A regency (Indonesian: kabupaten) is a political subdivision of a province in Indonesia. The Indonesian term kabupaten is also sometimes translated as district or municipality. Regencies are divided into sub-districts. Map of the provinces of Indonesia The number of provinces of Indonesia has tended to increase as new provinces have been split from existing territories. ... A sub-district (kecamatan) is a subdivision of a regency (kabupaten) or city (kota) in Indonesia. ...
The English name comes from the Dutch colonial period, when regencies were ruled by regents and were known as regentschap. At the time, hundreds of native rulers (mainly Muslim and/or tribal) were employed in a system of indirect rule with the colonial style of Regent, alongside the white Dutch officials such as residents (suggesting them to be 'dipomatic' representatives of the Dutch royal crown to its native vassals). The relationship between those sides was ambivalent: while the law and military power rested with the Dutch government (or for a long time the VOC, the Dutch equivalent of the British HEIC) under a Governor General in Batavia on Java, the regents held higher protocollary rank than the white officials who supposedly advised them and held day to day sway over the population. The Dutch East Indies, or Netherlands East Indies, (Dutch: Nederlands-IndiÃ«) was the name of the colonies set up by the Dutch East India Company, which came under administration of the Netherlands during the 19th century (see Indonesia). ... // High public office A regent, from the Latin regens who reigns is anyone who acts as head of state, especially if not the monarch (who has higher titles). ... Dutch colonial possessions, with the Dutch East India Company possessions marked in a paler green, surrounding the Indian Ocean plus Saint Helena in the mid-Atlantic. ... The British East India Company, sometimes referred to as John Company, was a joint-stock company of investors, which was granted a Royal Charter by Elizabeth I on December 31, 1600, with the intent to favour trade privileges in India. ... Batavia is a Latin name used for the Netherlands, derived from the Batavii tribe. ... Map of Java Java (Indonesian, Javanese, and Sundanese: Jawa) is an island of Indonesia, and the site of its capital city, Jakarta. ...
Indonesia is a republic with a presidential system and three branches of government.
In the Madura regency of Pamekasan, the regent had set up a "local Shari'a" implementation committee and promulgated a decree calling for Muslim attire for civil servants and for public and work activities to cease during the call to prayer.
However, in the interim, a number of regency governments, including those of Barito Utara, Barito Selatan, and Kotawaringin Barat, had introduced regulations that prohibited the return of ethnic Madurese unless they could prove they had previously lived in the area for a certain length of time--such as 10 years--and did not have a criminal record.
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