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Encyclopedia > Reflexive verb
Series on English Grammar
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In grammar, a reflexive verb is a verb whose semantic agent and patient (typically represented syntactically by the subject and the direct object) are the same. For example, the English verb to perjure is reflexive, since one can only perjure oneself. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... English grammar is the study of rules governing the use of the English language. ... The English language once had an extensive declension system similar to modern German or Icelandic. ... A noun, or noun substantive, is a part of speech (a word or phrase) which can co-occur with (in)definite articles and attributive adjectives, and function as the head of a noun phrase. ... In linguistics, a count noun (also countable noun) is a noun which can be modified by a numeral and occur in both singular and plural form, as well as co-occurring with quantificational determiners like every, each, several, most, etc. ... Collective nouns are subject-specific words used to define a grouping of people, animals, objects or concepts. ... In linguistics and grammar, a pronoun is a word that usually takes the place of a noun or noun phrase that was previously mentioned (such as she, it) or that refers to something or someone (I, me, you). Pronouns are often one of the basic parts of speech of the... A relative pronoun is a pronoun that marks a relative clause within a larger sentence. ... In semantics, a modifier is said to be restrictive if it restricts the reference of its head. ... Look up who in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... An interrogative word (also known simply as an interrogative) is a function word used for the item questioned in a question. ... Personal pronouns are pronouns that refer to objects of a sentence, usually (but not always), people or animals. ... Gender-neutral or epicene pronouns are pronouns that neither reveal nor imply the gender or the sex of a person. ... A possessive pronoun is a word that attributes ownership to someone or something without using a noun. ... Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Grammatical tense is a way languages express the time at which an event described by a sentence occurs. ... In linguistics, the grammatical aspect of a verb defines the temporal flow (or lack thereof) in the described event or state. ... In linguistics, many grammars have the concept of grammatical mood, which describes the relationship of a verb with reality and intent. ... In grammar, the voice of a verb describes the relationship between the action (or state) that the verb expresses and the participants identified by its arguments (subject, object, etc. ... This article is about the formation and usage of the passive voice in the English language. ... In grammar, a verb is transitive if it takes an object. ... An intransitive verb is a verb that has only one argument, that is, a verb with valency equal to one. ... In English grammar, a transitive verb is a verb that requires both a subject and one or more objects. ... In grammar, a ditransitive verb is a verb which takes a subject and two objects. ... In linguistics, an auxiliary or helping verb is a verb whose function it is to give further semantic or syntactic information about the main or full verb which follows it. ... A stative verb is one which asserts that one of its arguments has a particular property (possibly in relation to its other arguments). ... In linguistics, a raising verb is a verb with an argument that is a verb and one or more arguments that are nouns, such that one of the noun arguments is semantically an argument not of the raising verb, but of the verb argument. ... Verbification, or Verbing is a process in linguistics whereby nouns, adjectives, and other words are transformed into verbs. ... An adverb is a part of speech-class. ... In grammar, an adverbial genitive is a noun declined in the genitive case that functions as an adverb. ... An adjective is a part of speech which modifies a noun, usually describing it or making its meaning more specific. ... Headline text hjvhwhatsgm,Possessive adjectives modify nouns. ... Demonstratives are deictic words that indicate which entities a speaker refers to, and distinguishes those entities from others. ... In English usage, a proper adjective is an adjective that takes an initial capital letter. ... Grammar is the study of rules governing the use of language. ... A verb is a part of speech that usually denotes action (bring, read), occurrence (decompose, glitter), or a state of being (exist, stand). Depending on the language, a verb may vary in form according to many factors, possibly including its tense, aspect, mood and voice. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Thematic role. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Perjury is the act of lying or making verifiably false statements on a material matter under oath or affirmation in a court of law or in any of various sworn statements in writing. ...


There are languages that have explicit morphology to transform a verb into a reflexive form. English employs reflexive derivation idiosyncratically, as in self-destroy; Romance languages do the same with the prefix auto-. Morphology is a subdiscipline of linguistics that studies word structure. ... The Romance languages, also called Romanic languages, are a subfamily of the Italic languages, specifically the descendants of the Vulgar Latin dialects spoken by the common people evolving in different areas after the break-up of the Roman Empire. ...


In many languages, reflexive constructions are rendered by transitive verbs followed by a reflexive pronoun, as in English -self (e. g., She threw herself to the floor.). In English grammar, a transitive verb is a verb that requires both a subject and one or more objects. ... In some languages, there is a difference between reflexive and non-reflexive pronouns. ...


In the Romance languages, there are non-emphatic clitic reflexive pronouns and emphatic ones. In Spanish, for example, the particle se is cliticized to the verb (lavarse "to wash oneself"), while in Romanian, the particle precedes the verb (a se spăla "to wash oneself"). Full reflexive pronouns or pronominal phrases are added for emphasis or to avoid ambiguity: Yo me cuido a mí mismo "I take care of myself" ( is the emphatic reflexive, mismo means "same", in the same of "one's own (self)"). In French, the particle se is independent (se laver "to wash oneself"). The Romance languages, also called Romanic languages, are a subfamily of the Italic languages, specifically the descendants of the Vulgar Latin dialects spoken by the common people evolving in different areas after the break-up of the Roman Empire. ... In linguistics, a clitic is a word that syntactically functions as a free morpheme, but phonetically appears as a bound morpheme; it is always pronounced with a following or preceding word. ...


Many Germanic languages express reflexivity in a similar way to English, but without an explicit reflexive suffix corresponding to -self, i. e., simply using the accusative pronoun, as in German: Ich wasche mich ("I wash myself", lit. "I wash me").


In Russian, many transitive verbs can be converted into intransitive verbs by the addition of the suffix -ся (sya), which is a contraction of the pronoun себя (which refers to the subject of the verb). Thus, for example, the verb одеть(odety) means "to dress (someone)", while одеться(odetysya) means "to dress oneself". All verbs ending -ся are intransitive, incapable of taking an object in the accusative case, but not all verbs ending -ся can be converted into transitive verbs by deleting the ending. For example, while смеяться(smeyatysya) means "to laugh", there is no verb like смеять(smeyaty). Many such verbs describe intrinsically intransitive actions; there is no way to "laugh someone", for example.


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Spanish Grammar: reflexive verbs part one (331 words)
A verb is reflexive when the subject and the object are the same.
The purpose of the reflexive object pronouns is to show that the action of the verb remains with the subject.
All it means when a verb is reflexive is that the action remains with the subject.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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