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Encyclopedia > Red flag
The plain red flag is often used at communist or far-left rallies, especially on May Day.
The plain red flag is often used at communist or far-left rallies, especially on May Day.

Red flags can signify warning, martial law, defiance, danger, or left-wing politics. The earliest citations for "red flag" in the Oxford English Dictionary are from the 17th century show that at that time the flag was used by military forces to indicate that they were preparing for battle.[1] It has been associated with left-wing politics since the French Revolution.[2] The Labour Party in Britain and the French Socialist Party use it. The red flag became a symbol of communism as a result of its use by the Paris Commune of 1871.[3] The flags of several communist nations, including China and Vietnam, have red backgrounds. Red Flag can refer to one of the following: Red flag, a socialist and communist emblem The Red Flag anthem Red Flag, or Hongqi, a Chinese journal Red flag (signal), an attention marker Red Flag (band) Red Flag Linux, the Chinese Linux distribution Red Flag Party, a communist party in... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the holidays celebrated on May 1. ... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... The French Section of the Workers International (Section Française de lInternationale Ouvrière, SFIO), founded in 1905, was a French socialist political party, designed as the local section of the Second International (i. ... Le Père Duchesne looking at the statue of Napoleon I on top of the Vendome column: Eh ben ! bougre de canaille, on va donc te foutre en bas comme ta crapule de neveu !… (Well now! buggering rascal, we will knock you the fuck off just like your crook of...


The earliest citation of "red flag" in the sense of a warning is dated 1777 and refers to a flag warning of flood.[4]

Contents

History

As early as the 15th century, the red flag was used as a "flag of defiance."[5] It was raised in cities and castles under siege to indicate that they would not surrender.[6] "The red flag is a signal of defiance and battle," according to Chambers Cyclopedia (1727–41).[7] (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ...


The red flag was raised over the Champ-de-Mars in Paris on July 17, 1791 by Mayor Jean-Sylvain Bailly as a symbol of martial law, warning rioters to disperse.[8] Over fifty anti-royalist protesters were killed in the fighting that followed. Oddly inverting the original symbolism, the Jacobins protested this action by flying a red flag to honor the "martyrs' blood" of those who had been killed.[9] In this way, the red flag became linked to the French Revolution and to left-wing politics.[2] The Jacobin Club ruled France during the Reign of Terror (1793-94). View southeast from the top level of the Eiffel Tower, down the Champ de Mars, with the Tour Montparnasse (Montparnasse Tower) in the distance. ... Jean Sylvain Bailly Jean-Sylvain Bailly (September 15, 1736 – November 12, 1793), French astronomer and orator, was one of the leaders of the early part of the French Revolution. ... Jacobins can refer to the Jacobin Club, a political organization of the French Revolutionary Era ca. ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... In politics, left-wing, political left, leftism, or simply the left, are terms which refer (with no particular precision) to the segment of the political spectrum typically associated with any of several strains of socialism, social democracy, or liberalism (especially in the American sense of the word), or with opposition... For other uses of terror, see Terror; Great Fear . ...

"Lamartine, before the Hôtel de Ville, rejects the Red Flag," February 25, 1848. By Henri Felix Emmanuel Philippoteaux (1815–1884). The red flag represents terror, blood, and a "party's republic," Lamartine told the crowd.
"Lamartine, before the Hôtel de Ville, rejects the Red Flag," February 25, 1848. By Henri Felix Emmanuel Philippoteaux (1815–1884). The red flag represents terror, blood, and a "party's republic," Lamartine told the crowd.

In 1797, British sailors mutinied near the mouth of the River Thames and hoisted a red flag on several ships. The flag was also used during the Merthyr riots of 1831 in South Wales.[3] Image File history File links Lar9_philippo_001z. ... Image File history File links Lar9_philippo_001z. ... 1797 (MDCCXCVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 11-day-slower Julian calendar). ... There were two major mutinies by sailors of the Royal Navy in 1797. ... This article is about the River Thames in southern England. ... Merthyr Tydfil (Welsh: ) is a town and county borough in Wales, with a population of about 55,000. ... Approximate extent of South East Wales. ...


During the 1848 Revolution, Socialists and radical republicans demanded that the red flag be adopted as France's national flag in place of the tricolor flag popularized by Napoleon. Led by poet-politician Alphonse de Lamartine, the government rejected the mob's demand: "[T]he red flag that you have brought back here has done nothing but being trailed around the Champ-de-Mars in the people's blood in [17]91 and [17]93, whereas the Tricolore flag went round the world along with the name, the glory and the liberty of the homeland!"[10] Up to 1848 in France As 1848 began, liberals awaited the death of King Louis Philippe, expecting revolution after his death. ... Socialism is any economic system in which the means of production are owned and controlled collectively or a political philosophy advocating such a system. ... The national flag of France (known in French as drapeau tricolore, drapeau bleu-blanc-rouge, drapeau français, rarely, le tricolore and, in military parlance, les couleurs) is a tricolour featuring three vertical bands coloured blue (hoist side), white, and red. ... For other uses, see Napoleon (disambiguation). ... Portrait of Alphonse de Lamartine Lamartine in front of the Hôtel de Ville de Paris, on the 25 February 1848, by Philippoteaux Alphonse Marie Louise Prat de Lamartine (Alphonse-Marie-Louis de Prat de Lamartine) (October 21, 1790 - February 28, 1869) was a French writer, poet and politician, born...


The banner of the Paris Commune of 1871 was red and it was at this time that the red flag became a symbol of communism.[3] A rally in Chicago in 1886, which resulted in the execution of some of the Haymarket Eight, also flew the Red Flag. Le Père Duchesne looking at the statue of Napoleon I on top of the Vendome column: Eh ben ! bougre de canaille, on va donc te foutre en bas comme ta crapule de neveu !… (Well now! buggering rascal, we will knock you the fuck off just like your crook of... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... The Haymarket Riot on May 4, 1886 in Chicago is generally considered to have been an important influence on the origin of international May Day observances for workers. ...


The red flag gained great popularity during the Russian Revolution of 1917.[11] The Soviet flag, with a hammer, a sickle and a star on a red background, was adopted in 1923.[11] Various Communist and socialist newspapers have used the name The Red Flag. The red flag, and the color red generally, was adopted by the Communist Party in China, where red is associated with good luck. Russian Revolution can refer to: Russian Revolution (1905), a series of strikes against Tsar Nicholas II Russian Revolution (1917) February Revolution, resulting in the abdication of Nicholas II of Russia October Revolution, the Bolshevik seizure of power Third Russian Revolution, the failed anarchist revolution against the Bolsheviks and the White...


In more recent times, social democratic parties have gravitated away from the Red Flag as a symbol. However, several European parties retain a "red square" symbol, including Germany's SPD and the Party of European Socialists. Social democracy is a political ideology emerging in the late 19th and early 20th centuries from supporters of Marxism who believed that the transition to a socialist society could be achieved through democratic evolutionary rather than revolutionary means. ... SPD redirects here. ... The Party of European Socialists (PES) is a European political party whose members are 33 social democratic, socialist and labour parties of the European Union member states as well as Norway. ...


The British Labour Party

The red flag was the emblem of the British Labour Party from its inception until the Labour Party Conference of 1986 when it was replaced by a red rose. The red rose has subsequently been adopted by a number of other socialist and social-democratic parties throughout Europe. Members of the party would also sing the traditional anthem The Red Flag (see below) at the conclusion of the annual party conference, but this was also dropped in 1999. In February 2006 the Red Flag was sung in Parliament to mark the centenary of the Labour Party's founding. The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Labour Party Conference, or annual national conference of the Labour Party, is formally the supreme decision-making body of the Party. ... Species About 100, see text A rose is a flowering shrub of the genus Rosa and the flower of this shrub. ...

The flag of the Soviet Union, adopted in 1923. This version was used until 1955, when the flag was modified slightly. The flag lost official status in 1991, when the Soviet Union broke up.
The flag of the Soviet Union, adopted in 1923. This version was used until 1955, when the flag was modified slightly. The flag lost official status in 1991, when the Soviet Union broke up.

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...

The song "The Red Flag"

The song "The Red Flag" was written by Irishman Jim Connell in 1889. It is normally sung to the tune of the German carol O Tannenbaum, though Connell had wanted it sung to the tune of a Jacobite anthem called The White Cockade.[12]. Irishman Jim Connell (27 March 1852 - February 1929) was a political activist of the late 19th century and early 20th century, best known as the writer of the anthem The Red Flag in December 1889. ... A carol is a festive song, generally religious but not necessarily connected with church worship, and often with a dance-like or popular character. ... O Tannenbaum, or, in its English version, O Christmas Tree is a Christmas carol of German origin. ... Charles Edward Stuart, Bonnie Prince Charlie, wearing the Jacobite blue bonnet Jacobitism was (and, to a very limited extent, remains) the political movement dedicated to the restoration of the Stuart kings to the thrones of England and Scotland. ...


The first verse and the chorus, the most popular part of the song, are as follows:

The people's flag is deepest red,
It shrouded oft our martyr'd dead
And ere their limbs grew stiff and cold,
Their hearts' blood dyed its ev'ry fold.
Then raise the scarlet standard high,
Within its shade we'll live and die,
Though cowards flinch and traitors sneer,
We'll keep the red flag flying here.


There are a number of satirical versions of the song, such as "The People's Flag is Palest Pink". The Peoples Flag is Palest Pink, also known as The Red Flag Once A Year, is a parody of the song The Red Flag. ...


Modern red flag songs

Canadian punk rock group Billy Talent released a song entitled Red Flag which is about a revolution. Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Billy Talent is a Canadian rock band formed in 1993 in Mississauga, Ontario. ... Red Flag is the second single released from the Canadian music group Billy Talents second album, Billy Talent II. The single was released on September 11, 2006 in the United Kingdom[1]. // Red Flag was originally released in 2005 as a part of the soundtracks of a number of...


Laws to ban red flags

During the First Red Scare in the United States, many U.S. states passed laws forbidding the flying of red flags, including Minnesota, South Dakota, and Oklahoma. Most of these statutes have been repealed by state legislatures, but an Oklahoma statute still provides that flying "any red flag or other emblem or banner, indicating disloyalty to the Government of the United States or a belief in anarchy or other political doctrines or beliefs, whose objects are either the disruption or destruction of organized government, or the defiance of the laws of the United States or of the State of Oklahoma" is a felony with a possible 10 year prison sentence and a $1,000 fine. The constitutionality of this statute is in question but has not been tested in the courts to date. Political cartoon of the era depicting an anarchist attempting to destroy the Statue of Liberty. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... Official language(s) English Demonym South Dakotan Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th in the US  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ...


Other uses of red flags

"Waving a red flag" is a euphemism for incitement; the metaphor comes from the sport of bullfighting, in which the matador provokes the bull by waving a red cape at it. A euphemism is the substitution of an agreeable or less offensive expression in place of one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant to the listener;[1] or in the case of doublespeak, to make it less troublesome for the speaker. ... In English criminal law, incitement is an anticipatory common law offence and is the act of persuading, encouraging, instigating, pressuring, or threatening so as to cause another to commit a crime. ... Bullfighting, Edouard Manet, 1865–1866. ...


A signal of danger or a problem can be referred to as a red flag. In many countries a red flag is flown to signify that an outdoor shooting range is in use. The United States Air Force refers to its largest annual exercise as Operation Red Flag. Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Red flag is a semi-official term to denote various attention and awareness indicators and signals, both explicit and implicit. ... An outdoor shooting range with a sheltered shooting stand and several other unsheltered stands. ... USAF redirects here. ... USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63) kicks off Exercise Valiant Shield, the largest war games of the United States Navy since the Vietnam War. ... An Australian F-111 bomber approaching a USAF KC-135 tanker during exercise Red Flag 06-1. ...


Red flags are used for various signals in team sailing races (see Racing Rules of Sailing). The Racing Rules of Sailing govern the conduct of yacht racing and dinghy racing. ...


Red flags are used in some forms of auto racing to indicate a stoppage.


References

  • Oklahoma Statute 21 O.S. §374, O.S. 5 § 9 (374), Statutes Citationized, Oklahoma State Courts Network.

Notes

  1. ^ 1602 Dekker Satirom. Wks. 1873 I. 233 What, dost summon a parlie, my little Drumsticke? tis too late: thou seest my red flag is hung out.
    1666 Lond. Gaz. No. 91/4 That the Red Flag was out, both Fleets in sight of each other, expecting every hour fit weather to Engage.
  2. ^ a b Brink, Jan ten Robespierre and the Red Terror, 1899.
  3. ^ a b c "Story of the Red Flag", Revolution, 05-19-2006. Retrieved 12-02-2007.
  4. ^ 1777 P. Thicknesse Year's Journey I. iii. 23 There is a red flag hoisted gradually higher and higher, as the water flows into the harbour [at Calais].
  5. ^ Flags of the World "Defiance"
  6. ^ Old and New Edinburgh, pp. 6061
  7. ^ Cited in "red flag," Oxford English Dictionary.
  8. ^ Thomas Carlyle, French Revolution, p. 408.
  9. ^ Flags of the World, "French Revolution"
  10. ^ Flags of the World "France"
  11. ^ a b Flags of the World "Soviet"
  12. ^ Hear recording: [1]

This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 139th day of the year (140th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...

See also

Red star on the Soviet flag The five-pointed red star (a pentagram without the inner pentagon) is a symbol of Communism and Socialism and represents the five fingers of the workers hand, as well as five of six inhabited continents. ... For other uses, see Hammer and sickle (disambiguation). ... This article discusses various anarchist symbols, including the circle-A and the black flag. ... Soviet Flag: 1:4 ratio July 1923-November 13, 1923 The first official flag of the Soviet Union was adopted in December of 1922 at the First Congress of Soviets of the USSR. It was agreed that the red banner was transformed from the symbol of the Party to the... The flag of the Peoples Republic of China, the Five-Starred Red Flag (五星红旗 in pinyin: wǔ xīng hóng qí), was designed by Zeng Liansong, an economist and artist from Ruian (瑞安 ruì ān), Zhejiang. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The flag of Vietnam, officially known as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, is also known as Red flag with Yellow star. This flag was adopted as the National flag of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) on November 30, 1955. ... The Red Ensign, as currently used by the United Kingdoms Merchant Navy The Red Ensign of the United Kingdom in use in London The Red Ensign or Red Duster is a flag that originated in the early 17th century as an ensign flown by the Royal Navy. ... Red bloc is a distinct contigent at rallies or protests notable for carrying red flags. ... Ideologies Communist internationals Prominent communists Related subjects Communist symbolism usually incorporates symbols representing the industrial workers and/or the peasants of a country. ... The flag of Oklahoma consists of a traditional Osage Nation buffalo-skin shield with seven eagle feathers on a sky blue field. ... The Eureka Flag The Eureka Flag was the battle flag used at the Eureka Stockade, a gold miners revolt in 1854 in Ballarat, Victoria, Australia. ... This is a gallery of pairs (or larger groupings) of flags that exhibit such similarity in design that they can be difficult to distinguish. ... This is a gallery of pairs (or larger groupings) of flags that exhibit such similarity in design that they can be difficult to distinguish. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Red flag
  • The Red Flag, the song, the man, the monument

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