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Encyclopedia > Redistricting

The process known as redistricting in the United States and redistribution in many Commonwealth countries is the changing of political borders (in many countries, specifically the electoral district/constituency boundaries) usually in response to periodic census results. This takes place by law or constitution at least every decade in most representative democracy systems to prevent geographic malapportionment. The Commonwealth of Nations, usually known as The Commonwealth, is an association of 53 independent sovereign states, almost all of which are former territories of the British Empire. ... Border stone at Passo San Giacomo between Val Formazza in Italy and Val Bedretto in Switzerland Borders define geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions, such as governments, states or subnational administrative divisions. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Law (from the late Old English lagu of probable North Germanic origin) in politics and jurisprudence, is a set of rules or norms of conduct which mandate, proscribe or permit specified relationships among people and organizations, intended to provide methods for ensuring the impartial treatment of such people, and provide... This is a list of decades which have articles with more information about them. ... Representative democracy is a form of democracy founded on the exercise of popular sovereignty by the peoples representants. ... Malapportionment is broad and systematic variance in the size of electoral constituencies (at least within electoral systems which have them). ...

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United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom, four Boundary Commissions (one each for England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) are responsible for reviewing the boundaries of Parliamentary constituencies, within guidelines set by Parliament. In the United Kingdom, the four Boundary Commissions are responsible for determining the boundaries of House of Commons constituencies. ...


United States

In 6 states (Arizona, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, New Jersey and Washington), congressional redistricting is performed by an independent, bipartisan commission. In the remaining 44 states, the state legislature has primary responsibility for creating a redistricting plan, subject to approval by the state governor. Various states also have laws or constitutions mandating that municipal governments do this as well. Official language(s) None Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  - Total   - Width   - Length    - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 6th 113,998 sq mi  295,254 km² 310 miles  500 km 400 miles  645 km 0. ... Official language(s) Hawaiian and English Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 43rd 28,337 km² n/a km 2,450 km 41. ... Official language(s) None Capital Boise Largest city Boise Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 14th 216,632 km² 491 km 771 km 0. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 4th 381,156 km² 410 km 1,015 km 1 44°26 N to 49° N 104°2 W to 116°2 W Population  - Total (2000)  - Density Ranked 44th 902,195 2. ... Official language(s) None defined, English de facto Capital Trenton Largest city Newark Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 47th 22,608 km² 110 km 240 km 14. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 18th 184,824 km² 385 km 580 km 6. ... State legislatures are the lawmaking bodies of the 50 states in the United States of America. ... HI A governor is also, a monkey who is smart and can fly like a penguin is a device that regulates the speed of a machine. ... A municipality or general-purpose district (compare with: special-purpose district) is an administrative local area generally composed of a clearly defined territory and commonly referring to a city, town, or village government. ...


Each state has its own standards for creating Congressional and legislative districts. In the states where the legislature is in charge of redistricting, the possibility of gerrymandering (the deliberate manipulation of political boundaries for electoral advantage, usually of incumbents or a specific political party) often makes the process very politically contentious, especially when the two houses of the legislature, or the legislature and the governor, are from different parties. The federal court system is often involved in resolving disputes over Congressional and legislative redistricting. Justice Department approval is required in many states that have had a history of race/ethnicity based gerrymandering. Printed in 1812, this political cartoon illustrates the electoral districts drawn by the Massachusetts legislature to favor the incumbent Democratic-Republican party candidates of Governor Elbridge Gerry over the Federalists, from which the term gerrymander is derived. ... // In politics The incumbent, in politics, is the current holder of a political office. ... A political party is an organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... Justice Department redirects here. ...


See also

Apportionment, or reapportionment, is the process of determining representation in politics within a legislative body by creating constituencies. ... The membership of the United States House of Representatives changes each decade following the decennial United States Census. ... Brett Buerck began his political career as a legislative assistant, answering phones and making deliveries. ...

External links

  • Reapportionment and Redistricting in the U.S. - from the ACE Project
  • U.S. House of Representatives — District Sizes 1790 to 2000
  • Arizona Independent Redistricting Commission
This politics-related article is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Legislative Guide - Redistricting (7059 words)
As a result, state legislatures were forced to draw redistricting plans consistent with constitutional and statutory requirements or else be subject to having their congressional and legislative districts drawn by the courts.
Redistricting in Iowa, as well as the rest of the nation, forever changed in 1962 when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a challenge to a redistricting plan could be brought and resolved in court.
As to the initial redistricting plan delivered to the General Assembly by the Legislative Service Bureau, the Commission is required to schedule and conduct at least three public hearings in different geographic regions of the state and to issue a report to the General Assembly summarizing the information and testimony received.
Redistricting - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (245 words)
The process known as redistricting in the United States and redistribution in many Commonwealth countries is the changing of political borders (in many countries, specifically the electoral district/constituency boundaries) usually in response to periodic census results.
In 6 states (Arizona, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, New Jersey and Washington), congressional redistricting is performed by an independent, bipartisan commission.
In the remaining 44 states, the state legislature has primary responsibility for creating a redistricting plan, subject to approval by the state governor.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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