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Encyclopedia > Regiment
British regiment

A regiment is a military unit, consisting of a variable number of battalions - commanded by a colonel. Depending on the nation of origin and mission, a modern regiment may be similar to a brigade, in that both range in size from a few hundred to 2,000-3,000 soldiers, depending on the branch of service and method of organization. Regiments and/or brigades are generally grouped into divisions. The modern unit varies in size, scope and administrative role from nation to nation ( and may not exist in some militaries ), and sometimes even within the armed forces of the same nations. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1197x649, 489 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): The Duke of Wellingtons Regiment User:Richard Harvey/Photo Gallery Metadata This file... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1197x649, 489 KB) [edit] Summary [edit] Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): The Duke of Wellingtons Regiment User:Richard Harvey/Photo Gallery Metadata This file... A military unit is an organisation within an armed force. ... In military terminology, a battalion consists of two to six companies typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. ... Colonel (IPA: or ) is a military rank of a commissioned officer, with the corresponding ranks existing in nearly every country in the world. ... In military science a brigade is a military unit that is part of a division and includes regiments (where that level exists), or (in modern armies) is composed of several battalions (typically two to four) and directly attached supporting units. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to twenty thousand soldiers. ...

Contents

Historical origin

The term came into use in Europe around the end of the 16th century, when armies evolved from a collection of retinues following knights to a more formally organized and permanent structure. At this time regiments were often named after their Colonel, and usually disbanded at the end of the campaign or war. At this time the Colonel and his regiment may recruit from and serve multiple countries over a period of time. Later it became the custom to name the regiment according to their precedence in the line of battle and to recruit from specified areas called cantons. This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... A retinue (O. Fr. ... The silver Anglia knight, commissioned as a trophy in 1850, intended to represent the Black Prince. ... British and Danish ships in line of battle at the Battle of Copenhagen (1801). ... A canton is: a territorial subdivision of a country (especially France or Quebec), see canton (subnational entity) the top inner quarter of a flag, see flag terminology a subordinary in heraldry occupying the (shield holders) upper right-hand (dexter) ninth of the field the name of a number of...


In the 18th century brigades were formed as combined arms units ( including infantry, cavalry and artillery ) which were more effective than the old regiments. In many armies, brigades replaced regiments. And the worlds oldest regiment is Swedens lifeguards (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Combined arms is an approach to warfare which seeks to integrate different arms of a military to achieve mutually complementary effects. ...


The regimental system

The regimental system is a method or organising an army that is often contrasted to the continental system ( so called because it was first adopted by European armies ). In the continental system the division is the functional unit and its commander the authority for running all aspects of the formation: his staff train and administer soldiers, officers and commanders of subordinate units. Divisions are generally garrisoned together with and share the same facilities. A battalion Commanding Officer is just another level in the chain of command. Individuals are transferred into and out of divisions as required. This article is about the military unit. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols A battalion is a military unit usually consisting of between two and six companies and typically commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. ... The commanding officer (CO) is the officer in command of a military unit. ...


In a regimental system each regiment is responsible for recruitment, training, administration and is maintained permanently. Therefore the regiment will develop a unique esprit de corps due to its history, traditions, recruitment policy and/or function. The regiment is usually responsible for the recruitment and administration of a soldier throughout his military career. Depending upon the nation regiments may be combat units or administrative units or both. Morale measures the degree to which people hold to belief. ...


Some regiments were given designated geographic areas to recruit from and usually incorporated that location in their regimental title. In other cases regiments would recruit from a particular age group within a nation (for example, Zulu Impis), a particular ethnic group (Gurkhas) or simply foreigners (the French Foreign Legion). In other cases new regiments have been raised to serve a new function within an army. Examples include Fusiliers, The Parachute Regiment (British Army) and the US Army 75th Ranger Regiment. An Impi is an isiZulu word for any armed body of men. ... Gurkha Soldiers (1896) Wives and children of Gurkha Soldiers (1896) Gurkha (or Gorkha) are a people from Nepal who take their name from the former city-state of Gorkha, which went on to found the Kingdom of Nepal later on. ... Legionnaire (film) The French Foreign Legion (French: Légion étrangère) is a unique elite unit within the French Army established in 1831. ... Fusilier was originally the name of a soldier armed with a light flintlock musket called the fusil. ... The Parachute Regiment is the Airborne Infantry element of the British Army. ... The 75th Ranger Regiment —also known as the United States Army Rangers— is an elite light infantry special operations force of the United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC); with headquarters in Fort Benning, Georgia. ...


These benefits are weighed against costs such as hazardous regimental competition, a lack of interchangeability between units of different regiments, and more pronounced "old boy networks" within the military that may hamper efficiency and fairness.


Another key aspect of the regimental system is that the regiment or battalion is the key tactical building block. This flows historically from the colonial period, when battalions were widely dispersed and virtually autonomous, but is easily adapted to a number of different purposes. For example, a regiment might include different types of battalions (e.g. infantry or artillery) of different origins (e.g. regular or reserve).


Within the regimental system, soldiers, and usually officers, are always posted to a tactical unit of their own regiment whenever posted to field duty. In addition to combat units, other organizations are very much part of the regimental family: regimental training schools, serving members on "extra-regimental employment", regimental associations (retirees), bands and associated cadet groups. The aspects that an administrative regiment might have in common include a symbolic colonel-in-chief (often a member of the royal family), a Colonel of the Regiment or "honorary colonel" who protects the traditions and interests of the regimental family and insists on the maintenance of high standards, battle honours (honours earned by one unit of an administrative regiment are shared by the whole regiment), ceremonial uniforms, cap badges, peculiarities of insignia, stable belts, and regimental marches and songs. The regiment usually has a traditional "home station", which is often a historic garrison that houses the regimental museum and regimental headquarters. The latter has a modest staff to support regimental committees and administer both the regular members and the association(s) of retired members. A cap badge is a badge worn on the front of uniform headgear and distinguishes the wearers organisation. ... Clip art of a Stable Belt of the Royal Air Force A stable belt is an item of uniform used in the armed forces of the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth countries. ... For people named Garrison, see Garrison (disambiguation) Garrison House, built by William Damm in 1675 at Dover, New Hampshire Garrison (from the French garnison, itself from the verb garnir, to equip) is the collective term for the body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, but...


Commonwealth army regiments

In the British Army and armies modelled on it, such as the Canadian, the Australian and the Pakistan Army, the term regiment is used confusingly in two different ways: it can mean an administrative identity and grouping or a tactical unit. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Pakistan Army Flag The Pakistan Army (Urdu: پاک فوج) is the largest branch of the Pakistan military, and is responsible for protection of the state borders, the security of interests of Pakistan within the framework of its international obligations. ...


In the UK, until recently there existed a number of administrative "divisions" in the infantry that encompassed several regiments, such as the Guards Division, the former Scottish Division (now a single regiment), or the Light Division (now also compressed into a multi-battalion single regiment). The down-sizing and consolidation of British infantry regiments that began in the late 1950s and concluded in 2006 has resulted in a system of administrative regiments each with several battalions, a band, a common badge and uniform etc.


In other Commonwealth countries such as India, Australia, New Zealand and Canada the large administrative regiment has been the normal practice for many years. In the case of India "large regiments" of four to five battalions date from 1923 and since the 1950s many of these have expanded even further. As an example the Punjab Regiment has expanded from four battalions in 1956 to its present strength of 20. More typically of Commonwealth armies with smaller establishments, in Australia there is but one administrative infantry regiment, the Royal Australian Regiment, consisting of all six regular infantry battalions in the Army. The Royal Australian Regiment (RAR) is the parent regiment for regular infantry battalions of the Australian Army. ...


In Pakistan the word regiment is an administrative grouping. While different battalions may have different roles (for example different battalions of the Frontier Force Regiment may be mechanized infantry, para-infantry or mountain troops) the regiment is considered to encompass all of them.


British Army

See also: List of British Army regiments (1881), List of British Army regiments (1962), List of British Army Regiments (1994), and List of British Army Regiments (2008)

In the British Army, for most purposes, the regiment is the largest "permanent" organisational unit. Above regimental level, organisation is changed to meet the tasks at hand. Because of their permanent nature, many regiments have long histories, often going back for centuries; the oldest British regiment still in existence is the Honourable Artillery Company, established in 1537, while the Royal Scots, formed in 1633, is the oldest infantry regiment. (These claims are contested on various points of precedence; see FAQ: Regiments, in general and especially: FAQ: Oldest Regiment in the British Army.) This is a list of British Army cavalry and infantry regiments that were created by Childers reforms in 1881, a continuation of the Cardwell reforms. ... This is a list of British Army regiments after the Army restructuring caused by the 1957 Defence White Paper: many regiments were amalgamated between 1958-60. ... This is a list of British Army regiments in the aftermath of the defence cuts of the Options for Change defence white paper in 1991. ... This is a list of planned British Army regiments in the aftermath of the defence white paper Delivering Security in a Changing World in 2004. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... Armorial bearings of the HAC, granted in 1821 The Honourable Artillery Company (HAC) is the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior. ... Events January 6 - Alessandro de Medici assassinated August 25 - The Honourable Artillery Company, the oldest surviving regiment in the British Army, and the second most senior, was formed. ... Official name The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment) Colonel-in-Chief Honorary-General HRH Mary, Princess Royal (1918) HRH Anne, Princess Royal (1983) Nicknames Pontius Pilates Bodyguard Motto Nemo me impune lacessit (Nobody touches me with impunity) Anniversaries Marches Quick March: Dumbartons Drums Slow March: Garb of Old... Events February 13 - Galileo Galilei arrives in Rome for his trial before the Inquisition. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ...


In the British regimental system the tactical regiment or battalion is the basic functional unit and its Commanding Officer more autonomous than in a continental system. Divisional and brigade commanders generally do not immerse themselves in the day-to-day functioning of a battalion - they can replace the commanding officer but will not micro-manage the unit. The regimental sergeant major is another key figure, responsible to the CO for unit discipline and the behaviour of the NCOs. Regimental Sergeant Major (RSM) is an appointment held by Warrant Officers Class 1 (WO1) in the British Army, Royal Marines and many Commonwealth armies including the Australian Army and New Zealand Army, and by Chief Warrant Officers (CWO) in the Canadian Forces. ...


Advantages and disadvantages

The regimental system is generally admired for the esprit de corps it engenders in its units' members, but efforts to implement it in countries with a previously-existing continental system usually do not succeed. The system presents difficulties for military planners who must deal with the problems of trying to keep soldiers of a regiment together throughout their careers and of administering separate garrisons, training, and mess facilities. The regimental community of serving and retired members often makes it very difficult for planners to restructure forces by moving, merging or re-purposing units. Morale measures the degree to which people hold to belief. ...


In those armies where the system exists, the regimental system is criticized as parochial and as creating unnecessary rivalry between different regiments. The question is also raised as to whether it is healthy to develop soldiers more loyal to their regiment than to the military in general. It is worth noting that the UK, for example, has never suffered a military coup, or even seriously faced the prospect of one - this could be attributed to the "tribal" nature of the regimental system, which makes it nearly impossible for a charismatic leader to command the loyalty of the entire army. Commonwealth-style regiments have proven their worth throughout history in war and through lengthy and difficult policing missions. Regiments recruited from areas of political ferment (such as Scotland, Wales, Ireland, Quebec, India, etc.), tend to perform particularly well because of the loyalty their members exhibit to the regiments. Generally, the regimental system is found to best function in countries with small- to medium-sized military forces where the problems of administering vast numbers of personnel are not as prevalent. The regimental system works particularly well in an environment where the prime role of the army is small-scale police actions and counterinsurgency operations, requiring prolonged deployment away from home. In such a situation, co-ordination between regiments is rarely necessary, and the esprit de corps of the regiment provides an emotional substitute for the sense of public approval that an army receives at home. This is particularly relevant to British experience during the days of the empire, where the army was virtually continuously engaged in low-intensity conflict with insurgents, and full-scale warfare was the exception rather than the rule. Motto (Latin) No one provokes me with impunity Wha daur meddle wi me?(Scots)1 Anthem (Multiple unofficial anthems) Scotlands location in Europe Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow Official languages English, Gaelic, Scots3 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP  -  First Minister Jack McConnell... This article is about the country. ... ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ...


It should however be noted that a series of amalgamations beginning in the late 1950s and ending in 2006 have diluted the British regimental system through the now almost universal adoption of "large regiments" for the infantry and cavalry branches of the Army. These units comprise up to six of the former battalion that previously had separate regimental status. Only the Guards regiments retain their historic separate identities.


Armour

Armoured regiments are usually composed of one tactical regiment, seldom more. As an exception, the two tactical regiments Le 12e Régiment blindé du Canada and Le 12e Régiment blindé du Canada (Milice) are both part of the administrative regiment Le 12e Régiment blindé du Canada. The only administrative armoured regiment of the British Army that consists of more than one tactical regiment is the Royal Tank Regiment, which currently has two (1 and 2 RTR), and once had many more. Alternative meanings: vehicle armour, Armor (novel) A hoplite wearing a helmet, a breastplate and greaves (and nothing else). ... The 12e Régiment blindé du Canada is a Canadian Forces armoured regiment based in CFB Valcartier, on the outskirts of Quebec City. ... The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Royal Tank Regiment is a unit of the British Army. ...


Artillery

All of a single nation's artillery units are considered part of a single administrative regiment, but there are typically several tactical artillery regiments. They are designated by numbers, names or both. For example, the tactical regiments 1st Regiment, Royal Canadian Horse Artillery, 10th Field Artillery Regiment, RCA and many others are part of the single administrative regiment The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery. In Britain, the Royal Regiment of Artillery works in the same way. Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ... The Royal Canadian Horse Artillery is the name given to the regular field artillery units of the Canadian Army. ... The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery is the artillery personnel branch of the Canadian Forces (CF). ... Tactical Recognition Flash of the Royal Artillery The Royal Regiment of Artillery, generally known as the Royal Artillery (RA), is, despite its name, a corps of the British Army. ...


Infantry

Administrative infantry regiments are composed of one or more battalions. When a regiment has only one battalion, the battalion may have exactly the same name as the regiment. For example, The North Saskatchewan Regiment is the only battalion in the administrative regiment of the same name. When there is more than one battalion, they are distinguished by numbers, subsidiary titles or both. In Britain, every infantry battalion bears a number, even if it is the only remaining battalion in the regiment (in which case it is the 1st Battalion). Until after the Second World War, every regiment had at least two battalions. Traditionally, the regular battalions were the 1st and 2nd Battalions, the militia (later Special Reserve) battalion was the 3rd Battalion, and the Territorial Army battalions were the 4th Battalion and up. A few regiments had up to four regular battalions and more than one militia battalion, which skewed the numbering, but this was rare. For this reason, although the regular battalion today (if there is only one) will always be the 1st Battalion, the TA battalions may have non-consecutive numbers. Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols A battalion is a military unit usually consisting of between two and six companies and typically commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. ... The North Saskatchewan Regiment is a reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Armed Forces. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Lexington Minuteman representing militia minuteman John Parker Militia is the activity of one or more citizens organized to provide defense or paramilitary service, or those engaged in such activity. ... The Territorial Army (TA) is a part of the British Army, the land armed forces of the United Kingdom, and composed mostly of part-time soldiers paid at the same rate, while engaged on military activities, as their Regular equivalents. ...


In practice, it is impossible to exercise all the administrative functions of a true regiment when the regiment consists of a single unit. Soldiers, and particularly officers, cannot spend a full career in one battalion. Thus in the Armoured Corps, the traditional administrative "regiment" tends to play more of a ceremonial role, while in practise, its members are administered by their corps or "branch" as in the Artillery. Thus soldiers and officers can serve in many different "regiments", changing hat badges without too much concern during their career. Indeed, in the artillery, all regiments wear the same badge.


Corps

The British Army also has battalion-sized tactical regiments of the Royal Engineers, Royal Corps of Signals, Army Air Corps, Royal Logistic Corps, Royal Military Police, and formerly of the Royal Corps of Transport. The British Army is the land armed forces branch of the British Armed Forces. ... The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Army Air Corps is a component of the British Army. ... The Royal Logistic Corps is the British Army corps that provides the logistic support for the Army. ... The Royal Military Police (RMP) is the branch of the British Army responsible for the policing of service personnel and providing a military police presence on service property, operations and exercises. ... The Royal Corps of Transport (RCT) was a British Army corps formed in 1965 from the transport elements (land, water and air) of the Royal Army Service Corps. ...


United States Army Regiments

See also: List of United States Marine Corps Regiments and Category:Infantry Divisions of the United States Army

The United States Army was also once organized into regiments, but in the 20th century the "Division" became the tactical and administrative building block. Industrial management techniques were used to draft, assemble, equip, train and then employ huge masses of conscripted civilians in very short order, starting with minimal resources. A new system, the Combat Arms Regimental System, or CARS, was thus adopted to replace the old regimental system. CARS uses the Army's traditional regiments as parent organizations for historical purposes, but the primary building blocks of divisions and brigades became battalions. Each battalion carries an association with a parent regiment, even though the regimental organization no longer exists. In some brigades several numbered battalions carrying the same regimental association may still serve together, and tend to treat themselves as part of the traditional regiment when in fact they are independent battalions serving a brigade headquarters and not a regimental one. This is a list of United States Marine Corps regiments, sorted by status and number, with the current or most-recent type and division. ... The United States Army is one of the armed forces of the United States and has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... The Combat Arms Regimental System, known by its acronym CARS, was the method of assigning unit designations to units of the five combat arms (Infantry, Artillery, Armor, Cavalry, and Air Defense Artillery) of the United States Army from 1957 to 1981. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to twenty thousand soldiers. ... Brigade is a term from military science which refers to a group of several battalions (typically two to four), and directly attached supporting units (normally including at least an artillery battery and additional logistic support). ... In military terminology, a battalion consists of two to six companies typically commanded by a lieutenant colonel. ... Many armies use different regimental systems. ...


There are, of course, exceptions to CARS, including the Armored Cavalry Regiments, The Old Guard, the Army's ceremonial unit at Fort Myer, VA, which retained its historical title of the 3rd U.S. Infantry Regiment; and the 75th Ranger Regiment created in 1986. An armored cavalry regiment (ACR) is a regiment organized for the specific purposes of reconnaissance, surveillance, and security. ... The 3rd United States Infantry Regiment is a unit of the United States Army which serves as Escort to the President or Presidential Guard. ... Fort Myer is a U.S. Army base located adjacent to Arlington National Cemetery in Arlington County, Virginia, across the Potomac River from Washington, DC. It is now the home of the Air Force Chief of Staff and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. ... The 75th Ranger Regiment —also known as the United States Army Rangers— is an elite light infantry special operations force of the United States Army Special Operations Command (USASOC); with headquarters in Fort Benning, Georgia. ...


Training, administration and even tactical employment was centred at divisional level. Many, but not all combat support and logistics was also concentrated at that level.


In the 21st century, the US Army began a program of "modularization", using the Brigade Combat Team as the basic building block for combat arms formations. The BCT can be an independent organization or grouped with other BCT's under divisional control. This system, however, still retains the historical regimental numbering system established under CARS for battalions. The Brigade Combat Team (BCT) is the basic deployable unit of maneuver in the US Army. ...


United States Marine Corps Regiments

The USMC is divided into numbered regiments. Regardless of their purpose, Marine regiments are always referred to generically as "Marines" or "Marine Regiments" - never as "Marine Rifle Regiment" (the USMC does not use the terms infantry or infantryman, preferring rifle and rifleman instead) or "Marine Artillery Regiment." For example, a Marine would consider himself to be a member of the 12th Marines or the 10th Marines. All regiments in the Marine Corps are rifle units with the exception of 10th Marines, 11th Marines, 12th Marines, and 14th Marines which are artillery regiments. Marine Regiments are commanded by Colonels of Marines and are usually composed of three to five battalions. The 12th Marine Regiment is an artillery regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Camp Smedley Butler, Okinawa, Japan. ... The 10th Marine Regiment is an artillery regiment of the United States Marine Corps based at Marine Corps Base Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. ... A rifle is a firearm with a barrel that has a helical groove or pattern of grooves (rifling) cut into the barrel walls. ... 14th Marine Regiment (14th Marines) is a reserve artillery regiment comprised of four firing battalions and a headquarters battalion. ... Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ...


Because the United States Marine Corps deploys in Marine Expeditionary Units or MEU's, a regiment may be deployed as the ground combat element of a Marine Expeditionary Brigade or MEB. When attached to the MEB the Regiment is reinforced and redesignated a Regimental Landing Team. A Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) is the smallest combined forces unit in the United States Marine Corps. ... In the United States Marine Corps, the Ground combat element is the land force of a Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) . It is the force of the MAGTF that has the mission of ground combat and control. ... This is a list of United States Marine Corps brigades. ...


Russian Army

The Russian Army, and armies influenced by Russia, has regiments, which are composed of companies (Russian: рота, infantry or tank regiments), battalions (Russian: батальон, infantry or tank regiments), batteries (Russian: батарея, artillery regiments), or squadrons (Russian: эскадрилья, aviation regiments). The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (UTC) (Russian: Transliteration: Vooruzhénniye síly Rossíyskoy Federátsii) is the military of Russia, established after the break-up of the Soviet Union. ... A company is a military unit, typically consisting of 100-200 soldiers. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... Symbol of the Austrian 14th Armoured Battalion in NATO military graphic symbols A battalion is a military unit usually consisting of between two and six companies and typically commanded by a Lieutenant Colonel. ... Infantry of the Royal Irish Rifles during the Battle of the Somme in World War I. Infantry are soldiers who fight primarily on foot with small arms in organized military units, though they may be transported to the battlefield by horses, ships, automobiles, skis, or other means. ... Remains of a battery of English cannon from Youghal, County Cork. ... Artillery with Gabion fortification Cannons on display at Fort Point Continental Artillery crew from the American Revolution Firing of an 18-pound gun, Louis-Philippe Crepin, (1772 – 1851) A forge-welded Iron Cannon in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu. ... A Squadron is a small unit or formation of cavalry, aircraft (including balloons), or naval vessels. ... Aviation refers to flying using aircraft, machines designed by humans for atmospheric flight. ...


See also


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