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Encyclopedia > Regions of Brazil

Brazil is currently divided in five regions, by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (IBGE). These divisions are composed by states with similar cultural, economical, historical and social aspects, and although through the scientific point of view information given by this type of division is not very accurate, because official information given by the IBGE uses this system, this division is the most widely used in Brazil. IBGE, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica), is the agency responsible for statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil. ... IBGE, the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica), is the agency responsible for statistical, geographic, cartographic, geodetic and environmental information in Brazil. ...

Contents

Image:Brasil Norte vincent harley rocks maploc. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The South Region is highlighted in yellow. ...

North Region

  • Area: 3.869.637,9 km²(45.28%)
  • Population: 12.833.383 hab (3,31hab/km²; 6.2%)
  • GDP: ~9.6bi US$ (2%)
  • HDI: ~0,750
  • Climate: Equatorial (high temperatures and high annual precipitation)
  • States: Acre, Amapá, Amazonas, Pará, Rondônia, Roraima and Tocantins
  • Largest Cities: Manaus (1.403.796); Belém (1.279.861); Ananindeua (392.947); Porto Velho (314.525); Macapá (282.745); Santarém (262.721); Rio Branco (252.885); Boa Vista (200.383); Palmas (208.000), Boa Vista (122.000).
  • Economy: Iron, Energy production, electronic manufacturing, latex, tourism.
  • Transport: Mainly rivers (which are abundant in the region). Highways are scarce and present mainly in the east. Airplanes are commonly used in small remote communities
  • Vegetation: Almost the entire region is covered by the Amazon Rainforest, except the state of Tocantins, with a savanna-like vegetation (cerrado). Although most of the native vegetation still remains, the region suffers critical problems from deforestation occurring quickly in the area
  • Marcant characteristics: Presence of the Amazon Rainforest, that is the vegetation dominant in every state but Tocantins. Cities are all spread apart in the region, that has the lowest population density of the country. Very few paved highways passes the region, that is almost isolated from the rest of the country. It is also the biggest region of Brazil, being responsible for almost half of the Brazilian territorial extension. Economic growth above national average (especially in Amazonas and in Tocantins)

Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... The UN Human Development Index (HDI) measures poverty, literacy, education, life expectancy, and other factors. ... Flag of Acre See other Brazilian States Capital Rio Branco Largest City Rio Branco Area 152 522 km² Population   - Total   - Density 557 526 3. ... Flag of Amapá See other Brazilian States Capital Macapá Largest City Macapá Area 142 816 km² Population   - Total   - Density 477 032 3. ... Amazonas is the largest state of Brazil, located in the northern part of the country. ... Flag of Pará See other Brazilian States Capital Belém Largest City Belém Area 1. ... Flag of Rondônia See other Brazilian States Capital Porto Velho Largest City Porto Velho Area 238,512. ... Flag of Roraima See other Brazilian States Capital Boa Vista Largest City Boa Vista Area 225,116. ... Tocantins is one of the states of Brazil. ... Manaus as seen from a NASA satellite image, surrounded by the rivers. ... This article is about the city in Brazil. ... Ananindeua is a city in Pará, Brazil. ... Porto Velho is the capital of the Brazilian state of Rondônia, in the upper Amazon River basin. ... Macapá (mekepä´) is the capital of the state of Amapá in Brazil, (1996 pop. ... There are a number of places called Santarém: Santarém, Brazil Santarém, Portugal Santarém is also a Portuguese cheese. ... Rio Branco is the capital of the state of Acre in Brazil. ... Boa Vista State Roraima Area: 5712 km2 Population: 221 027 (Estimate: 07/2003) Height: 85 m above sea level Postcode (CEP): 69300-000 Geographic location: 02° 49 N South 60º 39 West Address of the local government: Prefeitura Municipal de Boa Vista Palácio 9 de Julho Rua General Penha... Palmas is the capital of the state of Tocantins, in Brazil. ... Boa Vista State Roraima Area: 5712 km2 Population: 221 027 (Estimate: 07/2003) Height: 85 m above sea level Postcode (CEP): 69300-000 Geographic location: 02° 49 N South 60º 39 West Address of the local government: Prefeitura Municipal de Boa Vista Palácio 9 de Julho Rua General Penha... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Atomic mass 55. ... Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. ... Rainforests are forests characterized by high rainfall, with definitions setting minimum normal annual rainfall between 1750 mm and 2000 mm. ... Savanna at Ngorongoro Conservation Area, Tanzania. ... Deforestation is the conversion of forested areas to non-forest land use such as arable land, urban use, logged area or wasteland. ...

Northeast Region

  • Area: 1.561.177 km² (27.50%)
  • Population: 47.700.000 hab (30.55 hab/km²; 16%)
  • GDP: ~48.1bi US$ (~12%)
  • HDI: ~0.715
  • Climate: Very hot all the year long, Tropical near the coast and semi-arid in the interior; semi-equatorial in the far west of the region.
  • States: Alagoas, Bahia, Ceará, Maranhão, Paraíba, Pernambuco, Piauí, Rio Grande do Norte, Sergipe
  • Largest Cities: Salvador (4.011.828); Fortaleza (2.138.234); Recife (1.421.993); São Luís (868.047); Maceió (796.842); Teresina (714.583); Natal (709.536); João Pessoa (595.429); Jabotão dos Guararapes; (580.795); Feira de Santana (481.137); Aracajú (461.083); Olinda (368.666); Campina Grande (354.546).
  • Economy: Tourism, cocoa, machinery manufacturing, textiles.
  • Transport: Mainly highways, which are more abundant along the coast, although transport by sea is also important
  • Vegetation: Desert-like vegetation mainly, with tropical forests along the coast and in the west, and savanna-like vegetation in the southwest
  • Marcant characteristics: This region was the first found by the Portuguese, and the first Brazilian capital, Salvador, was founded here. Lowest social indicators of the country, but had the best economic growth (above national average) between 2000 and 2003

Flag of Alagoas See other Brazilian States Capital Maceió Largest City Maceió Area 27 818 km² Population   - Total   - Density 2 822 621 101. ... Flag of Bahia See other Brazilian States Capital Salvador Largest City Salvador Area 564 273 km² Population   - Total   - Density 13 070 250 23. ... Flag of Ceará See other Brazilian States Capital Fortaleza Largest City Fortaleza Area 148,016 km² Population   - Total   - Density 6,500,000 43. ... Maranhão is one of the states of Brazil in the north-eastern region. ... Flag of Paraíba See other Brazilian States Capital João Pessoa Largest City João Pessoa Area 56. ... Flag of Pernambuco See other Brazilian States Capital Recife Largest City Recife Area 98,281 km² Population   - Total   - Density 7,918,344 80. ... Piauí is one of the states of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country, in the arid region of Sertão. ... Flag of Rio Grande do Norte See other Brazilian States Capital Natal Largest City Natal Area 53,015 km² Population   - Total   - Density 2,770,730 52. ... Flag of Sergipe See other Brazilian States Capital Aracaju Largest City Aracaju Area 21,994 km² Population   - Total   - Density 1,712,786 77. ... Salvador and Baía de Todos os Santos from space, April 1997 Salvador (in full, São Salvador da Baía de Todos os Santos, or in literal translation: Holy Savior of All Saints Bay) is a city on the northeast coast of Brazil and the capital of the northeastern... now. ... Nickname: Veneza Brasileira (Brazilian Venice) Motto: Ut luceat omnibus Latin: That it may shine on all (Matthew 5:15) Location in Brazil Founded March 12, 1537 Incorporated (as village) 1709 Incorporated (as city) 1823 Mayor João Paulo Lima e Silva (PT) Area    - City 218 km²  (84. ... São Luís is the capital of the state of Maranhão, Brazil. ... Maceio, Brazil. ... Teresina (formerly written Theresina) is the capital and largest city of the Brazilian state of Piauí and the only inland capital in the northeastern region of the country. ... Via Costeira, Natal. ... João Pessoa, sometimes called the city where the sun comes first, is located at the easternmost point of the Americas at 34º 47 38 west longitude and 7º 9 28 south latitude. ... Feira de Santana is a city in Bahia, Brazil. ... Aracaju is the capital city of Sergipe State in Brazil and is located in the northeastern part of the country about 350km north of Salvador. ... Igreja da Sé Ruas de Olinda Olinda (means oh beautiful) is a city in Pernambuco, Brazil, next to Recife and Paulista. ... Campina Grande (population circa 400,000) is a city in northeastern Brazil. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Center-West Region

  • Area: 1.612.077,2 km² (28,3%)
  • Population: 11.616.750 hab (7,2 hab/km²; 6,4%)
  • GDP: ~40bi US$ (8%)
  • HDI: ~0.775
  • Climate: Savanna climate (hot, with relative few precipitation during the year) in the northeast and the east; Tropical in the east and in the west; Equatorial in the north
  • States: Goiás, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul; along with Distrito Federal (Federal District), where Brazil's national capital, Brasília, is situated.
  • Largest Cities: Brasília (2.043.169); Goiânia (1.090.737); Campo Grande (662.534); Cuiabá (483.044); Aparecida de Goiânia (335.849); Anápolis (287.666), Corumbá (95.704)
  • Economy: Pecuary, Soybeans, tourism.
  • Transport: Highways where they are present (mostly in the center and east regions); transport by rivers is common in the north and in the east; airplanes are used in remote and smaller communities.
  • Vegetation: Mainly savanna-like vegetation, including the "Pantanal" (Chaco, in Paraguay), flooded areas in the west, equatorial rainforests in the north.
  • Marcant characteristics: Low population density, marcant presence of pecuary instead of agriculture - The region is the least industrialized in the country, based mainly in food & meat processing

Flag of Goiás See other Brazilian States Capital Goiânia Largest City Goiânia Area 341 289 km² Population   - Total   - Density 4 848 725 14. ... Flag of Mato Grosso See other Brazilian States Capital Cuiabá Largest City Cuiabá Area 906,806. ... Flag of Mato Grosso do Sul See other Brazilian States Capital Campo Grande Largest City Campo Grande Area 358,158. ... Federal Districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. ... Location of Brasília Coordinates: Country Brazil State Distrito Federal Governor Maria de Lourdes Abadia Area    - City 5,801,937 km² Elevation 1000 m Population    - City (2005) 2,333,108  - Density 353,53/km² Time zone UTC (UTC-3) Website: www. ... Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Central-West State Goiás Mayor Íris Rezende (PMDB) Area    - City 789 km²  - Metro 739 km² Elevation 749 m  (2457 ft) Population    - City (2005) 1,201,006  - Density 1. ... Country Brazil Region State Founded 1899 Mayor Nelson Trad jr. ... Cuiabá is the capital city of the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso. ... Aparecida de Goiânia is a city and municipality in central Goiás, Brazil. ... Anápolis is the second largest city in the State of Goiás in Brazil. ... Corumbá is a city in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul, 425 km Southwest of Campo Grande, the states capital. ...

Southeast Region

  • Area: 927.286 km² (12%)
  • Population: 72.300.000 hab (77,96 hab/km², 38%)
  • GDP: ~320bi US$ (58,5%)
  • HDI: ~0,790
  • Tropical in the northwest (warm, relatively dry in the winter and wet in the summer); Semi-arid in the north; Temperate in the south
  • States: Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo
  • Largest Cities: São Paulo (10.405.867); Rio de Janeiro (6.851.914); Belo Horizonte (2.232.747); Guarulhos (1.071.268); Campinas (968.172); Nova Iguaçu (915.366); São Gonçalo (889.828); Duque de Caxias (770.865); São Bernardo do Campo (701.289); Osasco (650.993); Santo André (648.443); Contagem (600.236); São José dos Campos (538.909); Ribeirão Preto (505.053); Uberlândia (500.488); Sorocaba (494.649); Niterói (458.465); Juiz de Fora (456.432); Santos (412.243), Vila Velha (357.952), Jundiaí (340.907), Bauru (310.000), Vitória (291.941)
  • Economy: Machine and electronic manufacturing, automobile and aviation industry, coffee, soil, sugar cane, tourism, oil&sub-products (gasoline, diesel, etc), textiles, energy production (not sufficient, however, to attend its demand); it is the business-economic center of Brazil, most bigger Brazilians companies and foreign companies installed in Brazil have their headquarters installed in this region
  • Transport: The region is heavily covered by highways, and in a somewhat extent, railways. Railways and rivers are used mainly for freight, and used when they are present. Regional, domestic and international air routes connects larger cities, with the main hubs for airlines in the country
  • Vegetation: Mainly tropical-like semideciduous forests (Mata Atlântica), semi-arid in the north, with almost no vegetation, savanna-like vegetation in the west and in the northwest (cerrado). Very little of the native vegetation still remains (~2%, mostly in parks)
  • Marcant characteristics: The southeast region is the major powerhouse of the Brazilian economy, being responsible for 58% of the Brazilian GDP (~320 bi US$). It is also the most populated region in the country, where the two national metropolitan regions of the country are located (São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro), among other three regional metropolitan regions, Belo Horizonte, Campinas and Santos.

Flag of Espírito Santo See other Brazilian States Capital Vitória Largest City Vila Velha Area 46,184 km² Population   - Total   - Density 3 097 232 58. ... Flag of Minas Gerais See other Brazilian States Capital Belo Horizonte Largest City Belo Horizonte Area 586,528. ... Flag of Rio de Janeiro See other Brazilian States Capital Rio de Janeiro Largest City Rio de Janeiro Area 43,696. ... Flag of São Paulo See other Brazilian States Capital São Paulo Largest City São Paulo Area 248,176. ... Motto: Non ducor, duco (Latin: I am not led, I lead) Administrative division of the city Country Brazil Region Southeast State São Paulo Mayor Gilberto Kassab (PFL) Area    - City 1,522. ... Location of Rio de Janeiro Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State Rio de Janeiro Mayor Cesar Maia (PFL) Area    - City 1,260 km² Population    - City (2005) 5,613,000 [1]  - Density 4. ... Nickname: BH Location in Brazil Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State Minas Gerais Founded December 12, 1897 Mayor Fernando Damata Pimentel (PT) Area    - City 330. ... Guarulhos is a city in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Government Country   State Brazil   São Paulo Geographical characteristics Area Total 797. ... Nova Iguaçu Nova Iguaçu is a city in southeast Brazil in Rio de Janeiro. ... There are parishes that have the name São Gonçalo: In Brazil, South America São Gonçalo, Rio de Janeiro Rio de Janeiro São Gonçalo do Amarante, Rio Grande do Norte São Gonçalo do Amarante, Ceará São Gonçalo do Abaeté, Minas Gerais... Duque de Caxias is a city in southeast Brazil in Rio de Janeiro. ... São Bernardo do Campo (Portuguese for Saint Bernard of the field) is a municipality located in the Greater São Paulo, in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Contagem is a city in the center of the state of Minas Gerais, in Brazil. ... Nickname: Capital of the Valley, Capital of the Airplane Motto: Aura Terraque Generosa Location in Sao Paulo State and Brazil Coordinates: Country Brazil Region Southeast State São Paulo Mayor Eduardo Cury (PSDB) Area    - City 1,099. ... Political division map of the micro-region of Ribeirão Preto, with population ranges expressed in color Official flag with crest Ribeirão Preto is a municipality and city in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Uberlândia is a city on the Rio Uberabinha in Minas Gerais state, Brazil. ... The City of Sorocaba Sorocaba is a city in southern Brazil, in the southeastern portion of São Paulo State. ... The flag of the Municipality Niterói is a city in Brazil, in the state of Rio de Janeiro with a population of about 470,000. ... Juiz de Fora is a city in the southeast of Minas Gerais, Brazil close to the state border with Rio de Janeiro. ... For the Australian oil company, see Santos Limited; for the football team, see Santos Futebol Clube. ... Vila Velha is a coastal town in Espírito Santo, Brazil. ... A view of downtown Jundiaí, with Serra do Japi in the background Jundiaí is a Brazilian city of the State of São Paulo. ... Bauru is a Brazilian city and municipality in the state of São Paulo. ... Palácio Anchieta, former Colégio de São Tiago, in downtown Vitória is the seat of the Governor of the State of Espírito Santo reformed in 1912 by André Carloni, italian engineer contracted by Jerônimo Monteiro. ... An airline is an organization providing aviation services to passengers and/or cargo. ...

South Region

  • Area: 577.214 km² (6,2%)
  • Population: 25.800.000 hab (43,46 hab/km², 12,5%)
  • GDP: ~91,5bi US$ (16,5%)
  • HDI: ~0,805
  • Climate: Temperate in almost all the entire region, warm in the summer and cold in the winter (sometimes there is snow in the southern regions of the region). The northeast part of the region has a Tropical climate, being hot in the summer and warm/cool during the winter, with some cold days.
  • States: Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Santa Catarina
  • Largest Cities: Curitiba (1.586.848); Porto Alegre (1.360.033); Londrina (446.822); Joinville (429.004); Caxias do Sul (360.223); Florianópolis (341.781); Pelotas (323.034); Canoas (305.711); Maringá (288.465); Ponta Grossa (281.000); Blumenau (277.500); Cascavel (273.000); Foz do Iguaçu (269.585); Santa Maria (243.396), Rio Grande (238.000)
  • Economy: Machinery and automobile industry, textiles, tourism, energy production, computer programming, soil, orange, apple, grapefruit.
  • Transport: Highways and railways are heavily present throughout the region, although the latter is mainly used for freight. Rivers are used when possible.
  • Vegetation: Rainforests along the coast (Mata Atlântica), tropical semiciduous in the north and west (Araucárias) and prairie-like vegetation in the south (Pampas). Little native vegetation still actually remains
  • Marcant characteristics: The South region is characterized by its high standard of living, with the best social indicators of the country - The best city to live in and the best capitals to live in are all here: Feliz, HDI of 0.834 (1st in Brazil); Florianópolis, HDI of 0.833 (15th); Porto Alegre, HDI of 0.825; Curitiba, HDI of 0.820 (information of 2001). The region, along with the state of São Paulo, is characterized also for the strong immigrant presence (Italians, Germans, Portuguese, Spanish, Poles, Japanese, Arabs, Ukrainians and Lithuanians), that gave the region their typical aspects (architecture, culinary, agriculture of subsistance, etc).

Flag of Paraná See other Brazilian States Capital Curitiba Largest City Curitiba Area 199,544 km² Population   - Total   - Density 9,150,000 48 inh. ... Flag of Rio Grande do Sul See other Brazilian States Capital Porto Alegre Largest City Porto Alegre Area 282,062 km² Population   - Total   - Density 10. ... Flag of Santa Catarina See other Brazilian States Capital Florianópolis Largest City Joinville Area 95,442. ... Curitiba seen from above Curitiba is the capital city of the Brazilian state of Paraná. In 2005 it had a population of approximately 1,757,904 people. ... Geograpichal divisions of Rio Grande do Sul. ... Londrina is a city in the state of Paraná in southern Brazil. ... Joinville is a city in Santa Catarina State, Southern Region of Brazil. ... Main Street in Caxias do Sul called Avenida Júlio de Castilhos Multicolored houses adjacent to downtown Caxias do Sul Caxias do Sul (population: 368,000) is a city in Rio Grande do Sul, south Brazil, situated in the states moutainous Serra Gaúcha region. ... Nickname: Floripa Location in Brazil Coordinates: Country Brazil Region South State Santa Catarina Founded March 23, 1726 Mayor Dario Elias Berger (PSDB) Area    - City 436. ... Pelotas is an important town in the Southern Brazilian state of Rio Grande do Sul occupying 1 921 km² and with a population of 323 158 people (source: IBGE). ... Canoas is the 3rd largest city in the Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. ... Maringá is a city in southern Brazil that was founded on May 10, 1947. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Also called Cidade Jardim (Garden City) Founded September 2, 1850 Subdivisions 1 district, 1 administrative region, 33 quarters Mayor João Paulo Kleinübing Area 510 km² Population 2004 est. ... Cascavel (Portuguese for rattlesnake) is a city with approximately 280 000 inhabitants. ... Foz do Iguaçu is the 6th largest city of Paraná state and the 12nd largest of the Brazils Southern region, with a population of 270,000 habitants (including the nearby community of Santa Terezinha do Iguaçu). ... Santa Maria in Italian/Portuguese/Spanish refers to Holy Mary or Blessed Virgin Mary (Mary, the mother of Jesus) The Santa Maria was the largest of the three ships used by Christopher Columbus in his first voyage across the Atlantic Ocean Places Places named Santa Maria include: Santa Maria is... The Rio Grande flowing in Big Bend National Park The Rio Grande in its lower course, between Matamoros and Brownsville Known as the Rio Grande in the United States and as the Río Bravo (or, more formally, the Río Bravo del Norte) in Mexico, the river, 3,034... The pampas (from Quechua for plain) are the fertile lowlands that extend across c. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Nickname: Floripa Location in Brazil Coordinates: Country Brazil Region South State Santa Catarina Founded March 23, 1726 Mayor Dario Elias Berger (PSDB) Area    - City 436. ... Geograpichal divisions of Rio Grande do Sul. ... Curitiba seen from above Curitiba is the capital city of the Brazilian state of Paraná. In 2005 it had a population of approximately 1,757,904 people. ...

Observations

  • The number in % between parenthesis is the percentage compared to the whole nation
  • The population of the cities (e.g. Curitiba, 1.586.848) is valid only for the city itself, not the whole metropolitan region

See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Regions Of Brazil Activity (558 words)
Brazil is divided into five regions based on the physical geography.
Because each region varies from one to the next, the physical features can be more easily understood if studied one region at a time.
Having researched a region individually and shared information as a group, each students should have enough background knowledge to prepare a series of postcards on the regions of Brazil.
Conservation International - Regions - NeoTropics - Brazil (1008 words)
Translated from Portuguese, it means “Laid out eternally in a cradle of splendor.” And indeed, Brazil’s tropical radiance shimmers from coastal mountains to inland savannas, giving life to a limitless breadth of flora and fauna.
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Other CI efforts involve working with Bunge, Brazil’s largest soybean processor, on a pilot project to assist soy farmers in southern Cerrado to establish private wildlife reserves as required by the country’s forestry code.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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