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Encyclopedia > Reformed Episcopal Church

The Reformed Episcopal Church is an Anglican church in the United States and Canada. The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... A church building (or simply church) is a building used in Christian worship. ...

Prompted by what they saw as the loss of Protestant and evangelical witness in the Protestant Episcopal Church, the Reformed Episcopal Church, a Christian denomination, was founded on December 2, 1873 by the Rt. Rev. Bishop George David Cummins D.D. and other former Protestant Episcopal clergy and laity. Bishop Cummins had previously served as Assistant Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Kentucky. Protestantism is a movement within Christianity, representing the splitting away from the Roman Catholic Church during the mid-to-late Renaissance in Europe—a period known as the Protestant Reformation. ... The word evangelicalism usually refers to a tendency in diverse branches of Protestantism, typified by an emphasis on evangelism, a personal experience of conversion, biblically-oriented faith, and a belief in the relevance of Christian faith to cultural issues. ... The Cathedral Church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul in Washington DC is the National Cathedral of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America. ... A denomination, in the Christian sense of the word, is an identifiable religious body, organization under a common name, structure, and/or doctrine. ... December 2 is the 336th day (337th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calaber). ... A bishop is an ordained member of the Christian clergy who, in certain Christian churches, holds a position of authority. ... Doctor of Divinity (D.D., Divinitatis Doctor in Latin) is an academic degree. ... Clergy is the generic term used to describe the formal religious leadership within a given religion. ... In religious organizations, the laity comprises all lay persons collectively. ... Official language(s) English Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 37th 104,749 km² 225 km 610 km 1. ...

The REC utilizes its own Book of Common Prayer based upon the Church of England's 1662 Book of Common Prayer, along with elements of the 1928 American Book of Common Prayer. The doctrinal standards of the Reformed Episcopal Church are the Anglican Thirty-Nine Articles as understood through the Declaration of Principles approved by the Church at its founding: The Church of England is the officially established Christian church in England, and acts as the mother and senior branch of the worldwide Anglican Communion, as well as a founding member of the Porvoo Communion. ... 1979 ECUSABCP The Book of Common Prayer is the prayer book of the Church of England and also the name for similar books used in other churches in the Anglican Communion. ... Doctrine, from Latin doctrina, (compare doctor), means a body of teachings or instructions, taught principles or positions, as the body of teachings in a branch of knowledge or belief system. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The Thirty-Nine Articles are the defining statements of Anglican doctrine. ...

Declaration of Principles

  1. The Reformed Episcopal Church, holding "the faith once delivered unto the saints", declares its belief in the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments as the Word of God, as the sole rule of Faith and Practice; in the Creed "commonly called the Apostles' Creed;" in the Divine institution of the Sacraments of Baptism and the Lord's Supper; and in the doctrines of grace substantially as they are set forth in the Thirty-Nine Articles of Religion.
  2. This Church recognizes and adheres to Episcopacy, not as of Divine right, but as a very ancient and desirable form of Church polity.
  3. This Church, retaining a liturgy which shall not be imperative or repressive of freedom in prayer, accepts The Book of Common Prayer, as it was revised, proposed, and recommended for use by the General Convention of the Protestant Episcopal Church, A.D. 1785, reserving full liberty to alter, abridge, enlarge, and amend the same, as may seem most conducive to the edification of the people, "provided that the substance of the faith be kept entire."
  4. This Church condemns and rejects the following erroneous and strange doctrines as contrary to God's Word: First, that the Church of Christ exists only in one order or form of ecclesiastical polity; Second, that Christian Ministers are "priests" in another sense than that in which all believers are a "royal priesthood"; Third, that the Lord's Table is an altar on which the oblation of the Body and Blood of Christ is offered anew to the Father; Fourth, that the Presence of Christ in the Lord's Supper is a presence in the elements of Bread and Wine; Fifth, that regeneration is inseparably connected with Baptism.

Note: Judaism commonly uses the term Tanakh, but not Old Testament, because it does not recognize the concept of a New Testament. ... See New Covenant for the concept translated as New Testament in the KJV. The New Testament, sometimes called the Greek Testament or Greek Scriptures, and, in recent times, also New Covenant, is the name given to the part of the Christian Bible that was written in the first centuries of... The Apostles Creed (in Latin, Symbolum Apostolorum), is an early statement of Christian belief, possibly from the first or second century, but more likely post-Nicene Creed in the early 4th Century AD. The theological specifics of the creed appear to be a refutation of Gnosticism, an early heresy. ... A sacrament is a Christian rite that mediates divine grace—a holy mystery. ... This article is in need of attention. ... The Eucharist or Communion or The Lords Supper, is the rite that Christians perform in fulfillment of Jesus instruction, recorded in the New Testament, to do in memory of him what he did at his Last Supper. ... Episcopacy is the regime of church government by bishops (Lat. ... Polity is a general term that refers to political organization of a group. ... Oblation, an offering (Late Lat. ...

The Reformed Episcopal Church today

To date the Reformed Episcopal Church has over 100 parishes in the United States and Canada, as well as members in Germany, Brazil and Liberia. Membership currently numbers approximately 13,000.

The church operates three seminaries: the Reformed Episcopal Seminary in Blue Bell, Pennsylvania; Cummins Theological Seminary in Summerville, South Carolina; and Cranmer Theological House in Houston, Texas. The REC does not ordain women as bishops, presbyters or deacons. In 2002, the denomination approved a canon that provides for the setting apart (not ordination) of qualified women as deaconesses.They, however, are not considered to be female deacons as in some other Protestant churches. A seminary is a specialized university-like institution for the purpose of instructing students in religion, often in order to prepare them to become members of the clergy. ... Blue Bell is a census-designated place located in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. ... Summerville is a town located in Dorchester County, South Carolina. ... Nickname: Space City Official website: www. ... Presbyter in the New Testament refers to a leader in local Christian congregations, a synonym of episkopos, which has come to mean bishop. ... Deacon is a role in the Christian Church which is generally associated with service of some kind, but which varies among theological and denominational traditions. ...

The Reformed Episcopal church is in full communion with the Free Church of England and also the Anglican Province of America, with whom it is currently discussing a merger. It is in Common Cause Partnership with the Anglican Communion Network and on November 12, 2005 it and the Anglican Province of America signed a Covenant of Concordat with the Church of Nigeria. The Most Rev. Leonard W. Riches is the current Presiding Bishop of the Reformed Episcopal Church. The Free Church of England is an Anglican church which separated from the established Church of England in 1844. ... The Anglican Province of America is one of a number of continuing Anglican chuches in the United States, i. ... The Anglican Communion Network (officially the Network of Anglican Communion Dioceses and Parishes) is a theologically conservative network of dioceses and parishes that are currently a part of the Episcopal Church in the United States of America (ECUSA). ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Church of Nigeria is the Anglican Church in Nigeria. ... The Presiding Bishop is an ecclesiastical position in some denominations of Christianity. ...

External links

  Results from FactBites:
Episcopal News Service (630 words)
First, both churches have previously engaged in ecumenical dialogues with the Episcopal Church--the REC most recently in 1993, the APA most recently in 1987, when it was known as the American Episcopal Church.
The REC was formed in 1873 by the Episcopal Assistant Bishop of Kentucky, George Cummins, largely in response to disputes regarding liturgical and ecumenical matters.
Staff from the Episcopal Church's ecumenical office led a discussion of the church's ecumenical theology, noting that it was not seeking to absorb these churches.
  More results at FactBites »



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