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Encyclopedia > Reggae music
Reggae
Stylistic origins: R&B, Jazz, Mento, Calypso, Nyabinghi drumming, Ska, Rocksteady
Cultural origins: 1960s onwards, Jamaica, especially Kingston
Typical instruments: Bass - Drums - Guitar - Organ - Brass - Melodica
Mainstream popularity: 1970s onwards, worldwide
Derivative forms: Trip hop - Drum and bass
Subgenres
Roots rock reggae - Dub - Dub poetry - Dee jaying - Dancehall - Ragga - Raggamuffin - Rockers reggae
Fusion genres
Reggaeton - Jamoo - Seggae- Trip hop - Drum and bass
Regional scenes
African - UK - Japanese - Dutch - Fijian - New Zealand - Slovenia - Spain
Other topics
Jamaica - Rastafarianism - Haile Selassie - Marcus Mosiah Garvey

Reggae is an African Caribbean style of music developed on the island of Jamaica and is closely linked to the religion Rastafarianism, though not universally popular among its members. Reggae is founded upon its rhythm style, which is characterized by regular chops on the backbeat, played by the rhythm guitarist. The origins of reggae can be found in traditional African Caribbean music as well as US R&B. Ska and rocksteady are 1960s precursors of reggae. In 1963 a young Jamaican boy named Jackie Mittoo was asked by a man named Coxsone Dodd to run sessions and compose original music at a studio on Brentford Rd. called Studio One. It was here at Studio One that Jackie Mittoo took the traditional ska beat and turned it into what we know know as reggae. Bob Marley, who later popularized the style on a world-wide basis, also recorded rocksteady records early in his career. The style of reggae he made famous is called roots reggae or roots rock reggae, and was and is still used by many artists such as Black Uhuru, Burning Spear, Culture, Prince Lincoln Thompson, Israel Vibration, Delroy Wilson, UB40, The Skatalites, and Toots & the Maytals.


In Jamaica however, new styles are nowadays becoming more popular, among them, dancehall and ragga (or raggamuffin reggae). Dub is an instrumental sub-style of reggae. Mixing techniques employed in dub probably influenced Hip hop, drum and bass and other styles. In any case, the toasting or dee jaying of raggamuffin reggae—first used by artists such as Dillinger or U-Roy—had a world-wide impact because Jamaican DJ Kool Herc used them as he came up with a new style later called hip hop or rap music. In the Jamaican sense of the word, a DJ is an MC or rapper, whereas the DJ is called (music) selector in Jamaica. Therefore what is called dee jaying or chatting in Jamaica is called rapping in most other parts of the world.

Contents

Reggae music festivals

Jamaican reggae music festivals

International reggae music festivals

Music samples

Music Samples
Buffalo Soldier - Bob Marley

See also

Reggae | Reggae genres
Mento - Rocksteady - Ska
Dub - Dub poetry - Dee jaying - Dancehall - Ragga - Raggamuffin - Reggaeton - Rockers reggae - Roots rock reggae - Skinhead reggae - Two Tone
Other topics
Haile Selassie - Jamaica - Marcus Mosiah Garvey - Rastafarianism - Skinheads

  Results from FactBites:
 
ReggaeTrain.com...your portal to Reggae music...(Biography [Alton Ellis]) (1126 words)
In many ways he epitomizes the story of reggae vocalists: a start in the business at a very early age, massive popularity for a limited period, and a gradual decline in prominence while continuing to make excellent records.
Ellis was born into a musical family, and he first recorded in the late 50s as part of a duo with singer Eddy Perkins for Randys and Studio One as Alton And Eddy.
This 'cool' music gave singers far greater freedom to express themselves - they no longer had to battle against the frantic ska pace and 'noisiness', and Alton Ellis reigned supreme - his 'Get Ready - Rock Steady' was one of the first records actually to use the term.
Reggae - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1360 words)
Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
The term reggae is sometimes used in a broad sense to refer to most types of Jamaican music, including ska, rocksteady and dub.The term is more specifically used to indicate a particular style that originated after the development of rocksteady.
Reggae is often associated with the Rastafari movement, which influenced many prominent reggae musicians in the 1970s and 1980s.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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