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Encyclopedia > Reggae genres

The term reggae, in a proper sense, only covers the period in Jamaican music from 1969 to 1979 (or 1985 depending on opinion). { Reggae is a music genre developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. ...

However in today's vernacular, the term has come to refer to all Jamaican music from the development of ska in the early 1960s up until today. Rather than create a more confusing List of Genres of Jamaican music but not Jamaican R&B or Mento article, it is pertinent to keep everything under the reggae name whether it warrants it or not. The following genres are listed in roughly chronological order. Ska is a type of Jamaican music combining elements of traditional mento and calypso with an American jazz and rhythm and blues sound. ... For other uses, see Rhythm and blues (disambiguation). ... Mento is a style of Jamaican folk music that predates and has greatly influenced reggae music. ...

  • Ska is the first major local Jamaican genre, flourishing from 1961 or 1962 to around 1966. It is characterised by a fast, syncopated rhythm guitar stroke, driving horns and boogie-style stand-up bass. Major ska artists include Laurel Aitken, Derrick Morgan, Prince Buster and The Skatalites. The style influenced the 1980s British 2 Tone ska revival, which was a mixture of ska, punk rock] and [pop misic]].
  • Rocksteady is a slower musical style, with a tempo in between ska and early reggae (between 1966 and 1968). Besides the slower pace, its main feature is the electric bass, which takes on the position of lead instrument with intricate melodies and a high position in the mix. Rocksteady is known for its Impressions-styled vocal harmonies. Major artists include Alton Ellis, Ken Boothe, The Paragons and Desmond Dekker.
  • Early reggae (or skinhead reggae), is generally considered to be the period before the Rastafari movement entered mainstream Jamaican music from 1968 to 1970. It can be distinguished from rocksteady by the slightly faster beat marked out by the drummer using the hi-hat, heavy organ lines, lower mixing of the bass, and electronically doubled rhythm guitar stroke. It met great success in the UK, especially with the skinhead subculture. Major artists include John Holt, Toots and the Maytals, The Pioneers and Symarip.
  • Dub is an instrumental genre built around the application of electronic equipment on existing recorded tracks. Its sound (built around individual instrumental tracks changing volume, appearing, disappearing, all while various effects and filters are applied to them) has proven very influential on modern dance music. Major artists include King Tubby, Lee "Scratch" Perry and Scientist.
  • Toasting is the Jamaican precursor to hip hop, based on Deejays (Jamaica's emcees) toasting (talking) over instrumental tracks or riddims. Famous deejays from before the dancehall era include U-Roy, Big Youth and King Stitt.
  • Roots reggae is perhaps the best-known form of reggae today, with its Rastafarian message. Early reggae production is further developed with electronics and influences from contemporary western music. Although largely supplanted in the popular imagination by Dancehall in 1979, the style continues even today as a minority underground genre. Bob Marley is the internationally most famous exponent of the style, but Peter Tosh, Horace Andy, Black Uhuru and The Abyssinians are also well known.
  • Rockers style was created during the mid-1970s by Sly & Robbie, who at the time were the rhythm section of The Revolutionaries. Rockers is described as a militant, mechanical, and aggressive style of playing reggae music.
  • Dancehall, starting in 1979, is characterised by stripped-down, spacious productions, prominent basslines and the inclusion of dub-style effects, often coupled with bawdy 'slackness' lyrics. The genre spawned a new generation of Jamaican stars, including Barrington Levy, Yellowman and Eek-a-Mouse.
  • Lovers Rock (also known as British Lover's Rock), became popular in the late-1970s to mid-1980s. It is characterized by its smooth, Quiet Storm-type musical style infused with a gentle reggae beat. This genre of reggae began in the UK but spread out quickly; reaching popularity in Jamaica as well. Janet Kay, Audrey Hall and Maxi Priest are some examples of Lover's Rock performers.
  • Ragga, or raggamuffin, is electronic dancehall music. Beginning under producer Prince Jammy in 1985, the genre originally was produced on simple casio keyboards but eventually other synthesisers have been added. Super Cat, Shabba Ranks and Charlie Chaplin are some of the well-known artists of the eighties and early nineties.
  • Rumble is a mixture of roots reggae, garage, soul and ska first created and popularised by Mandeville the house band of the popular reggae group Me & You.
  • Reggae Singers or Reggae Culture are modern terms for Roots Reggae reggae. This genre of reggae uses many of the same techniques that modern dancehall reggae uses as far as instrumentatation and presentation. However this genres features more singing than dancehall and more socially conscious or Rastafari-oriented themes. Notable performers include Capleton, Sizzla, Morgan Heritage and Freddie McGregor.

Ska is a type of Jamaican music combining elements of traditional mento and calypso with an American jazz and rhythm and blues sound. ... Laurel Aitken (April 22, 1927–July 17, 2005) became famous as one of the originators of Jamaican ska music in the late 1950s. ... Derrick Morgan** was a musical artist in 1960s and 70s. ... Cecil Bustamente Campbell (born May 28, 1938), better known as Prince Buster, is a musician from Kingston, Jamaica and regarded as one of the most important figures in the history of ska and rocksteady music. ... The Skatalites is a Jamaican music group that played a major role in popularising ska, the first truly Jamaican music created by fusing boogie-woogie blues, rhythm and blues, jazz, mento, calypso, and African rhythms. ... This page meets Wikipedias criteria for speedy deletion. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Rocksteady is the name given to a style of music popular in Jamaica between 1966 and 1968. ... For the Australian rock group, see The Impressions (Australian band). ... Alton Ellis (born 1944), from Kingston, Jamaica, is a musician best known as the innovator of rocksteady music. ... Ken Boothe was born on 22 March 1946, in Kingston, Jamaica. ... The Paragons were an influential rocksteady band from Kingston, Jamaica in the 1960s. ... Desmond Dekker (July 16, 1941 – May 25, 2006), was a Jamaican ska and reggae singer and songwriter. ... Skinheads, named after their shaven heads, are members of a working class subculture that originated in Britain in the 1960s, where they were heavily influenced by the rude boys of the West Indies and the mods of the UK. In subsequent decades, the skinhead subculture spread to other parts of... Emperor Haile Selassie I of Ethiopia Rasta, or the Rastafari movement, is a religion and philosophy that accepts Haile Selassie I, the former (and last) emperor of Ethiopia, as Jah (the Rasta name for God incarnate, from a shortened form of Jehovah found in Psalms 68:4 in the King... In sociology, anthropology and cultural studies, a subculture is a set of people with distinct sets of behavior and beliefs that differentiate them from a larger culture of which they are a part. ... John Holt (born on 11 July 1947, in Kingston, Jamaica) is a reggae singer. ... Frederick Toots Hibbert and the Maytals are considered legends of reggae and ska music. ... Symarip, formerly the Pyramids, were a ska and reggae band from the United Kingdom, originating towards the end of the 1960s and into the early 1970s. ... Nyabinghi is a legendary Amazon queen, who was said to have possesed a Ugandan woman named Muhumusa in the 19th century. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Ras Michael is a famous reggae player. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... King Tubby King Tubby (born Osbourne Ruddock, January 28, 1941 – February 6, 1989) was a Jamaican electronics and sound engineer, known primarily for his influence on the development of dub in the 1960s and 1970s. ... Lee Scratch Perry, The Upsetter in Dub Lee Scratch Perry (born Rainford Hugh Perry March 20, 1936) is one of the most influential people in the development of reggae and dub music in Jamaica. ... Scientist (Overton/Hopetone Brown) was a protégé of King Tubby (Osbourne Ruddock) one of the originators of Dub music. ... Toasting, chatting, or DJing is the act of talking or chanting over a rhythm or beat. ... Hip hop music is a style of music which came into existence in the United States during the mid-1970s, and became a large part of modern pop culture during the 1980s. ... A riddim is a rhythm pattern consisting basically of a drum pattern and a prominent bassline. ... U-Roy (born Ewart Beckford September 21, 1942 in Jones Town, Jamaica, also known as The Originator, Hugh Roy) U-Roys musical career began in 1961 (see 1961 in music) when he began DJing at various sound systems, eventually working with King Tubby. ... Big Youth (Manley Augustus Buchanan) is a Jamaican DJ in the toasting tradition, mostly known for his albums during the 1970s. ... King Stitt compiled by Jamaican Gold King Stitt born Winston Cooper or Winston Sparkes (b. ... Roots reggae is the name given to Rastafarian reggae music from Jamaica which evolved from Ska and Rocksteady and was made famous outside the Caribbean by the legendary singer/songwriter Bob Marley. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ragga. ... Robert Nesta Marley, OM (February 6, 1945 – May 11, 1981), was a Jamaican singer, songwriter, and guitarist. ... Peter Tosh on the cover of his album The Toughest Peter Tosh (October 19, 1944 – September 11, 1987) was a pioneer reggae musician, as well as a trailblazer for the Rastafarian movement. ... Horace Andy (born Horace Hinds, 19 February 1951 in Kingston, Jamaica), is a legendary roots reggae singer, notable for such tracks as Government Land, You Are My Angel and Skylarking. Andy made his earliest recordings in the late 1960s. ... Black Uhuru is a Jamaican reggae band probably best known for their hits Shine Eye Gal, Guess Whos Coming to Dinner, Sinsemilla, Solidarity, and What Is Life?. They were the first group to win a Grammy in the reggae category when it was introduced in 1985. ... The Abyssinians are a Jamaican reggae group in the roots reggae style, famous for their close harmonies and promotion of Rastafarianism in their lyrics. ... Sly and Robbie are probably reggaes most prolific and long lasting production team. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ragga. ... Barrington Levy (born 30 April 1964, in Clarendon, Jamaica) is a reggae and dancehall recording artist. ... Yellowman (born Winston Foster in Negril, Jamaica in 1959) is a Jamaican ragga and dancehall deejay. ... Eek a Mouse is one of Jamaicas premiere reggae stars. ... For the Sade album, see Lovers Rock. ... Quiet storm is a late-night radio format, featuring soulful slow jams, pioneered in the mid 1970s by then station intern Melvin Lindsey at Howard University Radio, WHUR-FM, in Washington, D.C. Smokey Robinsons like-titled hit single, released in 1975 as the title track to his third... Maxi Priest (born Max Alfred Elliott on June 10, 1960) is a reggae singer from England. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... King Jammy, born Lloyd James in Kingston, Jamaica), and worked as Prince Jammy together with King Tubby. ... Super Cat (born William Maragh in Kingston, Jamaica, 1966) is one of the originators of the late 80s and early 90s dancehall movement. ... Shabba Ranks was the (internationally) most popular dancehall artist before Shaggy. ... Gene Chaplin (unrelated to the creat comedian of the same name) is a Jamaican dancehall and ragga singer. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Roots reggae is the name given to Rastafarian reggae music from Jamaica which evolved from Ska and Rocksteady and was made famous outside the Caribbean by the legendary singer/songwriter Bob Marley. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with ragga. ... Capleton performing at Bob Marley Birthday Bash 2K6. Capleton, born Clifton George Bailey III on 13 April 1967 in the parish of St Mary, Jamaica is a reggae artist. ... Sizzla Kalonji is the stage name of Miguel Orlando Collins (born 17 April 1976), a Jamaican reggae musician. ... Morgan Heritage is a reggae band formed by five children of famed reggae-artist Denroy Morgan. ... Singer, musician and producer Freddie McGregor was born on 27 June 1956 in Clarendon, Jamaica. ...

See also

Reggae - Mento - Ska - Blue Beat - Rocksteady - Dub music - Dub poetry - Toasting - Lovers Rock - Dancehall - Ragga - Reggae rock - Reggaeton - Roots reggae - 2 Tone
Reggae genres - Caribbean music in the United Kingdom
Related topics
Jamaica - Haile Selassie - Marcus Garvey - Rastafari - Rude boy - Skinhead - Dancehall (venue) - Dubplate - Jamaican sound system - Sound system (DJ) - Riddim - Jamaican English - Studio One - Trojan Records - Island Records - Coxsone Dodd - Chris Blackwell - Reggae musiciams - Dub artists - Jamaican record producers
Lists of music genres
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Music genres : A-F · G-M · N-R · S-Z · Cultural and regional
Art Music · Blues · Country · Electronic · Folk · Hip hop · Heavy metal · Industrial · Jazz · Reggae · Popular music ·Rock

  Results from FactBites:
Reggae - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (942 words)
Reggae may be used in a broad sense to refer to most types of Jamaican music, including ska, rocksteady, dancehall and ragga.
Reggae is often associated with the Rastafarian movement, which influenced many prominent reggae musicians in the 1970s and 1980s.
The experimental pioneering of such producers within often restricted technological parameters gave birth to dub reggae, and is seen by some music historians as one of the earliest (albeit analogue) contributions to the development of techno.
  More results at FactBites »



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