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Encyclopedia > Reed (music)

A reed is a thin strip of material which vibrates to make music. The reeds of woodwind musical instruments are usually made of Arundo donax; tuned reeds are made of metal or plastic. Wikibooks Wikiversity has more about this subject: School of Music Look up Music in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Wikisource, as part of the 1911 Encyclopedia Wikiproject, has original text related to this article: Music Wikicities has a wiki about Music: Music Music City : a collaborative music database All Music Guide... A woodwind instrument is a musical instrument in which sound is produced by blowing through a mouthpiece against an edge or by a vibrating reed, and in which the pitch is varied by opening or closing holes in the body of the instrument. ... A musical instrument is a device that has been constructed or modified with the purpose of making music. ... species See text Arundo is a cosmopolitan genus of stout, perennial grasses from the family Poaceae. ... Metal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Plastic is a term that covers a range of synthetic or semi-synthetic polymerization products. ...


There are several types of reeds: double reeds used on the bassoon, oboe, bagpipes, tromboon, english horn, and some organs and single reeds used on the clarinet and saxophone. Some reed makers are Vandoren, Schopp, La Voz, Rico, Hemke, and many more. Reeds are made out of a grass (cane) or plastic. The finest cane is grown in the Var region of France. A double reed is a type of reed which allows various wind instruments to create sound. ... A Fox Instruments bassoon; view detail. ... Modern Oboe The Oboe is a musical instrument of the woodwind double reed family. ... A bagpipe performer in Amsterdam. ... The tromboon is a musical instrument made up of the reed and bocal of the bassoon attached to the body of a trombone instead of the trombone mouthpiece. ... Cor anglais The cor anglais or English horn is a musical instrument of the woodwind family. ... The Casavant pipe organ at Notre-Dame de Montréal Basilica, Montreal The organ is a keyboard musical instrument with a distinctive sound, nowadays produced in several ways but originally produced by pipes. ... A bass clarinet, which sounds an octave lower than the more common B♭ soprano clarinet. ... Saxophones of different sizes play in different registers. ... In popular language grass means a short, green, ground covering or lawn, usually, but not necessarily comprised of a true grass or grasses, called turf. ... A cane is a long, straight wooden stick, generally of bamboo, Malacca (rattan), or some similar plant, mainly used as a support, such as a walking stick or as an instrument of punishment. ... Plastic is a term that covers a range of synthetic or semi-synthetic polymerization products. ... Var is a département of southern France. ...


Reeds vary in strength and those strengths vary among reed makers. It should be noted that different reeds produce different sound effects and styles, so different musicians use different types of reeds. The hardness of reeds also affects the articulation, and difficulty to produce a full sound. A good reed produces a light sound after being played for some time where a bad reed may produce a good sound instantly and wear out shortly after.


In past times, musicians crafted their own reeds from cane using simple tools. This was time consuming and painstaking, and often took hours to produce one good reed. However, this process can be shortened once the musician has learned the steps to creating the reed from the reed blank and brings his/her time down to only 30-45 minutes.


The plastic reed is still in development, and most musicians consider the cane reed to be the most professional choice. A cane reed usually lasts for no longer than 2 months. It is not uncommon for an avid player to go through a new reed every 2-3 weeks, though a continual rotation of reeds will help the reed outlast the traditional 2 month lifespan, and with regularly clipping, sanding, and shaving, the reed can last anywhere from 6 months to a year. A plastic reed can be sustained for over a year. A plastic reed needs to be given rest once every several months (unless shaving or clipping occurs, because plastic is flexible too!). Another advantage of the plastic reed is that it does not have to be moistened for a long time like cane reeds.


Reeds can also be hand-cut and trimmed with special hardware. Double reeds sound differently than single reeds. A reed is part of what gives the clarinet its mellow sound, a saxophone its edgy (or dark and rich, in classical playing) sound, an oboe its nasal sound, and a bassoon its distinctive sound.


The Di zi, a unique kind of Chinese Transverse flute, has a distinctive kind of reed (a Di mo), which is made from a paper-like bamboo membrane. Bang Di The Di Zi (笛子, pinyin dí zi), is a unique kind of Chinese transverse flute. ... This article pertains to the musical instrument. ... The Di mo is a special bamboo membrane; a kind of musical reed used in a distinctive Chinese flute called the Di zi. ... Genera Many, see text Bamboos are a group of woody perennial evergreen plants in the true grass family Poaceae, subfamily Bambusoideae, tribe Bambuseae. ... It has been suggested that Net flux be merged into this article or section. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Reed (music) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (612 words)
The reeds of woodwind musical instruments are usually made of Arundo donax; tuned reeds are made of metal or plastic.
There are several types of reeds: double reeds used on the bassoon, oboe, bagpipes, tromboon, english horn, and some organs and single reeds used on the clarinet and saxophone.
For a single reed, a complex shape must be cut from a cane 'blank': flat on the underside; thin and flat at the tip; blended to match the natural curve of the outer surface of the cane at the 'heel' of the reed.
AllRefer.com - reed instrument (Music: Theory, Forms, And Instruments) - Encyclopedia (247 words)
reed instrument, in music, an instrument whose sound-producing agent is a thin strip of cane, wood, plastic, or metal that vibrates as air is passed over it.
Free reeds, such as those in the reed organ, accordion, concertina, and harmonica, do not overlap the air passage; they are generally of metal.
Beating reeds, such as those used in organ pipes and in the clarinet, strike the edges of the aperture while vibrating.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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