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Encyclopedia > Reginald Maudling
Rt. Hon. Reginald Maudling in 1974
Rt. Hon. Reginald Maudling in 1974

The Right Honourable Reginald Maudling (March 7, 1917 - February 14, 1979) was a British politician known for his intellectual brilliance, political pragmatism, and easygoing nature but slightly dogged by a reputation for laziness. After helping rebuild the Conservative Party after its 1945 election defeat, he became Member of Parliament for Barnet and served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the early 1960s. Maudling was considered for promotion to Prime Minister in 1963, and may also have made it in 1970 but for his 1965 defeat for the party leadership by Edward Heath. Serving in Heath's government as Home Secretary, Maudling struggled to cope with the troubles of Northern Ireland and was punched in Parliament by Irish nationalist MP Bernadette Devlin, which led to her 6 month expulsion from the chamber. His later political career was overshadowed by financial scandals including his dealings with corrupt architect John Poulson, and he was subjected to a great deal of lampooning, especially by Monty Python. His hedonistic personal lifestyle led to an early death at the age of 61 as a result of alcoholism. Reginald Maudling in 1974 This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Reginald Maudling in 1974 This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... The Right Honourable (abbreviated The Rt. ... March 7 is the 66th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (67th in Leap years). ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... A politician is an individual involved in politics to the extent of holding or running for public office. ... The Conservative Party is the largest political brothel on the right-of-centre in the United Kingdom. ... The United Kingdom General Election of 1945 held on 5 July 1945 but not counted and declared until 26 July 1945 (due to the time it took to transport the votes of those serving overseas) was one of the most significant general elections of the 20th century. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ... High Barnet or Chipping Barnet is a place in the London Borough of Barnet. ... The Rt. ... The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is the head of government and so exercises many of the executive functions nominally vested in the Sovereign, who is head of state. ... Sir Edward Richard George Heath, KG , MBE (July 9, 1916 – July 17, 2005), soldier and politician, was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975. ... The Secretary of State for the Home Department (the Home Secretary) is the chief United Kingdom government minister responsible for law and order in England and Wales; his or her remit includes policing, the criminal justice system, the prison service, internal security, and matters of citizenship and immigration. ... Dieu et mon droit (Royal motto) (French for God and my right)2 Northern Irelands location within the UK Main language English Other recognised languages Irish, Ulster Scots Capital and largest city Belfast First Minister Office suspended Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Peter Hain MP Area  - Total Ranked... Irish nationalism refers to political movements that desire greater autonomy or the independence of Ireland from Great Britain. ... A mural by the Bogside Artists in Derrys Bogside, depicting Bernadette . ... This is a list of British political scandals, real or alleged: 1700s South Sea Bubble (1720) 1910s Marconi scandal of insider trading by Rufus Isaacs and others (1912) 1920s Zinoviev Letter (1924) 1930s Jimmy Thomas budget leak (1936) 1940s Hugh Dalton budget leak (1947) John Belcher corruptly influenced - led to... John Garlick Llewellyn Poulson (April 14, 1910 - January 31, 1993) was a British architect who caused a major political scandal when his use of bribery and connections to senior politicians were disclosed in 1972. ... The Monty Python troupe in 1970. ... Alcoholism is the compulsive consumption of alcohol. ...

Contents


Youth

Reginald Maudling was born in North Finchley and was named after his father, Reginald George Maudling, who ran the Commercial Calculating Company Ltd which made calculating machines. His early years were spent in Bexhill when the family moved to escape German air raids; he won a scholarship to attend the Merchant Taylors School and Merton College, Oxford. At Oxford, Maudling stayed out of undergraduate politics and concentrated on developing a personal philosophy of pragmatism and opposition to ideology. He worked hard, and obtained his degree in Classics with first class honours. Bexhill is a small village in New_South_Wales, Australia. ... Merchant Taylors School is a British public school, located in Northwood, in London. ... College name The House of Scholars of Merton Named after Walter de Merton Established 1264 Sister College Peterhouse Warden Prof. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The Philosopher (detail), by Rembrandt Philosophy is a study that includes diverse subfields such as aesthetics, epistemology, ethics, logic, and metaphysics. ... Pragmatism is a collection of many different ways of thinking. ... Classics, particularly within the Western University tradition, when used as a singular noun, means the study of the language, literature, history, art, and other aspects of Greek and Roman culture during the time frame known as classical antiquity. ...


Shortly after graduating he had formed the idea of going into politics. He set up a meeting with Harold Nicolson to discuss whether it would be better, as a moderate conservative by nature, to join the Conservative Party or National Labour; Nicolson advised him to wait. Maudling identified being a lawyer as a career, and was called to the Bar by the Middle Temple in 1940. However he did not practise as a barrister due to World War II, having volunteered for service in the Royal Air Force. Poor eyesight led him to the RAF intelligence branch where he rose to the rank of Flight Lieutenant before switching to become Private Secretary to the Secretary of State for Air, Sir Archibald Sinclair. It was his experience helping Sinclair that led Maudling to confirm his decision to become active in politics. Sir Harold Nicolson (November 21, 1886 – May 1, 1968) was a British diplomat, author and politician. ... The Conservative Party is the largest political brothel on the right-of-centre in the United Kingdom. ... This article is about the political party that existed from 1931-1945. ... A bar association is a professional body of lawyers who, in some jurisdictions, are responsible for the regulation of the legal profession. ... Part of Middle Temple c. ... A barrister (advocate in Scotland and the Channel Islands, barrister-at-law in Ireland and elsewhere) is a lawyer found in some Common law jurisdictions who principally, but not exclusively, represents litigants as their advocate before the courts of that jurisdiction. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead:17 million Civilian dead:33 million Total dead:50 million Military dead:8 million Civilian dead:4 million Total dead:12 million World War II... The Royal Air Force (often abbreviated to RAF) is the air force branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Secretary of State for Air was a cabinet level British position, in charge of the Air Ministry. ... Archibald Henry Macdonald Sinclair, 1st Viscount Thurso (then Sir Archibald Sinclair) (October 22, 1890-June 15, 1970) was leader of the UK Liberal Party from 1935 until 1945. ...


Early political career

Maudling had decided to join the Conservative Party. As the war ended, he was adopted as parliamentary candidate for Heston and Isleworth, a newly created constituency in West London. In the subsequent Labour landslide election of 1945, Maudling was one of many Conservative candidates who failed to win seats thought to have been safe. However his defeat did not deter him from a career in politics. The Conservative Party is the largest political brothel on the right-of-centre in the United Kingdom. ... Heston is a place in the London Borough of Hounslow, best-known as the location of the Heston service area on the M4 motorway and for air cargo handling facilities. ... Isleworth is located in the London Borough of Hounslow alongside the River Thames in west London. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... This article is about the British city. ... The Labour Party has since its formation in the early 20th century been the principal left wing political party of the United Kingdom (see British politics). ... The United Kingdom General Election of 1945 held on 5 July 1945 but not counted and declared until 26 July 1945 (due to the time it took to transport the votes of those serving overseas) was one of the most significant general elections of the 20th century. ...


After their defeat in the 1945 general election, the Conservative Party engaged in an extensive rethink of its policy. Maudling, unemployed after giving up his civil service post, was recruited to play an important role as Head of Economics at the Conservative Research Department. He also acted as a personal adviser to Winston Churchill on economic issues. He persuaded the party to accept many of the Labour government's nationalisation programme and social services while cutting government spending. In March 1946 Maudling was adopted as the prospective candidate for Barnet, close to his birthplace in north London. Labour had unexpectedly won the seat in 1945, but it was considered to be marginal. In 1950 he was elected as Member of Parliament with a majority of 10,534. A civil servant or public servant is a civilian career public sector employee working for a government department or agency. ... The Conservative Research Department (CRD) is an integral part of the central organisation of the Conservative Party of the United Kingdom. ... The Rt Hon. ... Nationalization is the act of taking assets into state ownership. ... High Barnet or Chipping Barnet is a place in the London Borough of Barnet. ... This article is about the British city. ... A Member of Parliament, or MP, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to a parliament; in the Westminster system, specifically to the lower house. ...


Ministerial office in the 1950s

Following the 1951 election, Churchill made Maudling a junior Minister at the Ministry of Civil Aviation. However, his experience of preparing economic policy led to his speaking on behalf of the Treasury on the 1952 budget and thus to an appointment, later that year, as Economic Secretary to the Treasury. With his mentor Rab Butler as Chancellor of the Exchequer, Maudling worked to reduce taxes and controls in order to move from post-war austerity to affluence. He endorsed Butler's great vision of a doubling of incomes within 25 years. Maudling was also a natural performer on television, which was to prove a great asset in his later career. The 1951 election was held soon after the UK general election, 1950, which Labour won, but with an unworkable majority. ... The new eastern entrance to HM Treasury HM Treasury (Her/His Majestys Treasury) is the United Kingdom government department responsible for and putting into effect the UK Governments financial and economic policy. ... The Right Honourable Richard Austen Butler, Baron Butler of Saffron Walden, KG, CH, PC, DL (1902–1982), who invariably signed his name R. A. Butler and was familiarly known as Rab, was a British politician, one of the few to have served in all three posts of Chancellor of the... The Rt. ...


When Anthony Eden took over as Prime Minister in 1955, Maudling was promoted to head a department as Minister of Supply. He supported the invasion of Suez. The Ministry was responsible for aircraft production and supplying the armed forces, and Maudling came to agree with critics who argued that it was an unnecessary intermediary; he therefore recommended its abolition. Although supportive of Harold Macmillan's appointment as Prime Minister over the rival claims of Butler in 1957, Maudling found himself in difficulties over his position in the new government. He refused to continue at the Ministry of Supply and also rejected an offer of the Ministry of Health because Iain Macleod, with whom he had a rivalry, had held the post five years earlier and Maudling did not want to be seen as five years behind him. The Right Honourable Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, KG, MC, PC (June 12, 1897– January 14, 1977), British politician, was Foreign Secretary during World War II and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the 1950s. ... The Minister of Supply was a position in the British Government which existed to co-ordinate the supplying of equipment to the armed forces. ... Combatants Israel, France, United Kingdom Egypt Commanders Moshe Dayan (CoS of the IDF) General Sir Charles Keightley (C-in-C), Vice-Admiral Pierre Barjot (Deputy) Gamal Abdel Nasser Strength 45,000 British, 34,000 French, 175,000 Israeli 300,000 Egyptians Casualties 189 Israelis KIA, unknown number WIA, 16 British... The Right Honourable Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, OM, PC (10 February 1894–29 December 1986), nicknamed Supermac and Mac the Knife, was a British Conservative politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963. ... The Right Honourable Iain Macleod, PC (1913 – 1970) was a UK Conservative politician. ...


Macmillan thought Maudling clever but also vain and somewhat lazy. He appointed him to the near sinecure post of Paymaster General and spokesman in the House of Commons for the Ministry of Fuel and Power, which was technically a demotion. Nine months later, Maudling had proved his usefulness and Macmillan brought him into the Cabinet (September 17, 1957) where he acted more as a Minister without Portfolio: he had specific responsibility for chairing the talks to persuade the six members of the European Economic Community to join a free-trade area with Britain. This attempt was vetoed by General de Gaulle. Meanwhile Maudling became an underwriting member of Lloyd's of London in December 1957, although his assets were somewhat below average for other 'names'. Paymaster-General is a ministerial position in the UK. The portfolio consists of the workings of HM Revenue and Customs, formerly HM Inland Revenue and HM Customs and Excise, and reports to the Chancellor of the Exchequer. ... The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, and is now the dominant branch of Parliament. ... A cabinet is a body of high-ranking members of government, typically representing the executive branch. ... September 17 is the 260th day of the year (261st in leap years). ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A Minister without Portfolio is a government minister with no specific responsibilities. ... The European Union (EU) is an intergovernmental and supranational union of 25 democratic countries known as member states. ... Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle ( (help· info)) (22 November 1890 - 9 November 1970), in France commonly referred to as le général de Gaulle, was a French military leader and statesman. ... Lloyd’s Building, London (with the blue cranes). ...


Board of Trade

Maudling entered the front line of politics after the 1959 election when appointed President of the Board of Trade. He was responsible for introducing the government's proposals to help areas of high unemployment. This was achieved by paying grants to companies to create new plants in these deprived areas, and also by the government taking over unused land for development. Maudling also succeeded in negotiating a free trade agreement between the countries outside the Common Market, this became the European Free Trade Association and was some compensation for his failure to negotiate a free trade area with the Common Market. Maudling was opposed to any proposal to join the Common Market, remarking "I can think of no more retrograde step economically or politically". This remark was to be quoted against him when he was part of later governments applying for Common Market membership. This United Kingdom general election was held on October 8, 1959, and marked a third successive victory for the ruling Conservative party, led by Harold MacMillan. ... The Secretary of State for Trade and Industry is a cabinet position in the United Kingdom government. ... In economics, a person who is able and willing to work at prevailing wage rate yet is unable to find a paying job is considered unemployed. ... The European Union (EU) is an intergovernmental and supranational union of 25 democratic countries known as member states. ... The European Free Trade Association (EFTA) was established on May 3, 1960 as an alternative for European states that were not allowed or did not wish to join the European Community (now the European Union). ...


Reginald Maudling was for a short time, as Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1961, responsible for the process of decolonisation. In this position he chaired constitutional conferences for Jamaica, Northern Rhodesia and Trinidad and Tobago which prepared them up for independence; his plan for Northern Rhodesia was controversial and he had to threaten resignation before it was approved. However Maudling was keen to return to economic policy, and seized his opportunity when Macmillan made it clear in private that he supported a voluntary incomes policy. Maudling promptly made a persuasive case in public, and three weeks later was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer in Macmillan's "Night of the Long Knives" attempt to rejuvenate his Cabinet. The Secretary of State for the Colonies or Colonial Secretary was the British Cabinet official in charge of managing the various British colonies. ... Motto: One Zambia, One Nation Anthem: Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free Capital Lusaka Largest city Lusaka Official language(s) English Government President Republic Levy Mwanawasa Independence  - Date October 24, 1964 Area  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Water (%)   752,614 km² (38th) 1% Population  â€¢ 2004 est. ... In economics, incomes policies are wage and price controls used to fight inflation. ... The Rt. ... The epithet Night of the Long Knives is given to July 13, 1962, when the British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan sacked the following members of his Cabinet: Lord Kilmuir — Lord Chancellor Selwyn Lloyd — Chancellor of the Exchequer David Eccles — Minister of Education Harold Arthur Watkinson — Minister of Defence John Scott...


Chancellor of the Exchequer

As Chancellor of the Exchequer, Maudling soon cut Purchase tax and bank interest rates. His 1963 budget aimed at "expansion without inflation". Following a period of economic difficulty, with a growth target of 4%. Maudling was able to remove income tax from owner occupiers' residential premises. He also abolished the rate of duty on home-brewed beer which in effect legalised it. This was the period in which Maudling was at his most popular within the Conservative Party and in the country. Value added tax (VAT) is a sales tax levied on the sale of goods and services. ... An interest rate is the price a borrower pays for the use of money he does not own, and the return a lender receives for deferring his consumption, by lending to the borrower. ... Budget generally refers to a list of all planned expenses and revenues. ... An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income of persons or corporations. ... A selection of bottled beers A selection of cask beers Beer is the worlds most popular alcoholic beverage. ...

The BBC election programme announces Maudling's safe return at Barnet in 1964
The BBC election programme announces Maudling's safe return at Barnet in 1964

By 1963 Maudling was being considered as a possible future Prime Minister after Macmillan. However, Macmillan's sudden illness and announcement of his resignation in October 1963 came at a time when Maudling was considered too junior. He had also performed disappointingly at the Conservative Party conference, which had become a hustings for the leadership. He retained his post as Chancellor under the new prime Minister Alec Douglas-Home, and in the 1964 election Maudling had a prominent role at the helm of the party's daily press conferences while Douglas-Home toured the country. BBC Election programme 1964 announces Reginald Maudlings return at Barnet This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... BBC Election programme 1964 announces Reginald Maudlings return at Barnet This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... The Right Honourable Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, KT,1 PC (2 July 1903–9 October 1995), 14th Earl of Home from 1951 to 1963, was a British politician, and served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom for a year from October 1963 to October... The United Kingdom general election of 1964 result was a very slim majority for the Labour Party, of 4, and led to their first government since 1951. ...


Maudling was praised for conveying a calm and relaxed image, but was unable to prevent the party's narrow defeat. On the BBC's election results programme, the journalist Anthony Howard said that he believed that if Maudling had been leader, the narrow Conservative defeat would have been a narrow Conservative victory. The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is largest the publicly-funded radio and television broadcasting corporation of the United Kingdom (see British television). ... Anthony Michell Howard (born February 12, 1934) is a prominent British journalist, broadcaster and writer. ...


Leadership bid

Out of office, Maudling felt the loss of his Chancellor's salary keenly. He accepted the offer of a seat on the board of Kleinwort Benson in November 1964, one of the factors which led to his being shifted to spokesman on Foreign Affairs in early 1965. Unlike other potential leadership contenders, Maudling publicly maintained his loyalty to Douglas-Home as criticisms of his leadership mounted. When Douglas-Home resigned, after putting in place a system in which the leadership was directly elected, Maudling fought against Edward Heath for the position of candidate to the party centre-right. Unfortunately, for Maudling, Enoch Powell also stood as a candidate supporting monetarist and proto-Thatcherite economics. Kleinwort Benson was a merchant bank based in London. ... Sir Edward Richard George Heath, KG , MBE (July 9, 1916 – July 17, 2005), soldier and politician, was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975. ... Enoch Powell The Right Honourable John Enoch Powell MBE (June 16, 1912 – February 8, 1998) was a British politician. ... Monetarism is a set of views concerning the determination of national income and monetary economics. ... Thatcherism is the system of political thought attributed to the governments of Margaret Thatcher, British Prime Minister from 1979 to 1990. ...


Maudling's business directorships with Kleinwort Benson and others were mentioned by his opponents as evidence of his lack of commitment for the role, and he was felt to be too close to the Macmillan/Douglas-Home style of politics when the Conservative Party needed a fresh start. He won 133 votes against Heath's 150; Powell's 15 votes would have been more likely to go to Maudling had Powell not stood. The defeat was a surprise to Maudling, as the Conservative Parliamentary Party was felt to be more in tune with his policies than with those of Heath (although feeling in the country and in most newspapers favoured the election of Heath).


Deputy Leader and Home Secretary

Maudling served as Deputy Leader under Heath, and was also a prominent member of the Shadow Cabinet. However, he was neither close to Edward Heath personally or politically, and as a consequence his influence declined; his support for an incomes policy now went against party policy. He also tended to make gaffes, as for example when he said Harold Wilson had been following the same policy as the Conservatives on Rhodesia and "I can't think of anything he has done wrongly". When the Conservatives returned to power in 1970, Maudling was appointed Home Secretary; the most pressing problem at the Home Office was tackling the Troubles in Northern Ireland. Maudling did not enjoy this responsibility. After boarding the aeroplane at the end of his first visit to the province, he remarked "For God's sake bring me a large Scotch. What a bloody awful country." The Shadow Cabinet (also called the Front Bench) is a senior group of opposition spokespeople in the Westminster System of government who together under the leadership of the Leader of the Opposition (or the leader of other smaller opposition parties) form an alternative cabinet to the governments, whose members... James Harold Wilson, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx, KG, OBE, FRS, PC (11 March 1916 – 24 May 1995) was one of the most prominent and successful British politicians of the 20th Century. ... National motto: Sit Nomine Digna (Latin: May she be worthy of the name} Official language English Capital Salisbury Political system Parliamentary system Form of government Republic - Last President John Wrathall - Prime Minister Ian Smith Area  - Total  - % water 390 580 km² 1% Population  - 1978 est. ... The Secretary of State for the Home Department (the Home Secretary) is the chief United Kingdom government minister responsible for law and order in England and Wales; his or her remit includes policing, the criminal justice system, the prison service, internal security, and matters of citizenship and immigration. ... The Troubles is a term used to describe two periods of violence in Ireland during the twentieth century. ... Dieu et mon droit (Royal motto) (French for God and my right)2 Northern Irelands location within the UK Main language English Other recognised languages Irish, Ulster Scots Capital and largest city Belfast First Minister Office suspended Secretary of State for Northern Ireland Peter Hain MP Area  - Total Ranked... Scotch whisky is a whisky made in Scotland. ...

Reginald Maudling, Secretary of State for the Home Department in 1971
Reginald Maudling, Secretary of State for the Home Department in 1971

Maudling's tendency to exude reassuring calmness in interviews, normally helpful to him, was damaging when he referred to reducing IRA violence to "an acceptable level", a remark widely regarded as a gaffe. He also tended to trust the Unionist controlled Government of Northern Ireland and gloss over differences between their approach and that of the United Kingdom government. This approach backfired when the Prime Minister of Northern Ireland James Chichester-Clark resigned over a split in March 1971. That August, Maudling reluctantly authorised the Northern Ireland government to introduce internment without trial for terror suspects, which caused widespread dismay among the nationalist population and was blamed for escalating the level of violence. Reginald Maudling, Secretary of State for the Home Department in 1971 This work is copyrighted. ... Reginald Maudling, Secretary of State for the Home Department in 1971 This work is copyrighted. ... The Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA; more commonly referred to as the IRA, the Provos, or by some of its supporters as the army or the RA) is an Irish Republican paramilitary organisation dedicated to the end of British rule in Northern Ireland and to a United Ireland. ... A gaffe is a verbal mistake made by a company or individual, usually in a social environment. ... In the context of Irish politics, Unionists are people in Northern Ireland, who wish to see the continuation of the Act of Union 1800, as amended by the Government of Ireland Act 1920, under which Northern Ireland, created in that latter Act, remains part of the United Kingdom of Great... The Parliament of Northern Ireland was the home rule legislature created under the Government of Ireland Act 1920, which existed from June 7, 1921 to March 30, 1972, when it was suspended. ... The Prime Minister of Northern Ireland was the head of the Government of Northern Ireland, appointed by the Governor of Northern Ireland under the Government of Ireland Act 1920. ... The Right Honourable James Dawson Chichester-Clark, Baron Moyola, PC, DL (February 12, 1923–May 17, 2002) was the fifth Prime Minister of Northern Ireland. ... The word internment is generally used to refer to the imprisonment or confinement of people, generally in prison camps or prisons, without due process of law and a trial. ... Irish nationalism refers to political movements that desire greater autonomy or the independence of Ireland from Great Britain. ...


Maudling's statement in the House of Commons after Bloody Sunday agreed with the British army's claim that the Parachute Regiment had only fired in self-defence, and so inflamed the nationalist MP Bernadette Devlin that she punched him. The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, and is now the dominant branch of Parliament. ... For other incidents referred to by this name, see Bloody Sunday. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Parachute Regiment cap badge The Parachute Regiment is the infantry element of the airborne troops of the British Army. ... A mural by the Bogside Artists in Derrys Bogside, depicting Bernadette . ...


Eventually Edward Heath decided to bring in direct rule of Northern Ireland under a separate Secretary of State. Maudling's prominence within the Heath government led to much lampooning by comedians, especially Monty Python, which Maudling himself took in good humour. On one occasion Maudling was called upon to present a TV award from The Sun to the now-deceased Graham Chapman of the Python team; Chapman fell to the ground on receiving the award and "crawl[ed] all the way back to his table, screaming loudly, as loudly as he could." [1] Sir Edward Richard George Heath, KG , MBE (July 9, 1916 – July 17, 2005), soldier and politician, was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975. ... The Secretary of State for Northern Ireland is the British cabinet minister who has responsibility for the government of Northern Ireland. ... The Monty Python troupe in 1970. ... The Sun, a tabloid daily newspaper published in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, has the highest circulation of any daily English-language newspaper in the world, standing at around 3,200,000 copies daily in late-2004, but at one point in the past decade, almost 5... Graham Chapman Graham Chapman (8 January 1941–4 October 1989) was a British comedian and writer. ...


Regarding criminal justice matters, Maudling was mildly progressive. He made no attempt, despite his personal support, to reintroduce capital punishment after its abolition in 1969. He introduced Community Service, a new concept, as an alternative to prison, and in 1971 modestly tightened up the immigration rules. He was criticised for ordering the deportation of Rudi Dutschke, later one of the founders of the German Green Party. Dutschke, who was in Britain to recuperate from an assassination attempt, was considered a student anarchist. // Capital punishment, or the death penalty, is the governmental use of execution as punishment for a crime often called a capital offense or a capital crime. ... Deportation is the expelling of someone from a country. ... Alfred Willi Rudi Dutschke, commonly called Rudi Dutschke (March 7, 1940 – December 24, 1979, Ã…rhus, Denmark) was the most prominent spokesperson of the German student movement of the 1960s. ... Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (literally: Alliance 90/The Greens), the German Green Party, is a political party in Germany whose regional predecessors were founded in the late 1970s as part of the new social movements. ... Students attending a lecture at the Helsinki University of Technology The word student is etymologically derived through Middle English from the Latin second-type conjugation verb stÅ­dÄ“rÄ•, meaning to direct ones zeal at; hence a student is one who directs zeal at a subject. ... Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. ...


Scandal

In 1972 Maudling's business activities were causing considerable disquiet and speculation in the press. He had obtained in 1966 a directorship in the company of John Poulson, an architect for whom Maudling helped obtain some lucrative contracts. Poulson routinely did business through bribery and in 1972 was made bankrupt. The bankruptcy hearings disclosed his bribe payments, and Maudling's connection became public knowledge. Maudling came to the decision that his responsibility for the Metropolitan Police, which was beginning fraud investigations into Poulson, made his position as Home secretary untenable. He resigned on July 18, to general sympathy from the press. Shortly after receiving Maudling's resignation Edward Heath's government performed a 'U-turn' on economic policy and subsequently adopted an approach strikingly similar to Maudling's. John Garlick Llewellyn Poulson (April 14, 1910 - January 31, 1993) was a British architect who caused a major political scandal when his use of bribery and connections to senior politicians were disclosed in 1972. ... Architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... Bribery is a crime defined by Blacks Law Dictionary as the offering, giving, receiving, or soliciting of any item of value to influence the actions as an official or other person in discharge of a public or legal duty. ... Notice of closure stuck on the door of a computer store the day after its parent company, Granville Technology Group Ltd, declared bankruptcy (strictly, administration - see text) in the UK. Bankruptcy is a legally declared inability or impairment of ability of an individual or organization to pay their creditors. ... Metropolitan Police redirects here. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ...

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Reginald Maudling

Heath advised Maudling not to drop out of the public eye and he continued to make many media appearances. On the Conservative Party's electoral defeat in 1974, Edward Heath was replaced as leader by Margaret Thatcher. She surprised many by appointing Maudling to the post of Shadow Foreign Secretary. However, Maudling failed to make an impact in his new role and clashed with Mrs. Thatcher over economics. He was dismissed on November 19, 1976. Maudling then openly attacked the Monetarist economic theory which she had adopted. Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo-en. ... Wikiquote logo Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ... Sir Edward Richard George Heath, KG , MBE (July 9, 1916 – July 17, 2005), soldier and politician, was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1970 to 1974 and leader of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1975. ... Margaret Hilda Thatcher, Baroness Thatcher, LG, OM, PC, FRS (b. ... November 19 is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ... Monetarism is a set of views concerning the determination of national income and monetary economics. ...


Last years

Maudling's business interests were to return and haunt his final years. He had in 1969 been President of the Real Estate Fund of America, whose Chief Executive had been imprisoned for fraud; Maudling had also been an adviser to the Peachey Property Corporation, whose Chairman Sir Eric Miller had embezzled company money and later committed suicide. In addition Maudling was disclosed to have lobbied for more aid to Malta after obtaining a commission for Poulson there which had led to heavy losses to the Maltese government. These further revelations led to a Parliamentary inquiry into the conduct of Maudling and two other MPs linked to Poulson. This inquiry published its report on July 14, 1977; the report concluded that Maudling had indulged in "conduct inconsistent with the standards which the House is entitled to expect from its members". Sir Eric Miller (1927 – September 22, 1977) was an English-Jewish businessman who committed suicide while under investigation for fraud. ... Embezzlement is the fraudulent conversion of property from a property owner. ... Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of willfully ending ones own life. ... July 14 is the 195th day (196th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 170 days remaining. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ...


When the report was considered by the House of Commons, the Conservative Party organised its MPs to attend the debate to 'Save Reggie'. An amendment was put down to merely 'take note' of the report, instead of endorsing it, and carried by 230 votes (211 Conservatives, 17 Labour, 2 Liberals and 2 Ulster Unionists) to 207. No punishment was imposed. An attempt by back-bench Labour MPs to expel Maudling from the House was defeated by 331 votes to 11, and a move to suspend him for six months was lost by 324 to 97.


Maudling's intention to continue his political career was hindered by his chronic alcoholism which became an increasing problem in the late 1970s. His health was damaged and he lacked the motivation to overcome his problems. In early 1979 he collapsed and there were fears his treatment would be hindered by the strikes in the 'Winter of Discontent'. He died on February 14 of cirrhosis of the liver and kidney failure in the Royal Free Hospital at the age of 61. Maudling had married the actress Beryl Laverick six days after the outbreak of World War II in 1939; they had three sons and a daughter. Alcoholism is the compulsive consumption of alcohol. ... The Winter of Discontent is a nickname given to the British winter of 1978–79, during which there were widespread strikes by Trade unions demanding larger pay rises for their members. ... February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cirrhosis is a chronic disease of the liver in which liver tissue is replaced by connective tissue, resulting in the loss of liver function. ... The liver is one of the largest internal organs of the human body. ... Human kidneys viewed from behind with spine removed The kidneys are bean-shaped excretory organs in vertebrates. ... The Royal Free Hospital is a hospital in London, United Kingdom. ...


References

  • Lewis Baston (2004) "Reggie: The Life of Reginald Maudling". Sutton Publishing. ISBN 0750929243
  • Michael Gillard (1974) "A little pot of money. The story of Reginald Maudling and the Real Estate Fund of America". Private Eye productions / André Deutsch. ISBN 0233964444
  • Michael Gillard (1980) "Nothing to declare: the political corruptions of John Poulson". John Calder. ISBN 0714536253
  • Reginald Maudling (1978) "Memoirs". Sidgwick & Jackson. ISBN 0283984465
  • Robert Shepherd (2004) "Reginald Maudling" in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press.

Private eye may mean: Look up Private eye on Wiktionary, the free dictionary Private Eye a fortnightly British satirical magazine-newspaper, edited by Ian Hislop (as of 2005) A private investigator, a private detective for hire (see also crime fiction and detective fiction) Private Eye, a song by Alkaline Trio... The Dictionary of National Biography (or DNB) is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history. ... Oxford University Press (OUP) is a highly-respected publishing house and a department of the University of Oxford in England. ...

External links

  • BBC News 'On this Day', includes a 1971 filmed interview on the Immigration Bill
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  Results from FactBites:
 
Reference.com/Encyclopedia/Reginald Maudling (2788 words)
Maudling's tendency to exude reassuring calmness in interviews, normally helpful to him, was damaging when he referred to reducing IRA violence to "an acceptable level", a remark widely regarded as a gaffe.
That August, Maudling reluctantly authorised the Northern Ireland government to introduce internment without trial for terror suspects, which caused widespread upheaval and anger among the nationalist population due to its exclusive use on that community, and was followed by a massive escalation in the level of violence.
Maudling's statement in the House of Commons after Bloody Sunday agreed with the British army's claim that the Parachute Regiment had only fired in self-defence, and so inflamed the nationalist MP Bernadette Devlin a witness to the events who was not called on to speak that she punched him.
Reginald Maudling at AllExperts (2810 words)
Reginald Maudling was for a short time, as Secretary of State for the Colonies in 1961, responsible for the process of decolonisation.
Maudling promptly made a persuasive case in public, and three weeks later was appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer in Macmillan's "Night of the Long Knives" attempt to rejuvenate his Cabinet.
Maudling's tendency to exude reassuring calmness in interviews, normally helpful to him, was damaging when he referred to reducing IRA violence to "an acceptable level", a remark widely regarded as a gaffe.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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