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Region is a geographic term used in various ways among the different branches of geography. In general, a region medium-scale area of land or water, smaller than the whole areas of interest (which could be, for example, the world, a nation, a river basin, mountain range, and so on), and larger than a specific site or location. A region can be seen as a collection of smaller units (as in "the New England states") or as one part of a larger whole (as in "the New England region of the United States"). Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 150 languages. ... Geography (from the Greek words Ge (γη) or Gaea (γαια), both meaning Earth, and graphein (γραφειν) meaning to describe or to writeor to map) is the study of the earth and its features and of the distribution of life on the earth, including human life and the effects of human activity. ...


As a way of describing spatial areas, the concept of regions is important and widely used among the many branches of geography, each of which can describe areas in regional terms. For example, ecoregion is a term used in environmental geography, cultural region in cultural geography, bioregion in Biogeography, and so on. The field of geography that studies regions themselves is called Regional geography. An ecoregion, sometimes called a bioregion, is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... Environmental geography is the branch of geography that describes the spatial aspects of interactions between humans and the natural world. ... Cultural region is a term used mainly in the study of geography. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... An ecoregion is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... Biogeography is the science which deals with patterns of species distribution and the processes that result in such patterns. ... Physical map of the Earth (Medium) (Large 2 MB) Geography is the scientific study of the locational and spatial variation in both physical and human phenomena on Earth. ...


Regions are conceptual constructs and, thus, may vary among cultures and individuals.

Contents

Natural regions

In the fields of physical geography, ecology, biogeography, zoogeography, and environmental geography, regions tend to be based on natural features such as ecosystems or biotopes, biomes, drainage basins, mountain ranges, soil types, and so on. True-color image of the Earths surface and atmosphere Physical geography (also know as geosystems or physiography) is a subfield of geography that focuses on the systematic study of patterns and processes within the hydrosphere, biosphere, atmosphere, and lithosphere. ... Ernst Haeckel coined the term oekologie in 1866. ... Biogeography is the science which deals with patterns of species distribution and the processes that result in such patterns. ... Zoogeography is the branch of the science of biogeography that is concerned with the geographic distribution of animal species. ... Environmental geography is the branch of geography that describes the spatial aspects of interactions between humans and the natural world. ... An ecosystem, a contraction of ecological and system, refers to the collection of biotic and abiotic components and processes that comprise, and govern the behavior of some defined subset of the biosphere. ... A biotope is an area of uniform environmental (physical) conditions providing habitat(s) for a specific assemblage of plants and animals. ... In ecology, a biome is a major regional group of distinctive plant and animal communities best adapted to the regions physical natural environment, latitude, elevation, and terrain. ... A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (yellow outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (blue lines) of a contiguous area. ... The Himalaya as seen from the International Space Station A mountain range is a group of mountains bordered by lowlands or separated from other mountain ranges by passes or rivers. ... soil types In terms of soil texture, Soil type usually refers to the different sizes of mineral particles in a particular sample. ...


Ecoregions

Many systems of delineating ecoregions have been created. The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) has been active in creating one of the more recent and comprehensive systems. In this system, ecoregions are part of a nested hierarchy of ecological regions of different scales. Small units are called sites, micro-ecosystems, landtypes, and land units, among other terms. Small units are grouped into larger units called landscape mosaics, meso-ecosystems, landtype associations, and subregions, among other terms. These in turn are grouped into larger units called variously regions, ecoregions, provinces, divisions, domains, zones, ecozones, kingdoms, and so on. An ecoregion, sometimes called a bioregion, is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... WWF redirects here. ... An ecosystem, a contraction of ecological and system, refers to the collection of biotic and abiotic components and processes that comprise, and govern the behavior of some defined subset of the biosphere. ... Ecozones are global divisions which have their own characteristic interplay of climatic factors, morphodynamics, soil-forming processes, living conditions for plants and animals, and production potentials for agriculture and forestry. ...


Hydrological regions

The fields of hydrology and hydrography involve the study and description of water in the environment. Surface-water hydrology focuses on streams, lakes, wetlands, and other kinds of surface water (as opposed to groundwater). Hydrology is a broad field with many topics of study, including the delineation of water-based regions. Water covers 70% of the Earths surface. ... Hydrography focuses on the measurement of physical characteristics of waters and marginal land. ... Surface water hydrology describes the relation between rainfall and runoff, which is important for water resources for drinking water, agriculture and the environment, and for protecting and safe-guarding people against possible floods. ... Surface water is water on the ground or in a stream, river, lake, sea or ocean; as opposed to groundwater. ... Groundwater is water located beneath the ground surface in soil pore spaces and in the fractures of geologic formations. ...


There are many systems for defining surface water regions. A basic type of stream-based region is the drainage basin, or watershed. In some cases, drainage basins are directly linked to cultural and political regions. For example, the Hudson Bay drainage basin was defined politically as Rupert's Land, the historic territory of the Hudson's Bay Company. Boundaries between drainage basins, called water divides, are frequently used as political boundaries. A drainage basin is the area within the drainage basin divide (yellow outline), and drains the surface runoff and river discharge (blue lines) of a contiguous area. ... Hudson Bay, Canada. ... Ruperts Land Ruperts Land was a territory in British North America, consisting of the Hudson Bay drainage basin, most of it now part of modern Canada. ... The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie dHudson in French) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... A water divide, or watershed, is relatively high ground between water basins. ...


Hydrologic Units

The drainage basin concept is expanded upon in hierarchical systems of hydrologic units. In the United States, an effort is being made to delineate hydrologic units in a six level hierarchy covering the entire country and adhering to a standard called the "Federal Standard for Delineation of Hydrologic Unit Boundaries". The six nested levels of hydrologic unit regions are named, from largest to smallest, regions, subregions, basins, subbasins, watersheds, and subwatersheds. The system defines 21 hydrologic unit (HU) regions in the United States, 222 HU subregions, 352 HU basins, and 2,149 HU subbasins. The delineation of 5th level watersheds and 6th level subwatersheds is not complete, but estimates predict about 22,000 watersheds and 160,000 subwatersheds in the United States.


All of these HU regions are given a numeric ID and a name. An example of the names and nesting hierarchy is:

  • Region: Pacific Northwest Hydrologic Region (ID 17)
  • Subregion: Lower Snake Subregion (ID 1706; size 35,200 square miles)
  • Basin: Lower Snake Basin (ID 170601; size 11,800 square miles)
  • Subbasin: Imnaha Subbasin (ID 17060102; size 855 square miles)
  • Watershed: not yet delineated, but there are 5-15 watersheds per subbasin
  • Subwatershed: not yet delineated, but there are 5-15 subwatersheds per watershed

Groundwater regions

Groundwater-based regions include aquifers. While aquifers are hydrographic regions in their own right, in some cases they are closely related to social, cultural, economic and land-use regions. Examples of such aquifers include the Ogallala Aquifer, which supports a vast region of irrigated farmland in the Great Plains; the Edwards Aquifer of Central Texas; the Guaraní Aquifer of central South America, including the Triple Frontier region; and the Great Artesian Basin, which is made up of several aquifers and provides water for inland eastern Australian regions such as the Murray-Darling Basin. An aquifer is an underground layer of water-bearing permeable rock or unconsolidated materials (gravel, sand, silt, or clay) from which groundwater can be usefully extracted using a water well. ... The Ogallala aquifer underlies portions of eight states. ... The Great Plains is the broad expanse of prairie which lies east of the Rocky Mountains in the United States and Canada. ... The Edwards Aquifer one of the most prolific artesian aquifers in the world. ... Central Texas (a part of which is Texas Hill Country), is a region in the U.S. state of Texas. ... The Guaraní Aquifer is one of the worlds largest aquifer systems, located beneath the surface of the four Mercosur countries Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay, is an important source of fresh water for all of them [1]. Named after the Guaraní tribe, it covers 120000 km², with a volume... The Triple Frontier is the tri-border area along the junction of Paraguay, Argentina, and Brazil and is the location of the Iguaçu Waterfalls. ... The Great Artesian Basin provides the only reliable source of water through much of inland Australia and is the largest artesian basin in the world. ... Semi-arid grazing country near Burra Creek, South Australia The Murray-Darling Basin drains one-seventh of Australia and is by far the most significant agricultural area on that continent. ...


Physiographic regions

Regions defined based on landform characteristics are called "physiographic" or "geomorphic" regions. Physiography involves the delineation and description of regions from the viewpoint of geomorphology. Geologist Nevin Fenneman defined a classic three-level hierarchical system of physiographic regions for the United States in 1946. The regions are called divisions, provinces, and sections. For example, there are 8 large physiographic divisions, such as the Canadian Shield and the Interior Plains. These are subdivided into provinces and sections. The Appalachian Highlands division, for example, contains the Valley and Ridge province, which in turn contains three sections, the Tennessee section, Middle section, and Hudson section. The Valley and Ridge province approximately corresponds to the more general region known as the Ridge-and-valley Appalachians. Surface of the Earth Geomorphology is the study of landforms, including their origin and evolution, and the processes that shape them. ... Continental U.S physiographic regions Legend for map There are eight distinct U. S. physiographic regions within the continental United States. ... Canadian Shield The Canadian Shield— also called the Precambrian Shield, Laurentian Shield, Bouclier Canadien (French), or Laurentian Plateau— is a large shield covered by a thin layer of soil that forms the nucleus of the North American craton. ... The Interior Plains are highlighted in red. ... The Ridge-and-valley Appalachians are a belt within the Appalachian Mountains extending from northern New Jersey westward into Pennsylvania and southward into Maryland, West Virginia, and Virginia. ...


Palaeogeographic regions

Palaeogeography is the study of ancient geologic environments. Since the physical structures of the Earth's surface have changed over geologic time, palaeogeographers have coined various names for ancient regions that no longer exist, from very large regions such as the supercontinents Rodinia, Pangaea, and Pannotia, to relatively small regions like Beringia. Other examples include the Tethys Ocean and Ancylus Lake. Palaeogeographic continental regions that include Laurentia, Proto-Laurasia, Laurasia, Euramerica (the "Old Red Continent"), and Gondwana. Paleogeography (sometimes spelled palaeogeography) is the study of the ancient geologic environments of the Earths surface as preserved in the stratigraphic record. ... Depiction of Rodinia at time of initial breakup. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Pannotia is the name given to a hypothetical supercontinent that existed from about 600 to about 540 mya. ... Nautical chart of Bering Strait, site of former land bridge between Asia and North America The Bering land bridge, also known as Beringia, was a land bridge roughly 1600 km (1000 miles) north to south at its greatest extent, which joined present-day Alaska and eastern Siberia at various times... Tethys Ocean (here labeled Tethys Sea) divides Pangea into two supercontinents, Laurasia and Gondwana The Tethys Ocean was a Mesozoic era ocean that existed between the continents of Gondwana and Laurasia before the opening of the Indian Ocean. ... Ancylus lake is a name given by geologists to the body of fresh water that replaced the Yoldia sea after the latter had been severed from its saline intake across central Sweden by the isostatic rise of south Scandinavian landforms. ... North American craton. ... Proto-Laurasia (first Laurasia) was an ancient supercontinent. ... Laurasia was a supercontinent that most recently existed as a part of the split of the Pangaean supercontinent in the late Mesozoic era. ... Euramerica (also known as Laurussia) was a minor supercontinent created in the Devonian by the collision of Laurentia and Baltica (Scandian Orogeny). ... Pangaea was formed by the merging of two continents, Laurasia and Gondwana East African and Kuungan Orogens 550 Ma reconstruction showing final stages of assembly The southern supercontinent Gondwana (originally Gondwanaland) included most of the landmasses which make up todays continents of the southern hemisphere, including Antarctica, South America...


Historical regions

The field of historical geography involves the study of human history as it relates to places and regions, or, inversely, the study of how places and regions have changed over time. This is a list of lists of unofficial regions by country: List of regions of Australia List of regions of Canada List of regions in India List of regions in Japan List of regions of the United States and historic regions of the United States List of traditional regions of... Historical Geography is the study of the: Human Physical Fictional Theoretical and Real geographies of the past. ...


D.W. Meinig, a historical geographer of America, describes many historical regions in his book The Shaping of America: A Geographical Perspective on 500 Years of History. For example, in identifying European "source regions" in early American colonization efforts, he defines and describes the "Northwest European Atlantic Protestant Region", which includes sub-regions such as the "Western Channel Community", which itself is made of sub-regions such as the "English West Country" of Cornwall and Devon. D.W. Meinig (Donald William Meinig) is an American geographer, focusing on historical geography, regional geography, cultural geography, social geography, and landscape interpretation. ...


In describing historic regions of America, Meinig writes of "The Great Fishery" off the coast of Newfoundland and New England, an oceanic region that includes the Grand Banks. He rejects regions traditionally used in describing American history, like New France, "West Indies", the Middle Colonies, and the individual colonies themselves (Province of Maryland, for example). Instead he writes of "discrete colonization areas", which may be named after colonies, but rarely adhere strictly to political boundaries. Historic regions of this type Meinig writes about include "Greater New England" and its major sub-regions of "Plymouth", "New Haven shores" (including parts of Long Island), "Rhode Island" (or "Narragansett Bay"), "the Piscataqua", "Massachusetts Bay", "Connecticut Valley", and to a lesser degree, regions in the sphere of influence of Greater New England, "Acadia" (Nova Scotia), "Newfoundland and The Fishery/The Banks". Map showing the Grand Banks Historic map of the Grand Banks. ... Flag Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760... Middle Colonies were a part of the original Thirteen Colonies that would later become The United States of America. ... A map of the Province of Maryland. ...


Other examples of historical regions include Iroquoia, Ohio Country, Illinois Country, and Rupert's Land. The Ohio Country, showing the present-day U.S. state boundaries The Ohio Country (sometimes called the Ohio Territory) was the name used in the 18th century for the regions of North America west of the Appalachian Mountains and in the region of the upper Ohio River south of Lake... French settlements and forts in the Illinois Country in 1763, showing U.S. current state boundaries. ... Ruperts Land Ruperts Land was a territory in British North America, consisting of the Hudson Bay drainage basin, most of it now part of modern Canada. ...


Tourism regions

Tourism geography is the study of tourism and travel as it relates to places. Regions are studied as places of tourist origin as well as tourist destination. From the perspective of tourism geography, a regions like the Lake District of England may receive more attention than its political region of Cumbria, or New Zealand's Fiordland region more than Southland Province. Tourism Geography (or the Geography of Tourism) is the study of travel and tourism as an industry, as a human activity, and especially as a place phenomenon. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Cumbria is a county in the North West region of England. ... Fiordland is a region of New Zealand that is situated on the south-western corner of the South Island. ... (For the current top-level subdivision of Southland in New Zealand, see Southland Region) The Southland Province was a province of New Zealand from the March 1861 until the province rejoined with Otago Province in 1870. ...


In ecotourism, regions are often described in terms more environmental than political, such as the Serengeti region. Ecotourism means ecological tourism, where ecological has both environmental and social connotations. ... The Serengeti is a region of grasslands and woodlands in Mara Region in Tanzania. ...


Other examples of tourism regions include the Loire Valley in France, Cinque Terre in Italy, Cappadocia in Turkey, and the Great Barrier Reef in Australia. Loire Valley (French: Vallée de la Loire) is known as the Garden of France and the Cradle of the French Language. ... Manarola, one of the five coastal villages in the National Park of the Cinque Terre. ... Map showing Cappadocia as a province of the Armenian Empire under Tigranes the Great Photo of a 15th Century map showing Capadocia. In ancient geography, Cappadocia (or Capadocia) (from Persian: Katpatuka meaning the land of beautiful horses, Greek: Καππαδοκία; see also List of traditional Greek place names; Turkish Kapadokya) was an... Satellite image of part of the Great Barrier Reef adjacent to the Queensland coastal areas of Proserpine and Mackay. ...


Natural resource regions

Natural resources often occur in distinct regions. Natural resource regions can be a topic of physical geography or environmental geography, but also have a strong element of human geography and economic geography. A coal region, for example, is a physical or geomorphological region, but its development and exploitation can make it into an economic and a cultural region. Some examples of natural resource regions include the Rumaila Field, the oil field that lies along the border or Iraq and Kuwait and played a role in the Gulf War; the Coal Region of Pennsylvania, which is a historical region as well as a cultural, physical, and natural resource region; the South Wales Coalfield, which like Pennsylvania's coal region is a historical, cultural, and natural region; the Kuznetsk Basin, a similarly important coal mining region in Russia; Kryvbas, the economic and iron ore mining region of Ukraine; and the James Bay Project, a large region of Quebec where one of the largest hydroelectric systems in the world has been developed. The Rumaila Field is an oil field in southern Iraq that also spills over into Kuwait, possession of this field led to disputes between Iraq and Kuwait and was one of reasons for Iraqs invasion of Kuwait in 1990. ... Combatants UN Coalition Republic of Iraq Commanders Norman Schwarzkopf Saddam Hussein Strength 883,863 360,000 Casualties 378 dead, 1,000 wounded 25,000 dead, 75,000 wounded The Gulf War (2 August 1990 – 28 February 1991) was a conflict between Iraq and a coalition force of approximately 30 nations... Counties of the Coal Region of Pennsylvania, known for anthracite mining. ... This article belongs in one or more categories. ... The Kuznetsk Basin (often abbreviated as Kuzbas, Russian: Кузбас) in southwestern Siberia, Russia, is one of the biggest coal mining areas in the world, covering an area of around 27,000 square miles (69,900 km³) between Tomsk and Novokuznetsk in the basin of the... Kryvbas (Ukrainian: , full rarely-used name Kryvorizkyi Iron Ore Basin, Ukrainian: ) is an important economic region in central Ukraine, specializing in iron ore mining and steel industry. ... The James Bay Project (in French, projet de la Baie James) refers to the construction of a series of hydroelectric power stations on the La Grande River in northwestern Québec, Canada, and the diversion of neighbouring rivers into the La Grande watershed. ...


Religious regions

Sometimes a region associated with a religion is given a name, like Christendom, a term with medieval and renaissance connotations of Christianity as a sort of social and political polity. The term Muslim world is sometimes used to refer to the region of the world where Islam is dominant. These broad terms are very vague when used to describe regions. This T-and-O map, which abstracts the known world to a cross inscribed within an orb, remakes geography in the service of Christian iconography. ... Polity is a general term that refers to political organization of a group. ... Nations with a Muslim majority appear in green, while nations that are at least 50% Muslim appear yellow. ...


Within some religions there are clearly defined regions. The Roman Catholic Church, the Church of England, the Eastern Orthodox Church, and others, define ecclesiastical regions with names such as diocese, eparchy, ecclesiastical provinces, and parish. The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church (see terminology below) is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. ... This page is a list of Church of England Dioceses, along with their geographic location and the foundation dates of those founded in the modern era, i. ... The Eastern Orthodox Church is a Christian body that views itself as the historical continuation of the original Christian community established by Jesus and the Twelve Apostles, preserving the traditions of the early church unchanged, accepting the canonicity of the first seven ecumenical councils held between the 4th and the... Pope Pius XI blesses Bishop Stephen Alencastre as fifth Apostolic Vicar of the Hawaiian Islands in a Cathedral of Our Lady of Peace window. ... In the Roman Empire, an eparchy was one of the political subdivisions of the Empire. ... An ecclesiastical province is a unit of religious government existing in certain Christian churches. ... A parish is a type of administrative subdivision. ...


For example, the United States is divided into 32 Roman Catholic ecclesiastical provinces. The Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod is organized into 33 geographic "districts", which are subdivided into "circuits" (the Atlantic District (LCMS), for example). The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints uses regions similar to dioceses and parishes, but uses terms like ward and stake. The following is a list of the Roman Catholic dioceses of the United States. ... LCMS redirects here. ... The Atlantic District is one of the 35 districts of the Lutheran Church - Missouri Synod (LCMS), comprising approximately 100 congregations and a number of mission stations in eastern New York state: New York City, Long Island, the Hudson Valley, and the Capitol District. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the largest attraction in the citys Temple Square. ... In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, a ward is the larger of two types of local congregations (the smaller being a branch). ... A stake is an administrative unit composed of multiple congregrations in sects of the Latter Day Saint movement. ...


Political regions

In the field of political geography regions tend to be based on political units such as sovereign states; subnational units such as provinces, counties, townships, territories, etc; and multinational groupings, including formally defined units such as the European Union, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, and NATO, as well as informally defined regions such as the Third World, Western Europe, and the Middle East. Political geography is a field of human geography that is concerned with politics. ... A state is a set of institutions that possess the authority to make the rules that govern the people in one or more societies, having internal and external sovereignty over a definite territory. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... The term township is used to denote a lower level territorial subdivision. ... Types of political territories include: A legally administered territory, which is a non-sovereign geographic area that has come under the authority of another government. ... Bold textLink titleWRONG // The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN - pronounced AH-SEE-AHN) is a geo-political and economic organization of 10 countries located in Southeast Asia. ... NATO 2002 Summit in Prague The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation[2] (NATO; French: ; also called the North Atlantic Alliance, the Atlantic Alliance, the Western Alliance, or the North Atlantic Treaty Organization) is a military alliance established by the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. ... For the Jamaican reggae band, see Third World (band). ... A common understanding of Western Europe in modern times. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


Local administrative regions

There are many relatively small regions based on local government agencies. Sometimes these small political regions are called districts or areas, and sometimes regions. In general, they are all regions in the general sense of being bounded spatial units. Examples include electorial districts such as Washington's 6th congressional district and Tennessee's 1st congressional district; school districts such as Granite School District and Los Angeles Unified School District; economic districts such as the Reedy Creek Improvement District; metropolitan areas such as the Seattle metropolitan area, and metropolitan districts such as the Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago, the Las Vegas-Clark County Library District, the Metropolitan Police Service of Greater London, as well as other local districts like the York Rural Sanitary District, the Delaware River Port Authority, the Nassau County Soil and Water Conservation District, and C-TRAN. The Sixth Congressional District of Washington encompasses the Olympic Peninsula, most of the Kitsap Peninsula, and most of the city of Tacoma. ... The current boundaries of Tennessees 1st District The 1st Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in northeast Tennessee. ... The Granite School District spreads across central Salt Lake County, Utah, serving West Valley City, Taylorsville, South Salt Lake, and Holladay; Kearns, Magna and Millcreek Township; and parts of West Jordan, Murray and Cottonwood Heights. ... The Los Angeles Unified School District ( the LAUSD) is the largest (in terms of number of students) public school system in California and the second-largest in the United States. ... The Reedy Creek Improvement District in Florida is the immediate governing jurisdiction for the land on the Walt Disney World Resort. ... The Seattle metropolitan area includes the city of Seattle, Washington; King County, Washington; and several surrounding cities and counties in the Puget Sound area. ... The Metropolitan Water Reclamation District of Greater Chicago is a government agency created in 1889 to protect the water quality of Lake Michigan, the major drinking water supply for the Chicago, Illinois area. ... Las Vegas-Clark County Library District is the library district that services Clark County, Nevada except for the cities of Henderson and North Las Vegas. ... The Metropolitan Police Service (MPS) is the Home Office police force responsible for Greater London, with the exception of the square mile of the City of London. ... Greater London is the top level administrative subdivision covering London, England. ... York was a rural sanitary district in Yorkshire, England until 1894. ... The Delaware River Port Authority or DRPA is a bi-state government agency of the State of New Jersey and the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ... The Nassau County Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD), located in Nassau County, Florida is a government entity dedicated to encouraging productive use of land, water and air resources in the county. ... The Clark County Public Transit Benefit Area Authority (C-TRAN) is a public agency serving Clark County, Washington, including the cities of Battle Ground, Camas, Vancouver and Washougal. ...


Administrative regions

The word "region" is taken from the Latin regio, and a number of countries have borrowed the term as the formal name for a type of subnational entity (eg, the región, used in Chile). In English, the word is also used as the conventional translation for equivalent terms in other languages (e.g., the область (oblast), used in Russia alongside with a broader term регион). Latin is an ancient Indo-European language originally spoken in Latium, the region immediately surrounding Rome. ... Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... Chile is divided into fifteen regions (in Spanish, regiones; singular región), each of which is headed by an superintendent (intendente), appointed by the president. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The Russian Federation is divided into 89 subjects (administrative units), 49 of which are oblasts: Amur Arkhangelsk Astrakhan Belgorod Bryansk Chelyabinsk Chita Irkutsk Ivanovo Kaliningrad Kaluga Kamchatka Kemerovo Kirov Kostroma Kurgan Kursk Leningrad Lipetsk Magadan Moscow Murmansk Nizhny Novgorod Novgorod Novosibirsk Omsk Orenburg Oryol Penza Perm Pskov Rostov Ryazan Sakhalin... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasÅ¥, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ...


The following countries use the term "region" (or its cognate) as the name of a type of subnational administrative unit: Cognate (Latin: cognatus co+gnatus, ie. ...

The Canadian province of Québec also uses the "administrative region" (région administrative). Map of Canada As shown by the map to the left, the North American nation of Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, together with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Quebec, Canada, is officially divided into 17 administrative regions. ...


Scotland had local government regions from 1975 to 1996. This article is becoming very long. ... The nine Regions of Scotland were established under the Local Government (Scotland) Act 1973 as the uppermost tier of local government in Scotland. ...


In Spain the official name of the autonomous community of Murcia is Región de Murcia. Also, some single-province autonomous communities such as Madrid use the term región interchangeably with comunidad autónoma. Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Murcia (Spanish) Spanish name Murcia Postal code 30001 - 30012 Website http://www. ... Location Coordinates : 40° 23’N , 3°43′0″W Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Villa de Madrid (Spanish) Spanish name Villa de Madrid Founded 9th century Postal code 28001-28080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 91 (Madrid) Website http://www. ...


The government of the Philippines uses the term "region" (in Filipino, rehiyon) when it's necessary to group provinces, the primary administrative subdivision of the country. This is also the case in Brazil which groups its primary administrative divisions (estados; "states") into grandes regiões (greater regions) for statistical purposes, while Russia uses экономические районы (economic regions) in a similar way, as does Romania and Venezuela. Brazil is currently divided in five regions, by the Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica (IBGE). ... Russia is divided into eleven economic regions (Russian: экономические районы, sing. ...


The government of Singapore makes use of the term "region" for its own administrative purposes. Similarly, England also uses the name or have attempted to popularize its use. The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ...


The following countries use an administrative subdivision conventionally referred to as a region in English:

  • Bulgaria, which uses the област (oblast)
  • Russia, which uses the область (oblast')
  • Ukraine, which uses the область (oblast')
  • Slovakia (kraj)

China has five 自治区 (zìzhìqū) and two 特別行政區 (or 特别行政区; tèbiéxíngzhèngqū) which are translated as "autonomous region" and "special administrative region", respectively. An autonomous region, used in the context of China, translates for zizhiqu (自治区 z qū), which are province-level divisions with a designated ethnic minority, and are guaranteed more rights under the constitution than provinces. ... Special administrative region may be: Peoples Republic of China Special administrative regions, present-day administrative divisions (as of 2006) set up by the Peoples Republic of China to administer Hong Kong (since 1997) and Macau (since 1999) Republic of China Special administrative regions, also translated as special administrative...


Traditional or informal regions

The traditional territorial divisions of some countries are also commonly rendered in English as "regions". These informal divisions do not form the basis of the modern administrative divisions of these countries, but still define and delimit local regional identity and sense of belonging. Examples include:

Korea has traditionally been divided into a number of unofficial regions that reflect historical, geographical, and dialect boundaries within the peninsula. ...

Geographical regions

A region can also be used for a geographical area; with this usage, there is an implied distinctiveness about the area that defines it. Such a distinction is often made on the basis of a historical, political, or cultural cohesiveness that separates the region from its neighbours.


Geographical regions can be found within a country (e.g., the Midlands, in England), or transnationally (e.g., the Middle East). In general, the midlands of a territory are its central regions. ... Motto: (French for God and my right) Anthem: God Save the King/Queen Capital London (de facto) Largest city London Official language(s) English (de facto) Unification    - by Athelstan AD 927  Area    - Total 130,395 km² (1st in UK)   50,346 sq mi  Population    - 2006 est. ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ...


Similarly, the United Nations Statistics Division has devised a scheme for classifying macrogeographic regions (continents), continental subregions, and selected socioeconomic groupings. The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, social progress and human rights issues. ... The definition of continental subregions in use by the United Nations. ...


Examples of geographical regions

Geographical regions in Serbia This is a list of some of Geographical regions in Serbia and Montenegro. ... This is a list of major historical regions of Central Europe. ... This is a list of major historical regions of the Balkan Peninsula. ... This is a list of regions in Australia that are not Australian states or territories. ... // [edit] National regions Canadian provinces and territories are normally grouped into the following regions (generally from west to east): Northern Canada (The North) Yukon Northwest Territories Nunavut Western Canada British Columbia Prairies Alberta Saskatchewan Manitoba Eastern Canada Central Canada Ontario Quebec Atlantic Canada Maritimes New Brunswick Prince Edward Island Nova... What follows is a list of unofficial, or quasi-official regions of India. ... This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... These traditional regions of Slovakia are mostly former counties of the Kingdom of Hungary, but also some other regions. ... Map of the regions of Japan. ... Below each region you will find associated Cities with the region. ... This is a list of lists of unofficial regions by country: List of regions of Australia List of regions of Canada List of regions in India List of regions in Japan List of regions of the United States and historic regions of the United States List of traditional regions of...

Military usage

In military usage a region is shorthand for the name of a military formation larger than an Army Group (see Army group) and smaller than an Army Theater or simply Theater. The full name of the military formation is Army Region. An Army Region usually consists of between two and five Army Groups. The size of an Army Region can vary widely but is generally somewhere between about 1 million and 3 million soldiers. Two or more Army Regions could make up an Army Theater. An Army Region would typically be commanded by a full General (US four stars), a Field Marshal or General of the Army (US five stars), Generalissimo (Soviet Union) or General of the Armies (US six stars), or by general officers holding ranks equivalent to six stars (for those nations that have had these generals). Due to the large size of this unit, its use is rarely employed. Some of the very few examples of an Army Region would be each of the Eastern, Western, and southern (mostly in Italy) fronts in Europe during World War II. The military map symbol for this type of formation (see Military organization and APP-6a) would be identified by the use of six Xs just above the map symbol. Military science concerns itself with the study and of the diverse technical, psychological, and practical phenomena that encompass the events that make up warfare, especially armed combat. ... An army group is a military organization (formation) consisting of several armies, and is supposed to be self-sufficient for indefinite periods. ... Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... General of the Army, or less formally five-star general, is historically the second most senior rank in the United States Army. ... A generalissimo is a commissioned officer of the highest rank; the word is often translated as Supreme Commander or Commander in Chief. It is an Italian superlative substantive, which grammatically would actually be disallowed in Italian (superlatives can be made with adjectives only). ... General of the Armies of the United States is the highest possible-land based rank in the United States military hierarchy and is traditionally considered a six star General, equal to a Generalissimo. ... Military science concerns itself with the study and of the diverse technical, psychological, and practical phenomena that encompass the events that make up warfare, especially armed combat. ... Military Symbols for Land Based Systems APP-6A is the NATO standard for military map marking symbols. ...


See also

DEMOLOGOS stands for Development Models and Logics of Socioeconomic Organization in Space. ... Regional development is the provision of aid and other assistance to regions which are less economically developed. ... Physical map of the Earth (Medium) (Large 2 MB) Geography is the scientific study of the locational and spatial variation in both physical and human phenomena on Earth. ... Carl Ortwin Sauer (December 24, 1889-July 18, 1975) was an American geographer. ... In political geography, a regional state is a state more centralized than a federation, but less centralized than an unitary state. ... This article is on the political entity. ... The definition of continental subregions in use by the United Nations. ...

External links

  • Map and descriptions of hydrologic unit regions of the United States
  • Federal Standards for Delineation of Hydrologic Unit Boundaries
  • Physiographic regions of the United States

References

  • Bailey, Robert G. (1996) Ecosystem Geography. New York: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 0-387-94586-5
  • Meinig, D.W. (1986). The Shaping of America: A Geographical Perspective on 500 Years of History, Volume 1: Atlantic America, 1492-1800. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-03548-9

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