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to... Germany is a Federal Republic made up of 16 States, known in German as Länder (singular Land). ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ...


In 2004, the median population of a region in continental France was 2,329,000 inhabitants, which is a little less than one-half of the median population of a region of England, a little more than one-half of the median population of a U.S. state, and three-quarter of the median population of a German state. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


A median region of continental France is made up of four departments.


Role

Regions do not have legislative autonomy, nor can they issue regulations. They levy their own distinct taxes (and receive a decreasing part of their budget from the national government which gives them a portion of the taxes it levies) and have sizeable, though not considerable, budgets, managed by a regional council (French: conseil régional) with nominated representantives from the departmental assemblies and major municipalities in the region. A regional council (French: ) is the elected assembly of a region of France. ...


Their main legal attribution is to build and pay equipment costs for high schools; in March 2004, the French national government announced a controversial plan to transfer to the regions some categories of non-teaching school personnel. Critics of this plan contend that it is doubtful that sufficient fiscal resources for these additional charges will be transferred, and that such measures will increase inequalities between regions.


Apart from these legal attributions, regions have considerable discretionary spending for infrastructure (education, public transportation systems, aid to universities and research, support for entrepreneurs). Because of this, being president of a wealthy region such as Île-de-France or Rhône-Alpes may be quite a high profile position. An entrepreneur (a loanword from French introduced and first defined by an Irish economist named Richard Cantillon) is a person who undertakes and operates a new enterprise or venture and assumes some accountability for the inherent risks. ... (Région flag) (Région logo) Location Administration Capital Paris Regional President Jean-Paul Huchon (PS) (since 1998) Departments Essonne Hauts-de-Seine Paris Seine-Saint-Denis Seine-et-Marne Val-de-Marne Val-dOise Yvelines Arrondissements 25 Cantons 317 Communes 1,281 Statistics Land area1 12,011 km... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Lyon Regional President Jean-Jack Queyranne (PS) (since 2004) Departments Ain Ardèche Drôme Isère Loire Rhône Savoie Haute-Savoie Arrondissements 25 Cantons 335 Communes 2,879 Statistics Land area1 43,698 km² Population (Ranked 2nd)  - January 1, 2006...


There are, from time to time, discussions about giving limited legislative autonomy to the regions, but such proposals are controversial. There are also proposals to suppress the local government of the departments and fold them into their regions, keeping the departments only as administrative subdivisions.


History

List

Regions of France (without its overseas territories) - template File links There are no pages that link to this file. ...

Nord-Pas
de Calais
Haute-
Normandie
Île-de-
France
Champagne-
Ardenne
Franche-
Comté
Basse-
Normandie
Rhône-
Alpes
Midi-Pyrénées
Languedoc-
Roussillon
Provence-Alpes-
Côte d'Azur
  1. Alsace
  2. Aquitaine
  3. Auvergne
  4. Basse-Normandie
  5. Bourgogne
  6. Bretagne
  7. Centre
  8. Champagne-Ardenne
  9. Corsica (special status)
  10. Franche-Comté
  11. Haute-Normandie
  1. Île-de-France
  2. Languedoc-Roussillon
  3. Limousin
  4. Lorraine
  5. Midi-Pyrénées
  6. Nord-Pas de Calais
  7. Pays de la Loire
  8. Picardie
  9. Poitou-Charentes
  10. Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur (PACA)
  11. Rhône-Alpes

Capital Lille Area 12,414 km² Regional President Daniel Percheron (PS) (since 2001) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 4th) 4,026,000 3,996,588 324/km² (2004) Arrondissements 13 Cantons 156 Communes 1,546 Départements Nord Pas-de-Calais Nord-Pas de Calais is one of... (Région flag) (Région logo) Location Administration Capital Amiens Regional President Claude Gewerc (PS) (since 2004) Départements Aisne Oise Somme Arrondissements 13 Cantons 129 Communes 2,292 Statistics Land area1 19,399 km² Population (Ranked 12th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Capital Rouen Land area¹ 12,318 km² Regional President Alain Le Vern (PS) (since 1998) Population  - Jan. ... (Région flag) (Région logo) Location Administration Capital Paris Regional President Jean-Paul Huchon (PS) (since 1998) Departments Essonne Hauts-de-Seine Paris Seine-Saint-Denis Seine-et-Marne Val-de-Marne Val-dOise Yvelines Arrondissements 25 Cantons 317 Communes 1,281 Statistics Land area1 12,011 km... Capital Châlons-en-Champagne Land area¹ 25,606 km² Regional President Jean-Paul Bachy (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... (Région flag) (Région logo) Location Administration Capital Metz Regional President Jean-Pierre Masseret (PS) (since 2004) Departments Meurthe-et-Moselle Meuse Moselle Vosges Arrondissements 19 Cantons 157 Communes 2,337 Statistics Land area1 23,547 km² Population (Ranked 11th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Location Administration Capital Strasbourg Regional President Adrien Zeller (UMP) (since 1996) Départements Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Capital Besançon Land area¹ 16,202 km² Regional President Raymond Forni (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Location Administration Capital Dijon Regional President François Patriat (PS) (since 2004) Départements Yonne Côte-dOr Nièvre Saône-et-Loire Arrondissements 15 Cantons 174 Communes 2,045 Statistics Land area1 31,582 km² Population (Ranked 16th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Orléans Regional President Michel Sapin (PS) (1998 to 2000, and since 2004) Departments Cher Eure-et-Loir Indre Indre-et-Loire Loir-et-Cher Loiret Arrondissements 20 Cantons 198 Communes 1,842 Statistics Land area1 39,151 km² Population (Ranked 9th)  - January... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Nantes Regional President Jacques Auxiette (PS) (since 2004) Departments Loire-Atlantique Mayenne Maine-et-Loire Sarthe Vendée Arrondissements 17 Cantons 192 Communes 1,503 Statistics Land area1 32,082 km² Population (Ranked 5th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Rennes Regional President Jean-Yves Le Drian (PS) (since 2004) Departments Côtes-dArmor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Finistère Arrondissements 15 Cantons 201 Communes 1,268 Statistics Land area1 27,209 km² Population (Ranked 7th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Capital Caen Land area¹ 17,589 km² Regional President Philippe Duron (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Categories: Stub | Regions of France ... (Région flag) (Région logo) Location Administration Capital Limoges Regional President Jean-Paul Denanot (PS) (since 2004) Departments Corrèze Creuse Haute-Vienne Arrondissements 8 Cantons 106 Communes 747 Statistics Land area1 16,942 km² Population (Ranked 22nd)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... (Région flag) (Région logo) Location Administration Capital Clermont-Ferrand Regional President René Souchon (PS) (since 2006) Departments Allier Cantal Haute-Loire Puy-de-Dôme Arrondissements 14 Cantons 158 Communes 1,310 Statistics Land area1 26,013 km² Population (Ranked 19th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Lyon Regional President Jean-Jack Queyranne (PS) (since 2004) Departments Ain Ardèche Drôme Isère Loire Rhône Savoie Haute-Savoie Arrondissements 25 Cantons 335 Communes 2,879 Statistics Land area1 43,698 km² Population (Ranked 2nd)  - January 1, 2006... Location Administration Capital Bordeaux Regional President Alain Rousset (PS) (since 1998) Départements Dordogne Gironde Landes Lot-et-Garonne Pyrénées-Atlantiques Arrondissements 18 Cantons 235 Communes 2,296 Statistics Land area1 41,309 km² Population (Ranked 6th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Capital Toulouse Land area¹ 45,348 km² Regional President Martin Malvy (PS) (since 1998) Population  - Jan. ... Capital Montpellier Land area¹ 27,376 km² Regional President Georges Frêche (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Location Administration Capital Marseille Regional President Michel Vauzelle (PS) (since 1998) Départements Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes Var Vaucluse Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Statistics Land area1 31,400 km² Population (Ranked 3rd)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... (Territorial collectivity flag) (Territorial collectivity logo) Location Administration Capital Ajaccio President of the Executive Council Ange Santini (UMP) (since 2004) Departments Corse-du-Sud Haute-Corse Arrondissements 5 Cantons 52 Communes 360 Statistics Land area1 8,680 km² Population (Ranked 25th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Motto: Dutch: Eendracht maakt macht French: Lunion fait la force German: Einigkeit macht stark (English: Strength through Unity) Anthem: The Brabançonne (The Song of Brabant) Map showing the location of Belgium (dark orange) within the EU ( legend). ... Motto: Luxembourgish: Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn (English: We wish to remain what we are) Anthem: Ons Hémécht (Our Homeland) Royal anthem: De Wilhelmus 1 Capital (and largest city) Luxembourg Official languages French, German, Luxembourgish (de jure since 1984) Government Grand duchy  - Grand Duke Grand Duke... Motto: (German for Unity and Justice and Freedom”) Anthem: (3rd stanza) also called Capital (and largest city) Berlin Official languages German 1 Government Federal Republic  - President Horst Köhler  - Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) Formation    - Holy Roman Empire 843 (Treaty of Verdun)   - German Confederation June 8, 1815   - Prussian rule January 18... Motto: (traditional[1]) (Latin for One for all, all for one) Capital Bern (federal capital) Largest city Zürich Official languages German, French, Italian, Romansh[2] Government Direct democracy Federal republic  - Federal Council M. Leuenberger P. Couchepin (VP 07) S. Schmid M. Calmy-Rey (Pres. ... Anthem: Il Canto degli Italiani (also known as Fratelli dItalia) Capital (and largest city) Rome Italian1 Government Republic  - President Giorgio Napolitano  - Prime Minister Romano Prodi Formation    - Unification 17 March 1861   - Republic 2 June 1946  Accession to EU March 25, 1957 (founding member) Area  - Total 301,318 km² (71st) 116... Satellite view of the English Channel The English Channel (French: La Manche (IPA: ), the sleeve) is the part of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic. ... Motto:   (the Royal motto3) (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the Queen 4 Capital London Most populous conurbation Greater London Urban Area Official languages English, Cornish, Welsh and more (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  - Monarch Queen Elizabeth II  - Prime Minister Tony Blair Formation    - Union of the Crowns... Map of the Bay of Biscay. ... Motto: (Latin: Strength United is Stronger) Anthem: (Catalan: The Great Charlemagne, my Father) Capital (and largest city) Andorra la Vella Official languages Catalan Government parliamentary co-principality  - French Co-Prince Jacques Chirac  - Episcopal Co-Prince Joan Enric Vives Sicília  - Executive Council President Albert Pintat Santolària Independence    - Paréage... This article is about the European country. ... The Ligurian Sea. ... For the landmasses surrounding the Mediterranean Sea, see Mediterranean Basin. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Région in France List of subnational entities Ranked list of French regions Categories: NowCommons ... Location Administration Capital Strasbourg Regional President Adrien Zeller (UMP) (since 1996) Départements Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Location Administration Capital Bordeaux Regional President Alain Rousset (PS) (since 1998) Départements Dordogne Gironde Landes Lot-et-Garonne Pyrénées-Atlantiques Arrondissements 18 Cantons 235 Communes 2,296 Statistics Land area1 41,309 km² Population (Ranked 6th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... (Région flag) (Région logo) Location Administration Capital Clermont-Ferrand Regional President René Souchon (PS) (since 2006) Departments Allier Cantal Haute-Loire Puy-de-Dôme Arrondissements 14 Cantons 158 Communes 1,310 Statistics Land area1 26,013 km² Population (Ranked 19th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Capital Caen Land area¹ 17,589 km² Regional President Philippe Duron (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Location Administration Capital Dijon Regional President François Patriat (PS) (since 2004) Départements Yonne Côte-dOr Nièvre Saône-et-Loire Arrondissements 15 Cantons 174 Communes 2,045 Statistics Land area1 31,582 km² Population (Ranked 16th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Rennes Regional President Jean-Yves Le Drian (PS) (since 2004) Departments Côtes-dArmor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Finistère Arrondissements 15 Cantons 201 Communes 1,268 Statistics Land area1 27,209 km² Population (Ranked 7th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Orléans Regional President Michel Sapin (PS) (1998 to 2000, and since 2004) Departments Cher Eure-et-Loir Indre Indre-et-Loire Loir-et-Cher Loiret Arrondissements 20 Cantons 198 Communes 1,842 Statistics Land area1 39,151 km² Population (Ranked 9th)  - January... Capital Châlons-en-Champagne Land area¹ 25,606 km² Regional President Jean-Paul Bachy (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... (Territorial collectivity flag) (Territorial collectivity logo) Location Administration Capital Ajaccio President of the Executive Council Ange Santini (UMP) (since 2004) Departments Corse-du-Sud Haute-Corse Arrondissements 5 Cantons 52 Communes 360 Statistics Land area1 8,680 km² Population (Ranked 25th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Capital Besançon Land area¹ 16,202 km² Regional President Raymond Forni (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Capital Rouen Land area¹ 12,318 km² Regional President Alain Le Vern (PS) (since 1998) Population  - Jan. ... (Région flag) (Région logo) Location Administration Capital Paris Regional President Jean-Paul Huchon (PS) (since 1998) Departments Essonne Hauts-de-Seine Paris Seine-Saint-Denis Seine-et-Marne Val-de-Marne Val-dOise Yvelines Arrondissements 25 Cantons 317 Communes 1,281 Statistics Land area1 12,011 km... Capital Montpellier Land area¹ 27,376 km² Regional President Georges Frêche (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... (Région flag) (Région logo) Location Administration Capital Limoges Regional President Jean-Paul Denanot (PS) (since 2004) Departments Corrèze Creuse Haute-Vienne Arrondissements 8 Cantons 106 Communes 747 Statistics Land area1 16,942 km² Population (Ranked 22nd)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... (Région flag) (Région logo) Location Administration Capital Metz Regional President Jean-Pierre Masseret (PS) (since 2004) Departments Meurthe-et-Moselle Meuse Moselle Vosges Arrondissements 19 Cantons 157 Communes 2,337 Statistics Land area1 23,547 km² Population (Ranked 11th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Capital Toulouse Land area¹ 45,348 km² Regional President Martin Malvy (PS) (since 1998) Population  - Jan. ... Capital Lille Area 12,414 km² Regional President Daniel Percheron (PS) (since 2001) Population   - 2004 estimate   - 1999 census   - Density (Ranked 4th) 4,026,000 3,996,588 324/km² (2004) Arrondissements 13 Cantons 156 Communes 1,546 Départements Nord Pas-de-Calais Nord-Pas de Calais is one of... Capital Nantes Land area¹ 32,082 km² Regional President Jacques Auxiette (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... (Région flag) (Région logo) Location Administration Capital Amiens Regional President Claude Gewerc (PS) (since 2004) Départements Aisne Oise Somme Arrondissements 13 Cantons 129 Communes 2,292 Statistics Land area1 19,399 km² Population (Ranked 12th)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... Categories: Stub | Regions of France ... Location Administration Capital Marseille Regional President Michel Vauzelle (PS) (since 1998) Départements Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes Var Vaucluse Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Statistics Land area1 31,400 km² Population (Ranked 3rd)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Lyon Regional President Jean-Jack Queyranne (PS) (since 2004) Departments Ain Ardèche Drôme Isère Loire Rhône Savoie Haute-Savoie Arrondissements 25 Cantons 335 Communes 2,879 Statistics Land area1 43,698 km² Population (Ranked 2nd)  - January 1, 2006...

See also

A regional council (French: ) is the elected assembly of a region of France. ... Metropolitan (i. ... // The following are ranked lists of French régions. ... Regional elections were held in France on March 21 and March 28, 2004. ... // Metropolitan France As of January 1, 2004, metropolitan France is divided into: 22 régions (although strictly speaking Corsica is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common speech) the régions are divided into 96 départements the... This gallery of flags of French regions shows the flags of the 22 mainland and 4 overseas Régions of France. ...

External links

  • Local websites by region

  Results from FactBites:
 
Regions of France (1606 words)
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