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Encyclopedia > Red River Valley Tornado Outbreak

The Wichita Falls Tornado is the tornado event that occurred on April 10, 1979. This tornado was the most notable of thirteen tornadoes that ripped through the Red River Valley on the day commonly called "Terrible Tuesday" by many meterologists. Union City, Oklahoma tornado (1973) A tornado is a violent spinning storm typically shaped like a funnel with the narrow end on the ground. ... April 10 is the 100th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (101st in leap years). ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... The Red River is one of several rivers with that name, and of two rivers with that name in the United States. ...

Contents


All the favorable conditions

A deepening low pressure system formed in Colorado as a warm front lifted north pulling warm, moist, unstable air. There was strong upper level dynamics all coming together to produce strong tornado-producing supercells. In the early afternoon hours, three supercell thunderstorms formed. They moved northeastward, and as a trio spawned families of tornadoes. These supercells caused the most damaging tornadoes of the outbreak. A low, or a low pressure area, is a region of rising atmospheric air. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 8th 269,837 km² 451 km 612 km 0. ... In meteorology, a weather front is a boundary between two air masses with differing characteristics (e. ... Supercell thunderstorms are the largest, most severe class of single cell thunderstorm. ...


The Tornadoes

The first tornado formed near Crowell, Texas at around 3:05 P.M. About 35 minutes later, the tornado ripped through Vernon and killed 11 people. Then the tornado killed three people in Lawton, Oklahoma. The second supercell spawned a tornado that moved 64 miles. Crowell is a city located in Foard County, Texas. ... Vernon is a city located in Wilbarger County, Texas. ... Lawton is a city located in Comanche County, Oklahoma. ...


Wichita Falls

The third supercell was the one that formed the tornado that moved through Seymour, Texas and Wichita Falls. The tornado formed a family of three tornadoes. The first formed near Seymour at around 4:53 P.M.. The storm spawned a second tornado and moved through the south and east sides of Wichita Falls at around 6:00 P.M. The storm spawned another tornado near Waurika, Oklahoma at around 8:00 P.M. The storm moved 47 miles. Seymour is a city located in Baylor County, Texas. ... Wichita Falls is a city in Wichita County, Texas, United States. ... Waurika is a city located in Jefferson County, Oklahoma. ...


The storm formed in Archer County, Texas and moved northeast and damaged a few rural homes and high voltage towers. The tornado then moved into Wichita County, Texas and severely damaged Memorial Stadium and McNiel Junior High School. The tornado destroyed an apartment complex across the street. The tornado also took its first lives at the complex. The tornado later destroyed a restaurant, part of a shopping center, and another apartment complex where the tornado took more lives. Archer County is a county located in the state of Texas. ... Wichita County is a county located in the state of Texas. ...


A number of people tried to flee as the tornado moved through US Highway 281 and 287. More people were killed in their cars. The tornado then moved into Clay County and changed its appearance. There were five satellite tornadoes spinning the parent tornado. It did more damage south of Dean and Byars, but no more fatalities. Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. ...


Inconceivable Damage

At the end of the outbreak, 53 people lost their lives in Texas and three were killed in Oklahoma. The Wichita Falls tornado alone killed 42 people, a death toll which was unmatched until the Oklahoma Tornado Outbreak in 1999. The tornado caused $400 million in damage which, also up until the Oklahoma tornado outbreak, made it the costliest tornado in U.S. history. An eight-mile swath of the city had almost unheard of devestation. Dr. Ted Fujita, who was working at the University of Chicago, said the tornado caused as much as F4 damage on the east and south sides of the city. What was unique about this tornado was that it caused a wide swath of F4 damage. Ordinary tornadoes only have a small path of their most intense damage. The Oklahoma Tornado Outbreak is the May 3, 1999 tornado event that killed 46 people. ... Tetsuya Theodore Fujita (藤田哲也, October 23, 1920–November 19, 1998) was one of the great severe storms researchers of the twentieth century. ... The University of Chicago is a private research university located primarily in the Hyde Park neigborhood of Chicago, Illinois. ... The Fujita scale rates a tornados intensity by the damage it inflicts on human-built structures. ...


See also

These are some significant tornadoes and tornado outbreaks that have occurred around the globe over the past few centuries. ...

External links


 
 

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