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Encyclopedia > Refugee camp

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Refugee camp for Rwandans located in what is now the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo following the Rwandan Genocide
Refugee camp for Rwandans located in what is now the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo following the Rwandan Genocide
A camp in Guinea for refugees from Sierra Leone.
A camp in Guinea for refugees from Sierra Leone.

A refugee camp is a temporary camp built up by governments or NGOs (such as the ICRC) to receive refugees. Thousands of people may live in a camp. Refugee camp for Rwandans located in what is now the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo following the Rwandan Genocide Original caption: Rwandan refugees making camp in Kimbumba. ... Refugee camp for Rwandans located in what is now the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo following the Rwandan Genocide Original caption: Rwandan refugees making camp in Kimbumba. ... The Rwandan Genocide was the 1994 mass killing of hundreds of thousands of ethnic Tutsis and moderate Hutu sympathizers in Rwanda and was the largest atrocity during the Rwandan Civil War. ... Image File history File links Refugee camp in Guinea, from USAID [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Refugee camp in Guinea, from USAID [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... “NGO” redirects here. ... The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is historically a committee of Swiss nationals, although non-Swiss nationals have recently been allowed (the committee appoints new members to itself to replace those who resign or die) which leads the international Red Cross movement (often simply known after its symbol...


Since refugee camps are generally set up in an impromptu fashion and designed to meet basic human needs for only a short time, when the return of refugees is prevented (often by civil war), a humanitarian crisis can result. Most Refugee camps can be quite dirty and unhygenic. Some refugee camps, such as Ein el-Helweh have continued in a temporary manner, for decades, which has major implications for human rights. Maslows Hierarchy of Needs is a theory in psychology that Abraham Maslow proposed in his 1943 paper A Theory of Human Motivation, which he subsequently extended to include his observations of humans innate curiosity. ... A civil war is a war in which parties within the same culture, society or nationality fight against each other for the control of political power. ... A humanitarian crisis or (in the language of history) a humanitarian disaster is a health or otherwise natural disaster which mortally threatens a very large number of people. ... Ain al-Hilweh (variously, Ayn al-Hilweh, Ein al-Hilweh, etc. ... Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ...


People may stay in these camps, receiving emergency food and medical aid, until it is safe to return to their homes. In some cases, often after several years, other countries decide it will never be safe to return these people, and they are resettled in "third countries," away from the border they crossed.


Facilities of a refugee camp can include the following:

Nahr el-Bared, Palestinian refugee camp in North Lebanon.
Nahr el-Bared, Palestinian refugee camp in North Lebanon.

Globally, about 17 countries (Australia, Benin, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Canada, Chile, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Ireland, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States) regularly accept "quota refugees" from refugee camps. Refugee camps are typically used to describe settlements of people who have escaped war. In recent years, most quota refugees have come from Iran, Afghanistan, Iraq, Liberia, Somalia, and Sudan, which have been in various wars and revolutions, and the former Yugoslavia, due to the Yugoslav wars. 1. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hygiene refers to practices associated with ensuring good health and cleanliness. ... Cleanliness is the absence of dirt, including dust, stains and a bad smell. ... For other uses, see Toilet (disambiguation). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 149 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (480 × 640 pixel, file size: 149 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (All user names refer to en. ... Nahr al-Bared, Palestinian refugee camp in northern Lebanon. ... In the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, a Palestinian refugee is a refugee from Palestine created by the Palestinian Exodus, which Palestinian Arabs call the Nakba (Arabic: , meaning disaster or catastrophe). The United Nations definition of a Palestinian refugee is a person whose normal place of residence was Palestine between June 1946... Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija in the Latin alphabet, Југославија in Cyrillic; English: South Slavia, or literary The Land of South Slavs) describes three political entities that existed one at a time on the Balkan Peninsula in Europe, during most of the 20th century. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ...


Examples of refugee camps:

Nabatieh was a Palestinian refugee camp in southern Lebanon that was destroyed between the years 1982-1991. ... Tindouf, also written Tinduf, (Arabic: تندوف) is a city and wilaya in the west of Algeria, population 30,000. ... Buduburam refugee camp, July 2005. ...

See also

The term tent city covers a wide variety of usually temporary housing made of tents. ... Any of a range of shelter options that help a person or population displaced by conflict or natural disaster until they return to permanent accommodation. ... Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement. ... The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) is a controversial relief and human development agency, providing education, healthcare, social services and emergency aid to over four million Palestinian refugees living in the Gaza Strip, the West Bank, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. ...

External Links

  • Camp Management Toolkit published by Norwegian Refugee Council
  • Shelter Library Resource for organisations responding to the transitional settlement and shelter needs of displaced populations
  • U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants' Campaign to End Refugee Warehousing in refugee camps around the world, people are confined to their settlement and denied their basic rights.

The Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) (Norwegian: Flyktninghjelpen) is an independent, humanitarian non-governmental organisation which provides assistance, protection and durable solutions to refugees and internally displaced persons worldwide. ...

References

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Refugee camp (812 words)
Since refugee camps are generally set up in an impromotu fashion, and designed to meet basic human needs for a short time, when civil war or other problems prevent the return of refugees, or children essentially grow up in the camps, a humanitarian crisis can result.
Refugee camps Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement.
Refugees cite security concerns, problems with land and shelter and water, lack of school and adequate health facilities, as well as lack of economic opportunities and lack of employment as obstacles to return...
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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