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Encyclopedia > Red River of the North
Red River of the North
Mouth Lake Winnipeg
Basin countries United States, Canada
The Red River drainage basin, with the Red River highlighted
The Red River drainage basin, with the Red River highlighted
The Red River in Greater Grand Forks, as viewed from the Grand Forks side of the river
The Red River in Greater Grand Forks, as viewed from the Grand Forks side of the river
The Red River in Fargo-Moorhead, as viewed from the Fargo side of the river
For other things named Red River, see the Red River disambiguation page.

The Red River (French: rivière Rouge), one of several by that name, is a Central North American river. Formed by the confluence of the Bois de Sioux and Otter Tail rivers, it flows northward through the Red River Valley, forming much of the border between Minnesota and North Dakota, and continues into Manitoba. The Red River is a Canadian Heritage River, and the only heritage river, other than the Fraser, that flows through major cities and developments today. It is about 880 km long, falling 70 m on its trip to Lake Winnipeg, where it spreads into the vast deltaic wetland known as Netley Marsh. Winnipeg Beach, Manitoba, on Lake Winnipeg Lake Winnipeg (52°30′N 97°47′W) is a very large (24,400 km²) lake in central North America, in the province of Manitoba, Canada, about 55 km north of the city of Winnipeg. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Red River of the North in Grand Forks, North Dakota. ... Red River of the North in Grand Forks, North Dakota. ... Greater Grand Forks is the name used by some people to designate the twin cities of Grand Forks, North Dakota and East Grand Forks, Minnesota. ... Nickname: The Sunflake City The Grand Cities Motto: A Place of Excellence Location in North Dakota Coordinates: Country United States State North Dakota County Grand Forks County Founded June 15, 1870 Incorporated February 22, 1881 Government  - Mayor Michael Brown Area  - City  19. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Fargo-Moorhead (F-M) is the name of the metropolitan area composed of Fargo, North Dakota, Moorhead, Minnesota, and surrounding cities. ... Location in North Dakota Coordinates: Country United States State North Dakota County Cass County Founded 1871 Mayor Dennis Walaker Area    - City 98. ... Red River may refer to the following: Rivers Red River of the North, flows through Minnesota, North Dakota, and Manitoba, in the Red River Valley Red River of the South,, a. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... The Bois de Sioux River drains Lake Traverse, the southernmost body of water in the Hudson Bay watershed of North America. ... Sunset on the Otter Tail River near Otter Tail Lake and Ottertail, Minnesota The Red River drainage basin, with the Otter Tail River highlighted The Otter Tail River is a river in the west-central portion of the U.S. state of Minnesota. ... The Red River Valley is a region in central North America that is drained by the Red River of the North. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard - Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation... The Canadian Heritage Rivers System (CHRS) was established in 1984 by the federal, provincial and territorial governments to conserve and protect the best examples of Canadas river heritage, to give them national recognition, and to encourage the public to enjoy and appreciate them. ... Winnipeg Beach, Manitoba, on Lake Winnipeg Lake Winnipeg (52°30′N 97°47′W) is a very large (24,400 km²) lake in central North America, in the province of Manitoba, Canada, about 55 km north of the city of Winnipeg. ...


Originally part of Rupert's Land, the Red was a key river in the early settlement of Canada, a centre of the fur trade and the Métis people, and the site of the Red River Colony, the primary city of which eventually became Winnipeg. Ruperts Land Ruperts Land was a territory in British North America, consisting of the Hudson Bay drainage basin, most of it now part of modern Canada. ... An Alberta fur trader in the 1890s. ... The Métis (pronounced MAY tee, IPA: , in French or , in Michif ), also historically known as Bois Brule, mixed-bloods, Countryborn (or Anglo-Métis), are one of three recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada. ... The Red River Colony (or Selkirk Settlement) was a colonization project set up by Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk in 1811 on 300,000 km² of land granted to him by the Hudsons Bay Company under what is referred to as the Selkirk Concession. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ...


In the United States it is called the Red River of the North when distinguishing it from another Red River (a tributary of the Mississippi River that forms part of the border between Texas and Oklahoma). The Red River is one of several rivers with that name, and of two rivers with that name in the United States. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth Metroplex Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) None Capital Oklahoma City Largest city Oklahoma City Area  Ranked 20th  - Total 69,960 sq mi (181,196 km²)  - Width 230 miles (370 km)  - Length 298 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ...


The Red River forms at Wahpeton, North Dakota and Breckenridge, Minnesota, and passes Fargo, North Dakota and Moorhead, Minnesota, Grand Forks, North Dakota and East Grand Forks, Minnesota, then enters the province of Manitoba in Canada. That province's capital, Winnipeg, is at its confluence with the Assiniboine River. The river drains into Lake Winnipeg and is part of the Hudson Bay watershed. Wahpeton is a city in Richland County, North Dakota in the United States. ... Breckenridge is a city located in Wilkin County, Minnesota. ... Location in North Dakota Coordinates: Country United States State North Dakota County Cass County Founded 1871 Mayor Dennis Walaker Area    - City 98. ... Moorhead is a city located in Clay County, Minnesota. ... Nickname: The Sunflake City The Grand Cities Motto: A Place of Excellence Location in North Dakota Coordinates: Country United States State North Dakota County Grand Forks County Founded June 15, 1870 Incorporated February 22, 1881 Government  - Mayor Michael Brown Area  - City  19. ... East Grand Forks is a city in Polk County, Minnesota in the United States. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) BC AB SK MB ON QC NB PE NS NL YT NT NU Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor John Harvard - Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 14 - Senate seats 6 Confederation... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... Junction of the Assiniboine and Red rivers in downtown Winnipeg. ... Winnipeg Beach, Manitoba, on Lake Winnipeg Lake Winnipeg (52°30′N 97°47′W) is a very large (24,400 km²) lake in central North America, in the province of Manitoba, Canada, about 55 km north of the city of Winnipeg. ... Hudson Bay, Canada. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ...


The Red River flows across the flat, fertile, flood plain of the ancient glacial Lake Agassiz. A map of the extent of Lake Agassiz Lake Agassiz was an immense lake—bigger than all of the present-day Great Lakes combined—in the center of North America, which was fed by glacial runoff at the end of the last ice age. ...

Contents

1997 flood

Main article: Red River Flood, 1997

In April 1997, the Red River rapidly swelled and eventually caused widespread flooding. Damages to the city of Grand Forks, North Dakota totaled $2 billion (USD) and resulted in the largest civilian evacuation in the United States since the burning of Atlanta during the Civil War.[1] Winnipeg, Manitoba suffered $500 million (CAD) in damage. In Winnipeg, the Red River Floodway diverted most of the floodwaters around the city. Other major floods occurred in 1826 and 1950. In April 2006, another large flood caused the Gretna, Manitoba border crossing to close as the water levels rose considerably. Obelisk in Grand Forks commemorating the 1997 flood. ... 1997 (MCMXCVII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Obelisk in Grand Forks commemorating the 1997 flood. ... Nickname: The Sunflake City The Grand Cities Motto: A Place of Excellence Location in North Dakota Coordinates: Country United States State North Dakota County Grand Forks County Founded June 15, 1870 Incorporated February 22, 1881 Government  - Mayor Michael Brown Area  - City  19. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Loonie. ... Control gates at the inlet to the Floodway Bridge over the control gates The Red River Floodway is an artificial flood control waterway in Canada, first used in 1969. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... April 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Marcos Pontes, Brazils first astronaut, reaches the International Space Station. ... Gretna is a small town of about 500 people in the Canadian province of Manitoba. ...


See also

The Red River Valley is a region in central North America that is drained by the Red River of the North. ... Control gates at the inlet to the Floodway Bridge over the control gates The Red River Floodway is an artificial flood control waterway in Canada, first used in 1969. ... The Red River Colony was a colonization project set up by Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk in 1811 on 300 000 km² of land granted to him by the Hudsons Bay Company under what is referred to as the Selkirk Concession. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Information about 1997 evacutaion of Grand Forks - Knight Foundation

External links

  • Canadian Council for Geographic Education page with a series of articles on the history of the Red River.
  • Geological Survey of Canada page describing the nature and history of Red River floods.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Red River of the North - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (353 words)
In the United States it is called the Red River of the North, to distinguish it from another Red River (a tributary of the Mississippi River that forms part of the border between Texas and Oklahoma).
It is formed at Wahpeton, North Dakota and Breckenridge, Minnesota by the confluence of the Bois de Sioux and Otter Rail rivers.
The Red River famously flooded in April 1997, causing $2 billion USD in damage to Grand Forks, North Dakota.
Red River of the North - State canoe routes: Minnesota DNR (711 words)
Red River of the North The Red River of the North Meanders Northward 550 miles from its source in Breckenridge, Minnesota to Lake Winnipeg in Canada.
Except during floods, the Red River of the North is slow-moving and picturesque with its tree-covered banks and frequent wildlife sightings.
By definition, The Red River Valley is not a valley in the geologic sense.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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