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Encyclopedia > Reggio Emilia
Comune di Reggio nell'Emilia
Coat of arms of Comune di Reggio nell'Emilia
Municipal coat of arms
Country Italy Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province Reggio Emilia (RE)
Mayor Graziano Delrio (from July 1, 2004)
Elevation 58 m
Area 231 km²
Population
 - Total 141,383
 - Density 612/km²
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 44°42′N 10°38′E
Gentilic Reggiani
Dialing code 0522
Postal code 42100
Frazioni see list
Patron San Prospero
 - Day November 24

Location of Reggio Emilia in Italy
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Website: www.municipio.re.it

Reggio Emilia is a town of northern Italy, in the Emilia-Romagna region. It has about 140,000 inhabitants and is the main comune (municipality) of the Province of Reggio Emilia. Image File history File links Reggio_Emilia_Stemma. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Emilia Romagna, painting by Frans Koppelaar Emilia-Romagna is an administrative region of Northern Italy comprising the two historic regions of Emilia and Romagna. ... In Italy, the province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (Regione). ... The Province of Reggio Emilia is one of the eight provinces of the Italian Region of Emilia-Romagna. ... July 1 is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 183 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of UTC+1 time zone, 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... It has been suggested that leap second be merged into this article or section. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... November 24 is the 328th day (329th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Image File history File links Italy_Regions_220px_(including_Pelagie_Islands). ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Northern Italy encompasses nine of the countrys 20 autonomous regions: Emilia-Romagna Friuli-Venezia Giulia Liguria Lombardia Piemonte Toscana Trentino-Alto Adige Valle dAosta Veneto Friuli-Venezia Giulia, Trentino-Alto Adige and Valle dAosta are regions with a special statute. ... Emilia Romagna, painting by Frans Koppelaar Emilia-Romagna is an administrative region of Northern Italy comprising the two historic regions of Emilia and Romagna. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... The Province of Reggio Emilia is one of the eight provinces of the Italian Region of Emilia-Romagna. ...


The town is also named, more officially, Reggio nell'Emilia. The inhabitants of Reggio nell'Emilia (called Reggiani) usually call their town by the simple name of Reggio. In some ancient maps the town is also named Reggio di Lombardia.


The old town has an hexagonal form, which derives from the ancient walls, and the main buildings are from XVI - XVIII centuries. The commune's territory is totally on a plain, crossed by the Crostolo stream. The Crostolo is a stream (torrente) in the Province of Reggio Emilia, Emilia-Romagna Region, Italy. ...


The town is also known for the Reggio Emilia approach in children's education. Please wikify (format) this article as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ...

Contents


History

Ancient and early Middle Ages Reggio

Though not Roman in origin, Reggio began as an historical site with the construction by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus of the Via Aemilia, leading from Piacenza to Rimini (187 BCE). Reggio became a justice's administration centre, with a forum called at first Lepidi, then Lepidum Regium, end in the end simply Regium, whence the city's current name. The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... Marcus Aemilius Lepidus was a common name for several successive generations of a family in ancient Rome: Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (187 BC) Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (120-77 BC) Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (triumvir) (49 BC) Lepidus the Younger Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (consul AD 6) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... Via Aemilia (It. ... Piacenza (Placentia in Latin and old-fashioned English, Piasëinsa in the local dialect of Emiliano-Romagnolo) is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy. ... Rimini is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy and capital city of the Rimini Province. ... (Redirected from 187 BCE) Centuries: 3rd century BC - 2nd century BC - 1st century BC Decades: 230s BC 220s BC 210s BC 200s BC 190s BC - 180s BC - 170s BC 160s BC 150s BC 140s BC 130s BC Years: 192 BC 191 BC 190 BC 189 BC 188 BC - 187 BC... The Forum of Jerash, in Jordan. ...


During Roman age Regium is cited only by Festus and Cicero, as one of the military stations on the Via Aemilia. It was a flourishing city anyway, a Municipium with statutes, magistrates and art collegia of its own. For the town, see Festus, Missouri. ... Marcus Tullius Cicero (IPA: ;) (January 3, 106 BC – December 7, 43 BC) was an orator and statesman of Ancient Rome, and is generally considered the greatest Latin orator and prose stylist. ... A municipium was the second highest class of a Roman city, and was inferior in status to the colonia. ...


Apollinaris of Ravenna brought Christianity in the 1st century CE. The sources confirm the presence of a bishopric in Reggio after the Edict of Milan (313). In 440 the Reggio's diocesis was submitted to Ravenna by Western Roman Empire Valentinianus III. At the end of the 4th century, however, Reggio had decayed so much that Saint Ambrose include it among the dilapidated cities. Damages were increased the Barbarian invasions. At the fall of the Western Empire (476), Reggio was part of the Odoacer's reign. In 489 it was in the Ostrogothic kingdom; later (539) it belonged to the Exarchate of Ravenna, but was conquered by Alboin's Lombards in 569. Reggio was chosen as Duchy of Reggio seat. Saint Apollinare portrait mosaic at Basilica of SantApollinare in Classe, Ravenna. ... Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on Jesus of Nazareth, and on his life and teachings as presented in the New Testament. ... The 1st century was that century which lasted from 1 to 100 according the Gregorian calendar. ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... The Edict of Milan (AD 313) declared that the Roman Empire would be neutral with regard to religious worship, officially ending all government-sanctioned persecution, especially of Christianity. ... Events By Place Roman Empire February - Conference at Milan. ... Events September 29 - Leo succeeds Sixtus as Pope. ... DIOCESIS (plural DIOCESES) is the Latin word for and the etymological root of modern words for Diocese -See that article, both as a Roman administrative level AND as the ecclesiastical circonscription of a Bishop. ... Ravenna is a city in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Solidus minted in Thessalonica to celebrate the marriage of Valentinian III to Licinia Eudoxia, daughter of the Eastern Emperor Theodosius II. On the reverse, the three of them in wedding dresses. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ... Saint Ambrose, mosaic in church St. ... Events August - The usurper Basiliscus is deposed and Zeno is restored as Eastern Roman Emperor. ... Odoacer solidus struck in name of Zeno. ... Events Theoderic, king of the Italy with the approval of the eastern emperor Zeno. ... This article deals with the continental Ostrogoths. ... Events November 29 - Antioch struck by an earthquake. ... The Exarchate of Ravenna was a center of Byzantine power in Italy, from the end of the 6th century to 751 A.D., when the last Exarch was put to death by the Emperors enemies in Italy, the Lombards. ... Alboin or Alboïn (d. ... The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, from which the alternative name Longobards found in older English texts), were a Germanic people originally from Northern Europe that entered the late Roman Empire. ... Events The Nubian kingdom of Alodia is converted to Christianity, according to John of Ephesus. ... The Duchy of Reggio was one of the states that belonged to the Duchy of Modena and Reggio, ruled by the house of Este, in the north of Italy, in a territory now belonging to the Province of Reggio Emilia. ...


In 773 the Franks subjected Reggio, and Charlemagne gave the bishop royal authority over the city and established the diocesis' limits (781). In 888 Regio was handed over to the Kings of Italy. In 889 the Magyars heavily damaged it, killing bishop Azzo II. In this occasion new walls were built. On October 31, 900, emperor Louis III issued the permission to erect a castrum (castle) in the city's centre. Events Charlemagne crosses the Alps and invades the kingdom of the Lombards. ... For other uses, see Franks (disambiguation). ... Charlemagne (742 or 747 – 28 January 814) (also Charles the Great[1]; from Latin, Carolus Magnus[2]), son of King Pippin the Short and Bertrada of Laon, was king of the Franks from 768 to 814 and king of the Lombards from 774 to 814. ... Events Emperor Kammu succeeds Emperor Konin as emperor of Japan. ... Events January 13: With the death of Charles the Fat, the Frankish kingdom is split again, and this time permanently. ... The medieval Kingdom of Italy was a state originally comprising the northern two thirds of Italy, which formed from the break-up of the Carolingian Empire in the 9th century. ... Events End of Strathclyde as a fully independent kingdom. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... October 31 is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 61 days remaining. ... Events Persian scientist, Rhazes, distinguished smallpox from measles in the course of his writings. ... Louis the Blind (c. ...


In 1002 the Reggio's territory, together with the ones of Parma, Brescia, Modena, Mantova and Ferrara, were merged into the mark of Tuscany, later held by Matilde of Canossa. Events November 13 - English king Ethelred gives order to kill all Danes in England, leading to the St. ... Country Italy Region Emilia-Romagna Province Parma (PR) Mayor Elvio Ubaldi (since May 28, 2002) Elevation 55 m Area 260 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 175,789  - Density 676/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Parmigiani (Parmensi are called the provinces inhabitants) Dialing code... Country Italy Region Lombardy Province Brescia (BS) Mayor Paolo Corsini (since June 10, 2003) Elevation 150 m Area 90 km² Population  - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 192,165  - Density 2,087/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Bresciani Dialing code 030 Postal code 25100 Frazioni Fornaci, Sant... Modena (Mòdna in Modenese dialect) is a city and a province on the south side of the Po valley, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ... Mantua (in Italian Mantova) is a city in Lombardy, Italy and capital of the province with the same name. ... Ferrara is a city, an archiepiscopal see in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, capital city of the province of Ferrara. ... Mark or march (or various plural forms of these words) are derived from the Frankish word marka (boundary) and refer to an area along a border, e. ... Tuscany (Italian Toscana) is a region in central Italy, bordering on Latium to the south, Umbria and Marche to the east, Emilia-Romagna and Liguria to the north, and the Tyrrhenian Sea to the west. ... Matilda of Tuscany from (1115) Matilda, countess of Tuscany (1046 – July 24, 1115), was the principal Italian supporter of Pope Gregory VII during the investiture controversy, and is one of the few medieval women to be remembered for her military accomplishments. ...

Corso Garibaldi and basilica della Ghiara.
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Corso Garibaldi and basilica della Ghiara.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 450 KB) Reggio Emilia, Italia, Corso Garibaldi e Basilica della Ghiara Foto scattata da me e rilasciata con GFDL --Paolo da Reggio 18:13, 10 Mar 2005 (UTC) File links The following pages link to this file: Reggio Emilia Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 450 KB) Reggio Emilia, Italia, Corso Garibaldi e Basilica della Ghiara Foto scattata da me e rilasciata con GFDL --Paolo da Reggio 18:13, 10 Mar 2005 (UTC) File links The following pages link to this file: Reggio Emilia Metadata...

Reggio as a commune

Reggio became a free commune around the end of the 11th or the beginning of the 12th century. In 1167 it was a member of the Lombard League and took part to the Battle of Legnano. In 1183 the city signed the Treaty of Konstanz, from which the city's consul, Rolando della Carità, received the imperial investiture. The following peace spurred a period of prosperity: Reggio adopted new statutes, had a mint, schools with celebrated masters, and developed its trades and arts. It also increasingly submitted the castles of the nearby land. As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... Events Taira no Kiyomori becomes the first samurai to be appointed Daijo Daijin, chief minister of the government of Japan Peter of Blois becomes the tutor of William II of Sicily Absalon, archbishop of Denmark, leads the first Danish synod at Lund Absalon fortifies Copenhagen William Marshal, the greatest knight... The Lombard League was an alliance formed on December 1, 1167 between 26 (later 30) cities of North Italy, including Cremona, Mantua, Bergamo, Brescia, Milan, Bologna, Padua, Treviso, Vicenza, Verona, Lodi, and Parma. ... The Battle of Legnano, fought in 1176, marked the culmination of the futile attempts of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa to dominate the Italian city states of Lombardia. ... Events Three-year old Emperor Go-Toba ascends to the throne of Japan after the forced abdication of his brother Antoku during the Genpei War William of Tyre excommunicated by the newly appointed Heraclius of Jerusalem, firmly ending their struggle for power Andronicus I Comnenus becomes the Byzantine emperor Births... Consul (abbrev. ...

Palazzo del Monte in Piazza del Duomo, with the Fountain of River Crostolo.
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Palazzo del Monte in Piazza del Duomo, with the Fountain of River Crostolo.

The 12th and 13th century, however, were also a period of grevious inner struggles, with parties of Scopiazzati and Mazzaperlini, and later those of Ruggeri and Malaguzzi, facing sharply in the streets. In 1152 Reggio also warred with Parma and in 1225 with Modena, in the course of the general struggle between Guelphs and Ghibellines in Italy. In 1260 25,000 penitents, led by a Perugine hermit, entered the city, and this event calmed the situation for a while, spurring a momentanous flourishing of religious fervour. But disputes soon regained paced, and as early as 1265 the Ghibellines killed Guelph's leader, Caco da Reggio, and gained preeminence. Disputes however continued against the bishop and two new parties formed, the Inferiori and Superiori. Final victory went to the latter. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 260 KB) Piazza del Duomo, Reggio Emilia con Palazzo del Monte, la torre civica e la statua fontana del Crostolo Foto scattata da me l8 marzo 2005 e rilasciata sotto licenza GNU GNU licence --Paolo da Reggio 19:43... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 260 KB) Piazza del Duomo, Reggio Emilia con Palazzo del Monte, la torre civica e la statua fontana del Crostolo Foto scattata da me l8 marzo 2005 e rilasciata sotto licenza GNU GNU licence --Paolo da Reggio 19:43... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Events March 4 - Frederick I Barbarossa is elected King of the Germans Eleanor of Aquitaine has her marriage to Louis VII annulled May 18 - Eleanor of Aquitaine marries Henry of Anjou Church of Ireland acknowledges Popes authority Almohad Dynasty conquers Algeria Establishment of the archbishopric of Nidaros (Trondheim), Norway... Events Births Thomas Aquinas, Christian philosopher and theologian (d. ... The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting, respectively, the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in central and northern Italy during the 12th and 13th centuries. ... Events End of the reign of Emperor Go-Fukakusa of Japan Emperor Kameyama ascends to the throne of Japan September 3 - Mongols defeated by Mameluks at Battle of Ain Jalut Samogatians and Curonians defeats Teutonic knights in Battle of Durbe Births Maximus Planudes, Byzantine grammarian and theologian Deaths Monarchs/Presidents... Penance is the actual name of the Catholic Sacrament of Reconciliation/ Confession. ... Perugia is the capital city in the region of Umbria in central Italy, near the Tiber river, and the capital of the province of Perugia. ... Onuphrius lived as a hermit in the desert of Upper Egypt in the late 4th century A hermit (from the Greek erēmos, signifying desert, uninhabited, hence desert-dweller) is a person who lives to some greater or lesser degree in seclusion and/or isolation from society. ... For broader historical context, see 1260s and 13th century. ...


To thwart the abuses of powerful families such as Sessi, Fogliani and Canossa, the Senate of Reggio gave the city's rule for three years to the Este member Obizzo d'Este. This chose marked the future passage of Reggio under the seignory of that family, as Obizzo continued to rule de facto after his mandate has ceased. His son Azzo was expelled by the Reggiani in 1306, creating a republic ruled by 800 common people. In 1310 the emperor Henry VII imposed marquis Spinetto Malaspina as vicar, but he was soon driven out. The republic disappeared in 1326 as cardinal Bertrando del Poggetto annexed Reggio to the Papal States. For Tolkiens fictional character, see Estë To know more about the city, see Este Este, Italian princely family, rulers of Ferrara (1240–1597), Modena and Reggio (1288–1796). ... Events March 25 - Robert the Bruce becomes King of Scotland June 19 - Forces of Earl of Pembroke defeat Bruces Scottish rebels at the Battle of Methven Philip IV of France exiles all the Jews from France and confiscates their property In London, a city ordinance degrees that heating with... Events May 11 - In France, 64 members of the Knights Templar are burned at the stake for heresy Abulfeda becomes governor of Hama. ... Henry VII, (In German: Heinrich), ca. ... Events Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Osman I (1299-1326) to Orhan I (1326-1359) Aradia de Toscano, is initiated into a Dianic cult of Italian Witchcraft (Stregheria), and discovers through a vision that she is the human incarnation of the goddess Aradia. ... The Papal States (Gli Stati della Chiesa or Stati Pontificii, States of the Church) was one of the major historical states of Italy before the boot-shaped peninsula was unified under the Piedmontese crown of Savoy (later a republic). ...


The city was subsequently under the suzerainty of John of Bohemia, Nicolò Fogliani and Martino della Scala, who in 1336 gave it to Luigi Gonzaga. Gonzaga built a citadel in the St. Nazario quarter, and destroyed 144 houses. In 1356 the Milanese Visconti, helped by 2,000 exiled Reggiani, captured the city, starting a confused period fo shared power with the Gonzaga. In the end the latter sold Reggio to the Visconti for 5,000 ducats. In 1405 Ottobono Terzi of Parma seized Reggio, but was killed by Michele Attendolo, who handed over the city to Nicolò III d'Este, who therefore became seignor of Reggio. The city however maintained a relevant autonomy, with laws and a coin of its own. niccolò was succedeed by his illegittimate son Lionello, and, from 1450, by Borso d'Este. John the Blind of Luxemburg (August 10, 1296 - August 26, 1346) was King of Bohemia and Count of Luxemburg. ... Events End of the Kemmu restoration and beginning of the Muromachi period in Japan. ... Events January 20 - Edward Balliol surrenders title as King of Scotland to Edward III of England April 16 — the King of the Serbian Kingdom of RaÅ¡ka Stefan DuÅ¡an is proclaimed Tsar (Emperor) of all Serbs, Arbanasses and Greeks in Skopje by the Serbian Orthodox Christian Patriarch of a... Milan (Italian: Milano; Milanese: Milán) is the main city of northern Italy, and is located in the plains of Lombardy, the most populated and developed region in Italy, being often mistaken with the capital of the country. ... Visconti was a noble family that ruled Milan during the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance period. ... The ducat (IPA /ˈdʌ·kÊ°É™tÊ°/) is a gold coin that was used as a trade currency throughout Europe before WW1. ... Events May 29 - Ralph Neville, Earl of Westmoreland, meets Archbishop Richard Scrope of York and Earl of Norfolk Thomas Mowbray in Shipton Moor, tricks them to send their rebellious army home and then imprisons them June 8 - Archbishop Richard Scrope of York and Thomas Mowbray, Earl of Norfolk, executed in... Events March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen April 15 - Battle of Formigny. ...


The Duchy of Reggio

Main article: Duchy of Reggio

In 1452 Borso obtained from Ferdinand III the title of Duke of Reggio and Modena. Borso's successor, Ercole I, imposed heavy bills over the city and named the poet Matteo Maria Boiardo as its governor, with the task of exterminate the bandits ruling in the countryside. Later another famous Italian writer, Francesco Guicciardini, held the same charge. The Duchy of Reggio was one of the states that belonged to the Duchy of Modena and Reggio, ruled by the house of Este, in the north of Italy, in a territory now belonging to the Province of Reggio Emilia. ... Events October - English troops under John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, land in Guyenne, France, and retake most of the province without a fight. ... Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (July 13, 1608 – April 2, 1657), ruled February 15, 1637 – 1657. ... Ercole dEste I (1431 – 1505) was Duke of Ferrara from 1471 until 1505. ... Matteo Maria Boiardo (c. ... Guicciardini Francesco Guicciardini (March 6, 1483 - May 22, 1540) was an Italian historian and statesman. ...


In 1513 Reggio was handed over to Pope Julius II. The city was returned to the Este after the death of Hadrian VI (September 29, 1523). In 1551 Ercole II d'Este destroyed the suburbs of the city in his program of reconstruction of the walls. At the end of the century the famous city's Basilica della Ghiara was begun. 1513 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Julius II, born Giuliano della Rovere (December 5, 1443 – February 21, 1513), was Pope from 1503 to 1513. ... The house where Adrian VI was born Adrian VI (also known as Hadrian VI or Adriano VI), born Adrian dEdel (March 2, 1459 - September 14, 1523), pope from 1522 to 1523, was born in Utrecht, the Netherlands, and studied under the Brethren of the Common Life either at Zwolle... September 29 is the 272nd day of the year (273rd in leap years). ... Events April - Battle of Villalar - Forces loyal to Emperor Charles V defeat the Comuneros, a league of urban bourgeois rebelling against Charles in Spain. ... Events Russia, Reforming Synod of the metropolite Macaire, Orthodoxy: introduction of a calendar of the saints and an ecclesiastical law code ( Stoglav ) Major outbreak of the sweating sickness in England. ... Ercole II dEste (April 5, 1508 - October 3, 1559) was Duke of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio from 1534 to 1559. ...

The Baroque church of San Giorgio.
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The Baroque church of San Giorgio.
The "Tricolore's Room", in the Town Hall, is where for the first time the Italian's flag three colours were adopted.
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The "Tricolore's Room", in the Town Hall, is where for the first time the Italian's flag three colours were adopted.
Piazza San Prospero with patrons saint's basilica.
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Piazza San Prospero with patrons saint's basilica.
Villa Levi ( a department of the University of Bologna).
Villa Levi ( a department of the University of Bologna).

The Este rule continued until 1796, with short interruptions in 1702 and 1733-1734. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1741 KB) San Giorgio Reggio Emilia, foto di Paolo da Reggio File links The following pages link to this file: Reggio Emilia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 1741 KB) San Giorgio Reggio Emilia, foto di Paolo da Reggio File links The following pages link to this file: Reggio Emilia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (819x614, 89 KB) Reggio Emilia, Sala del tricolore Picture taken by me in 2004 from it:wiki --Paolo da Reggio 11:23, 27 Apr 2005 (UTC) File links The following pages link to this file: Reggio Emilia Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (819x614, 89 KB) Reggio Emilia, Sala del tricolore Picture taken by me in 2004 from it:wiki --Paolo da Reggio 11:23, 27 Apr 2005 (UTC) File links The following pages link to this file: Reggio Emilia Metadata This file contains... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 434 KB) Piazza San Prospero, Reggio Emilia foto scattata da me l 8 marzo 2005 e rialsciata con licenza Gnu File links The following pages link to this file: Reggio Emilia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 434 KB) Piazza San Prospero, Reggio Emilia foto scattata da me l 8 marzo 2005 e rialsciata con licenza Gnu File links The following pages link to this file: Reggio Emilia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 442 KB) Summary Reggio Emilia, Italy Coviolo Villa Levi Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Reggio Emilia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 442 KB) Summary Reggio Emilia, Italy Coviolo Villa Levi Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Reggio Emilia Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to create or digitize... The University of Bologna (Italian Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna, UNIBO) is the university of Bologna, the second biggest university in Italy. ... 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ... Events March 8 - William III died; Princess Anne Stuart becomes Queen Anne of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Events February 12 - British colonist James Oglethorpe founds Savannah, Georgia. ... Events January 8 - Premiere of George Frideric Handels opera Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. ...


The Napoleonic age and the Restoration

The arrive of the republican French troops was greeted with enthusiasm in the city. On August 21, 1796, the ducal garrison of 600 men was driven away, and the Senate claimed the rule of Reggio and its duchy. On September 26, the Provisional Government's voluntaries pushed back an Austrian column, in the battle of Montechiarugolo. Though small, this clash is considered the first one of the Italian Risorgimento. Napoleon himself awarded the Reggiani with 500 rifles and 4 guns. Later he occupied the Emilia and formed a new province, the Cispadane Republic, whose esistence was proclaimed in Reggio on January 7, 1797. The French people proclaimed Frances First Republic on 21 September 1792 as a result of the French Revolution and of the abolition of the French monarchy. ... August 21 is the 233rd day of the year (234th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1796 was a leap year starting on Friday. ... September 26 is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 96 days remaining. ... Country Italy Region Emilia-Romagna Province Province of Parma (PR) Mayor Elevation m Area 48. ... Italian unification, also known as Risorgimento (resurrection), was a historical process by which the Kingdom of Sardinia (ruled by the Savoy dynasty with Turin as its capital) gradually conquered the Italian peninsula, including the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the Duchy of Modena, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, the Duchy... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... A rifle is a firearm with a stock and a barrel that has a spiral groove or grooves (rifling) cut into its interior. ... 155 mm M198 howitzer USS Iowa (BB-61) fires a full broadside of nine 16/50 and six 5/38 guns during a target exercise near Vieques Island, Puerto Rico, 1 July 1984. ... Flag of the Repubblica Cispadana The Cispadane Republic (Italian: Repubblica Cispadana) was a short-lived republic located in Northern Italy, founded in 1796 with the protection of the French army, led by Napoleon Bonaparte. ... January 7 is the seventh day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The Treaty of Vienna returned Reggio to Francesco IV d'Este (1815). In 1831 Modena revolted against him, and Reggio followed its example organizing a corps under the command of general Carlo Zucchi. However, on March 9, the duke conquered the city with his escort of Austrian soldiers. There were several treaties of Vienna: Treaty of Vienna, 1725 Treaty of Vienna, 1731 Treaty of Vienna, 1738 Treaty of Vienna, 1809 Treaty of Vienna, 1815 Treaty of Vienna, 1864 This is a disambiguation page—a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Francis IV of Modena. ... The Battle of New Orleans 1815 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Leopold I 1831 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... March 9 is the 68th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (69th in Leap years). ...


In 1848 duke Francesco V left his state fearing a revolution. Reggio proclaimed its annexion to Piemonte. The latter's defeat at Novara brought the city back under the Estense sway. In 1859 Reggio, under dictator Luigi Carlo Farini, united again to [Italy]] and, with the plebiscite of March 10, 1860, definitively enter the new unified kingdom. 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The obelisk erected to celebrate the marriage of the Duke with princess Adelgunde of Bavaria. ... Piedmont is a region of northwestern Italy. ... There are two military events that are called Battle of Novara, fought next to Novara, Northern Italy: Battle of Novara (1513), fought between the Holy League and France, within the War of the League of Cambrai; Battle of Novara (1849), fought between Austrian Empire and Kingdom of Sardinia, within the... 1859 (MDCCCLIX) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ... Dictator was the title of a magistrate in ancient Rome appointed by the Senate to rule the state in times of emergency. ... Luigi Carlo Farini (October 22, 1812 - August 1, 1866), Italian statesman and historian, was born at Russi, near Ravenna. ... March 10 is the 69th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (70th in leap years). ... 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ...


Contemporary years

Reggio experimented subsequently an economical and population growth, which led from 1873 to the destruction of the ancient walls. In 1911 it had 70,000 inhabitants. A strong socialist tradition grew, whose deep roots were shown by the heavy repression under the Fascist period. On July 26, 1943, the régime's fall was cheered with entusiasm by the Reggiani. In the city's countryside numerous partisan bands were formed. 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar). ... Socialism is a social and economic system (or the political philosophy advocating such a system) in which the economic means of production are owned and controlled collectively by the people. ... Fascism is a radical totalitarian political philosophy that combines elements of corporatism, authoritarianism, extreme nationalism, militarism, anti-anarchism, anti-communism and anti-liberalism. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... Look up partisan on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


The first city's elections after World War II were won by the Italian Communist Party. Local administration subsequently were included amont the wisest of the whole Italy, and Reggio could face without too much problems the quick economical and industrial rise, as well as the reception of great numbers of immigrants coming from Southern Italy. Combatants Allies: Soviet Union United Kingdom United States and others Axis Powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Franklin Roosevelt Joseph Stalin Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000,000 Total dead: 50,000,000 Military dead: 8,000... The Partito Comunista Italiano (PCI) or Italian Communist Party emerged as Partito Comunista dItalia or Communist Party of Italy from a secession by the Leninist comunisti puri tendency from the Italian Socialist Party (PSI) during that bodys congress on 21 January 1921 at Livorno. ...


Main sights

Religious buildings

  • The Cathedral (9th-12th century). It was reconstructed in the second half of the 16th century. It has three naves with works by Guercino, Palma the Younger and Alessandro Tiarini.
  • The Basilica di San Prospero. Built in the 10th century, it was reconstructed by Luca Corti and Matteo Fiorentini between 1514 and 1523. The façade, with eleven statues of saints and patrones, was redesigned by Giovan Battista Catani in mid-18th century. It includes a pleasant belfry/tower, begun in 1535, with an octagonal plant. The interior of the church has a Latin cross plant, with three naves. The apse houses the splendid cycle of Last Judgement, frescoed by the Bolognese artist Camillo Procaccini. Also noteworthy are the wood choir from 1546 and the Assumption altarpiece by Tommaso Laureti and Ludovico Carracci (1602).
  • The Baroque Basilica della Ghiara (1597), the most important church of the city.
  • The Christ's Oratory
  • The church of St. Augustine
  • The church of St. Peter, designed by Giulio della Torre and built in 1625-1629. A belfry tower was added in 1765 and a façade added in 1782, while the cloister was constructed in the 16th century. The interior is in Latin cross shape with a single nave. It house notable Baroque paintings by Tiarini, Pietro Desani, Camillo Gavasetti and Paolo Emilio Besenzi.
  • The church of St. Francis
  • The church of St. Stephen, cited in the 11th century as a Templars' church
  • The church of St. Giovannino (c. 1200). It houses Baroque paintings by Sisto Badalocchio, Lorenzo Franchi, Tommaso Sandrini, Paolo Guidotti and Alessandro Tiarini.
  • The Synagogue (1672, rebuilt in 1848)

As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... (11th century - 12th century - 13th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 12th century was that century which lasted from 1101 to 1200. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... The Italian painter Giovanni Francesco Barbieri (1591—1666) known as Guercino, was born at Cento, a village not far from Bologna. ... Palma Giovane, Italian for Palma the Younger, is the common nickname of the Italian painter Jacopo Palma Giovane (1544-1628), used to distinguished him from his more reputed uncle Palma Vecchio. ... Alessandro Tiarini (1577-1668), Italian Baroque painter of the Bolognese School (painting). ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... 1514 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Events April - Battle of Villalar - Forces loyal to Emperor Charles V defeat the Comuneros, a league of urban bourgeois rebelling against Charles in Spain. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Events January 18 - Lima, Peru founded by Francisco Pizarro April - Jacques Cartier discovers the Iroquois city of Stadacona, Canada (now Quebec) and in May, the even greater Huron city of Hochelaga June 24 - The Anabaptist state of Münster (see Münster Rebellion) is conquered and disbanded. ... Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ... Bologna (pronounced , from Latin Bononia, BulÃ¥ggna in the local dialect) is the capital city of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy, in the Pianura Padana, between the Po River and the Apennines, exactly, between Reno River and Sàvena River. ... // Events Spanish conquest of Yucatan Peace between England and France Foundation of Trinity College, Cambridge by Henry VIII of England Katharina von Bora flees to Magdeburg Science Architecture Michelangelo Buonarroti is made chief architect of St. ... Triumph of The Cross fresco, 1585, Sala di Costantino, Vatican Palace Tommaso Laureti, often called Tommaso Laureti Siciliano (Palermo 1530—1602), was a Sicilian painter who trained in the atelier of Sebastiano del Piombo and worked for papal patrons in Rome. ... Bargellini Madonna (1588) Oil on canvas, 282 x 188 cm Pinacoteca Nazionale, Bologna Ludovico Carracci (April 21, 1555 – November 13, 1619) was an Italian painter, etcher, and printmaker who helped reinvigorate Italian art after Mannerism by founding an academy in Bologna in 1585. ... This page is about the year. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... Events 17 January - A court case in Guildford recorded evidence that a certain plot of land was used for playing “kreckett” (i. ... Events March 27 - Prince Charles Stuart becomes King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland. ... Events March 4 - Massachusetts Bay Colony is granted a Royal charter. ... 1765 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Cloister of Saint Trophimus, in Arles, France A cloister (from latin claustrum) is part of cathedrals and abbeys architecture. ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... The Seal of the Knights — the two riders have been interpreted as a sign of poverty or the duality of monk/soldier. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... Sisto Badalocchio Rosa (1581- c. ... Events England, France, Munster and Cologne invade the United Provinces, therefore this name is know as ´het rampjaar´ (the disaster year) in the Netherlands. ... 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Palaces and other buildings

  • Palazzo Ducale (18th century)
  • Palazzo del Capitano del Popolo (1280, restored in 1432, has typical Ghibelline merlons. The façades show crests of ancient Reggio's Captains and Communities. In the interior is the Sala dei Difensori, "Defenders' Room"), a wide hall once used for the council of the Reggiani people.
  • Palazzo Comunale (began in 1414), with the Tricolore's Room and the Museum of the Italian Flag. The Torre del Bordello ("Brothel's Tower"), built in 1489, houses a museum of the Reggiani's deeds of 1796-1831.
  • Palazzo Magnani
  • The Neo-Classical Teatro Municipale

(17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... Events June 1 - Battle of San Romano - Florence defeats Siena foundation of Université de Caen In the end of the Hook and Cod wars, Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut and Holland is forced by Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, to abdicate all her estates in his favour; end of Hainaut... The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting, respectively, the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in Italy during the 12th century and 13th century. ... // Events Council of Constance begins. ... Tricolor of the Repubblica Cispadana The Sala del Tricolore (Tricolor Room), currently used as council chamber of the Reggio Emilia comune, was designed to be the archive of the ducal family of Este, by the architect Lodovico Bolognini. ... Events March 14 - The Queen of Cyprus, Catherine Cornaro, sells her kingdom to Venice. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia_(state)_(bordered). ... Location in Serbia General Information Mayor Veroljub Stevanović Party SDPO Land area 865 km² Population (2002 census) 211,580 Population density (2002) 216/km² Coordinates 44°22 N 20°56 E Postal code 34000 Area code +381 34 Subdivisions 5 Municipalities License plate code KG Time zone UTC+1 Website... Motto: none Anthem: Bože Pravde Capital Belgrade Largest city Belgrade Official language(s) Serbian1 Government Republic  - President Boris Tadić  - Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica Formation and independence    - Formation of Serbia 814   - Formation of the Serbian Empire 1345   - Independence from the Ottoman Empire July 13, 1878   - Serbia and Montenegro union... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland_(bordered). ... Bydgoszcz (Polish pronunciation: (?), German: Bromberg, Latin: Bydgostia) is a city in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Fort Worth is the sixth-largest city in the state of Texas, located about 30 miles west of Dallas on the West Fork Trinity River and forming part of the Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_France. ... Location within France Street in the center of Dijon Arc de triomphe known as the Porte Guillaume, on Place Darcy in the center of Dijon Dijon and suburbs Dijon ( ) is a city in eastern France, the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Côte-dOr département and of... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Houses on the Onyar river in Girona Girona (Catalan: Girona, Spanish: Gerona, French: Gérone) is a city located in the northeast of Catalonia, at the confluence of the rivers Ter and Onyar. ...

External links

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  • Reggio Emilia travel guide from Wikitravel
  • Monuments and history
  • Pictures of Reggio Emilia
  • Official tourist information in English

  Results from FactBites:
 
Reggio Emilia approach - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1844 words)
Reggio Emilia's tradition of community support for families with young children expands on Italy's cultural view of children as the collective responsibility of the state.
Other features of Reggio Emilia's approach to early education that have generated interest among American educators include the concept of teachers as learners, the importance attributed to the role of the environment, the use of long-term projects with small groups of children as the major curriculum strategy, and the emphasis on children's many symbolic languages.
One of the most challenging aspects of the Reggio Emilia approach is the solicitation of multiple points of view regarding children's needs, interests, and abilities, and the concurrent faith in parents, teachers, and children to contribute in meaningful ways to the determination of school experiences.
Reggio Emilia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1700 words)
Reggio Emilia is a town of northern Italy, in the Emilia-Romagna region.
Reggio became a free commune around the end of the 11th or the beginning of the 12th century.
Reggio experimented subsequently an economical and population growth, which led from 1873 to the destruction of the ancient walls.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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