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Encyclopedia > Red Pyramid

Coordinates: 29°58′32″N, 31°07′52″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Khafre's Pyramid
Khafre
Khafre's Pyramid
Khafre's Pyramid
Type True Pyramid
Height 104 metres (341 ft)
Base 220 metres (722 ft)
Slope 43°22'
Detail of the massive corbel-vaulted ceiling of the main burial chamber
Detail of the massive corbel-vaulted ceiling of the main burial chamber
The south face of the Red Pyramid
The south face of the Red Pyramid
Entry to the Red Pyramid
Entry to the Red Pyramid
This article is about the pyramid. For the Silent Hill monster, see Pyramid Head .

The Red Pyramid, named for the light crimson hue of its exposed granite surface, is the largest of the three major pyramids located at the Dahshur necropolis, and the third largest Egyptian pyramid, after those of Khufu and Khafre at Giza. At the time of its completion, it was the tallest man-made structure in the world. It is also believed to be the world's first successful attempt at constructing a "true" smooth-sided pyramid. The name Khafre can refer to: The Pharaoh Khafra, also known as Chephren. ... The Red Pyramid at Dashur, Egypt. ... The Red Pyramid at Dashur, Egypt. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 72 KB)Dashur, Red Pyramid, interior, 1 of 2 Photo taken by Hajor, Dec,2002. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 72 KB)Dashur, Red Pyramid, interior, 1 of 2 Photo taken by Hajor, Dec,2002. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RedPyramid. ... Image File history File linksMetadata RedPyramid. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (697 × 929 pixel, file size: 268 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Entry to the Red Pyramid I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (697 × 929 pixel, file size: 268 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Entry to the Red Pyramid I, the copyright holder of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the... Screenshot of Pyramid Head. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... For the record label, see Necropolis Records. ... Khufus Cartouche Khufu (in Greek known as Cheops) was a Pharaoh of Ancient Egypts Old Kingdom. ... Khafra (Greek Chephren) was an Egyptian pharaoh of the Fourth dynasty, with his capital at Memphis. ... Pyramids of Giza in 1960s Egypt: Site of Giza or Al Jizah (top center). ... For many millennia the record holder for worlds tallest structure was clearly defined (see table below. ...


The Red Pyramid was not always red. It used to be cased with white Tura limestone, but only a few of these now remain at the pyramid's base on the corner. During the Middle Ages much of white Tura limestone was taken for buildings in Cairo, revealing the reddish pinkish limestone. Nickname: Egypt: Site of Cairo (top center) Coordinates: , Government  - Governor Dr. Abdul Azim Wazir Area  - City 214 km²  (82. ...

Contents

History

It was constructed during the reign of Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu, whose final resting place some suggest it may have been, and is located approximately one kilometre to the north of the Bent Pyramid. It is built at the same shallow 43 degree angle as the upper section of the Bent Pyramid, which gives it a noticeably squat appearance compared to other Egyptian pyramids of comparable scale. The Old Kingdom is the name commonly given to that period in the 3rd millennium BC when Egypt attained its first continuous peak of civilization complexity and achievement – this was the first of three so-called Kingdom periods, which mark the high points of civilization in the Nile Valley (the... Pharaoh was the ancient Egyptian name for the office of kingship. ... Sneferu He of Beauty[1] Horus name Neb-maat[2] Nebty name Neb-maat-nebty[2] Golden Horus Bik-nub[2] Consort(s) Hetepheres I Issues Khufu Father Huni Mother Meresankh I Died 2589 BC Major Monuments Bent Pyramid, Red Pyramid Sneferu, also spelt as Snefru or Snofru (in Greek... The Bent Pyramid, located at the royal necropolis of Dahshur, approximately 40 kilometres south of Cairo, of Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu, is a unique example of early pyramid development in Egypt. ...


Archaeologists speculate that the reason for this may be an outcome of engineering crises experienced during the construction of Sneferu's two earlier pyramids. The first of these, the Pyramid at Meidum collapsed in antiquity, while the second — the Bent Pyramid — had the angle of its inclination dramatically altered — from 54 to 43 degrees — part-way through construction. Sneferu He of Beauty[1] Horus name Neb-maat[2] Nebty name Neb-maat-nebty[2] Golden Horus Bik-nub[2] Consort(s) Hetepheres I Issues Khufu Father Huni Mother Meresankh I Died 2589 BC Major Monuments Bent Pyramid, Red Pyramid Sneferu, also spelt as Snefru or Snofru (in Greek... Located about 100km south of modern Cairo, Meidum is the location of a large pyramid, and several large mud-brick mastabas. ... The Bent Pyramid, located at the royal necropolis of Dahshur, approximately 40 kilometres south of Cairo, of Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu, is a unique example of early pyramid development in Egypt. ...


Some archaeologists now believe that the Meidum pyramid was the first attempt at building a smooth-sided pyramid, and that it may have collapsed when construction of the Bent Pyramid was already well underway — and that that pyramid may by then have already begun to show alarming signs of instability itself, as evidenced by the presence of large timber beams supporting its inner chambers. The outcome of this was the change in inclination of the Bent Pyramid, and the commencement of the later Red Pyramid at an inclination known to be less susceptible to instability and therefore less susceptible to catastrophic collapse.


Modern day

The Red Pyramid is 104 m in height (341 feet). A rare pyramidion, or capstone, for the Red Pyramid has been uncovered and reconstructed, and is now on display at Dahshur — however whether it was actually ever used is unclear, as its angle of inclination differs from that of the pyramid it was apparently intended for. In archaeological parlance, a pyramidion is the uppermost piece, or capstone, of an Egyptian pyramid. ...


The Red Pyramid is one of the very few Egyptian pyramids to which members of the general public can gain comparatively unregulated interior access. An entrance high on the north side gives access to a 200 foot (62m) long passage that is inclined downwards at an angle of around 27°. The passage itself measures only approximately three feet (91cm) in height and approximately four feet (1.23m) in breadth. At the bottom of the passage is a short corridor leading to the first chamber which rises to a height of 40 feet (12.3m). It boasts a fine eleven-course corbel-vaulted ceiling. At the southern end of the chamber another short corridor leads to the second chamber, which has similar dimensions to the first and also features a corbelled ceiling. This chamber lies directly beneath the apex of the pyramid. A wooden staircase of modern construction at the southern end of this chamber leads to a third and final chamber, which is believed to be the burial chamber. This also features a corbelled ceiling rising to around 15 m (50 feet). Local residents refer to the Red Pyramid as el-haram el-watwat, meaning the Bat Pyramid.


Further reading

  • Verner, Miroslav, "The Pyramids – Their Archaeology and History", Atlantic Books, 2001, ISBN 1-84354-171-8

See also

Torontos CN Tower is currently the tallest free-standing structure on land and has been for 30 years. ... The Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest and largest of the three pyramids in the Giza Necropolis bordering what is now Cairo, Egypt in Africa, and is the only remaining member of the Seven Wonders of the World. ...

External links

  • Satellite images of Red Pyramid - at WikiMapia

Coordinates: 29.809° N 31.206° E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

  • History of The Red Pyramid

  Results from FactBites:
 
Red Pyramid - definition of Red Pyramid in Encyclopedia (335 words)
The Red Pyramid, named for the light crimson hue of its exposed granite surface, is the largest of the three major pyramids located at the Dashur necropolis, and the third largest Egyptian pyramid, after those of Khufu and Khafre at Giza.
The outcome of this was the change in inclination of the Bent Pyramid, and the commencement of the later Red Pyramid at an inclination known to be less susceptible to instability and therefore less susceptible to catastrophic collapse.
A rare pyramidion, or capstone, for the Red Pyramid has been uncovered and reconstructed, and is now on display at Dashur — however whether it was actually ever utilised is unclear, as its angle of inclination differs from that of the pyramid it was apparently intended for.
Great Pyramid of Giza - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5643 words)
The accuracy of the pyramid's workmanship is such that the four sides of the base have a mean error of only 50 mm in length, and 12 seconds in angle from a perfect square.
The pyramid was constructed of cut and dressed blocks of limestone, basalt or granite.
The Pyramid of Khufu at Giza in Egypt.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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