FACTOID # 24: Looking for table makers? Head to Mississippi, with an overwhlemingly large number of employees in furniture manufacturing.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands
Solomon Islands

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
the Solomon Islands
Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Solomon_Islands. ... Elizabeth II, Queen of the Solomon Islands The Solomon Islands is a parliamentary democracy within the Commonwealth, with a unicameral Parliament and a ministerial system of government. ...



Other countries · Politics Portal
view  talk  edit

The Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI), also known as Operation Helpem Fren, was created in 2003 in response to a request for international aid by the Governor-General of the Solomon Islands. "Helpem Fren" is Pidgin English for "helping friend". The Head of State of the Solomon Islands is Queen Elizabeth II. The Solomon Islands share the Sovereign with a number of Commonwealth realms. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... The Governor-General of the Solomon Islands is the de facto Head of State of the Solomon Islands, representing Queen Elizabeth II, who is styled Queen of the Solomon Islands. ... Sir Nathaniel Waena Rt Hon. ... List of Prime Ministers of the Solomon Islands Categories: | ... -1... The National Parliament of the Solomon Islands has 50 members, elected for a four year term in single-seat constituencies. ... Political parties in Solomon Islands lists political parties in Solomon Islands. ... Elections in Solomon Islands gives information on election and election results in Solomon Islands. ... The Solomon Islands are divided into 9 provinces and 1 capital territory*: Central Choiseul (Lauru) Guadalcanal Honiara* Isabel Makira Malaita Rennell and Bellona Temotu Western Categories: Oceania geography stubs ... Map of the Solomon Islands Operation Helpem Fren, also known as the Regional Assistance Mission to the Solomon Islands (RAMSI), was created in 2003 in response to a request for international aid by the Governor General of the Solomon Islands. ... Countries with diplomatic missions in the Solomon Islands are Australia, United Kingdom, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Japan. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Solomon Islands map (modified from PCL map collection Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin. ... Solomon Islands map (modified from PCL map collection Courtesy of the University of Texas Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin. ... The Governor-General of the Solomon Islands is the de facto Head of State of the Solomon Islands, representing Queen Elizabeth II, who is styled Queen of the Solomon Islands. ... A pidgin, or contact language, is the name given to any language created, usually spontaneously, out of two or more languages as a means of communication between speakers of different tongues, and usually a simplified form of one of the languages. ...

Contents

Causes for unrest

The Solomon Islands Government was perceived by Islanders as being corrupt, as well as neglecting outer regions of the island group, focusing most of its resources on Guadalcanal. Small armed militant groups gained a significant following and civil unrest grew. The most significant of these groups was the Malaita Eagle Force, led by Jimmy Rasta. Guadalcanal, position (inset) and main towns Guadalcanal is a 2,510 square mile (6 500 km²) island in the Pacific Ocean and a province of the Solomon Islands. ...


International response

A sizable international security contingent of 2,200 police and troops, led by Australia (under the Australian Federal Police and Australian Defence Force name Operation Anode)[1] and New Zealand, and with representatives from about 20 other Pacific nations began arriving from the 24 July 2003. The Australian Defence Force numbers about 53,000 full-time active duty personnel plus another 20,700 reservists. ... July 24 is the 205th day (206th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 160 days remaining. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Nick Warner assumed the role of Special Coordinator as leader of RAMSI, working with the Solomon Islands Government. Major contributing nations to RAMSI include Australia, Fiji, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and Tonga. In 2004, James Batley took over as Special Coordinator, followed by Tim George in late 2006.


Military personnel provide security, material and logistical assistance to police forces assisting the Solomon Islands Government in the restoration of law and order. From November 2003, the military component was reduced, as stability gradually returned to the country, and a sizeable civilian contingent, comprising of economists, development assistance specialists and budget advisors commenced the reconstruction of the government, economy and finances of the Solomon Islands. The civilian contingent is now made up of around 130 personnel from many pacific countries, the most sizeable being Australia and New Zealand. Early successes included the stabilisation of government finances and normalisation of debt, as well as a number of economic reforms. Civilians in RAMSI are now focussing on capacity building of Solomon Islanders to take over the roles. Difficulties include the lack of available skilled Solomon Islanders.

Results of the gun amnesty in 2003

Image File history File links RAMSI_gun_amnesty_(NZDF). ... Image File history File links RAMSI_gun_amnesty_(NZDF). ...

Adam Dunning killing

In the early hours of 22 December 2004, Australian Protective Service Officer Adam Dunning was ambushed and killed while on a routine vehicle patrol with another officer in Honiara. Within 24 hours, a rifle company group from the 1st Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment was flown into the Solomon Islands. December 22 is the 356th day of the year (357th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Security at the residences of the Governor-General and the Prime Minister of the Commonwealth of Australia is entrusted to the Australian Protective Service, a division of the Australian Federal Police, which was formed in 1984. ... Soldiers from 1 RAR arive in the Solomon Islands in December 2004 Members of 1RAR undergoing a training exercise. ...


In early January 2005, a joint operation between the Royal Solomon Islands Police (RSIP) and Participating Police Force (PPF) resulted in the arrest of James Tatau. Tatau was charged with Dunning's murder, the attempted murder of his colleague, and an earlier shooting incident on a Participating Police Force (PPF) vehicle, in which a bullet narrowly missed two PPF officers.


After the arrest, the military presence within RAMSI was again reduced. As of 2005, the five troop-contributing nations (Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Fiji and Tonga) together provided approximately 40 personnel to support the PPF. There are currently around 200 troops stationed in Solomon Islands, who regularly conduct patrols in the capital, Honiara and throughout the provinces.


The trial of a number of individuals implicated in the murder have been arrested and the trial is currently ongoing.


Riots following 2006 general election

AFP Tactical officers providing security in the Solomons after the riots
AFP Tactical officers providing security in the Solomons after the riots

On 18 April 2006 Snyder Rini was elected Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands in a general election. This sparked rioting in Honiara amidst allegations that the election was fixed with the aid of money from Chinese businessmen. Parts of Honiara were razed and looted, with Chinese-owned property particularly targeted.[2] With up to 90% of their shops burnt down in Chinatown, most Chinese have evacuated the country in fear of their personal safety. Snyder Rini resigned on the floor of Parliament on 26th April after just eight days as Prime Minister and as MPs were due to vote on a motion of no confidence against him. Image File history File links Solomonstactical1. ... Image File history File links Solomonstactical1. ... The Australian Federal Police (AFP) is the national police agency of the Commonwealth of Australia. ... April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... Snyder Rini (born July 17, 1949) was the Prime Minister of the Solomon Islands for eight days during April 2006. ... A prime minister is the very most senior minister of a cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Honiara, population 49,107 (1999), is the capital of the Solomon Islands and of Guadalcanal Province, although it is a separately administered town. ...


In response, from 20 April 2006, RAMSI forces were rapidly bolstered by a further 220 Australian troops. New Zealand sent a further 78 troops and 30 police to increase its RAMSI contribution to 125 troops and 67 police.[3][4] April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...


The PPF currently comprises police officers from 15 Pacific nations: Australia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Republic of Marshall Islands, Palau, Federated States of Micronesia, Niue, Tonga, Samoa, Cook Islands, Vanuatu, Nauru, Kiribati and Tuvalu.


References

  1. ^ http://www.defence.gov.au/opanode/
  2. ^ "Zero tolerance for violence in Solomons", 25 April 2006, New Zealand Press Association
  3. ^ Media Release - Solomon Islands - New Zealand Defence Force Assistance, 20 April 2006, New Zealand Defence Force
  4. ^ Media Release - Further Deployment to the Solomon Islands, 21 April 2006, New Zealand Defence Force

April 25 is the 115th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (116th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... April 20 is the 110th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (111th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... April 21 is the 111th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (112th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ...

External links

  • Official RAMSI website
  • Dedicated RAMSI website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Howard Justifies Regional Assistance Mission To The Solomon Islands [August 12, 2003] (2872 words)
Howard Justifies Regional Assistance Mission To The Solomon Islands
On 25 June, the Australian Government decided to undertake a regional assistance mission to the Solomon Islands provided there was a formal request, that necessary legislation was enacted to authorise the presence of external personnel, and that the initiative was supported by the Pacific Islands Forum.
Recognising this, the parliament of the Solomon Islands has passed legislation to allow members of the assistance mission to use such force as is necessary to protect themselves, protect other persons or property, and to achieve the purposes of the mission.
The Solomon Islands - Research - Uniya Jesuit Social Justice Centre (3082 words)
The arrival of RAMSI (the Regional Assistance Mission in the Solomon Islands) in July 2003 effectively brought an end to that violence and over the last year helped to re-develop the police and justice systems.
The Solomon Islands is an archipelago of mountainous islands and low-lying coral isles in the South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua New Guinea, and north of Vanuatu.
Australian analysts were concerned about the potential for the Solomon Islands’ territories to become a haven for terrorists, drug runners, people smugglers, etc. In recent years these security issues and domestic budgetary targets have become dominant criteria in shaping Australian foreign policy.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m