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Encyclopedia > Reed Smoot (U. S. Senator)
Sen. Reed Smoot
Sen. Reed Smoot

Reed Smoot (1862-1941) born in Salt Lake City, Utah, was a United States Senator, best known as the first Mormon to serve in the U. S. Senate and for championing the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act in the 1920s. The Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act raised US tariffs on over 20,000 dutiable items to record levels, and, in the opinion of many economists, protracted or initiated the Great Depression. U.S. President Herbert Hoover signed the act into law on June 17, 1930. Smoot was elected as a Republican Senator from Utah to the 58th Congress in 1902, and served five terms before being defeated in the 1932 election by Democrat Elbert D. Thomas. Utah Senator Reed Smoot. ... Utah Senator Reed Smoot. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... Flag Seal Nickname: Crossroads of the West Location Location of Salt Lake City in Salt Lake County, Utah Coordinates , Government County Salt Lake Mayor Rocky Anderson Geographical characteristics Area     City 285. ... Seal of the U.S. Senate The United States Senate is one of the two chambers of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... For other uses, see Mormon (disambiguation). ... The Hawley-Smoot or Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act raised U.S. tariffs on over 20,000 imported goods to record levels, and, in the opinion of many economists, protracted or even initiated the Great Depression. ... The 1920s was a decade sometimes referred to as the Jazz Age or the Roaring Twenties, usually applied to America. ... June 17 is the 168th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (169th in leap years), with 197 days remaining. ... 1930 (MCMXXX) is a common year starting on Wednesday. ... The Republican Party (often referred to as the GOP, for Grand Old Party) is one of the two major political parties in the United States two-party system, along with the Democratic Party. ... Official language(s) English Capital Salt Lake City Largest city Salt Lake City Area  Ranked 13th  - Total 84,876 sq mi (219,887 km²)  - Width 270 miles (435 km)  - Length 350 miles (565 km)  - % water 3. ... 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... Elbert Duncan Thomas (1883–1953) was a United States Senator from Utah. ...


Before being seated in the Senate, controversy over the church once again arose in the national eye, reminiscent of the treatment that B. H. Roberts received after being elected to the House of Representatives. Unlike Roberts, Smoot did not practice plural marriage, and so he was allowed to be seated while the investigation ran its course. The Smoot Hearings and the controversy surrounding the investigation into continuing plural marriage practices within the state of Utah and the Mormon Church lasted for more than two years. Brigham Henry Roberts (March 13, 1857 _ September 27, 1933) was born in Warrington, a manufacturing town of Lancashire, England. ... The Smoot Hearings or Smoot Case involved controversy surrounding the election of Reed Smoot to the United States Senate. ...


Senator Smoot was also accused of taking the 'Vengeance Oath', that all Mormon men were required to make at the time. Critics on the Senate investigation committee pointed out the conflict between Smoots Oath of Office as a Senator and his politcally unpopular faith.


"You and each of you do covenant and promise that you will pray and never cease to pray to Almighty God to avenge the blood of the prophets upon this nation, and that you will teach the same to your children and to your children's children unto the third and fourth generation." The oath reportedly remained part of the temple rituals until February 15, 1927.


On February 20, 1907, the Republican Party defeated a proposal that Smoot be removed because he was an official in the Church whose leaders had admitted, under oath, that plural marriage was still a common practice among Church hierarchy. Politically, Smoot was a Republican, and the Republicans wanted him to remain in power to ensure the continued election of Republicans in Utah. He also earned a great deal of respect from his colleagues by the way he comported himself. February 20 is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1907 (MCMVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


He was a member and eventually an apostle of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, serving in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles from April 8, 1900 until his death February 9, 1941 in Saint Petersburg, Florida. In Mormonism, the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (also known as the Quorum of the Twelve, the Council of the Twelve, or the Twelve) is one of the governing bodies of church hierarchy in many Latter Day Saint denominations. ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the largest attraction in the citys Temple Square. ... In Mormonism, the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (also known as the Quorum of the Twelve, the Council of the Twelve, or the Twelve) is one of the governing bodies of church hierarchy in many Latter Day Saint denominations. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday. ... February 9 is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... Downtown St. ...


Smoot was son of Mormon pioneer and former mayor of Salt Lake City, Abraham O. Smoot. For other uses, see Mormon (disambiguation). ... This is a list of mayors of Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Salt Lake City was incorporated on January 6, 1851. ... Painting of Abraham O. Smoot at the Salt Lake City and County Building. ...


External links

  • Grampa Bill's G.A. Pages
Preceded by:
Rudger Clawson
Quorum of the Twelve Apostles
April 8, 1900February 9, 1941
Succeeded by:
Hyrum M. Smith
Preceded by:
Joseph L. Rawlins
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Utah
March 4, 1903–March 3, 1933
Succeeded by:
Elbert D. Thomas
Preceded by:
Furnifold M. Simmons
Dean of the United States Senate
March 4, 1931–March 3, 1933
Succeeded by:
William E. Borah

 
 

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